The Science and Technology of Industrial Water Treatment

Author: Zahid Amjad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420071459

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 530

View: 8679

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Mineral scale deposits, corrosion, suspended matter, and microbiological growth are factors that must be controlled in industrial water systems. Research on understanding the mechanisms of these problems has attracted considerable attention in the past three decades as has progress concerning water treatment additives to ameliorate these concerns. The Science and Technology of Industrial Water Treatment provides a comprehensive discussion on the topic from specialists in industry and academia. The book begins with an overview of water chemistry and covers the characteristics of commonly encountered mineral scales. It addresses the formation and control of different scales in various systems and examines new developments in membrane-based separation processes. Next, it provides a detailed account on the operational challenges of reverse osmosis systems and scale control in thermal distillation processes. The text explores corrosion control in cooling, boiler, geothermal, and desalination systems and it discusses the interactions of polyelectrolytes with suspended matter. Includes coverage of a range of bacterial species, including Legionella The book examines bacterial species commonly encountered in water supplies, the mechanisms of biofouling, approaches to control it, and criteria for selecting biocides for water treatment applications. An entire chapter is devoted to Legionella in water systems. Contributors describe various analytical techniques for identifying mineral scales and deposits. They also examine applications of polymers for treating industrial and wastewater systems and give an account of analytical approaches for monitoring various operational parameters and chemicals used to treat industrial water systems. A valuable addition to the library of academic researchers, this volume will also prove useful to those working not only in the water treatment industry, but also to those in petroleum, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and other areas where purity processes are a significant concern.
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Waste Water Treatment Technologies  - Volume III

Author: Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262507

Category:

Page: 416

View: 6647

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Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies deals, in three volumes, and covers several topics, with several issues of great relevance to our world such as: Urban Wastewater Treatment; Characteristics of Effluent Organic Matter in Wastewater; Filtration Technologies in wastewater treatment; Air Stripping in Industrial Wastewater Treatment; Dissolved air flotation in industrial wastewater treatment; Membrane Technology for Organic Removal in Wastewater; Adsorption and Biological Filtration in Wastewater Treatment; Physico-chemical processes for Organic removal from wastewater effluent; Deep Bed Filtration: Modelling Theory And Practice ; Specific options in biological wastewater treatment for reclamation and reuse ; Biological Phosphorus Removal Processes For Wastewater Treatment ; Sequencing Batch Reactors: Principles, Design/Operation And Case Studies ; Wastewater stabilization ponds (WSP)for wastewater treatment; Treatment of industrial wastewater by membrane bioreactors; Stormwater treatment technologies; Sludge Treatment Technologies ; Wastewater Treatment Technology For Tanning Industry; Palm Oil And Palm Waste Potential In Indonesia ; Recirculating Aquaculture Systems – A Review ; Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)reactor in wastewater treatment; Applied Technologies In Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Leachate Treatment; Water Mining: Planning and Implementation Issues for a successful project; Assessment methodologies for water reuse scheme and technology; Nanotechnology for Wastewater Treatment. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs.
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Mineral Scales and Deposits

Scientific and Technological Approaches

Author: Zahid Amjad,Konstantinos D. Demadis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444627529

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 876

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Mineral Scales and Deposits: Scientific and Technological Approaches presents, in an integrated way, the problem of scale deposits (precipitation/crystallization of sparingly-soluble salts) in aqueous systems, both industrial and biological. It covers several fundamental aspects, also offering an applications’ perspective, with the ultimate goal of helping the reader better understand the underlying mechanisms of scale formation, while also assisting the user/reader to solve scale-related challenges. It is ideal for scientists/experts working in academia, offering a number of crystal growth topics with an emphasis on mechanistic details, prediction modules, and inhibition/dispersion chemistry, amongst others. In addition, technologists, consultants, plant managers, engineers, and designers working in industry will find a field-friendly overview of scale-related challenges and technological options for their mitigation. Provides a unique, detailed focus on scale deposits, includes the basic science and mechanisms of scale formation Present a field-friendly overview of scale-related challenges and technological options for their mitigation Correlates chemical structure to performance Provides guidelines for easy assessment of a particular case, also including solutions Includes an extensive list of industrial case studies for reference
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Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies

Author: Xuan-Thanh Bui,Chart Chiemchaisri,Takahiro Fujioka,Sunita Varjani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811332592

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 526

View: 2333

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This book discusses major technological advances in the treatment and re-use of wastewater. Its focus is on both novel treatment strategies and the modifications and adaptions of conventional processes to optimize the treatment of a complex variety of pollutants, including organic matter, chemicals and micropollutants in different water resources, as well as the integration of water treatment with bioelectricity production. Written by leading researchers in the field, it will be of interest to a wide range of researchers in both industry and academia.
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Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, November 19-22, 2003

Author: Alexander Omelchenko,Alexander A. Pivovarov,W. Jim Swindall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402031165

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 334

View: 1213

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Providing the population of the Earth with safe drinking water is one of the biggest challenges of modern society. In recognition of this problem the United Nations Organization and UNESCO declared 2003 to be the International Year of Freshwater. On November 19-22, 2003, the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on “Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards” took place in Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. Thirty-one participants from 15 countries including Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, UK, Ukraine, USA, and Uzbekistan attended the meeting. They discussed the scientific concepts and practical means for the solution of the complex social, economic and ecological problems associated with water purification, consumption, conservation, and protection. They also established a network of scientists and specialists to foster further collaboration and the exchange of ideas. The location of the ARW was chosen quite deliberately. The city of Dnepropetrovsk is located on the banks of the Dnieper River and it has a population of about 1. 3 million people. As it is one of the largest industrial centers, it shares all the environmental problems, which are found in the modern Ukraine. In 2001, one in seven of the water samples taken from Ukrainian industrial and drinking water supply systems did not meet sanitary-hygienic standards, and one in twelve did not meet microbiological standards.
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Chemical Water and Wastewater Treatment VII

Author: Hermann H. Hahn,Erhard Hoffmann,Hallvard Ødegaard

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 9781843390091

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 392

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Treating potable and polluted water for the world's population is still one of our most important challenges. The United Nations estimate that more than 1.2 billion people suffer from inadequate water supply and an even larger number, up to 4 billion people, are without hygienic disposal of waste and wastewater. Water technology and the necessary "know-how transfer", has been the key objective of the Gothenburg symposia from the very beginning. The contents of this book respond to these challenges and demonstrate the impressive development of the field of chemical waster and wastewater treatment. The Chemical Water and Wastewater Treatment Series provides authoritative coverage of the key current developments in the chemical treatment of water and wastewater in theory or practice and related problems such a s sludge production and properties, and the reuse of chemicals and chemically-treated waters and sludges. For the tenth in the series, the contributions document the development if the field of chemical water and wastewater technology, both in terms of new technological developments as well as public and administrative acceptance and approval of the solutions offered. Such new developments include the use of membrane technology, the application of computational tools for kinetic process modelling and optimisation as well as the use of advanced oxidation processes in actual water treatment. Chemical Water and Wastewater Treatment VII covers fundamental science, new technological developments and practical experience and is an invaluable reference source for engineers scientists and administrators, active in the treatment of drinking water, municipal and industrial wastewater and sludges.
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Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology

Author: Parimal Pal

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128103922

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 614

View: 7657

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Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology begins with a brief overview of the challenges in water resource management, covering issues of plenty and scarcity-spatial variation, as well as water quality standards. In this book, the author includes a clear and rigorous exposition of the various water resource management approaches such as: separation and purification (end of discharge pipe), zero discharge approach (green process development), flow management approach, and preservation and control approach. This coverage is followed by deeper discussion of individual technologies and their applications. Covers water treatment approaches including: separation and purification—end of discharge pipe; zero discharge approach; flow management approach; and preservation and control approach Discusses water treatment process selection, trouble shooting, design, operation, and physico-chemical and treatment Discusses industry-specific water treatment processes
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INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT

Author: A. D. PATWARDHAN

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120333505

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 5016

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All industrial production processes generate waste waters, which can pollute water bodies into which they are discharged without adequate treatment. It is, therefore, essential to treat such wastes and eliminate their harmful effects on the environment. This book discusses sources, characteristics and treatment of waste waters produced in industries such as textiles, dairy, tanneries, pulp and paper, fertilizer, pesticide, organic and inorganic chemicals, engineering and fermentation. Many flow diagrams have been included to illustrate industrial processes and to indicate the sources of waste water in such processes. After describing treatment for individual factories, the author discusses the more advanced and economical common effluent plants. The text uses simple and straightforward language and makes the presentation attractive. This book should prove extremely useful to undergraduate students of civil and chemical engineering and postgraduate students of environmental science and engineering. Industrial design consultants will also find the book very handy. To the Greens, it may offer some of the solutions to their concerns.
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Integration of Membrane Filtration Into Water Treatment Systems

Author: Jonathan R. Pressdee,Jan Peter Van Der Hoek

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: 1583214429

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 742

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The objective of this project was to examine the process and design implications associated with the integration of membranes into existing water treatment plants and process schemes. Membrane technologies covered include microfiltration ( MF ), ultrafiltration ( UF ), nanofiltration ( NF ), and reverse osmosis ( RO ).
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Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention

Author: Sanjay K. Sharma,Rashmi Sanghi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400742045

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 4698

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Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention explores the most up-to-date studies in the field of water pollution. More specifically, this book examines the causes and effects of this threatening phenomenon and identifies the preventive measures that can be taken to contain, and even to defeat, water pollution worldwide. The papers gathered in this volume pinpoint the need to implement greener water treatments to prevent water pollution from impacting ecosystems, human well-being and economies any further. They also successfully outline the processes that have been studied, optimized and developed so far to sustain our environment. Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention will represent a valuable resource to academic researchers, students, institutions, environmentalists, and anyone interested in environmental policies aimed at safeguarding both the quality and the quantity of water.
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