The Ships of Scapa Flow

The Ships of Scapa Flow

A new look at the naval base at Scapa Flow, Orkney, and the ships that have used it and still remain today.

Author: Campbell McCutcheon

Publisher: Amberley Pub Plc

ISBN: 1445633868

Category: Transportation

Page: 96

View: 812

A new look at the naval base at Scapa Flow, Orkney, and the ships that have used it and still remain today.
Categories: Transportation

Scapa 1919

Scapa 1919

Marine archaeologist and historian Dr Innes McCartney reveals for the first time what became of the warships that were scuttled, examining the circumstances behind the loss of each ship and reconciling what was known at the time to what the ...

Author: Innes McCartney

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472828965

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 539

The German High Seas Fleet was one of the most powerful naval forces in the world, and had fought the pride of the Royal Navy to a stalemate at the battle of Jutland in 1916. After the armistice was signed, ending fighting in World War I, it surrendered to the British and was interned in Scapa Flow pending the outcome of the Treaty of Versailles. In June 1919, the entire fleet attempted to sink itself in the Flow to prevent it being broken up as war prizes. Of the 74 ships present, 52 sunk and 22 were prevented from doing so by circumstance and British intervention. Marine archaeologist and historian Dr Innes McCartney reveals for the first time what became of the warships that were scuttled, examining the circumstances behind the loss of each ship and reconciling what was known at the time to what the archaeology is telling us today. This fascinating study reveals a fleet lost for nearly a century beneath the waves.
Categories: History

Nightmare at Scapa Flow

Nightmare at Scapa Flow

Sinking the battleship HMS Royal Oak in the Royal Navy's home anchorage, with the loss of more than 800 of her crew, was Germany's first shattering blow against Britain in the 1939-45 war.

Author: H.G. Weaver

Publisher: Birlinn

ISBN: 9780857905185

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 175

Sinking the battleship HMS Royal Oak in the Royal Navy's home anchorage, with the loss of more than 800 of her crew, was Germany's first shattering blow against Britain in the 1939-45 war. Within six weeks the long-standing German dream of breaching the defences of Scapa Flow had been achieved. Germany claimed the sinking for the submarine U-47, commanded by Lt. Gunther Prien. Prien and his crew became instant folk heroes, lauded, interviewed and exploited to extract the maximum glory from their deed. A few months later, Prien's autobiography, "Mein Weg Nach Scapa Flow", was published and sold an astonishing 750,000 copies. However, there are also Royal Oak survivors who, while accepting that their ship was torpedoed, say: 'Prien and his crew can't ever have seen the inside of Scapa Flow because Prien's story is almost totally at variance with the truth.'Four books and dozens of articles have been written on what is now generally accepted as one of the greatest submarine exploits of all time. Yet nobody has managed to sift fact from falsehood and reconcile the apparently irreconcilable German and British stories. The author has interviewed Royal Oak survivors, members of U-47's 1939 crew, Lt. Prien's widow and members of the firm which published his autobiography. His quest for the truth led through England, Northern Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Orkney, Norway, West Berlin, Cologne, Freiburg and even distant Amman. He has patiently investigated every point of controversy until he was able to set down a documented, definitive account of the Royal Oak naval disaster. It was previously published by Cressrelles Ltd.
Categories: History

Dive Scapa Flow

Dive Scapa Flow

This is a comprehensive and fully revised guide to the Orkney wrecks - the intact remains of the scuttled German fleet, U-boats, steamers, tugs and Churchill's Blockships.

Author: Rod MacDonald

Publisher: Trafalgar Square

ISBN: UCSD:31822031071327

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 176

View: 236

This is a comprehensive and fully revised guide to the Orkney wrecks - the intact remains of the scuttled German fleet, U-boats, steamers, tugs and Churchill's Blockships. The author uses a mixture of historical narrative of the scuttling and subsequent salvage to describe the events at the end of World War I. The book includes details of the site and studies much deeper wrecks, with special emphasis on HMS Hampshire, only reached with the advent of technical diving. Information on charterers, travel and accommodation is also included.
Categories: Sports & Recreation

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow

The five volumes that constitute Arthur Marder's From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow represented arguably the finest contribution to the literature of naval history since Alfred Mahan.

Author: Arthur J Marder

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781473841888

Category: History

Page: 425

View: 381

The five volumes that constitute Arthur Marder's From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow represented arguably the finest contribution to the literature of naval history since Alfred Mahan. A J P Taylor wrote that 'his naval history has a unique fascination. To unrivalled mastery of sources he adds a gift of simple narrative . . . He is beyond praise, as he is beyond cavil.' The five volumes were subtitled The Royal Navy in the Fisher Era, 1904–1919 and they are still, despite recent major contributions from Robert Massie and Andrew Gordan, regarded by many as the definitive history of naval events leading up to and including the Great War. This last volume describes the Royal Navy's final triumph. The convoy system brought rewards and the US Navy arrived in European waters. The striking 1918 raid on Zeebrugge was a big morale booster, and in November 1918 Beatty received the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet. In June the following year the Germand scuttled their fleet at Scapa Flow and so came to an end a major era in naval history. A new introduction by Barry Gough, the distinguished Canadian maritime and naval historian, assesses the importance of Marder's work and anchors it firmly amongst the great naval narrative histories of this era. This new paperback edition will bring a truly great work to a new generation of historians and general readers.
Categories: History

Nightmare at Scapa Flow

Nightmare at Scapa Flow

Author: H. J. Weaver

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015001079121

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 191

View: 438

Categories: World War, 1939-1945

The Last Days of the High Seas Fleet

The Last Days of the High Seas Fleet

This is an important reassessment of the last great action of the First World War.

Author: Nicholas C. Jellicoe

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781526754592

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 748

On 21 June 1919 the ships of the German High Seas Fleet – interned at Scapa Flow since the Armistice – began to founder, taking their British custodians completely by surprise. In breach of agreed terms, the fleet dramatically scuttled itself, in a well-planned operation that consigned nearly half a million tons, and 54 of 72 ships, to the bottom of the sheltered anchorage in a gesture of Wagnerian proportions. This much is well-known, but even a century after the ‘Grand Scuttle’ many questions remain. Was von Reuter, the fleet’s commander, acting under orders or was it his own initiative? Why was 21 June chosen? Did the British connive in, or even encourage the action? Could more have been done to save the ships? Was it legally justified? And what were the international ramifications? This new book analyzes all these issues, beginning with the fleet mutiny in the last months of the War that precipitated a social revolution in Germany and the eventual collapse of the will to fight. The Armistice terms imposed the humiliation of virtual surrender on the High Seas Fleet, and the conditions under which it was interned are described in detail. Meanwhile the victorious Allies wrangled over the fate of the ships, an issue that threatened the whole peace process. Using much new material from German sources and a host of eyewitness testimonies, the circumstances of the scuttling itself are meticulously reconstructed, while the aftermath for all parties is clearly laid out. The story concludes with ‘the biggest salvage operation in history’ and a chapter on the significance of the scuttling to the postwar balance of naval power. Published to coincide with the centenary, this book is an important reassessment of the last great action of the First World War.
Categories: History

From Jutland to Junkyard

From Jutland to Junkyard

In this books, S.C. George tells the story of the German High Seas Fleet, from its origins to its role during the Battle of Jutland and subsequent surrender and scuttling, and also celebrates the ingenuity, courage and resourcefulness of ...

Author: S.C. George

Publisher: Birlinn Ltd

ISBN: 9780857909602

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 846

The scuttling of the German High Seas Fleet at Scapa Flow, Orkney on 21 June 1919 on the orders of Rear Admiral Ludwig von Reuter was one of the most extraordinary events in naval history. To the astonishment of those who witnessed it, one of the most powerful navies in history began to sink, and by late morning, ten battleships, six battlecruisers, eight light cruisers and a host of smaller ships lay on the seabed. But what happened after was equally bizarre. Although at the time the Admiralty stated that raising ships was impossible, within a few years Scapa Flow became a scene of one of the largest salvage operations ever undertaken. In this books, S.C. George tells the story of the German High Seas Fleet, from its origins to its role during the Battle of Jutland and subsequent surrender and scuttling, and also celebrates the ingenuity, courage and resourcefulness of those who raised the Kaiser's great navy from its watery grave.
Categories: History

Scapa Flow

Scapa Flow

Scapa Flow, a vast, natural harbour in the Orkney Islands, served as the Royal Navy’s main base during the two world wars, from where ships sailed to the Battle of Jutland in the First and in convoy to northern Russia in the Second.

Author: Malcolm Brown

Publisher: The History Press

ISBN: 9780750992794

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 573

Scapa Flow, a vast, natural harbour in the Orkney Islands, served as the Royal Navy’s main base during the two world wars, from where ships sailed to the Battle of Jutland in the First and in convoy to northern Russia in the Second. Thousands of men and women saw service in and around this remote anchorage, including soldiers and sailors who crewed the ships and manned the lonely batteries, and Wrens, nurses and civilians who were posted there. Scapa Flow brings together their memories – the bleak isolation, its implacable winds and glorious sunsets, the camaraderie and good humour – forming a compelling portrait of a unique war station that left its mark on all who served there.
Categories: History

The Grand Scuttle

The Grand Scuttle

Author: Dan Van der Vat

Publisher: Random House (UK)

ISBN: UOM:39015015383154

Category: Arms race

Page: 240

View: 450

Categories: Arms race

This Great Harbour Scapa Flow

This Great Harbour Scapa Flow

In addition to the military story, he also tells about the impact war had on the native island community as their remote archipelago was transformed into the hub of Britain’s naval war machine.

Author: W.S. Hewison

Publisher: Birlinn Ltd

ISBN: 9781788852692

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 916

Known by mariners since Viking times as a safe anchorage in notoriously savage waters, Scapa Flow is the seaway that runs between the Orkney mainland and the island of Hoy. As the northern base of the Royal Navy and Allied fleets in two world wars, it witnessed some of the most seminal events in modern naval history. It was from here that The Grand Fleet set off in 1916 to do battle at Jutland; it was from that Lord Kitchener sailed to his death aboard the Hampshire; it was here that the surrendered German fleet was scuttled in May 1919; and it was here that 800 sailors lost their lives in October 1939 when HMS Royal Oak was torpedoed by a German submarine. The late W.S. Hewison’s book is the ultimate history of this remarkable place. In addition to the military story, he also tells about the impact war had on the native island community as their remote archipelago was transformed into the hub of Britain’s naval war machine.
Categories: History

Gunther Prien and U 47 The Bull of Scapa Flow

Gunther Prien and U 47  The Bull of Scapa Flow

U-47 had departed Lorient on her tenth and last patrol on 20 February 1941. She went missing on 7 March 1941. In this remarkably detailed account, the author charts the full story of U-47, its commander and crew.

Author: Dougie Martindale

Publisher: Frontline Books

ISBN: 1526737752

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 360

View: 862

On the night of 13/14 October 1939, the Type VIIB U-boat _U-47_, on its second War Patrol, penetrated the main Royal Navy base at Scapa Flow and sank the British battleship HMS _Royal Oak_. This legendary attack is remembered as one of the most audacious raids in the history of submarine warfare. Laid down on 25 February 1937, and entering service in December 1938 under the command of _Oberleutnant zur See_, later _Kapit�nleutnant_ G�nther Prien, after sinking HMS _Royal Oak_ both Prien and his famous U-boat were known thereafter as 'The Bull of Scapa Flow'. During a lavish celebration in Berlin to mark the sinking of HMS _Royal Oak_, the crew members of _U-47_ were received by Adolf Hitler. For his part, Prien received the Knight's Cross, becoming the first U-boat officer and only the second member of the Kriegsmarine to receive this decoration. Still under Prien's command, _U-47_ returned to sea on 16 November 1939\. Over the months that followed, _U-47_ went on to complete a total of ten war patrols. During these, Prien and his crew sank a total of thirty-one Allied ships and damaged eight more, making it one of the most successful U-boats of the Second World War. As a central figure in the Battle of the Atlantic, Prien was consistently at the heart of events until he was lost on board _U-47_ in March 1941\. _U-47_ had departed Lorient on her tenth and last patrol on 20 February 1941\. She went missing on 7 March 1941. In this remarkably detailed account, the author charts the full story of _U-47_, its commander and crew. As well as examining all the main events in each of _U-47_'s ten War Patrols, particularly the attack on HMS _Royal Oak_, for which a number of important new conclusions are explored, as is _U-47_'s final fate.
Categories: World War, 1939-1945

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow

The five volumes that constitute Arthur Marder's From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow represented arguably the finest contribution to the literature of naval history since Alfred Mahan.

Author: Arthur Marder

Publisher: Seaforth Publishing

ISBN: 9781848321632

Category: History

Page: 460

View: 107

The five volumes that constitute Arthur Marder's From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow represented arguably the finest contribution to the literature of naval history since Alfred Mahan. A J P Taylor wrote that 'his naval history has a unique fascination. To
Categories: History

Spoils of War

Spoils of War

Praise for Spoils of War “Most highly recommended.” —Firetrench “For those who need to finally know the ultimate fate of the often gallant ships that strove against the Allies in both world wars, this is the book.” —Julian ...

Author: Aidan Dodson

Publisher: Seaforth Publishing

ISBN: 9781526741998

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 820

An extensive history of enemy fleets following both World Wars, featuring never-before-seen archival and archaeological materials. Spoils of War traces the histories of navies and ships of the defeated powers from the months leading up to the relevant armistices or surrenders to the final execution of the appropriate post-war settlements. In doing so, it discusses the way in which the victorious powers reached their final demands, how these were implemented, and to what effect. The later histories of ships that saw subsequent service, either in their original navies or in those navies which acquired them, are also described. Much use is made of archival materials, and in some cases archaeological, sources, some of which have never previously been used. Ultimately, a wide range of long-standing myths are busted, and some badly distorted modern views are set right. The fascinating narrative is accompanied by lists of all major navy-built (and certain significant ex-mercantile) enemy ships in commission at the relevant date of the armistice or surrender, or whose hulks were specifically listed for attention in post-Second World War allied agreements. These include key dates in their careers and their ultimate fates. This original book, featuring numerous photographs, is sure to become an essential reference tool for all those interested in the naval history of the two World Wars. Praise for Spoils of War “Most highly recommended.” —Firetrench “For those who need to finally know the ultimate fate of the often gallant ships that strove against the Allies in both world wars, this is the book.” —Julian Stockwin, author of the Thomas Kydd series
Categories: History

Cox s Navy

Cox s Navy

Cox's Navy tells the fascinating true story of Ernest Cox, a Wolverhampton-born scrap merchant who, despite having no previous experience, master-minded the biggest salvage operation in history to recover these mighty warships.

Author: Tony Booth (Journalist)

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1236387651

Category: Businessmen

Page: 213

View: 414

On Mid-Summer's Day 1919, the interned German Grand Fleet was scuttled by their crews at Scapa Flow in Orkney despite a Royal Navy guard force. Greatly embarrassed, the Admiralty nevertheless confidently stated that none of their former enemy's ships would ever be recovered. Had it not been for the drive and ingenuity of one man, there is indeed every possibility that they would still be resting on the sea bed today. Cox's Navy tells the fascinating true story of Ernest Cox, a Wolverhampton-born scrap merchant who, despite having no previous experience, master-minded the biggest salvage operation in history to recover these mighty warships. The 28,000 ton Hindenberg was the largest ship ever salvaged. Not knowing the boundaries enabled Cox to apply solid common sense and brilliant improvisation, changing forever marine salvage practice during peace and war.
Categories: Businessmen

Scapa Flow

Scapa Flow

Author: Ludwig von Reuter

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B742802

Category: Scapa Flow Scuttling, Scotland, 1919

Page: 153

View: 701

Categories: Scapa Flow Scuttling, Scotland, 1919

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow

From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow

The five volumes that constitute Arthur Marder's From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow represented arguably the finest contribution to the literature of naval history since Alfred Mahan.

Author: Arthur Marder

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781473826571

Category: History

Page: 460

View: 437

The five volumes that constitute Arthur Marder's From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow represented arguably the finest contribution to the literature of naval history since Alfred Mahan. A J P Taylor wrote that 'his naval history has a unique fascination. To
Categories: History

The Bull the Barriers

The Bull   the Barriers

The Bull and the Barriers

Author: Lawson Wood

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110200701

Category: History

Page: 127

View: 779

The Bull and the Barriers
Categories: History

Cox s Navy

Cox   s Navy

Cox’s Navy tells the incredible true story of Ernest Cox, a Wolverhampton-born scrap merchant, who despite having no previous experience, led the biggest salvage operation in history to recover the ships.

Author: Tony Booth

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781781597811

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 563

On mid-Summer's Day 1919 the interned German Grand Fleet was scuttled by their crews at Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands despite a Royal Navy guard force. Greatly embarrassed, the Admiralty nevertheless confidently stated that none of the ships would ever be recovered. Had it not been for the drive and ingenuity of one man there is indeed every possibility that they would still be resting on the sea bottom today.Cox's Navy tells the incredible true story of Ernest Cox, a Wolverhampton-born scrap merchant, who, despite having no previous experience, led the biggest salvage operation in history to recover the ships. The 28,000 ton Hindenberg was the largest ship ever salvaged. Not knowing the boundaries enabled Cox to apply solid common sense and brilliant improvisation, changing forever marine salvage practice during peace and war.
Categories: History

U 47 in Scapa Flow

U 47 in Scapa Flow

So how, in the dead of night, was Gunther Prien's U-47 able to slip through the line of protective warships to sink the mighty Royal Oak? This book provides the answer with an account of one of the most daring naval raids in history.

Author: Angus Konstam

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472808929

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 431

At the outset of World War II, Scapa Flow was supposed to be the safe home base of the British Navy – nothing could penetrate the defences of this bastion. So how, in the dead of night, was Gunther Prien's U-47 able to slip through the line of protective warships to sink the mighty Royal Oak? This book provides the answer with an account of one of the most daring naval raids in history. Drawing on the latest underwater archaeological research, this study explains how Prien and his crew navigated the North Sea and Kirk Sound to land a devastating blow to the British. It reveals the level of disrepair that Scapa Flow had fallen into, and delves into the conspiracy theories surrounding the event, including an alleged cover-up by the then First Sea Lord, Winston Churchill.
Categories: History