The Scientific Method in Forensic Science

The Scientific Method in Forensic Science

Above all, this process provides a way of judging whether the con- clusions are scientific or non-scientific (Andersen & Hepburn, 2016). This distinction is just as important for forensic science, so that we can differentiate between ...

Author: Mike Illes

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 9781773381633

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 151

Written for the forensic science student and professional practitioner, The Scientific Method in Forensic Science provides an experience-based learning opportunity for understanding the scientific method and evidence-based analysis as they relate to forensic science in a Canadian context. Underscoring the importance of these concepts, this handbook features real-world case and court examples that depict how scientific rigor has been incorporated into practice and the consequences when it has not. The authors explore the paradigm shift in the discipline, examining important events and reports like the Kaufman Commission and the Goudge Report; review scientific concepts and reasoning; and outline steps to critically review a journal article and conduct a literature review. They also highlight the importance of critical thinking, ethics and impartiality, the role of statistics in casework, and effective communication. Blending theory with experience-based examples and featuring thought-provoking questions, exercises, and suggestions for further reading, The Scientific Method in Forensic Science is an essential resource for students in forensic science, criminology, police studies, and anthropology.
Categories: Social Science

Encyclopedia of Forensic Science

Encyclopedia of Forensic Science

hypothesis and the scientific method gene frequencies. It applies to cases where the outcome can be only one of two options. Coin flips are often used as an example. To calculate the probability of getting three heads in a row, ...

Author: Suzanne Bell

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9781438118802

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 421

View: 749

Presents an alphabetical encyclopedia of the forensic science principles used in investigating crime scenes and suspects.
Categories: Juvenile Fiction

Forensic Science Under Siege

Forensic Science Under Siege

These expectations include several tenets, one of which is that scientists are supposed to be unbiased observers who employ the ... Therein lies some conflict, especially when the aforementioned scientific method comes into play.

Author: Kelly Pyrek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080471072

Category: Law

Page: 568

View: 762

Forensic science laboratories' reputations have increasingly come under fire. Incidents of tainted evidence, false reports, allegations of negligence, scientifically flawed testimony, or - worse yet - perjury in in-court testimony, have all served to cast a shadow over the forensic sciences. Instances of each are just a few of the quality-related charges made in the last few years. Forensic Science Under Siege is the first book to integrate and explain these problematic trends in forensic science. The issues are timely, and are approached from an investigatory, yet scholarly and research-driven, perspective. Leading experts are consulted and interviewed, including directors of highly visible forensic laboratories, as well as medical examiners and coroners who are commandeering the discussions related to these issues. Interviewees include Henry Lee, Richard Saferstein, Cyril Wecht, and many others. The ultimate consequences of all these pressures, as well as the future of forensic science, has yet to be determined. This book examines these challenges, while also exploring possible solutions (such as the formation of a forensic science consortium to address specific legislative issues). It is a must-read for all forensic scientists. Provides insight on the current state of forensic science, demands, and future direction as provided by leading experts in the field Consolidates the current state of standards and best-practices of labs across disciplines Discusses a controversial topic that must be addressed for political support and financial funding of forensic science to improve
Categories: Law

The Encyclopedia of Police Science

The Encyclopedia of Police Science

The basic process that a forensic scientist follows when looking at a crime scene or examining evidence in the laboratory is first to clearly understand the circumstances of the crime and the examinations requested by the law ...

Author: Jack R. Greene

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415970006

Category: Criminology

Page: 1575

View: 486

First published in 1996, this work covers all the major sectors of policing in the United States. Political events such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, have created new policing needs while affecting public opinion about law enforcement. This third edition of the "Encyclopedia" examines the theoretical and practical aspects of law enforcement, discussing past and present practices.
Categories: Criminology

Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics Second Edition

Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics  Second Edition

In forensic science, the scientific method is extremely valuable in many different ways. First, as noted, forensic science is science, but the importance of the scientific method in forensic science is not limited to scientific analysis ...

Author: Howard A. Harris

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498757980

Category: Law

Page: 420

View: 249

This Second Edition of the best-selling Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics presents the practice of forensic science from a broad viewpoint. The book has been developed to serve as an introductory textbook for courses at the undergraduate level—for both majors and non-majors—to provide students with a working understanding of forensic science. The Second Edition is fully updated to cover the latest scientific methods of evidence collection, evidence analytic techniques, and the application of the analysis results to an investigation and use in court. This includes coverage of physical evidence, evidence collection, crime scene processing, pattern evidence, fingerprint evidence, questioned documents, DNA and biological evidence, drug evidence, toolmarks and fireams, arson and explosives, chemical testing, and a new chapter of computer and digital forensic evidence. Chapters address crime scene evidence, laboratory procedures, emergency technologies, as well as an adjudication of both criminal and civil cases utilizing the evidence. All coverage has been fully updated in all areas that have advanced since the publication of the last edition. Features include: Progresses from introductory concepts—of the legal system and crime scene concepts—to DNA, forensic biology, chemistry, and laboratory principles Introduces students to the scientific method and the application of it to the analysis to various types, and classifications, of forensic evidence The authors’ 90-plus years of real-world police, investigative, and forensic science laboratory experience is brought to bear on the application of forensic science to the investigation and prosecution of cases Addresses the latest developments and advances in forensic sciences, particularly in evidence collection Offers a full complement of instructor's resources to qualifying professors Includes full pedagogy—including learning objectives, key terms, end-of-chapter questions, and boxed case examples—to encourage classroom learning and retention Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics, Second Edition, will serve as an invaluable resource for students in their quest to understand the application of science, and the scientific method, to various forensic disciplines in the pursuit of law and justice through the court system. An Instructor’s Manual with Test Bank and Chapter PowerPoint® slides are available upon qualified course adoption.
Categories: Law

Forensic Science

Forensic Science

Although care is cer- tainly an essential attribute of the work of a forensic scientist,it is not one of the elements that define “scientific method.” The U.S.Supreme Court wrestled with the concept of “scientific method” in Daubert v.

Author: William J. Tilstone

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781576071946

Category: Law

Page: 307

View: 286

Written by experts for the general audience, this A-Z presentation covers all aspects of forensic science from its beginning to its central place in modern law enforcement.
Categories: Law

Forensic Science and Law

Forensic Science and Law

The process, which is applicable to every field of science including forensic engineering, is known as the scientific method. A forensic engineer can apply the scientific method (and benefit from the indicia of reliability that comes ...

Author: Cyril H. Wecht

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849319709

Category: Law

Page: 728

View: 692

Forensic science has undergone dramatic progress in recent years, including in the areas of DNA collection and analysis and the reconstruction of crime scenes. However, too few professionals are equipped with the knowledge necessary to fully apply the potential of science in civil, criminal, and family legal matters. Featuring contributions from renowned experts in the forensic, scientific, and legal professions, Forensic Science and Law: Investigative Applications in Criminal, Civil, and Family Justice communicates the wide range of methods and approaches used for achieving justice in these circumstances. A solid grounding in the underlying principles of our legal system provides a context for understanding how these methods are applied. The book brings together the words and thoughts of diverse professionals whose common goal is to uncover the truth. About the editors... Cyril H. Wecht, M.D., J.D., is actively involved as a medical-legal and forensic science consultant, author, and lecturer. Currently coroner of Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, he is certified by the American Board of Pathology in anatomic, clinical, and forensic pathology and is a Fellow of the College of American Pathologists and the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Dr. Wecht is a Clinical Professor at the University of Pittsburgh Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, and Graduate School of Public Health, an Adjunct Professor at Duquesne University Schools of Law, Pharmacy and Health Services, and a Distinguished Professor at Carlow University. He is a past president of both the American College of Legal Medicine and the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Dr. Wecht is the author of more than 500 professional publications and has appeared as a guest on numerous national television and radio talk shows. John T. Rago, J.D., is Assistant Professor of Law at Duquesne University School of Law and the Director of both The Cyril H. Wecht Institute of Forensic Science and Law and the Law School’s Post-conviction DNA Project. He teaches criminal law and procedure to law students and graduate courses on wrongful convictions, foundations in American law and constitutional criminal procedure to students in the university’s Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences. Professor Rago also serves as an appointed member to the Innocence Project’s Policy Group of the Cardozo School of Law in New York. He is admitted to practice before the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, the United States Supreme Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania.
Categories: Law

Forensic Science

Forensic Science

The aims of the so - called scientific method remain solidly within a procedural scope , fo- cusing on scientific ... In that effort , the natural scientist and the forensic scientist share a fundamen- tal approach belying any ...

Author: Stuart H. James

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849327474

Category: Law

Page: 824

View: 618

Written by highly respected forensic scientists and legal practitioners, Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, Second Edition covers the latest theories and practices in areas such as DNA testing, toxicology, chemistry of explosives and arson, and vehicle accident reconstruction. This second edition offers a cutting-edge presentation of criminalistics and related laboratory subjects, including many exciting new features. What's New in the Second Edition New chapter on forensic entomology New chapter on forensic nursing Simplified DNA chapter More coverage of the chemistry of explosives and ignitable liquids Additional information on crime reconstruction Revised to include more investigation in computer forensics Complete revisions of engineering chapters New appendices showing basic principles of physics, math, and chemistry in forensic science More questions and answers in the Instructor's Guide Updated references and cases throughout An extensive glossary of terms
Categories: Law

Scientific Method

Scientific Method

Applications in Failure Investigation and Forensic Science Randall K. Noon. military method of determining potential failure modes in a system and the resulting consequences. If used in reverse, the method can be useful in diagnosing ...

Author: Randall K. Noon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420092813

Category: Mathematics

Page: 214

View: 636

Most failure or accident investigations begin at the end of the story: after the explosion, after the fire has been extinguished, or after the collapse. In many instances, information about the last event and the starting event is known reasonably well. Information about what occurred between these endpoints, however, is often unclear, confusing, and perhaps contradictory. Scientific Method: Applications in Failure Investigation and Forensic Science explains how scientific investigative methods can best be used to determine why and how a particular event occurred. While employing examples from forensic engineering, the book uses principles and ideas applicable to most of the forensic sciences. The author examines the role of the failure investigator, describes the fundamental method for investigation, discusses the optimal way to organize evidence, and explores the four most common reasons why some investigations fail. The book provides three case studies that exemplify proper report writing, contains a special chapter profiling a criminal case by noted forensic specialist Jon J. Nordby, and offers a reading list of resources for further study. Concise and illustrative, this volume demonstrates how the scientific method can be applied to failure investigation in ways that avoid flawed reasoning while delivering convincing reconstruction scenarios. Investigators can pinpoint where things went wrong, providing valuable information that can prevent another catastrophe.
Categories: Mathematics

The Science of Forensic Entomology

The Science of Forensic Entomology

Not everyone is trained in the scientific method, including many who engage in forensic analyses. Such training is typically associated with education in the natural sciences. The inherent value of the scientific method to scientists is ...

Author: David B. Rivers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119940364

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 711

The Science of Forensic Entomology builds a foundation of biological and entomological knowledge that equips the student to be able to understand and resolve questions concerning the presence of specific insects at a crime scene, in which the answers require deductive reasoning, seasoned observation, reconstruction and experimentation—features required of all disciplines that have hypothesis testing at its core. Each chapter addresses topics that delve into the underlying biological principles and concepts relevant to the insect biology that forms the bases for using insects in matters of legal importance. The book is more than an introduction to forensic entomology as it offers in depth coverage of non-traditional topics, including the biology of maggot masses, temperature tolerances of necrophagous insects; chemical attraction and communication; reproductive strategies of necrophagous flies; archaeoentomology, and use of insects in modern warfare (terrorism). As such it will enable advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students the opportunity to gain a sound knowledge of the principles, concepts and methodologies necessary to use insects and other arthropods in a wide range of legal matters.
Categories: Medical