International Cooperation in Outer Space

International Cooperation in Outer Space

Rather they argued it was the warheads ; “ the factor determining the peaceful or
military purpose of a rocket is not ... outer space and foreign military bases by
asking " why is it then that the United States proposal suggests the outlawing of ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112008621325

Category: Space sciences

Page: 732

View: 278

Categories: Space sciences

National Security and Outer Space

National Security and Outer Space

feels the United States has created an artificial division in our space efforts ;
namely , " Space for peaceful purposes " and " space for military uses , " when in
fact no technical and little other distinction between the two exists . Senator
Stennis ...

Author: Carl A. Ousley

Publisher:

ISBN: SRLF:AA0007228166

Category: Air defenses

Page: 53

View: 230

Categories: Air defenses

Scientific technical Progress and the Revolution in Military Affairs a Soviet View

Scientific technical Progress and the Revolution in Military Affairs  a Soviet View

Foreign military specialists view airspace and outer space as a strategically
inseparable medium above the earth's surface, where military actions will be of
important significance for armed combat as a whole. According to the views of the
U.S. ...

Author: Nikolaĭ Andreevich Lomov

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112068191532

Category: Military

Page: 279

View: 775

Categories: Military

Foreign Relations of the United States

Foreign Relations of the United States

The majority Planning Board view did not require the United States to be superior
to the Soviet Union specifically in outer space military capabilities . He very much
hoped , said General Cutler , that the maintenance of over - all military ...

Author: United States. Department of State

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210010002101

Category: United States

Page:

View: 733

Categories: United States

The Militarization of Space

The Militarization of Space

An invaluable source of information for defense analysts and scholars of international relations, The Militarization of Space is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand present United States military space policy and its ...

Author: Paul B. Stares

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015009035752

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 895

From the front jacket flap: Contrary to widespread expectations in the wake of Sputnik, outer space did not immediately become a new arena for a superpower arms competition. Although the United States and the Soviet Union began to use space extensively for military purposes, both exhibited relatively little interest in the development of space weaponry. By the beginning of the 1980s, however, an arms race in space seemed inevitable. Now both the United States and the Soviet Union have developed the means to disable satellites and are now also considering the deployment of ballistic missile defenses in space. Why were these weapons never extensively developed earlier? What changed in the late 1970s to reverse the predominant trend in the militarization of space? What are the lessons for arms control and for Soviet-American relations in general? Paul Stares addresses these fundamental questions by examining the factors that have shaped United States policy towards the military use of space and in particular the development of antisatellite weapons. States relies heavily on declassified documents found in Presidential libraries and made available under the Freedom of Information Act, and he obtained additional information from a comprehensive series of interview with former members of the U.S. government and armed services. By judicious use of this material, he provides the first detailed account of United States space weapons policy and programs. An invaluable source of information for defense analysts and scholars of international relations, The Militarization of Space is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand present United States military space policy and its implications for the future.
Categories: History

The Emerging Role of the US Army in Space

The Emerging Role of the US Army in Space

United States space activities The Military Importance of Space Space - based
systems have clearly demonstrated their ability to support the planning and
execution of US military operations , thereby contributing to US deterrent
capabilities .

Author: Arthur J. Downey

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112048644543

Category: Astronautics, Military

Page: 92

View: 592

Categories: Astronautics, Military

Committee Prints

Committee Prints

U.S. Air Force officers have consistently urged that the United States must be
prepared to meet a Soviet threat in space . However , according to one observer ,
most military planners consider the use of missile - launching satellites the ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015023465829

Category:

Page:

View: 999

Categories:

Evolution of the U S Military Space Program 1945 1960

Evolution of the U  S  Military Space Program  1945 1960

development missions among the Army , Navy , and Air Force . The Air Force
interpreted the request quite differently , believing that the Department of Defense
might approve a USAF space program . Two weeks later , the Air Force had ...

Author: B. W. Augenstein

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:39000004162256

Category: Astronautics, Military

Page: 21

View: 677

Categories: Astronautics, Military

US Presidents and the Militarization of Space 1946 1967

US Presidents and the Militarization of Space  1946 1967

Sean N. Kalic’s reinterpretation of the development of US space policy, based on documents declassified in the past decade, demonstrates that a single vision for the appropriate uses of space characterized American strategies across ...

Author: Sean N. Kalic

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781603446914

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 954

In the clash of ideologies represented by the Cold War, even the heavens were not immune to militarization. Satellites and space programs became critical elements among the national security objectives of both the United States and the Soviet Union. According to US Presidents and the Militarization of Space, 1946–1967, three American presidents in succession shared a fundamental objective of preserving space as a weapons-free frontier for the benefit of all humanity. Between 1953 and 1967 Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson all saw nonaggressive military satellite development, as well as the civilian space program, as means to favorably shape the international community’s opinion of the scientific, technological, and military capabilities of the United States. Sean N. Kalic’s reinterpretation of the development of US space policy, based on documents declassified in the past decade, demonstrates that a single vision for the appropriate uses of space characterized American strategies across parties and administrations during this period. Significantly, Kalic’s findings contradict the popular opinion that the United States sought to weaponize space and calls into question the traditional interpretation of the space race as a simple action/reaction paradigm. Indeed, beyond serving as a symbol and ambassador of US technological capability, its satellite program provided the United States with advanced, nonaggressive military intelligence-gathering platforms that proved critical in assessing the strategic nuclear balance between the United States and the Soviet Union. It also aided the three administrations in countering the Soviet Union’s increasing international prestige after its series of space firsts, beginning with the launch of Sputnik in 1957.
Categories: History

Common Security in Outer Space and International Law

Common Security in Outer Space and International Law

The reinforced development of exotic technologies for ASAT and space laser
weapons is buttressed by new strategic plans of the US military , in particular of
the US Space Command under its former director and now head of the Joint
Chiefs ...

Author: Detlev Wolter

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: UOM:39015063094935

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 835

This publication explores the concept of common security and the legal foundations for its application in outer space law, based on the premise that outer space is an internationalised common area beyond the national jurisdiction of individual states, and therefore security in space must be the common security of all states. Chapters cover a range of issues including: the principle of the peaceful use of outer space, passive military uses, and multilateral negotiations to prevent an arms race in outer space; structural change of international law and the common heritage of mankind principle; and proposals for a multilateral agreement and the creation of an International Organisation for Common Security in Outer Space.
Categories: Law

Outer Space and Global Security

Outer Space and Global Security

manage crises and conflicts , the conduct of military operations and the
development of military capabilities to assure the attainment of US objectives .
Military Space Mission Areas Another important typology for describing
spacepower was ...

Author: United Nations

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: UCSD:31822033259904

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 92

View: 138

This publication contains a number of papers presented at an international conference on the current and future military uses of space, held in Geneva in November 2002, as well as the conference report. Participants, who included governmental and non-governmental representatives, discussed a wide range of short and long-term measures to enhance space security, including the possibility of a ban on the deployment of any weapons in space.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Exploitation of Space

The Exploitation of Space

12 Despite this rhetoric , the unmanned passive military satellite programmes
continued to grow , and by 1980 had become a major element of the US space
effort . The Soviet military in space According to the assertions of Soviet leaders
and ...

Author: Michiel Schwarz

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: UOM:39015011162859

Category: Astronautics

Page: 175

View: 173

Categories: Astronautics

High Frontier

High Frontier

Major General Curtis E. LeMay, the Director of Research and Development for the Army Air Forces, however, viewed space operations as an exclusive Air Force domain, and he ordered an independent study.

Author: Curtis Peebles

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788148001

Category:

Page: 80

View: 994

Addresses the history of the U.S. military space program as an US Air Force domain. Includes discussion on aerial reconnaissance; national space policy; Project CORONA; manned military space flight; the X-20 Dyna-Soar; the Manned Orbiting Laboratory; military space shuttles; missile early warning; SPADATA/SSN tracking network; nuclear detection; communication, meteorological & navigational satellites; anti-satellite systems; launch operations, ground control, organization & management; Space Command; Desert Storm, the US Air Force & the military space program in a changing world; & more. Photos.
Categories:

Encyclopedia of the U S Military

Encyclopedia of the U S  Military

Author: William M. Arkin

Publisher: Ballinger Publishing Company

ISBN: UOM:39015018891401

Category: Political Science

Page: 864

View: 744

Provides over two thousand entries on the weapons, organization, programs, and legal and treaty status of the United States armed forces, as well as their role in NATO
Categories: Political Science

Military Space Power

Military Space Power

This handbook examines the militarization of space, providing a fair and balanced discussion of the emerging issues concerning space security and defense.

Author: Wilson Wong

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313356803

Category: History

Page: 158

View: 157

This handbook examines the militarization of space, providing a fair and balanced discussion of the emerging issues concerning space security and defense. * Excerpts from key documents * A chronology * Select glossary of terms * Illustrations * Sidebars with additional detail
Categories: History

The Search for Security in Space

The Search for Security in Space

The Soviet Union has as a rule lagged behind the United States in the
development of military space technology , despite its early lead with Sputnik .
Table 1-1 gives the dates of the introduction of various categories of U.S. and
Soviet ...

Author: Kenneth N. Luongo

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015013936359

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 896

Categories: Political Science

Space Exploration

Space Exploration

CHAPTER 3 SPACE ORGANIZATIONS PART 2 : U.S. MILITARY , FOREIGN ,
AND PRIVATE Historical funding for Missile Defense Agency , fiscal years 1985–
2007. Outer space , including the Moon and other celestial bodies , shall be free
for ...

Author: Kim Masters Evans

Publisher: Information Plus

ISBN: 1414407785

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 528

Provides information on the history of space exploration and the daily life of astronauts.
Categories: Science

The U S Army War College Guide to National Security Issues Theory of war and strategy

The U S  Army War College Guide to National Security Issues  Theory of war and strategy

The space domain's exploitation for national security broadened the array of
remote sensing , communications , missile warning , and other satellite functions
upon which U.S. military and national power depend . 30 Globalization of space ...

Author: J. Boone Bartholomees

Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute U. S. Army War College

ISBN: OSU:32435081757163

Category: National security

Page: 406

View: 454

This edition of the U. S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the War College. The fourth edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy's core courses: "Theory of War and Strategy" and "National Security Policy and Strategy." Like previous editions, this one is largely an expansion of its predecessor rather than a major rewriting. About a quarter of the chapters are new, and several others have undergone significant rewrites or updates. However, approximately half of the book remains unchanged. Although this is not primarily a textbook, it does reflect both the method and manner we use to teach strategy formulation to America's future senior leaders. The book is not a comprehensive or exhaustive treatment of either strategic theory or the policymaking process. Both volumes are organized to proceed from the general to the specific. Thus the first volume opens with general thoughts on the nature and theory of war and strategy, proceeds to look at the complex aspect of power, and concludes with specific theoretical issues. Similarly, the second volume begins by examining the policy/strategy process, moves to a look at the strategic environment, and concludes with some specific issues. This edition adds several short case studies that can be used to illustrate the primary material in the volume.
Categories: National security

American Enterprise the Law and the Commercial Use of Space

American Enterprise  the Law  and the Commercial Use of Space

A treaty dealing with space debris is already in place and is a guide to the liability
of launching states . ... Another problem facing free enterprise is the push by the
military to militarize space , a trend which the US judiciary is unable to prevent .

Author: Pamela Louise Meredith

Publisher: Public Interest

ISBN: 0960389415

Category: Astronautics and state

Page: 114

View: 697

Categories: Astronautics and state

China Space Weapons and U S Security

China  Space Weapons  and U S  Security

MacDonald recommends options and policies that will promote options and policies that will promote American security interests in space.

Author: Bruce W. MacDonald

Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations

ISBN: 9780876094068

Category: Political Science

Page: 53

View: 988

MacDonald recommends options and policies that will promote options and policies that will promote American security interests in space. He argues that the U.S. needs to take priority defensive military space measures to offset potential Chinese anti-satellite and related capabilities.
Categories: Political Science