These novel commitments were supposedly embodied in the religion clauses of the First Amendment. But this story is largely a fairytale, Steven Smith says in this incisive examination of a much-mythologized subject.
Author: Steven D. Smith
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Familiar accounts of religious freedom in the United States often tell a story of visionary founders who broke from centuries-old patterns of Christendom to establish a political arrangement committed to secular and religiously neutral government. These novel commitments were supposedly embodied in the religion clauses of the First Amendment. But this story is largely a fairytale, Steven Smith says in this incisive examination of a much-mythologized subject. The American achievement was not a rejection of Christian commitments but a retrieval of classic Christian ideals of freedom of the church and of conscience. Smith maintains that the First Amendment was intended merely to preserve the political status quo in matters of religion. America's distinctive contribution was, rather, a commitment to open contestation between secularist and providentialist understandings of the nation which evolved over the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, far from vindicating constitutional principles, as conventional wisdom suggests, the Supreme Court imposed secular neutrality, which effectively repudiated this commitment to open contestation. Instead of upholding what was distinctively American and constitutional, these decisions subverted it. The negative consequences are visible today in the incoherence of religion clause jurisprudence and the intense culture wars in American politics.
The first freedom -- Background and genesis of the international religious freedom act -- The international religious freedom act -- European Union law and religious freedom -- Protection and promotion of religious freedom in the external ...
Author: Pasquale Annicchino
Publisher: ICLARS Series on Law and Religion
Category: Freedom of religion
The first freedom -- Background and genesis of the international religious freedom act -- The international religious freedom act -- European Union law and religious freedom -- Protection and promotion of religious freedom in the external relations of the European Union -- Reception of the United States model in the experiences of several European countries -- A return to the collective aspect of religious freedom? different religious perspectives on the construction of law -- The impossibility of religious freedom?
2 A number of postcolonial critics have argued that the nexus of religious
freedom, sincerity, authenticity, and interiority ... D. Smith, The Rise and Decline of American Religious Freedom (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014
Author: Isaac Weiner
Publisher: NYU Press
Offers insight into the complex relationship between religion and law in contemporary America Why religion? Why law? Why now? In recent years, the United States has witnessed a number of high-profile court cases involving religion, forcing Americans to grapple with questions regarding the relationship between religion and law. This volume maps the contemporary interplay of religion and law within the study of American religions. What rights are protected by the Constitution’s free exercise clause? What are the boundaries of religion, and what is the constitutional basis for protecting some religious beliefs but not others? What characterizes a religious-studies approach to religion and law today? What is gained by approaching law from the vantage point of religious studies, and what does attention to the law offer back to scholars of religion? Religion, Law, USA considers all these questions and more. Each chapter considers a specific keyword in the study of religion and law, such as “conscience,” “establishment,” “secularity,” and “personhood.” Contributors consider specific case studies related to each term, and then expand their analyses to discuss broader implications for the practice and study of American religion. Incorporating pieces from leading voices in the field, this book is an indispensable addition to the scholarship on religion and law in America.
81 Steven D. Smith, Getting over Equality: A Critical Diagnosis of Religious
Freedom in America (New York: New York University Press, 2001); Steven D.
Smith, The Rise and Decline of American Religious Freedom (Cambridge, MA:
Author: Brad Vermurlen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"One of the biggest movements in American Christianity, especially among younger Evangelicals, is a groundswell of interest in the Reformed tradition. In Reformed Resurgence, Vermurlen provides a comprehensive sociological account of this New Calvinist phenomenon-and what it entails for the broader Evangelical landscape in the United States. Vermurlen's explanation of the Reformed resurgence develops a new theory for understanding how conservative religion can be strong and thriving in the hypermodern Western world. It is a paradigm using and expanding on strategic action field theory, a recent framework proposed for the study of movements and organizations but rarely applied to religion. This approach to religion moves beyond market dynamics and cultural happenstance and instead shows how religious strength can be "fought for and won" as the direct result of religious leaders' strategic actions and conflicts. But the battle comes at a cost. In the same storyline by which conservative Calvinistic belief experiences a resurgence in its field, present-day American Evangelicalism has turned in on itself. Because a field-theoretic model of strength is premised upon an underlying current of disunity and conflict, it has baked into it a concomitant element of significant overall religious weakness. The vision of Evangelicalism in the United States, in the end, consists of pockets of subcultural and local strength within a broader framework of secularization as "cultural entropy," as religious meanings and coherence fall apart"--
See, e.g., Richard W. Garnett, “Do Churches Matter? Towards an Institutional
Understanding of the Religion Clauses,” Villanova Law Review 53 (2008): 273;
Steven D. Smith, The Rise and Decline of American Religious Freedom (
Author: John D. Inazu
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In the three years since Donald Trump first announced his plans to run for president, the United States seems to become more dramatically polarized and divided with each passing month. There are seemingly irresolvable differences in the beliefs, values, and identities of citizens across the country that too often play out in our legal system in clashes on a range of topics such as the tensions between law enforcement and minority communities. How can we possibly argue for civic aspirations like tolerance, humility, and patience in our current moment? In Confident Pluralism, John D. Inazu analyzes the current state of the country, orients the contemporary United States within its broader history, and explores the ways that Americans can—and must—strive to live together peaceably despite our deeply engrained differences. Pluralism is one of the founding creeds of the United States—yet America’s society and legal system continues to face deep, unsolved structural problems in dealing with differing cultural anxieties and differing viewpoints. Inazu not only argues that it is possible to cohabitate peacefully in this country, but also lays out realistic guidelines for our society and legal system to achieve the new American dream through civic practices that value toleration over protest, humility over defensiveness, and persuasion over coercion. With a new preface that addresses the election of Donald Trump, the decline in civic discourse after the election, the Nazi march in Charlottesville, and more, this new edition of Confident Pluralism is an essential clarion call during one of the most troubled times in US history. Inazu argues for institutions that can work to bring people together as well as political institutions that will defend the unprotected. Confident Pluralism offers a refreshing argument for how the legal system can protect peoples’ personal beliefs and differences and provides a path forward to a healthier future of tolerance, humility, and patience.
Author: Jolyon Baraka ThomasPublish On: 2019-04-08
Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan Jolyon Baraka Thomas. Tōru,
Narita ... Contemporary Religions in Japan 6 (2): 111–203. http://nirc.nanzan-u.ac
.jp/nfile/3149. ———. ... The Rise and Decline of American Religious Freedom.
Author: Jolyon Baraka Thomas
Publisher: Class 200: New Studies in Reli
Religious freedom is a founding tenet of the United States, and it has frequently been used to justify policies towards other nations. Such was the case in 1945 when Americans occupied Japan following World War II. Though the Japanese constitution had guaranteed freedom of religion since 1889, the United States declared that protection faulty, and when the occupation ended in 1952, they claimed to have successfully replaced it with "real" religious freedom. Through a fresh analysis of pre-war Japanese law, Jolyon Baraka Thomas demonstrates that the occupiers' triumphant narrative obscured salient Japanese political debates about religious freedom. Indeed, Thomas reveals that American occupiers also vehemently disagreed about the topic. By reconstructing these vibrant debates, Faking Liberties unsettles any notion of American authorship and imposition of religious freedom. Instead, Thomas shows that, during the Occupation, a dialogue about freedom of religion ensued that constructed a new global set of political norms that continue to form policies today.
First , the omission of a bill of rights providing clearly and without the aid of
sophisms for freedom of religion , freedom of the press , protection against
standing armies , restriction against monopolies , the eternal and unremitting
force of the ...
Author: James B. Whisker
The American militia system fulfilled many roles in colonial America. It offered protection for the colonists, provided a sense of community to the new settlers, and was an instrument of integration for subsequent immigrants. In the Revolution the militia did home-guard duty and acted as a reservoir of trained manpower for the Continental Line, although many militiamen fought alongside the regular army in crucial engagements.
Or, The Rise and Decline of Oligarchy in the West J. Arthur Partridge ... which
secures association , which everywhere and always produces Equality , the
completion of Freedom . ... Gradually a mental , moral , and religious Freedom ...
Author: J. Arthur Partridge
Category: United States
The Making of the American Nation: Or, The Rise and Decline of Oligarchy in the West by James Partridge Arthur, first published in 1866, is a rare manuscript, the original residing in one of the great libraries of the world. This book is a reproduction of that original, which has been scanned and cleaned by state-of-the-art publishing tools for better readability and enhanced appreciation. Restoration Editors' mission is to bring long out of print manuscripts back to life. Some smudges, annotations or unclear text may still exist, due to permanent damage to the original work. We believe the literary significance of the text justifies offering this reproduction, allowing a new generation to appreciate it.
Picking up poet T. S. Eliot’s World War II–era thesis that the future of the West would be determined by a contest between Christianity and “modern paganism,” Smith argues in this book that today’s culture wars can be seen as a ...
Author: Steven D. Smith
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Traditionalist Christians who oppose same-sex marriage and other cultural developments in the United States wonder why they are being forced to bracket their beliefs in order to participate in public life. This situation is not new, says Steven D. Smith: Christians two thousand years ago faced very similar challenges. Picking up poet T. S. Eliot’s World War II–era thesis that the future of the West would be determined by a contest between Christianity and “modern paganism,” Smith argues in this book that today’s culture wars can be seen as a reprise of the basic antagonism that pitted pagans against Christians in the Roman Empire. Smith’s Pagans and Christians in the City looks at that historical conflict and explores how the same competing ideas continue to clash today. All of us, Smith shows, have much to learn by observing how patterns from ancient history are reemerging in today’s most controversial issues.
Agricultural Politics in England , Development of Religious Freedom , 216 . The ,
349 . Alcohol in Politics , 50 . DINGLEY , NELSON , Jr . The Decline ALDRICH ,
CHARLES . Bribery by Rail of American Shipping , 313 . way Passes , 89 .
Category: North American review
Vols. 227-230, no. 2 include: Stuff and nonsense, v. 5-6, no. 8, Jan. 1929-Aug. 1930.
... and dissent , " there was an outcry by constitutional scholars " and advocates
for Native Americans ' religious freedom . ... See , e . g . , Jesse H . Choper , The Rise and Decline of the Constitutional Protection of Religious Liberty , 70 NEB .
Yet even making allowances , still one must conclude that the decline of revealed
religion and the rise of deism reflect the ... Any effort to single out the forces that
worked together to bring about religious freedom in the nation runs the risk of ...
Author: Benjamin Franklin UnderwoodPublish On: 1886
1.78 under the Light of Recent Scientific The Intellectual Development of
EuCritiques and Addresses 1.50 American Addresses . ... History of the The
Unseen World , and Other Essays 2.00 India 5.00 Jews from 420 B. C. E. to the
year 70 FREEDOM AND FELLOWSHIP IN RE5.00 C.E. 2 ... The Beginnings of
Life ; or , The Modes Decline and Fall of the Roman EmPhysiology of Mind . ...
The Faith of Reason Old 1.00 Lectures on the Origin and Growth of of their
Relations to each other .
Freedom of religion in Guatemala was first declared under the Liberals in 1832 .
... 1927 - 1944 – Decline of Anticlericalism , ” presented at the 1997 meeting of
the Latin American Studies Association , Continental Plaza ... 3 and 4 , for a
complete history of the growth of the Protestant church in Guatemala during this
Author: Paul E. Sigmund
Religious Freedom and Evangelization in Latin America provides an indispensable resource for understanding the range of issues confronting the continent, offering Catholic as well as Protestant perspectives, and trenchant analyses of the situation in different countries, including Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Cuba."--BOOK JACKET.
American Civic Life and the Golden Age of Fraternity Jason Andrew Kaufman ...
The United States has always sought to protect the religious freedom of its
people , and thus it has become home to people of ... Ariel states that , 450 80
400 70 350 60 300 50 250 40 70 ASSOCIATIONAL GROWTH AND DECLINE ,
Author: Jason Andrew Kaufman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Political Science
The Golden Age of Fraternity was a unique time in American history. In the forty years between the Civil War and the onset of World War I, more than half of all Americans participated in clubs, fraternities, militias, and mutual benefit societies. Today this period is held up as a model for how we might revitalize contemporary civil society. But was America's associational culture really as communal as has been assumed? What if these much-admired voluntary organizations served parochial concerns rather than the common good? Jason Kaufman sets out to dispel many of the myths about the supposed civic-mindedness of "joining" while bringing to light the hidden lessons of associationalism's history. Relying on deep archival research in city directories, club histories, and membership lists, Kaufman shows that organizational activity in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries revolved largely around economic self-interest rather than civic engagement. And far from spurring concern for the collective good, fraternal societies, able to pick and choose members at will, fostered exclusion and further exacerbated the competitive interests of a society divided by race, class, ethnicity, and religion. Tracing both the rise and the decline of American associational life - a decline that began immediately after World War I, much earlier than previously thought - Kaufman argues persuasively that the end of fraternalism was a good thing. Illuminating both broad historical shifts - immigration, urbanization, and the disruptions of war, among them - and smaller, overlooked contours, such as changes in the burial and life insurance industries, Kaufman has written a bracing revisionist history. Eloquently rebutting those hailing America's associational past and calling for a return to old-style voluntarism, For the Common Good? will change the terms of debate about the history - and the future - of American civil society.