Security Dilemma

Security Dilemma

This major new contribution to the study of internatioal politics provides the first comprehensive analysis of the concept of the "security dilemma," the phrase used to describe the mistrust and fear which is often thought to be the ...

Author: Ken Booth

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0333587448

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 134

This major new contribution to the study of internatioal politics provides the first comprehensive analysis of the concept of the "security dilemma," the phrase used to describe the mistrust and fear which is often thought to be the inevitable consequence of living in a world of sovereign states. By exploring the theory and practice of the security dilemma through the prisms of fear, cooperation and trust, it considers whether the security dilemma can be mitigated or even transcended analyzing a wide range of historical and contemporary cases
Categories: Political Science

Reciprocity in International Law

Reciprocity in International Law

125 Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler, The Security Dilemma: Fear,
Cooperation and Trust in World Politics, 2008, pp. 131¥136. 126 Robert Jervis,
From Balance to Concert: A Study of International Security Cooperation, World
Politics, Vol.

Author: Shahrad Nasrolahi Fard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317312185

Category: Law

Page: 194

View: 145

In international relations, reciprocity describes an environment in which States support one another for short- or long-term advantage through the balancing of rights, duties and interests. This book examines reciprocity in the context of international law. It considers the role reciprocity plays in the creation and development of international law as well as in the interpretation and application of international law. The book illuminates the reciprocal framework of international law and international relations by examining the role reciprocity plays in different types of States’ obligations, including bilateral, bilateralisable multilateral, non-bilateralisable multilateral and obligations erga omnes. The book examines how reciprocity is intertwined with the principle of equality, as the rights and obligations of States are equal irrespective of size and economic or military strength, and the beneficial effects of reciprocity in creating stability and cooperation amongst States.
Categories: Law

Rational Theory of International Politics

Rational Theory of International Politics

The Logic of Competition and Cooperation Charles L. Glaser. cause the ... See
also Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler, The Security Dilemma: Fear,
Cooperation and Trust in World Politics (New York: palgrave Macmillan, 2008).
13 this ...

Author: Charles L. Glaser

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400835135

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 135

Within the realist school of international relations, a prevailing view holds that the anarchic structure of the international system invariably forces the great powers to seek security at one another's expense, dooming even peaceful nations to an unrelenting struggle for power and dominance. Rational Theory of International Politics offers a more nuanced alternative to this view, one that provides answers to the most fundamental and pressing questions of international relations. Why do states sometimes compete and wage war while at other times they cooperate and pursue peace? Does competition reflect pressures generated by the anarchic international system or rather states' own expansionist goals? Are the United States and China on a collision course to war, or is continued coexistence possible? Is peace in the Middle East even feasible? Charles Glaser puts forward a major new theory of international politics that identifies three kinds of variables that influence a state's strategy: the state's motives, specifically whether it is motivated by security concerns or "greed"; material variables, which determine its military capabilities; and information variables, most importantly what the state knows about its adversary's motives. Rational Theory of International Politics demonstrates that variation in motives can be key to the choice of strategy; that the international environment sometimes favors cooperation over competition; and that information variables can be as important as material variables in determining the strategy a state should choose.
Categories: Political Science

Trusting Enemies

Trusting Enemies

Trusting Enemies argues that the field of International Relations has not done a good job of answering this question. This is because it has been looking in the wrong place.

Author: Nicholas J. Wheeler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199696475

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 580

How can two enemies transform their relationship into a cooperative one? The starting point for this book is that the discipline of International Relations has not done a good job of answering this question, and the reason for this is that the concept of trust - and the possibility of building new trusting relationships between enemies - has been marginalized by the discipline. The author argues that to understand how enemies cooperate, we need to focus on the potential for building trusting relationships between state leaders. The book argues that it is forging personal relationships of trust across the enemy divide that hold out the best chance of breaking down the 'enemy images' that fuel security competition. Previous theorizing about trust-building in the discipline of International Relations has focused on the state and individual levels. Nicholas Wheeler argues for a new level of analysis - the interpersonal level - and shows how the building of trust between leaders changes the possibilities for cooperation between states. He shows how the process of interpersonal bonding between two leaders - especially through face-to-face diplomacy - can lead to what he calls a 'leap-to-trust'. He develops his argument through three detailed case studies: the interaction between US and Soviet leaders Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev; the relationship between Indian prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif in the context of the Lahore peace process; and the failed attempts by Barack Obama to build a trusting relationship with Iran's Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. The book represents the most authoritative assessment to date of trust research in International Relations and it develops a theory that explains how interpersonal trusting relationships become possible at the highest levels of diplomacy; relationships that in transforming enemy images reconstitute the possibilities of state action in conflict situations.
Categories: History

Security Studies

Security Studies

At the heart of this is the notion of security dilemma sensibility, which seeks to do
what Butterfield thought impossible, ... Nicholas J. Wheeler, The Security
Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation and Trust in World Politics (Palgrave-Macmillan,
2008).

Author: Paul D. Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415782814

Category: Political Science

Page: 634

View: 287

The first part of this book defines the field and offers a short historiography of its development. Subsequent parts explore the theoretical approaches of security studies, look at the central concepts that underpin contemporary debates, look at existing institutional security architecture, and examine some of the challenges ahead.
Categories: Political Science

International Security A Very Short Introduction

International Security  A Very Short Introduction

Security dilemma Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler (2008) The Security
Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation and Trust in World Politics (Houndmills: Palgrave
Macmillan). Security communities Emanuel Adler and Michael Barnett (eds.) (
1998) ...

Author: Christopher S. Browning

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191645624

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 850

The subject of international security is never out of the headlines. The subjects of war and peace, military strategy, the proliferation of nuclear weapons and revisionist states remain central to the discussion, but burgeoning concerns such as climate change, migration, poverty, health, and international terrorism have complicated the field. So what really matters? The traditional prioritization of state security or the security needs of individuals, humanity, and the biosphere? And where do the problems lie? Are states themselves as much a part of the problem as the solution for people's security needs? With globalization, the international security environment has become more interdependent than ever before with the establishment of complex networks that make responding to and managing security challenges increasingly difficult, but increasingly necessary. This Very Short Introduction shows that international security is both vibrant and deeply contested, with stakeholders frequently in disagreement over questions of priority and approach. Christopher S. Browning outlines the nature of the key debates about contemporary international security challenges, and discusses the inherent difficulties that exist in tackling them. He also asks to what extent such debates are infused with questions of power, politics, justice, morality, and responsibility. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Political Science

Human Rights in Global Politics

Human Rights in Global Politics

There is a stark contradiction between the theory of universal human rights and the everyday practice of human wrongs. This timely volume brings together leading scholars to evaluate this paradox.

Author: Tim Dunne

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052164643X

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 778

There is a stark contradiction between the theory of universal human rights and the everyday practice of human wrongs. This timely volume brings together leading scholars to evaluate this paradox. The contributors ask whether human rights abuses are a result of the failure of governments to live up to a universal human rights standard, or whether the search for moral universals is a fundamentally flawed enterprise. The book evaluates the philosophical basis of human rights, and reflects on the structures that affect the development of a global human rights culture.
Categories: Political Science

Security and Profit in China s Energy Policy

Security and Profit in China   s Energy Policy

Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler, The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation,
and Trust in World Politics (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008). Various views
and approaches also shaped discussions among leading Chinese, Western, and
 ...

Author: Øystein Tunsjø

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231535434

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 168

China has developed sophisticated hedging strategies to insure against risks in the international petroleum market. It has managed a growing net oil import gap and supply disruptions by maintaining a favorable energy mix, pursuing overseas equity oil production, building a state-owned tanker fleet and strategic petroleum reserve, establishing cross-border pipelines, and diversifying its energy resources and routes. Though it cannot be "secured," China's energy security can be "insured" by marrying government concern with commercial initiatives. This book comprehensively analyzes China's domestic, global, maritime, and continental petroleum strategies and policies, establishing a new theoretical framework that captures the interrelationship between security and profit. Arguing that hedging is central to China's energy-security policy, this volume links government concerns about security of supply to energy companies' search for profits, and by drawing important distinctions between threats and risks, peacetime and wartime contingencies, and pipeline and seaborne energy-supply routes, the study shifts scholarly focus away from securing and toward insuring an adequate oil supply and from controlling toward managing any disruptions to the sea lines of communication. The book is the most detailed and accurate look to date at how China has hedged its energy bets and how its behavior fits a hedging pattern.
Categories: Political Science

Trust

Trust

13 Adam B. Seligman, The Problem of Trust, Princeton University Press, 1987;
Luhmann, Trust and Power; Russell Hardin, Trust ... 32 Ken Booth and Nicholas J
. Wheeler, The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation and Trust in World Politics, ...

Author: Geoffrey Hosking

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191022821

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 916

Today there is much talk of a 'crisis of trust'; a crisis which is almost certainly genuine, but usually misunderstood. Trust: A History offers a new perspective on the ways in which trust and distrust have functioned in past societies, providing an empirical and historical basis against which the present crisis can be examined, and suggesting ways in which the concept of trust can be used as a tool to understand our own and other societies. Geoffrey Hosking argues that social trust is mediated through symbolic systems, such as religion and money, and the institutions associated with them, such as churches and banks. Historically these institutions have nourished trust, but the resulting trust networks have tended to create quite tough boundaries around themselves, across which distrust is projected against outsiders. Hosking also shows how nation-states have been particularly good at absorbing symbolic systems and generating trust among large numbers of people, while also erecting distinct boundaries around themselves, despite an increasingly global economy. He asserts that in the modern world it has become common to entrust major resources to institutions we know little about, and suggests that we need to learn from historical experience and temper this with more traditional forms of trust, or become an ever more distrustful society, with potentially very destabilising consequences.
Categories: History

Making Sense Making Worlds

Making Sense  Making Worlds

Baldwin, D.A. (1993) “Neoliberalism, Neorealism, and World Politics,” in Baldwin
(ed.) Neorealism ... Booth, K., and Wheeler, N.J. (2008) The Security Dilemma:
Fear, Cooperation and Trust in World Politics, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Author: Nicholas Onuf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136219467

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 329

Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.
Categories: Political Science

The Vulnerable Subject

The Vulnerable Subject

Betrayalas anegative outcomeof misplaced trust, however,isfirst restrictedtoour
relations to other human agents and secondly reverberatesbeyond the spatial
manifestation ofspecific ... Booth, K. and N.J.Wheeler (2008) The Security
Dilemma. Fear, Cooperation and Trust in World Politics (Houndmills: Palgrave
Macmillan).

Author: A. Beattie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137292148

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 964

This book develops a concept of vulnerability in International Relations that allows for a profound rethinking of a core concept of international politics: means-ends rationality. It explores traditions that proffer a more complex and relational account of vulnerability.
Categories: Social Science

Losing an Empire and Finding a Role

Losing an Empire and Finding a Role

Booth, Ken and Wheeler, Nicholas, The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation,
and Trust in World Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008). Born, Hans,
Bates, Gill and Hanggi, Heiner (eds), Governing the Bomb: Civilian Control and ...

Author: K. Stoddart

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230369252

Category: Political Science

Page: 327

View: 463

This book sheds fresh light on developments in British nuclear weapons policy between October 1964, when the Labour Party came back into power under Harold Wilson following a thirteen year absence, and June 1970 when the Conservative government of Edward Heath was elected.
Categories: Political Science

Intelligence in the Cold War What Difference did it Make

Intelligence in the Cold War  What Difference did it Make

Political and diplomatic consequences are also considered. ... 2See, for example,
Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler, The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation
and Trust in World Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan 2008) pp.52–3, ...

Author: Michael Herman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317979944

Category: History

Page: 150

View: 235

Intelligence was a major part of the Cold War, waged by both sides with an almost warlike intensity. Yet the question 'What difference did it all make?' remains unanswered. Did it help to contain the Cold War, or fuel it and keep it going? Did it make it hotter or colder? Did these large intelligence bureaucracies tell truth to power, or give their governments what they expected to hear? These questions have not previously been addressed systematically, and seven writers tackle them here on Cold War aspects that include intelligence as warning, threat assessment, assessing military balances, Third World activities, and providing reassurance. Their conclusions are as relevant to understanding what governments can expect from their big, secret organizations today as they are to those of historians analysing the Cold War motivations of East and West. This book is valuable not only for intelligence, international relations and Cold War specialists but also for all those concerned with intelligence's modern cost-effectiveness and accountability. This book was published as a special issue of Intelligence and National Security.
Categories: History

The Triumph of Improvisation

The Triumph of Improvisation

On the role of trust between Reagan and Gorbachev within a theoretical
framework of international behavior, see Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler,
The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation, and Trust in World Politics (London:
Palgrave, ...

Author: James Wilson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801470219

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 992

In The Triumph of Improvisation, James Graham Wilson takes a long view of the end of the Cold War, from the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 to Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. Drawing on deep archival research and recently declassified papers, Wilson argues that adaptation, improvisation, and engagement by individuals in positions of power ended the specter of a nuclear holocaust. Amid ambivalence and uncertainty, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, George Shultz, and George H. W. Bush—and a host of other actors—engaged with adversaries and adapted to a rapidly changing international environment and information age in which global capitalism recovered as command economies failed. Eschewing the notion of a coherent grand strategy to end the Cold War, Wilson paints a vivid portrait of how leaders made choices; some made poor choices while others reacted prudently, imaginatively, and courageously to events they did not foresee. A book about the burdens of responsibility, the obstacles of domestic politics, and the human qualities of leadership, The Triumph of Improvisation concludes with a chapter describing how George H. W. Bush oversaw the construction of a new configuration of power after the fall of the Berlin Wall, one that resolved the fundamental components of the Cold War on Washington’s terms.
Categories: Political Science

A Theory of Security Strategy for Our Time

A Theory of Security Strategy for Our Time

1992. “ The Security Dilemma . ” In Dilemma of World Politics , edited by John
Baylis and Nicholas Wheeler , 29–60 . Oxford : Oxford University Press . 2008.
The Security Dilemma : Fear , Cooperation , and Trust in World Politics .
Houndmills ...

Author: Shiping Tang

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: PSU:000067793266

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 165

Because the world has firmly evolved from an offensive realism world in the past to a defensive realism world in which we live today, defensive realism is an appropriate guide for security strategy in our time. This book advances a coherent statement of defensive realism as a theory of strategy for our time. It adds to our understanding of defensive realism as a grand theory of IR in particular and our understanding of IR in general and contributes to the ongoing debates among major paradigms of international relations.
Categories: Political Science

The Globalization of World Politics

The Globalization of World Politics

... Security Dilemma : Fear , Cooperation , and Trust in World Politics ( Palgrave
Macmillan , 2007 ) . He is Director of the David Davies Memorial Institute of
International Studies , a Trustee of the Welsh Centre of International Affairs , and
a ...

Author: John Baylis

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: STANFORD:36105124018701

Category: Political Science

Page: 622

View: 847

Now in its fourth edition, this title has been fully revised and updated in the light of recent developments in world politics, with new chapters on the changing nature of war, human security, and international ethics.
Categories: Political Science

Special Responsibilities

Special Responsibilities

This is the first study of how major global problems have been managed through the international distribution of special responsibilities.

Author: Mlada Bukovansky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107021358

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 100

This is the first study of how major global problems have been managed through the international distribution of special responsibilities.
Categories: Law

Globalization and Security Economic and political aspects Introduction to volume 2

Globalization and Security  Economic and political aspects  Introduction to volume 2

The security dilemma : Fear , cooperation and trust in world politics . London :
Palgrave . Broad , Robin . 2004. The Washington Consensus meets the global
backlash . Globalizations 1 : 129–84 . Buzan , Barry . 1983. People , state and
fears .

Author: G. Honor Fagan

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN: 0275996948

Category: Globalization

Page: 456

View: 961

Broad in scope, this two-volume set covers the economic and political aspects of globalization, as well as its social and cultural impacts.
Categories: Globalization

Trapped Giant

Trapped Giant

11 Robert Jervis , Perception and Misperception in International Politics (
Princeton , NJ : Princeton University Press ... see Ken Booth and Nicholas
Wheeler , The Security Dilemma : Fear , Cooperation and Trust in World Politics (
London ...

Author: Jonathan Holslag

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: NWU:35556041231325

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 637

Emboldened by economic strength and growing military power, China is emerging as a challenger to US dominance in the Pacific. But its promised peaceful rise has done little to convince regional powers that it will not use force to press longstanding territorial claims or attempt sea-denial operations in Asia's lucrative trade routes. Uncertainty about Beijing's intentions could thus beget a new, unpredictable arms race as states scramble to protect their interests. For the short term, however, governments are weighing up the question of how far their interests may be served by cooperating with China and trying to usher it into the role of a responsible global power, while hedging their bets with traditional alliances and military modernisation. This issue analyses China's inexorable rise from peasant society to economic powerhouse. In charting the line that Beijing has walked in building up its forces alongside its network of trading links to Asia and the US, it reveals the challenge that lies ahead for policymakers: namely, to follow China's development ever more closely, to determine whether it could come to see the costs of military conflict as outweighing the benefits of peaceful trade and economic growth.
Categories: History

ASPJ

ASPJ

4 ( Spring 2000 ) : 116-56 ; Roland Bleiker and Emma Hutchison , “ Fear No More
: Emotions and World Politics ... and Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler , The
Security Dilemma : Fear , Cooperation and Trust in World Politics ( New York ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556042393058

Category: Aeronautics, Military

Page:

View: 984

Categories: Aeronautics, Military