The Tempo Implications of Bach s Notation

The Tempo Implications of Bach s Notation

After reading this book, the musician will be able to determine Bach's intended tempo for any Bach movement by identifying the time signature, tactus speed, and shortest note value.

Author: Leslie M. Kenney

Publisher: Wtb Press

ISBN: 195469900X

Category: Instrumental music

Page: 108

View: 314

This research into the tempo implications of Bach's notation answers the age-old question of Bach's tempos, providing insight into Bach's intended musical effects. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was a very busy man. At times he composed a new church piece every week, often barely completing the piece a day or two before the church service. In order to ensure that his music lasted the appropriate amount of time, he needed to calculate duration while composing. To do so he needed to have specific tempos in mind. A review of the contemporaneous performance practice literature indicates that, in this time period before the development of the metronome: - Establishing the correct tempo was considered an important and difficult task. - Musicians used a fixed pulse rate called the tactus to establish tempos. - Once they established a tempo, they were able to vary that tempo by using proportions. - The time signature and the shortest note value of a piece both communicate information about tempo. Through a comprehensive review of Bach's notation, this research demonstrates that there is one optimal way to explain the tempo implications of Bach's notation. It further shows that Bach used two different tactus speeds, and indicated a change in the speed of the tactus by using "mensural" time signatures, which are derived from the ancient music system of the same name. After reading this book, the musician will be able to determine Bach's intended tempo for any Bach movement by identifying the time signature, tactus speed, and shortest note value. Bach's intended tempo gives valuable clues about his intended musical effect. Because Bach's tempo often differs from current performance practice, this research transforms our understanding of his music. This book is for classical musicians, musicologists, music students, and anyone who appreciates Bach's music. While the research is important and significant, it is presented so that an amateur musician will be able to follow the arguments.
Categories: Instrumental music

The Tempo Implications of Bach s Notation

The Tempo Implications of Bach s Notation

In this book the author draws on his previously published research into Bach's proportional method for establishing tempo and applies that method to these dance movements.

Author: Leslie M Kenney

Publisher: Wtb Press

ISBN: 1954699018

Category: Dance music

Page: 108

View: 430

This research into the tempos of Bach's dance music answers the age-old question, "How fast should this piece be?" Because Bach's tempo often differs from current performance practice, this research transforms our understanding of his music. Bach's principal suites encompass over 200 movements and include nineteen suites for harpsichord, two for lute, three for violin, and six for cello. These iconic pieces are played at widely varying tempos today, leading to diverse musical effects. Because Bach must have had specific musical effects in mind, many of today's interpretations must be contrary to his intentions. In this book the author draws on his previously published research into Bach's proportional method for establishing tempo and applies that method to these dance movements. By examining contemporaneous descriptions of the dance and also its music, the author uncovers the following about the tempo implications of Bach's titles: - The titles "Allemande" and "Sarabande" indicate that the omission of thirty-second notes does not affect tempo. - The title "Courante" indicates that the inclusion of sixteenth notes does not affect tempo. - The title "Gigue" has the same effect as does the fast performance marking Presto. - All other dance titles have no tempo implications. After perusing this book, the musician will be able to determine Bach's intended tempo for any Bach dance movement. He needs only to identify the title, time signature, tactus speed, and shortest note value. By establishing Bach's intended tempos, the musician will also discover Bach's intended musical effects. This book is for classical musicians, musicologists, music students, dance historians, and anyone who appreciates Bach's music. Thoroughly researched and meticulously documented, it includes over 180 musical examples and dozens of figures and tables. It includes a bibliography, and it also includes an index of cited Bach works, sorted by BWV number. This research is presented so that an amateur musician will be able to follow the arguments.
Categories: Dance music

Bach Performance Practice 1945 1975

Bach Performance Practice  1945 1975

For him it was clear that by the end of the period only the more conservative notation of the eighteenth century retained the concept that notes had tempo significance in themselves . Tempo words were regarded as subsidiary indications ...

Author: Dorottya Fabian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351574877

Category: Music

Page: 328

View: 402

Analysing over 100 recordings from 1945-1975, this book examines twentieth-century baroque performance practice as evinced in all the commercially available recordings of J.S. Bach's Passions, Brandenburg Concertos and Goldberg Variations. Dorottya Fabian presents a qualitative, style-orientated history of the early music movement in its formative years through a comparison of the performance style heard in these recordings with the scholarly literature on Bach performance practice. Issues explored in the book include the availability of resources, balance, tempo, dynamics, ornamentation, rhythm and articulation. During the decades following the Second World War, the early music movement was more concerned with the revival of repertoire than with the revival of performance style which meant that its characteristics and achievements differed essentially from those of the later 1970s and 1980s. Period practice techniques were not practised even by ensembles using eighteenth-century instruments. Yet, as this survey reveals, several recordings of the period provide unexpectedly stylish interpretations using metre and pulse to punctuate the music. Such metric performance and appropriate articulation helped to clarify structure and texture and assisted in the creation of a musical discourse - the pre-eminent goal of baroque compositions.
Categories: Music

Critica Musica

Critica Musica

... insofar as they may have implications for determining the tempo–or the tolerable tempo range–of a composition. ... The assumption that Bach's notation embodies a rational system suggests, among other things, that Bach must have had ...

Author: J. Knowles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134384181

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 504

View: 256

First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Performing Arts

Performance Practice

Performance Practice

This seems to have implications for the speed of Brandenburg Concerto no. 2, iii and for the Italian Concerto, ... Bernard D. Sherman, “Bach's Notation of Tempo and Early Music Performance: Some Reconsiderations,” EM 28 (2000), 455–66.

Author: Roland Jackson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136767708

Category: Music

Page: 544

View: 477

First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Music

Bach s Works for Solo Violin

Bach s Works for Solo Violin

a. b. The significance of these short bar lines remains obscure. I know of no eighteenth-century discussion and am unaware of any modern discussion. The notation may have carried some implications for tempo, which could explain why Bach ...

Author: Joel Lester

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195171440

Category: Music

Page: 200

View: 459

J.S. Bach's sonatas and partitas for solo violin have been central to the violin repertoire since the mid-18th century. This engaging introduction to these works is the first comprehensive exploration of their place within Bach's music, focusing on their structural and stylistic features as they have been perceived since their creation. Combining an analytical study, a historical guide, and an insightful introduction to Bach's style, this book will help violinists, scholars, and other listeners develop a deeper personal involvement with many aspects of these wonderful pieces.
Categories: Music

Tempo and Tactus in the German Baroque

Tempo and Tactus in the German Baroque

When ¡ was written with eighth notes as its dominant note value. ... Bach knew the difference between the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century tempo implications of the small allabreve. The order of simple duple meters in the P 200 ...

Author: Julia Dokter

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781648250187

Category: Music

Page: 544

View: 303

Guides modern performers and scholars through the intricacies of German Baroque metric theory, via analyses of treatises and organ music by J.S. Bach and other leading composers, such as Buxtehude, Bruhns, and Weckman.
Categories: Music

The Keyboard Music of J S Bach

The Keyboard Music of J S  Bach

Quantz arrived at a system of tempos and rhythmic notation which, although not directly applicable to Bach's music, ... But even minute differences in tempo can have important consequences for the character of a piece, and a tempo that ...

Author: David Schulenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136091469

Category: Music

Page: 544

View: 561

The Keyboard Music of J.S. Bach provides an introduction to and comprehensive discussion of all the music for harpsichord and other stringed keyboard instruments by Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750). Often played today on the modern piano, these works are central not only to the Western concert repertory but to musical pedagogy and study throughout the world. Intended as both a practical guide and an interpretive study, the book consists of three introductory chapters on general matters of historical context, style, and performance practice, followed by fifteen chapters on the individual works, treated in roughly chronological order. The works discussed include all of Bach's individual keyboard compositions as well as those comprising his famous collections, such as the Well-Tempered Clavier, the English and French Suites, and the Art of Fugue.
Categories: Music

Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach

A rapid melodic line written predominantly in sixteenth notes is accompanied by another melody with longer note values, which features very wide leaps: The Italian type of hand-crossing is employed here, with one hand constantly moving ...

Author:

Publisher: PediaPress

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 799

Categories:

Tempo and Rhythm in Bach s Organ Music

Tempo and Rhythm in Bach s Organ Music

It is always the implications of the music itself . Indeed , fundamentally this is ... IX , B.W.V. 878 , from Book II of the Forty - Eight , which has the same notation , tempo ( approximately ) and rhythm . The effect intended by the ...

Author: Robert Donington

Publisher: London, Hinrichsen

ISBN: STANFORD:36105042500921

Category: Musical meter and rhythm

Page: 59

View: 896

Categories: Musical meter and rhythm