The Sumerian Legacy

The Sumerian Legacy

" Originally published in two installments as Liber-50 and Liber-51/52, this new commemorative edition of "The Sumerian Legacy" (formerly "Sumerian Religion") collects some of the most critical contributions from the modern "Mardukite ...

Author: Joshua Free

Publisher:

ISBN: 0578433974

Category:

Page: 202

View: 746

Long-lost secrets of ancient Mesopotamian religion, Anunnaki mythology and mysteries of Babylonian magic are coherently revealed in the first complete esoteric guide to Sumerian archaeology accessible to all readers. From the world renown "Mardukite Research Organization" developed by Joshua Free. This amazing guide to esoteric archaeology reveals the secret Anunnaki tradition of Babylon, forbidden knowledge lost thousands of years.ago--from the origins of Sumerian civilization in ancient Mesopotamia to the rise of Babylonian magic, mythology and religion. World renown expert and Director of the modern "Mardukite Research Organization"--Joshua Free--invites the Seeker on an incredible progressive journey to illuminate the most ancient and inaccessible facets of human history, spirituality and religious tradition on the planet. For the first time ever, anyone can discover the secrets of the Sumerian Anunnaki and the origins of all physical and metaphysical systems born from the Mesopotamian Mystery Tradition that directly led to Babylonian religion--a unique combination of Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Chaldean lore revealed with perfect clarity for all modern readers: the academic, esoteric and even the "just curious." Originally published in two installments as Liber-50 and Liber-51/52, this new commemorative edition of "The Sumerian Legacy" (formerly "Sumerian Religion") collects some of the most critical contributions from the modern "Mardukite Research Organization" rewritten and revised in combination with amazing new cover graphics by Kyra Kaos.
Categories:

The Sumerians

The Sumerians

Although the Sumerians continue to get second or even third billing compared to the Babylonians and Assyrians, perhaps because they never built an empire as great as the Assyrians or established a city as enduring and great as Babylon, they ...

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1542467470

Category:

Page: 56

View: 251

*Includes pictures *Includes links to online sources like the Epic of Gilgamesh and more *Includes primary sources written by the ancient Sumerians *Includes a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia: the Sumerians. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. Although the Sumerians continue to get second or even third billing compared to the Babylonians and Assyrians, perhaps because they never built an empire as great as the Assyrians or established a city as enduring and great as Babylon, they were the people who provided the template of civilization that all later Mesopotamians built upon. The Sumerians are credited with being the first people to invent writing, libraries, cities, and schools in Mesopotamia (Ziskind 1972, 34), and many would argue that they were the first people to create and do those things anywhere in world. For a people so great it is unfortunate that their accomplishments and contributions, not only to Mesopotamian civilization but to civilization in general, largely go unnoticed by the majority of the public. Perhaps the Sumerians were victims of their own success; they gradually entered the historical record, established a fine civilization, and then slowly submerged into the cultural patchwork of their surroundings. They also never suffered a great and sudden collapse like other peoples of the ancient Near East, such as the Hittites, Assyrians and Neo-Babylonians did. A close examination of Sumerian culture and chronology reveals that the Sumerians set the cultural tone in Mesopotamia for several centuries in the realms of politics/governments, arts, literature, and religion. The Sumerians were truly a great people whose legacy continued long after they were gone. The Sumerians: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Mesopotamian Empire that Established Civilization traces the history and legacy of Sumer across several centuries. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the history of the Sumerians like never before, in no time at all.
Categories:

Pagan Trinity Holy Trinity

Pagan Trinity   Holy Trinity

This book offers a revolutionary new synthesis of ancient history and religion by bridging the gap between the archaeology of Mesopotamia (now the country of Iraq) and the biblical account of Genesis.

Author: Alan P. Dickin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780761837770

Category: Religion

Page: 127

View: 852

"This book offers a revolutionary new synthesis of ancient history and religion by bridging the gap between the archaeology of Mesopotamia (now the country of Iraq) and the biblical account of Genesis, Professor Alan Dickin shows how the Sumerians, the ancient inhabitants of Mesopotamia, established the world's first organized religion, which was a direct forerunner of the Judeo-Christian faith. He places the biblical accounts of the Creation, Fall, Flood, and Tower of Babel in their historical context in ancient Mesopotamia, and identifies the origins of the biblical Trinity in the Sumerian pantheon. Finally, he explores the manner of God's first revelations to mankind and the meaning of the lost secrets of the Garden of Eden. Over seventy line drawings of ancient artifacts, in addition to maps and historical tables, bring the civilization and religion of ancient Mesopotamia to life for a modern audience."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: Religion

The First Civilization

The First Civilization

Author: Denise Schmandt-Besserat

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015052440461

Category: Art, Sumerian

Page: 95

View: 266

Categories: Art, Sumerian

Ur

Ur

Truly, when it comes to important ancient cities, Ur should be counted among the greatest. Ur: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Sumerian Capital traces the history and legacy of one of the most influential cities of antiquity.

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1542464900

Category:

Page: 58

View: 798

*Includes pictures *Includes ancient passages and accounts about Ur written by Babylonian kings and others *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia: the Sumerians. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. Long before Alexandria was a city and even before Memphis and Babylon had attained greatness, the ancient Mesopotamian city of Ur stood foremost among ancient Near Eastern cities. Today, the greatness and cultural influence of Ur has been largely forgotten by most people, partially because its monuments have not stood the test of time the way other ancient culture's monuments have. For instance, the monuments of Egypt were made of stone while those of Ur and most other Mesopotamian cities were made of mud brick and as will be discussed in this report, mud brick may be an easier material to work with than stone but it also decays much quicker. The same is true to a certain extent for the written documents that were produced at Ur. The people of Mesopotamia, which Ur was part of, employed the cuneiform system of writing; since cuneiform was almost always written on clay tablets, modern scholars have been forced with the unfortunate problem that many of those tablets have been broken and made unreadable throughout the centuries. Despite the ephemeral nature of its monuments and to some extent its written texts, Ur proved to be an inspiration to the Sumerians who built the city and also to later cultures and dynasties that inhabited Mesopotamia. An examination of primary sources relating to Ur, as well as archaeological excavations done in the ancient city reveal that the city was a cultural beacon for thousands of years. Ur began as a Sumerian city of secondary importance but quickly grew to be the most important Sumerian city. At its height Ur was the center of a great dynasty that controlled most of Mesopotamia directly through a well maintained army and bureaucracy and the areas that were not under its direct control were influenced by Ur's diplomats and religious ideas. This study will also reveal that Ur was a truly resilient city because it survived the downfall of the Sumerians, outright destruction at the hands of the Elamites, and later occupations by numerous other peoples, which included Saddam Hussein more recently. Ur inspired the imaginations of ancient peoples, but it has also enraptured the minds of moderns, who have worked for over 150 years to unlock the city's mysteries. Truly, when it comes to important ancient cities, Ur should be counted among the greatest. Ur: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Sumerian Capital traces the history and legacy of one of the most influential cities of antiquity. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the history of Ur like never before, in no time at all.
Categories:

The Sumerians

The Sumerians

The Sumerians, the pragmatic and gifted people who preceded the Semites in the land first known as Sumer and later as Babylonia, created what was probably the first high civilization in the history of man, spanning the fifth to the second ...

Author: Samuel Noah Kramer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226452326

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 110

The Sumerians, the pragmatic and gifted people who preceded the Semites in the land first known as Sumer and later as Babylonia, created what was probably the first high civilization in the history of man, spanning the fifth to the second millenniums B.C. This book is an unparalleled compendium of what is known about them. Professor Kramer communicates his enthusiasm for his subject as he outlines the history of the Sumerian civilization and describes their cities, religion, literature, education, scientific achievements, social structure, and psychology. Finally, he considers the legacy of Sumer to the ancient and modern world. "There are few scholars in the world qualified to write such a book, and certainly Kramer is one of them. . . . One of the most valuable features of this book is the quantity of texts and fragments which are published for the first time in a form available to the general reader. For the layman the book provides a readable and up-to-date introduction to a most fascinating culture. For the specialist it presents a synthesis with which he may not agree but from which he will nonetheless derive stimulation."—American Journal of Archaeology "An uncontested authority on the civilization of Sumer, Professor Kramer writes with grace and urbanity."—Library Journal
Categories: History

Lagash

Lagash

Lagash: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Sumerian City looks at the remarkable site and its impact on the region. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Lagash like never before.

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1548824283

Category:

Page: 56

View: 865

*Includes pictures *Includes ancient accounts of Lagash *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading In southern Iraq, a crushing silence hangs over the dunes. For nearly 5,000 years, the sands of the Iraqi desert have held the remains of the oldest known civilization: the Sumerians. When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. For a people so great it is unfortunate that their accomplishments and contributions, not only to Mesopotamian civilization but to civilization in general, largely go unnoticed by the majority of the public. Perhaps the Sumerians were victims of their own success; they gradually entered the historical record, established a fine civilization, and then slowly submerged into the cultural patchwork of their surroundings. They also never suffered a great and sudden collapse like other peoples of the ancient Near East, such as the Hittites, Assyrians and Neo-Babylonians did. A close examination of Sumerian culture and chronology reveals that the Sumerians set the cultural tone in Mesopotamia for several centuries in the realms of politics/governments, arts, literature, and religion. The Sumerians were truly a great people whose legacy continued long after they were gone. The ruined Sumerian city of Lagash is located 15 miles east of present-day Shatra in the province of Nasiriya in southern Iraq. Also known as Tell al-Hiba, this was one of the largest urban sites in the ancient lands of southern Mesopotamia; at its height in the Early Dynastic period, the city is believed to have to occupied a total area of approximately 600 hectares. Based on the presence of so many temples, Lagash clearly served as the religious capital of the state. It is from the huge corpus of documents that have been recovered from the city ruins that historians so much about the ancient gods and goddesses that were worshiped by the ancient Sumerians. The temple architecture in the city is amongst the finest found in any of the ancient settlements in Mesopotamia. Lagash experienced a Golden Age of prosperity and growth in the early 21st century BCE during the reign of Gudea, a contemporary of Urnammu, the founder of the Third Dynasty of Ur. It is no wonder that Gudea was worshipped as a god. Although Gudea was a fine ruler, after his reign ended the city quickly succumbed to invasion, and over time faded out of popular knowledge. It is only because of excavations carried out there from the 1950s onwards that the questions regarding this site's identity have been answered. Lagash: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Sumerian City looks at the remarkable site and its impact on the region. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Lagash like never before.
Categories:

The Ancient World and Its Legacy to Us

The Ancient World and Its Legacy to Us

A long struggle between Sumerian and Semite followed . At one time , under
Sargon of Akkad ( about 2750 ) the Semites conquered the whole plain . Later ,
Sumer and Akkad seem to have joined together in a sort of double or ' dual '
kingdom ...

Author: Alfred Walter Frank Blunt

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89094687696

Category: History, Ancient

Page: 216

View: 268

Categories: History, Ancient

Legacy

Legacy

These were perhaps the first permanent people of the south . They were not
Sumerian , that is , they did not speak the language we call Sumerian , for the
early place names of Sumer – Ur , Eridu , Uruk , Nippur – are not from that
language .

Author: Michael Wood

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105002247471

Category: Civilization

Page: 223

View: 587

Categories: Civilization

Legacy of Dilmun

Legacy of Dilmun

other hand , trade by sea from SE Iran and / or Oman is strongly suggested for
Groups A and E and the steatites by correspondences between samples from
Sumer and Susa with samples from Tarut and Failaka and with a nonIntercultural
 ...

Author: Constance Maria Piesinger

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89098582695

Category: Saudi Arabia

Page: 2408

View: 307

Categories: Saudi Arabia

India s Legacy

India s Legacy

They have been mentioned here for the purpose of being compared with the
Sumerian and Babylonian practices in war as mentioned in Hist . History Vol . I
page 463 which is as given below : - - but it is prefaced earlier by the statement
that to ...

Author: Pattotmogar R. Ranganatha Punja

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015058497283

Category: Civilization

Page:

View: 707

Categories: Civilization

About archaeology The old stone age and the evolution of man The new stone age and the beginning of farming Mesopotamia and Palestine The Egyptian world

About archaeology  The old stone age and the evolution of man  The new stone age and the beginning of farming  Mesopotamia and Palestine  The Egyptian world

L E O N A R D WO O L L E Y The Sumerian Legacy THREE generations ago the
existence of the Sumerians was unknown to the scientific world; to-day their
history can be written and their art illustrated more fully than that of many ancient
 ...

Author: Jacquetta Hawkes

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B517783

Category: Archaeology

Page:

View: 827

Categories: Archaeology

Readings in Anthropology

Readings in Anthropology

The. Legacy. of. Sumer. Samuel. Noah. Kramer. From The Sumerians. University
of Chicago Press, n.d., pp. 269-299. © 1963 ... To be sure, it might be said that
these would have come to be in any case, Sumerians or no Sumerians. But this ...

Author: Jesse David Jennings

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951000147782R

Category: Anthropology

Page: 489

View: 261

Categories: Anthropology

The World of the Past

The World of the Past

Author: Jacquetta Hawkes

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106008959782

Category: Archaeology

Page:

View: 537

Categories: Archaeology

The Legacy of the Stockman

The Legacy of the Stockman

The Sumer culture began in the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The
rivers were subject to violent floods in the spring. Barley was the principal cereal
crop of the region and wool was the major textile. This 1969, 1970, in the
northwest ...

Author: R. L. Willham

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924062774678

Category: Animal culture

Page: 174

View: 125

Categories: Animal culture

Women in Myth and History

Women in Myth and History

The cuneiform style of writing was only one of the Sumerian legacies to the new
people that settled there . Scientists , knowing of no group which used the
cuneiform symbols of writing before the Sumerians , attribute it to them . Another
legacy ...

Author: Violeta Miqueli

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:39000005835017

Category: Women

Page: 153

View: 681

Categories: Women

Uruk

Uruk

Although Uruk was not the only city that the Sumerians built during the Uruk period, it was by far the greatest and also the source of most of the archeological and written evidence concerning early Sumerian culture (Kuhrt 2010, 1:23).

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1979620342

Category:

Page: 88

View: 242

*Includes pictures *Describes the history, architecture, and layout of Uruk *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading In southern Iraq, a crushing silence hangs over the dunes. For nearly 5,000 years, the sands of the Iraqi desert have held the remains of the oldest known civilization: the Sumerians. When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. Although the Sumerians continue to get second or even third billing compared to the Babylonians and Assyrians, perhaps because they never built an empire as great as the Assyrians or established a city as enduring and great as Babylon, they were the people who provided the template of civilization that all later Mesopotamians built upon. The Sumerians are credited with being the first people to invent writing, libraries, cities, and schools in Mesopotamia (Ziskind 1972, 34), and many would argue that they were the first people to create and do those things anywhere in world. For a people so great it is unfortunate that their accomplishments and contributions, not only to Mesopotamian civilization but to civilization in general, largely go unnoticed by the majority of the public. Perhaps the Sumerians were victims of their own success; they gradually entered the historical record, established a fine civilization, and then slowly submerged into the cultural patchwork of their surroundings. They also never suffered a great and sudden collapse like other peoples of the ancient Near East, such as the Hittites, Assyrians and Neo-Babylonians did. A close examination of Sumerian culture and chronology reveals that the Sumerians set the cultural tone in Mesopotamia for several centuries in the realms of politics/governments, arts, literature, and religion. The Sumerians were truly a great people whose legacy continued long after they were gone. No site better represents the importance of the Sumerians than the city of Uruk. Between the fourth and the third millennium BCE, Uruk was one of several city-states in the land of Sumer, located in the southern end of the Fertile Crescent, between the two great rivers of the Tigris and the Euphrates. Discovered in the late 19th century by the British archaeologist William Loftus, it is this site that has revealed much of what is now known of the Sumerian, Akkadian, and Neo-Sumerian people. Although Uruk was not the only city that the Sumerians built during the Uruk period, it was by far the greatest and also the source of most of the archeological and written evidence concerning early Sumerian culture (Kuhrt 2010, 1:23). Uruk went from being the world's first city to the most important political and cultural center in the ancient Near East in relatively quick fashion. Around 3200 BCE, the Sumerian Uruk culture began to expand beyond the borders of Sumer, which coincided with the emergence of writing (Kuhrt 2010, 1:23). The form of writing that the Sumerians developed became known by its Greek name, "cuneiform," for the wedge style characters that it employed (van de Mieroop 2007, 28). Writing, like many other inventions throughout world history, appears to have been created because of necessity as the Uruk culture grew.
Categories:

The Foreign Encounter in Myth and Religion

The Foreign Encounter in Myth and Religion

To the people of Sumer , life without agriculture was a more ambivalent memory
than for Semitic nomads ; only when the ... The Sumerian legacy was also
incorporated into Babylonian mythology , which has its own creation poem (
named ...

Author: Kees Van Der Pijl

Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)

ISBN: STANFORD:36105215485355

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 243

View: 386

Second volume of Deutscher prize-winning trilogy on the future of IR, tracing the defining characteristics of 'foreign encounters' over time.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Devil

The Devil

THE SUMERIANS AND BABYLONIANS To the Hebrews of the Old Testament,
the Sumerian/Babylonian cultures occupied ... But the Sumerian legacy also
made its mark on Judaism and Christianity with noticeable parallels between
certain ...

Author: Amelia Wilson

Publisher: Barrons Educational Series Incorporated

ISBN: 0764155407

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 128

View: 814

Readers enter the realm of the Prince of Darkness, but their journey will be safe if they keep within these pages. This compendium of demonic information includes true tales of devil worship and witch hunts, as well as quotations about demons from famous literary works. Illustrations.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Gods of the Earth

Gods of the Earth

The. Sumerian. Legacy. - f there is a name which epitomizes Christian visions of
heathendom in the ancient near east ; a single epithet which conjures arcane
fantasies and images of mythical splendour , which stirs a flutter in the most
cynical ...

Author: Michael Jordan

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105000160544

Category: Goddesses

Page: 446

View: 201

Based on ten years of research into the many similarities between faiths widely separated by time and distance, this is a comparative study of pagan religions since the dawn of time, and their relationship to Christianity. other deities, the author traces the threads by which they are inextricably linked to modern Christianity. Using ancient examples, he argues that Christianity is in fact nothing new, but simply a reworking of older pagan faiths.
Categories: Goddesses