This book clarifies, extends and revises parts of The Unified SuperStandard Model and its extension from our universe to the Megaverse of universes.
Author: Stephen Blaha
This book clarifies, extends and revises parts of The Unified SuperStandard Model and its extension from our universe to the Megaverse of universes. The naturalness and simplicity of the derivation from first principles (primarily Relativity) leads us to suggest that the derivation is correct. More importantly, the directness of the derivation to a unified theory encompassing the known features of The Standard Model of elementary particles and Gravitation also enables us to exclude possibilities that might have been conjectured for elementary particle theory and gravity based on their unnaturalness within the framework of the derivation. The book begins by providing an explanation of the number of space-time dimensions in our universe (4) based on the number of qubit interactions and also based on the requirement that parts of physical processes must be able to run in parallel. Parallelism necessitates Asynchronous Logic which also requires a minimum 4 space-time dimensions. From this start we show Complex Special and General Relativity lead to the known spectrum of fermions and vector boson interactions - The Standard Model - plus much more. Assuming a lagrangian formalism we then show that additional groups emerge - the Generation group that gives fermion generations, and Layer groups that give four layers of fermions and vector bosons. We know only of one layer of fermions at present. Having developed the backbone of a Quantum Field Theory we eliminate all the infinities that crop up in perturbation using fuzzy, string-like, coordinates obtained by generalizing to Two-Tier Quantum Field Theory. We also eliminate issues with the particle interpretation of states by using our PseudoQuantum Field Theory. Having removed the diseases of Quantum Field Theory we turn to the Megaverse. First we describe evidence for something big beyond our universe. Then we create a Megaverse composed of universes and describe its size, age, contents and other attributes including its likely atomic nuclei, Chemistry, and life forms. We show that a universe has surface tension analogous to drops of liquid. From this concept we suggest starship designs that could lead to an exit from our universe via sling shot trajectories around neutron stars as well as other approaches. These possibilities are not likely to be feasible for tens of thousands of years yet they merit consideration. The book also shows that our Unified SuperStandard Model can be viewed as a distinct alternative to SuperString theory due to the presence of strings within dressed free particles and the presence of SuperSymmetry. In brief Two-Tier theory clothes particles with strings unlike SuperString theories which make strings into particles. The easy flow of the derivation is perhaps the best argument in its favor. In a sense our derivation yields a culmination by derivation. Other theories do not start on the bedrock of Relativity. As our derivation progresses one sees an example of a Principle of Maximal Serendipity - processes (such as our derivation) tend to proceed with maximal simplicity to better-than-expected ends. The concept of this principle was first expressed by Horace Walpole (1754) who defined serendipity as "[people] making discoveries, by accidents and sagacity, which they were not in quest of" In conclusion, here and there within this fundamental work there arise hints of a yet deeper level of Physics. The author believes that this work - although an attempt at a final theory - is not the end.
This Second Edition of The Unified SuperStandard Model and the Megaverse deepens the basis of the theory as presented in the First Edition by introducing a factorization feature for fermion and boson second quantized particle fields.
Author: Stephen Blaha
Publisher: Blaha Research
This Second Edition of The Unified SuperStandard Model and the Megaverse deepens the basis of the theory as presented in the First Edition by introducing a factorization feature for fermion and boson second quantized particle fields. The factorization procedure is motivated by two significant features of The SuperStandard Model (and The Standard Model also): the Complex Lorentz Group has a set of subsets that match the factors in the SuperStandard Model's symmetry suggesting that there is a Complex Lorentz space for particles as particles; and the instantaneous feature of Quantum Entanglement that suggests all parts of separated particle states are related by a mechanism beyond convetional quantum field theory. We suggest that each particle field is an inner product of a functional from the space of all particle functionals with a corresponding coordinate fourier quantum field expression. We view the particle functionals as commuting and as located at a single (mathematical) point. Thus a quantum state with separated parts in coordinate space has their functionals at the same point in functional space. A change in one part of the quantum state (in its functional(s)) instantly changes the functional(s) correspondingly in the other 'distant' part of the quantum state. No 'spookiness!' The author points out that there is no other possible physical mechanism for entanglement instantaneousness. The introduction of quantum field factorization 'explains' the similarity of Complex Lorentz group subgroups to Standard Model groups factors. This new deeper level yields The SuperStandard Model as described in the First Edition as well as furnishing a deeper explanation of SuperStandard Model group structure and resolves Quantum Entanglement 'spookiness', which the author views as an important sign of the need for quantum field factorization. The Unified SuperStandard Model contains the known features of fundamental elementary particles, and their interactions, plus additional new features, derived from first principles. The Second Edition contains the material in the First Edition and adds new depth, and significant amounts of new information, as well as correcting typos.This book clarifies, extends and revises parts of The Unified SuperStandard Model and its extension from our universe to the Megaverse of universes. The naturalness and simplicity of the derivation from first principles (primarily Relativity) leads us to suggest that the derivation is correct. More importantly, the directness of the derivation to a unified theory encompassing the known features of The Standard Model of elementary particles and Gravitation also enables us to exclude possibilities that might have been conjectured for elementary particle theory and gravity based on their unnaturalness within the framework of the derivation.
A detailed derivation of the Unified SuperStandard Theory from Complex General Relativity and Quantum Field Theory withour assumptions about group structure.
Author: Stephen Blaha
Publisher: Pingree-Hill Publishing
A detailed derivation of the Unified SuperStandard Theory from Complex General Relativity and Quantum Field Theory withour assumptions about group structure. Highlights include: 192 fermion spectrum, exact QED Fine Structure Constant and Standard Model coupling constants from vacuum polarization considerations, a detailed view of Dark Energy and universe expansion - the Hubble Constant, gravity regimes from earth to the distant quasars and large scale universe structures, and a SuperUniverse Model for the Megaverse beyond our Universe.
This volume is Part II of Pioneering the Cosmos. It extends the presentation of features of Octonion Cosmology to make it a complete theory of the Cosmos. The beginning is the million dimension God-Space, from which the other octonion spaces (forming an octet), and their instances (particles), are derived. The spaces are shown to be atomic in the senses that they are all composed of lattices (honeycombs) of a set of symmetries that we call Dimension-32 Atoms. Each atom has a corresponding set of fermions that we call Fermion-32 Atoms. These atoms contain an SU(4) (or an SU(3)U(1)) symmetry. Octonion Cosmology naturally contains SU(4). The initial design of each octonion space had an octonionic space-time. In this book we transform octonionic space-times to real space-times plus a set of symmetries that interrelate the parts of fermion spectrums. We present the new connecting symmetries for a QUeST universe, an UTMOST Megaverse, and the Maxiverse. In the case of a QUeST universe these (broken) symmetries relate "Normal" and Dark fermion sectors. We embody these symmetries in an augmented Unified SuperStandard Theory (UST) that we call NEWUST. (UST was derived using Logic previously.) We show that the conventional form of symmetry breaking via the Higgs Mechanism is not sufficient. We introduce a new form of symmetry "splitting into factors" based on two types of inheritance. Octonion Cosmology supports hierarchies of nested space instances. We consider an example of these hierarchies. It clearly illustrates an analogy between Octonion Cosmology and an Object-Oriented C++ program. The Cosmos may be such a "program." Instances of octonion spaces, such as our universe, are "particles" that expand with time. This book presents a new formula for scale factors that describes expansion from the Big Bang to the present. It is based on a QED-like vacuum polarization that has similar parameters with the author's successful calculation of the Fine Structure Constant α. A view of the photon is presented showing that it is analogous to a frozen universe. Part of the photon "universe" connects to the ElectroWeak interactions; part of the photon universe connects to the Strong interaction and supports a ρ Vector Meson Dominance (VDM) connection.