The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226458144

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 577

A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.
Categories: Science

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions can be seen, without exaggeration, as a landmark text in intellectual history.

Author: Jo Hedesan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351351683

Category:

Page:

View: 580

Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions can be seen, without exaggeration, as a landmark text in intellectual history. In his analysis of shifts in scientific thinking, Kuhn questioned the prevailing view that science was an unbroken progression towards the truth. Progress was actually made, he argued, via "paradigm shifts," meaning that evidence that existing scientific models are flawed slowly accumulates - in the face, at first, of opposition and doubt - until it finally results in a crisis that forces the development of a new model. This development, in turn, produces a period of rapid change - "extraordinary science," Kuhn terms it - before an eventual return to "normal science" begins the process whereby the whole cycle eventually repeats itself. This portrayal of science as the product of successive revolutions was the product of rigorous but imaginative critical thinking. It was at odds with science's self-image as a set of disciplines that constantly evolve and progress via the process of building on existing knowledge. Kuhn's highly creative re-imagining of that image has proved enduringly influential - and is the direct product of the author's ability to produce a novel explanation for existing evidence and to redefine issues so as to see them in new ways.
Categories:

Kuhn s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

Kuhn   s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication.

Author: Vasso Kindi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136243202

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 400

The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Up until recently, the book’s philosophical reception has been shaped, for the most part, by the debates and the climate in philosophy of science in the 1960s and 1970s; this new collection of essays takes a renewed look at this work. This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication. There has been extensive research on all of the major issues concerning the development of science which are discussed in Structure, work in which the scholars contributing to this volume have all been actively involved. In recent years they have pursued novel research on a number of topics relevant to Structure’s concerns, such as the nature and function of concepts, the complexity of logical positivism and its legacy, the relation of history to philosophy of science, the character of scientific progress and rationality, and scientific realism, all of which are brought together and given new light in this text. In this way, our book makes new connections and undertakes new approaches in an effort to understand the Structure’s significance in the canon of philosophy of science.
Categories: Science

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions can be seen, without exaggeration, as a landmark text in intellectual history.

Author: Jo Hedesan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351353472

Category: History

Page: 130

View: 802

Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions can be seen, without exaggeration, as a landmark text in intellectual history. In his analysis of shifts in scientific thinking, Kuhn questioned the prevailing view that science was an unbroken progression towards the truth. Progress was actually made, he argued, via "paradigm shifts", meaning that evidence that existing scientific models are flawed slowly accumulates – in the face, at first, of opposition and doubt – until it finally results in a crisis that forces the development of a new model. This development, in turn, produces a period of rapid change – "extraordinary science," Kuhn terms it – before an eventual return to "normal science" begins the process whereby the whole cycle eventually repeats itself. This portrayal of science as the product of successive revolutions was the product of rigorous but imaginative critical thinking. It was at odds with science’s self-image as a set of disciplines that constantly evolve and progress via the process of building on existing knowledge. Kuhn’s highly creative re-imagining of that image has proved enduringly influential – and is the direct product of the author’s ability to produce a novel explanation for existing evidence and to redefine issues so as to see them in new ways.
Categories: History

Kuhn s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty

Kuhn s  Structure of Scientific Revolutions  at Fifty

The essays in this book exhume important historical context for Kuhn's work, critically analyzing its foundations in twentieth-century science, politics and Kuhn's own intellectual biography.

Author: Robert J. Richards

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226317205

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 891

Thomas S. Kuhn's 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions' was a watershed event when it was published in 1962, upending the previous understanding of science as a slow, logical accumulation of facts and introducing, with the concept of the 'paradigm shift,' social and psychological considerations into the heart of the scientific process. The essays in this book exhume important historical context for Kuhn's work, critically analyzing its foundations in twentieth-century science, politics and Kuhn's own intellectual biography.
Categories: Philosophy

Kuhn s Structure of Scientific Revolutions 50 Years On

Kuhn   s Structure of Scientific Revolutions   50 Years On

Kuhn’s Structure has sold over 1.4 million copies and the Times Literary Supplement named it one of the “Hundred Most Influential Books since the Second World War.” Now, fifty years after this groundbreaking work was published, this ...

Author: William J. Devlin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319133836

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 614

In 1962, the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure ‘revolutionized’ the way one conducts philosophical and historical studies of science. Through the introduction of both memorable and controversial notions, such as paradigms, scientific revolutions, and incommensurability, Kuhn argued against the traditionally accepted notion of scientific change as a progression towards the truth about nature, and instead substituted the idea that science is a puzzle solving activity, operating under paradigms, which become discarded after it fails to respond accordingly to anomalous challenges and a rival paradigm. Kuhn’s Structure has sold over 1.4 million copies and the Times Literary Supplement named it one of the “Hundred Most Influential Books since the Second World War.” Now, fifty years after this groundbreaking work was published, this volume offers a timely reappraisal of the legacy of Kuhn’s book and an investigation into what Structure offers philosophical, historical, and sociological studies of science in the future.
Categories: Science

Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions

Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions

Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm shifts and revolutions to fit their own theories, however ...

Author: Paul Hoyningen-Huene

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226355519

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 318

Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm shifts and revolutions to fit their own theories, however imperfectly. Destined to become the authoritative philosophical study of Kuhn's work. Bibliography.
Categories: Science

Kuhn s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Kuhn s  The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

In Kuhn's 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions': A Reader's Guide, John Preston offers a clear and thorough account of this key philosophical work.

Author: John Preston

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441198891

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 464

Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is arguably one of the most influential books of the twentieth century and a key text in the philosophy and history of science. Kuhn transformed the philosophy and history of science in the twentieth century in an irrevocable way and still provides an important alternative to formalist approaches in the philosophy of science. In Kuhn's 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions': A Reader's Guide, John Preston offers a clear and thorough account of this key philosophical work. The book offers a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will enable readers to rapidly navigate the text. The guide explores the complex and important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of the reception and influence of Kuhn's work.
Categories: Science

The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions

The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions

In this book, the theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas.

Author: Hanne Andersen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139452632

Category: Science

Page:

View: 218

Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. His terms 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered everyday speech, but they remain controversial. In the second half of the twentieth century, the new field of cognitive science combined empirical psychology, computer science, and neuroscience. In this book, the theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas. Based on case studies of the Copernican revolution, the discovery of nuclear fission, and an elaboration of Kuhn's famous 'ducks and geese' example of concept learning, this volume, first published in 2006, offers accounts of the nature of normal and revolutionary science, the function of anomalies, and the nature of incommensurability.
Categories: Science

Thomas Kuhn

Thomas Kuhn

Thomas Kuhn (1922-96) transformed the philosophy of science.

Author: Alexander Bird

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317490128

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 952

Thomas Kuhn (1922-96) transformed the philosophy of science. His seminal 1962 work "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" introduced the term 'paradigm shift' into the vernacular and remains a fundamental text in the study of the history and philosophy of science. This introduction to Kuhn's ideas covers the breadth of his philosophical work, situating "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" within Kuhn's wider thought and drawing attention to the development of his ideas over time. Kuhn's work is assessed within the context of other philosophies of science notably logical empiricism and recent developments in naturalized epistemology. The author argues that Kuhn's thinking betrays a residual commitment to many theses characteristic of the empiricists he set out to challenge. Kuhn's influence on the history and philosophy of science is assessed and where the field may be heading in the wake of Kuhn's ideas is explored.
Categories: Philosophy

Thomas Kuhn

Thomas Kuhn

The pilgrimage from Plato to NATO (episodes in embushelment) -- The last time scientists struggled for the soul of science -- The politics of the scientific image in the age of Conant -- From Conant's education strategy to Kuhn's research ...

Author: Steve Fuller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226268942

Category: Philosophy

Page: 472

View: 954

The pilgrimage from Plato to NATO (episodes in embushelment) -- The last time scientists struggled for the soul of science -- The politics of the scientific image in the age of Conant -- From Conant's education strategy to Kuhn's research strategy -- How Kuhn unwittingly saved social science from a radical future -- The world not well lost (philosophy after Kuhn) -- Kuhnification as ritualized political impotence (the hidden history of science studies).
Categories: Philosophy

The Structure of Moral Revolutions

The Structure of Moral Revolutions

In this book, Robert Baker argues that these inversions are the product of moral revolutions that follow a pattern similar to that of the scientific revolutions analyzed by Thomas Kuhn in his influential book, The Structure of Scientific ...

Author: Robert Baker

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262043083

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 818

A theoretical account of moral revolutions, illustrated by historical cases that include the criminalization and decriminalization of abortion and the patient rebellion against medical paternalism. We live in an age of moral revolutions in which the once morally outrageous has become morally acceptable, and the formerly acceptable is now regarded as reprehensible. Attitudes toward same-sex love, for example, and the proper role of women, have undergone paradigm shifts over the last several decades. In this book, Robert Baker argues that these inversions are the product of moral revolutions that follow a pattern similar to that of the scientific revolutions analyzed by Thomas Kuhn in his influential book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. After laying out the theoretical terrain, Baker develops his argument with examples of moral reversals from the recent and distant past. He describes the revolution, led by the utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham, that transformed the postmortem dissection of human bodies from punitive desecration to civic virtue; the criminalization of abortion in the nineteenth century and its decriminalization in the twentieth century; and the invention of a new bioethics paradigm in the 1970s and 1980s, supporting a patient-led rebellion against medical paternalism. Finally, Baker reflects on moral relativism, arguing that the acceptance of “absolute” moral truths denies us the diversity of moral perspectives that permit us to alter our morality in response to changing environments.
Categories: Philosophy

The Essential Tension

The Essential Tension

A collection of previously published essays by Kuhn plus 2 unpublished articles and a partly autobiographical preface.

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226458067

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 685

A collection of previously published essays by Kuhn plus 2 unpublished articles and a partly autobiographical preface. These assembled studies shed much light on the early evolution and subsequent reformulations of Kuhn's provocative "The structure of scientific revolutions (1962: revised 1970)".
Categories: Science

Kuhn Vs Popper

Kuhn Vs Popper

Steve Fuller says yes: not only have we judged wrongly, but we have also radically misunderstood the parties in the process.The future of science itself depends on understanding the philosophical, political and even religious basis of what ...

Author: Steve Fuller

Publisher:

ISBN: 1840467223

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 299

Thomas Kuhn and Karl Popper, a young historian and an old philosopher, met just once to discuss the nature of science. Yet, for the last half-century Kuhn’s triumph has dominated public discussions on the topic.But could the million copies sold of Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions betray an error in collective judgement? Steve Fuller says yes: not only have we judged wrongly, but we have also radically misunderstood the parties in the process.The future of science itself depends on understanding the philosophical, political and even religious basis of what separated Kuhn and Popper. Drawing on his own original examination of the Kuhn archives at MIT, Fuller provides an exhilarating tour of a battle that goes to heart of what we think science is. A provocative account of a landmark confrontation in which ‘the wrong guy’ won.
Categories: Science

Beyond Kuhn

Beyond Kuhn

This book goes beyond Kuhn by explicating the non-deductive notion of paradigm shift in terms of the new concept of representati

Author: Edwin H.-C. Hung

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754653471

Category: Philosophy

Page: 146

View: 146

Thomas Kuhn's celebrated work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions revolutionized thinking in the philosophy of science. This book goes beyond Kuhn by explicating the non-deductive notion of paradigm shift in terms of the new concept of representati
Categories: Philosophy

Kuhn

Kuhn

Author: Wes Sharrock

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745619290

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 292

Thomas Kuhn's shadow hangs over almost every field of intellectual inquiry. His book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions has become a modern classic. His influence on philosophy, social science, historiography, feminism, theology, and (of course) the natural sciences themselves is unparalleled. His epoch-making concepts of 'new paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' make him probably the most influential scholar of the twentieth century. Sharrock and Read take the reader through Kuhn's work in a careful and accessible way, emphasizing Kuhn's detailed studies of the history of science, which often assist the understanding of his more abstract philosophical work. These historical studies provide vital insight into what Kuhn was actually trying to achieve in his The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: an endeavour far less extreme than either his 'foes' or his 'fans' claim. In the book's second half, Sharrock and Read provide excellent explications, defences and, where appropriate, criticisms of Kuhn's central concept of 'incommensurability', and tackle head on the crucial issue of whether Kuhn's insights concerning the natural sciences can be extrapolated to other disciplines, such as the social sciences. This is the first comprehensive introduction to the work of Kuhn and it will be of particular interest to students and scholars in philosophy, theory of science, management science and anthropology.
Categories: Science