The Sherlock Effect

The Sherlock Effect

While Dr. Young did not want to be the one to write this book, he has felt compelled in the interest of science and truth. This book is measured, well-reasoned, accessible, insightful, and—above all—compelling.

Author: Thomas W. Young

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351113823

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 887

Forensic science is in crisis and at a cross-roads. Movies and television dramas depict forensic heroes with high-tech tools and dazzling intellects who—inside an hour, notwithstanding commercials—piece together past-event puzzles from crime scenes and autopsies. Likewise, Sherlock Holmes—the iconic fictional detective, and the invention of forensic doctor Sir Arthur Conan Doyle—is held up as a paragon of forensic and scientific inspiration—does not "reason forward" as most people do, but "reasons backwards." Put more plainly, rather than learning the train of events and seeing whether the resultant clues match those events, Holmes determines what happened in the past by looking at the clues. Impressive and infallible as this technique appears to be—it must be recognized that infallibility lies only in works of fiction. Reasoning backward does not work in real life: reality is far less tidy. In courtrooms everywhere, innocent people pay the price of life imitating art, of science following detective fiction. In particular, this book looks at the long and disastrous shadow cast by that icon of deductive reasoning, Sherlock Holmes. In The Sherlock Effect, author Dr. Thomas W. Young shows why this Sherlock-Holmes-style reasoning does not work and, furthermore, how it can—and has led—to wrongful convictions. Dr. Alan Moritz, one of the early pioneers of forensic pathology in the United States, warned his colleagues in the 1950’s about making the Sherlock Holmes error. Little did Moritz realize how widespread the problem would eventually become, involving physicians in all other specialties of medicine and not just forensic pathologists. Dr. Young traces back how this situation evolved, looking back over the history of forensic medicine, revealing the chilling degree to which forensic experts fail us every day. While Dr. Young did not want to be the one to write this book, he has felt compelled in the interest of science and truth. This book is measured, well-reasoned, accessible, insightful, and—above all—compelling. As such, it is a must-read treatise for forensic doctors, forensic practitioners and students, judges, lawyers adjudicating cases in court, and anyone with an interest in forensic science.
Categories: Law

Empire Under the Microscope

Empire Under the Microscope

13 See: Thomas Young, The Sherlock Effect: How Forensic Doctors and Investigators Disastrously Reason Like the Great Detective (Boca Raton: Taylor and Francis, 2018). 14 Young, The Sherlock Effect, p. 6. 15 Young, 'Is Sherlock Holmes' ...

Author: Emilie Taylor-Pirie

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030847173

Category: Electronic books

Page: 303

View: 809

This open access book considers science and empire, and the stories we tell ourselves about them. Using British Nobel laureate Ronald Ross (1857-1932) and his colleagues as access points to a wider professional culture, Empire Under the Microscope explores the cultural history of parasitology and its relationships with the literary and historical imagination between 1885 and 1935. Emilie Taylor-Pirie examines a wealth of archival material including medical lectures, scientific publications, popular biography, and personal and professional correspondence, alongside novels, poems, newspaper articles, and political speeches, to excavate the shared vocabularies of literature and medicine. She demonstrates how forms such as poetry and biography; genres such as imperial romance and detective fiction; and modes such as adventure and the Gothic, together informed how tropical diseases, their parasites, and their vectors, were understood in relation to race, gender, and nation. From Ancient Greece, to King Arthurs Knights, to the detective work of Sherlock Holmes, parasitologists manipulated literary and historical forms of knowledge in their professional self-fashioning to create a modern mythology that has a visible legacy in relationships between science and society today. Emilie Taylor-Pirie is a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the University of Birmingham, UK. She has a BSc in Biology and higher degrees in the humanities.
Categories: Electronic books

The Scientific Method in Forensic Science

The Scientific Method in Forensic Science

Application of Spatial Statistics to Latent Print Identifications: Towards Improving Forensic Science Methodologies. ... The Sherlock Effect: How Forensic Doctors and Investigators Disastrously Reason Like the Great Detective.

Author: Mike Illes

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 9781773381633

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 939

Written for the forensic science student and professional practitioner, The Scientific Method in Forensic Science provides an experience-based learning opportunity for understanding the scientific method and evidence-based analysis as they relate to forensic science in a Canadian context. Underscoring the importance of these concepts, this handbook features real-world case and court examples that depict how scientific rigor has been incorporated into practice and the consequences when it has not. The authors explore the paradigm shift in the discipline, examining important events and reports like the Kaufman Commission and the Goudge Report; review scientific concepts and reasoning; and outline steps to critically review a journal article and conduct a literature review. They also highlight the importance of critical thinking, ethics and impartiality, the role of statistics in casework, and effective communication. Blending theory with experience-based examples and featuring thought-provoking questions, exercises, and suggestions for further reading, The Scientific Method in Forensic Science is an essential resource for students in forensic science, criminology, police studies, and anthropology.
Categories: Social Science

The Complete Guide to Sex Crimes Investigations

The Complete Guide to Sex Crimes Investigations

Medicolegal Investigation of Death: Guidelines for the Application of Pathology to Crime Investigation, Fourth Edition. ... The Sherlock Effect: How Forensic Doctors and Investigators Disastrously Reason Like The Great Detective. CRC.

Author: Det. John J Baeza NYPD

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781664111028

Category: Reference

Page: 108

View: 416

The Complete Guide to Sex Crimes Investigations will take the newest to the most experienced investigator through an entire sex crimes case from the initial call to the police to the prosecution in court to the avoidance of wrongful convictions. The proven investigative procedures explained in this book are taken from real-life investigations during the author’s time spent investigating sex crimes and serial rapes with the NYPD’s Manhattan Special Victims Squad.
Categories: Reference

How Small Social Systems Work

How Small Social Systems Work

The Sherlock effect: How forensic doctors and investigators disastrously reason like the great detective. CRC Press. Zipf, G. K. (2016). Human behavior and the principle of least effort: An introduction to human ecology. Ravenio Books.

Author: Yair Neuman

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030822385

Category: Science

Page: 178

View: 908

Most of us are intuitively familiar with small social systems, such as families and soccer teams. Surprisingly, though, most of us are unaware of how complex these systems are or of the fact that they have a unique character distinguishing them from both populations and individuals. The current manuscript, which emerged from high-level scientific publications on the subject, aims to bridge this gap in our understanding of small social systems. The book aims to explain, illustrate, and model the unique and fascinating nature of small (social) systems by relying on deep scientific foundations and by using examples from sport, movies, music, and the martial arts. To support its friendly exposition of challenging scientific ideas, the book also discusses entertaining questions such as (1) why inviting your mother-in-law to dinner might be a challenging event, for reasons you have never considered; (2) why soccer teams should be messy in order to win; (3) why Nazis are deeply wrong in their understanding of the importance of entropy; and (4) why “panda fighters” failed in the UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship). "How Small Systems Work is a welcome book, which sheds light on a branch of mathematics overlooked by scholars: how networks store information. Focusing on small systems, the book asks fundamental questions, providing the tools (and the examples) for answering them –with fun. Neuman analyses, with plenty of humor, the dynamics of a family of cats, the pleasure of listening to jazz, and the science behind football championships, while uncovering hidden gems in the history of cinema” Dr. Mario Alemi, author of “The Amazing Journey of Reason: from DNA to Artificial Intelligence”
Categories: Science