The Verbal System of Classical Hebrew in the Joseph Story

The Verbal System of Classical Hebrew in the Joseph Story

The phenomenon of sequentiality is purely syntactical. It controls the flow of the story as a discourse function; the non-sequential form stops the flow (i.e. stand still), while the sequential form lets the story flow on.

Author: Yoshinobu Endo

Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum

ISBN: 9023230930

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 351

View: 634

The present study investigates the function of the verbal forms in biblical Hebrew narrative, using the Joseph story (Gen. 37-50) as a corpus. It demonstrates how the 'tense', 'aspect' and 'sequentiality' function as factors in the choice of the verbal forms in both main clauses and subordinate clauses. The tense distinction past vs. non-past basically works as a factor in the choice of the freestanding conjugations, except for the stative verb, the verb with a stative sense, the passive construction, or the performative utterance. Moreover, the traditional aspectual opposition complete vs. incomplete also corresponds to QATAL (*qátal) vs. YIQTOL (*yaqtúlu). There appears to be not much difference between these oppositions in describing the function of the above verbal forms (esp. ch.2). Furthermore, the opposition non-sequential vs. sequential discriminates functionally between YIQTOL and (w, ) QATAL (*qatál) in the non-past context, between QATAL and (waY)YIQTOL (*yáqtul) in the past context, and between the IMPV (coh., impv. and juss.) forms and (w, ) QATAL (*qatál) in the hortatory context. In each context the former functions as a non-sequential form and the latter as a sequential form. The phenomenon of sequentiality is purely syntactical. It controls the flow of the story as a discourse function; the non-sequential form stops the flow (i.e. stand still), while the sequential form lets the story flow on. A thread of discourse is usually traced by sequential forms, but it may include non-sequential forms to signal the difference of discourse level or a discourse boundary. Or each form could play an opposite role to produce special literary effects (chs. 3-7). Finally, a verbal form in the subordinate clause is chosen not from the viewpoint of the deictic centre of the narrator, but from that of the immediate participant in the main clause (ch. 8).
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Verbal System of Biblical Hebrew

The Verbal System of Biblical Hebrew

This book is focused on the classical prose of Genesis up to Kings, though more than cursory attention has been paid to later texts and poetic texts.

Author: Jan Joosten

Publisher: Simor Limited

ISBN: 9652420115

Category: Bible

Page: 513

View: 212

The verbal system of Biblical Hebrew has been a daunting challenge for Hebraists, Bible scholars, and comparative Semitists. Already in ancient versions we see translators struggling with it. Good understanding of the verbal system is of vital importance not only for grammarians, but also for exegetes. In the past one and half a century or so some significant advances have been made, thanks to the discovery of new texts in Hebrew and cognate Semitic languages and developments in general linguistics, even the discovery of totally new languages such as Ugaritic and Eblaite. Not a few scholars have made use of these new data and applied new linguistic perspectives in order to elucidate the Hebrew verbal system as a whole and various aspects of the system. Joosten is one such. With his profound expertise in Biblical Hebrew, the Jewish Bible, Classical Syriac and the Septuagint he presents here an impressive synthesis of the modern studies of the Hebrew verbal system. It goes far beyond a mere critical survey of the past and present studies, but Joosten has conducted his own research on the subject over the past two decades or so. This book is focused on the classical prose of Genesis up to Kings, though more than cursory attention has been paid to later texts and poetic texts. The analysis and presentation of data is commendably lucid, backed up with plentiful examples. The author's use of technical terms, some not part of the common parlance of Bible scholars, is user-friendly and not off-putting. Joosten is modestly aware himself that he has not said the last word, but has broadened our horizon. We have here an essential reading not only for Hebraists and Semitists, but also for anyone seriously interested in the Jewish Bible.
Categories: Bible

The Verbal Tense System in Late Biblical Hebrew Prose

The Verbal Tense System in Late Biblical Hebrew Prose

This study offers a synchronic and diachronic account of the Biblical Hebrew verbal tense system during the Second Temple period, based on the books of Esther, Daniel, and Ezra and Nehemiah, along with the non-synoptic parts of Chronicles.

Author: Ohad Cohen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004370135

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 912

This study offers a synchronic and diachronic account of the Biblical Hebrew verbal tense system during the Second Temple period, based on the books of Esther, Daniel, and Ezra and Nehemiah, along with the non-synoptic parts of Chronicles.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Verbal System of Biblical Aramaic

The Verbal System of Biblical Aramaic

This volume is an indispensable resource for courses in Biblical Aramaic and for anyone who wishes to read and understand the Biblical Aramaic corpus.

Author: Michael B. Shepherd

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 1433102013

Category: Religion

Page: 178

View: 479

Grammarians have been unable to provide a sufficient explanation for the verbal system of Biblical Aramaic by means of the standard categories of tense and aspect. Michael B. Shepherd exposes this situation and suggests a way out of the present impasse through distributional analysis by proposing that Biblical Aramaic has a primary verbal form for narration and a primary verbal form for discourse. This simple yet comprehensive proposal holds true not only for Biblical Aramaic but also for extra-Biblical Aramaic texts. This volume is an indispensable resource for courses in Biblical Aramaic and for anyone who wishes to read and understand the Biblical Aramaic corpus.
Categories: Religion

The Verbal System in the Hebrew Text of Ben Sira

The Verbal System in the Hebrew Text of Ben Sira

This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of the verbal system in the extant Hebrew witnesses of Ben Sira. It is an important contribution both to Ben Sira studies and to the debate about the tenses in Classical Hebrew.

Author: W. Th. Van Peursen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004136673

Category: Religion

Page: 462

View: 199

This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of the verbal system in the extant Hebrew witnesses of Ben Sira. It is an important contribution both to Ben Sira studies and to the debate about the tenses in Classical Hebrew.
Categories: Religion

The Verbal System of the Dead Sea Scrolls

The Verbal System of the Dead Sea Scrolls

In this volume, Ken M. Penner uses an empirical method to establish that the Qumran authors’ selection of finite verb forms is determined not by aspect, but by tense or modality.

Author: Ken M. Penner

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004298446

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 888

In this volume, Ken M. Penner uses an empirical method to establish that the Qumran authors’ selection of finite verb forms is determined not by aspect, but by tense or modality.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Verbal System in Late Enlightenment Hebrew

The Verbal System in Late Enlightenment Hebrew

This book constitutes the first detailed corpus-based analysis of the verbal morphology and syntax employed in the Eastern European Maskilic (Jewish Enlightenment) Hebrew prose fiction written between 1857 and 1881.

Author: Lily Kahn

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004177338

Category: Religion

Page: 309

View: 588

This book constitutes the first detailed corpus-based analysis of the verbal morphology and syntax employed in the Eastern European Maskilic (Jewish Enlightenment) Hebrew prose fiction written between 1857 and 1881. This verbal system exhibits biblical, rabbinic and medieval elements as well as unprecedented features and similarities to Israeli Hebrew and Yiddish. The first section of the work offers a selective examination of maskilic verbal morphology, while the second section constitutes a thorough examination of the functions of the verbal conjugations and the third section surveys selected features of verbal syntax. The work fills a serious gap in the Hebrew philological literature and will therefore be of great relevance to students and scholars of diachronic Hebrew language and linguistics.
Categories: Religion

The Septuagint s Translation of the Hebrew Verbal System in Chronicles

The Septuagint s Translation of the Hebrew Verbal System in Chronicles

The first detailed investigation of the Greek translation of the Hebrew verbs in Chronicles, this book looks at the contribution of the translation to our understanding of the Hebrew verbal system in the Hellenistic period and the ...

Author: Roger Good

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004181793

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 920

The first detailed investigation of the Greek translation of the Hebrew verbs in Chronicles, this book looks at the contribution of the translation to our understanding of the Hebrew verbal system in the Hellenistic period and the literalizing approach to translation.
Categories: Religion

Time and the Biblical Hebrew Verb

Time and the Biblical Hebrew Verb

In this book John Cook interacts with the range of approaches to the perennial questions on the Biblical Hebrew verb in a fair-minded approach.

Author: John A. Cook

Publisher: Eisenbrauns

ISBN: 1575064677

Category: Bible

Page: 400

View: 858

In this book John Cook interacts with the range of approaches to the perennial questions on the Biblical Hebrew verb in a fair-minded approach. Some of his answers may appear deceptively traditional, such as his perfective-imperfective identification of the qatal-yiqtol opposition. However, his approach is distinguished from the traditional approaches by its modern linguistic foundation. One distinguishing sign is his employment of the phrase "aspect prominent" to describe the Biblical Hebrew verbal system. As with almost any of the world's verbal systems, this aspect-prominent system can express a wide range of aspectual, tensed, and modal meanings. In chap. 3, he argues that each of the forms can be semantically identified with a general meaning and that the expressions of specific aspectual, tensed, and modal meanings by each form are explicable with reference to its general meaning. After a decade of research and creative thinking, the author has come to frame his discussion not with the central question of "Tense or Aspect?" but with the question "What is the range of meaning for a given form, and what sort of contextual factors (syntagm, discourse, etc.) help us to understand this range in relation to a general meaning for the form?" In chap. 4 Cook addresses long-standing issues involving interaction between the semantics of verbal forms and their discourse pragmatic functions. He also proposes a theory of discourse modes for Biblical Hebrew. These discourse modes account for various temporal relationships that are found among successive clauses in Biblical Hebrew. Cook's work addresses old questions with a fresh approach that is sure to provoke dialogue and new research.
Categories: Bible

An Elementary Grammar of Biblical Hebrew

An Elementary Grammar of Biblical Hebrew

This is designed as an especially user-friendly volume.

Author: Edwin C. Hostetter

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1841271020

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 926

This is designed as an especially user-friendly volume. Thus it employs largely traditional nomenclature to describe grammatical phenomena. It also deals with the relatively simple noun before taking up the verbal system. Numerous examples and exercises are also provided, all culled from the Hebrew Bible itself, and the lesson vocabularies feature words which occur over 170 times in the Masoretic text. This book is designed to induct the student into the use of a printed Hebrew Bible, a Biblical Hebrew lexicon, and an advanced grammar, as well as a concise overview of how Hebrew fits within the Semitic languages. Verbal paradigms and a subject index are also included.
Categories: Religion

Word Order and Time in Biblical Hebrew Narrative

Word Order and Time in Biblical Hebrew Narrative

This book addresses the problem of temporal interpretation within narrative of the biblical Hebrew verb, thus exploring the broader issue of the expression of time in language and the ways in which we can attempt to understand and represent ...

Author: Tal Goldfajn

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191583452

Category: Religion

Page: 186

View: 722

This book addresses the problem of temporal interpretation within narrative of the biblical Hebrew verb, thus exploring the broader issue of the expression of time in language and the ways in which we can attempt to understand and represent it. Tal Goldfajn offers a summary of this controversy, which has been argued over since at least the tenth century, presenting previous scholarly opinions and theories. She argues that one possible way of understanding the fundamental meanings of the Hebrew verbs is by examining the role played in ordering time by the four main verb forms used in biblical Hebrew narrative. Accordingly, emphasis is given to the intersentential use of these forms and the variety of interesting ways in which they establish the order of events.
Categories: Religion

New Understanding of the Verbal System of Classical Hebrew

New Understanding of the Verbal System of Classical Hebrew

Verbal Syntax in Late Biblical Hebrew . In Diggers at the Well : Proceedings of a
Third International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Ben
Sira , edited by T . Muraoka and J . F . Elwolde , 85 - 93 . Leiden : Brill , 2000 .

Author: Rolf Furuli

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122736031

Category: Hebrew language

Page: 514

View: 232

Categories: Hebrew language

Biblical Hebrew and Discourse Linguistics

Biblical Hebrew and Discourse Linguistics

Contains 22 articles that approach the study of Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Hebrew texts from a discourse linguistics perspective.

Author: Robert D. Bergen

Publisher: Summer Inst of Linguistics

ISBN: UOM:39015034015860

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 560

View: 647

Contains 22 articles that approach the study of Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Hebrew texts from a discourse linguistics perspective.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

English Grammar to Ace Biblical Hebrew

English Grammar to Ace Biblical Hebrew

English Grammar to Ace Biblical Hebrew by Miles Van Pelt--- a companion to English Grammar to Ace New Testament Greek by Samuel Lamerson---enables students of biblical Hebrew to grasp the basic concepts of English grammar that are needed in ...

Author: Miles V. Van Pelt

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780310318316

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 106

View: 238

English Grammar to Ace Biblical Hebrew by Miles Van Pelt--- a companion to English Grammar to Ace New Testament Greek by Samuel Lamerson---enables students of biblical Hebrew to grasp the basic concepts of English grammar that are needed in order to be able to transfer these concepts to biblical Hebrew.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Biblical Hebrew Made Easy

Biblical Hebrew Made Easy

This text is a complete system of memorization for Biblical Hebrew paradigms and vocabulary, not a Hebrew Grammar.Features include: "Master Study Plan," extensive chapter end notes, "Read Aloud" exercises, "Homophone Challenge" at the end ...

Author: Blair Kasfeldt

Publisher:

ISBN: 1480230065

Category:

Page: 450

View: 198

Master Biblical Hebrew - Quickly and Easily!Includes two books in one volume, "Biblical Hebrew Made Easy! The Triad System" and "Biblical Hebrew: Vocabulary Made Easy!"Utilizing ancient memory principles, students of Biblical Hebrew will quickly learn: the verbal system, the seven stems of the Strong Verbs and over 700 Biblical Hebrew words!The "Triad Sytem" and vocabulary memory system transforms abstract letters and vowels into concrete and easily rememerable signs. Students using this method will progress quickly in mastering the most difficult aspect of any language - the verbal system.The vocabulary section of this text covers troubling "sound-alike" words in Hebrew. Students will learn how to inductively keep words that sound alike in Hebrew distinct. If you've ever struggled with learning Hebrew or thought learning Hebrew was out of your grasp, this is a "must-have" addition to your library! This text is a complete system of memorization for Biblical Hebrew paradigms and vocabulary, not a Hebrew Grammar.Features include: "Master Study Plan," extensive chapter end notes, "Read Aloud" exercises, "Homophone Challenge" at the end of each chapter and "Expert Advice" from renowned Biblical Hebrew Professors.The vocabulary guide is keyed to Page Kelley's, "Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar." It is easily adaptable to any standard Hebrew grammar or as a stand alone vocabulary guide and builder. Includes a full Hebrew to English and English to Hebrew Indices.A standard Hebrew Grammar will be necessary to benefit the most from this amazing system of memorization.Large Hebrew print is used for easy reading.
Categories:

The Verb and the Paragraph in Biblical Hebrew

The Verb and the Paragraph in Biblical Hebrew

In this book, Elizabeth Robar demonstrates how biblical Hebrew verbal patterns can reveal paragraph structure and themes.

Author: Elizabeth Robar

Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

ISBN: 9004283013

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 220

View: 288

In this book, Elizabeth Robar demonstrates how biblical Hebrew verbal patterns can reveal paragraph structure and themes.
Categories: Foreign Language Study