The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642820

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 8760

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.
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Thinking Machines

The inside story of Artificial Intelligence and our race to build the future

Author: Luke Dormehl

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0753551659

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 1962

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2016 marks the 60-year anniversary of the phrase ‘Artificial Intelligence’ and in this fascinating book, Luke Dormehl charts the weird and wonderful journey of one of mankind’s greatest projects, the creation of Thinking Machines. This is a story of how what it means to be human in the face of accelerating machine intelligence. It’s about trying to make computers that are smarter than we are, and what happens when it goes wrong. About what creativity means when all knowledge is data that can be stored on microchips. Or about what happens when machines can learn from their mistakes much faster than humans can. And above all, it’s about the dazzling future around the corner, how our lives might just change forever, and whether you and I aren’t just thinking machines of a sort as well.
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The quest for artificial intelligence

Author: Dorothy Hinshaw Patent

Publisher: Harcourt Childrens Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 187

View: 8118

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Presents a study of scientific research into artificial intelligence and examines the diverse applications of this important scientific concept
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Artificial Intelligence

The Quest for the Ultimate Thinking Machine

Author: Richard Urwin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781784288952

Category:

Page: 192

View: 9352

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What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? What can it do and how is it created? In this highly accessible guide to the subject, Richard Urwin bases his assessment of AI on the definition of AI as a tool that is 'constructed to aid or substitute for human thought'. He explains how AI came about, the importance of the development of the computer and then examines how AI has developed over the years through the construction of computer programs and how the language used to construct these programs has become more and more sophisticated, thus allowing AI to become better and better. Along the way, you will discover numerous intriguing examples of how scientists have progressed the development of AI, learn about Fuzzy Logic and the ups and downs of computer programming, as well as finding out how research into brain function is continually influencing the field of AI. By turns fascinating and scary, Artificial Intelligence will take the reader on an amazing journey that covers everything from the habits of ants to the world of the stock market.
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The Creation of a Conscious Machine

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

Author: J E Tardy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782981677693

Category:

Page: 230

View: 6939

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The Creation of a Conscious Machine surveys the millennial quest to create an intelligent artifact, concludes that consciousness is the key to achieve this goal and proposes an understanding of Artificial Consciousness that is suitable for machine implementation. The text describes how achieving the goal of Artificial Intelligence will yield extraordinary intellectual benefits and deep insights into the human condition. It examines past attempts, from ancient times until today, to define intelligence and implement it, drawing useful lessons from each. In particular, the Turing Test, the current and most influential measure of Artificial Intelligence, is the subject of an in depth analysis. Ultimately, the author also rejects the Turing Test, and the concept of a test itself, as an inadequate measure of machine intelligence. Basing himself on this analysis, the author concludes that humans will only consider a machine to be truly intelligent if they also perceive it to be conscious. To realize the quest of Artificial Intelligence, it is thus necessary to implement consciousness. The author concludes by proposing a definition of Artificial Consciousness expressed as specification objectives that are suitable for software implementation. This makes it possible to build, today, the first generation of synthetic conscious beings.
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QI

The Quest for Intelligence

Author: Kevin Warwick

Publisher: Piatkus Books

ISBN: 9780749922306

Category: Animal intelligence

Page: 231

View: 3389

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Dr. Kevin Warwick is deeply critical of techniques used to measure human intelligence, in particular IQ tests. He believes these are both flawed and outdated. He has developed an entirely new theory, which proposes a universal view of intelligence, within which human, animal and even artificial intelligence are united for the first time. Challenging and controversial, QI will stimulate widespread argument and discussion. * Brings ideas on intelligence up to date and aligns them with the world in which we now live * Overturns much current thinking on intelligence * Reveals how IQ testing has been misused in the past, including how the US used low IQ scores as a basis for 'voluntary' sterilisation and rejection of refugees from Nazism * Examines the intelligence of animals, machines and robots, and considers the ways in which they are more intelligent than humans * Includes results of a special survey which shows how foods, drinks, television and other factors affect 'IQ' test results
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Artificial Intelligence

A Guide for Thinking Humans

Author: Melanie Mitchell

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374715238

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 7533

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No recent scientific enterprise has proved as alluring, terrifying, and filled with extravagant promise and frustrating setbacks as artificial intelligence. The award-winning author Melanie Mitchell, a leading computer scientist, now reveals its turbulent history and the recent surge of apparent successes, grand hopes, and emerging fears that surround AI. In Artificial Intelligence, Mitchell turns to the most urgent questions concerning AI today: How intelligent—really—are the best AI programs? How do they work? What can they actually do, and when do they fail? How humanlike do we expect them to become, and how soon do we need to worry about them surpassing us? Along the way, she introduces the dominant methods of modern AI and machine learning, describing cutting-edge AI programs, their human inventors, and the historical lines of thought that led to recent achievements. She meets with fellow experts like Douglas Hofstadter, the cognitive scientist and Pulitzer Prize–winning author of the modern classic Gödel, Escher, Bach, who explains why he is “terrified” about the future of AI. She explores the profound disconnect between the hype and the actual achievements in AI, providing a clear sense of what the field has accomplished and how much farther it has to go. Interweaving stories about the science and the people behind it, Artificial Intelligence brims with clear-sighted, captivating, and approachable accounts of the most interesting and provocative modern work in AI, flavored with Mitchell’s humor and personal observations. This frank, lively book will prove an indispensable guide to understanding today’s AI, its quest for “human-level” intelligence, and its impacts on all of our futures.
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Vision-Based Robot Navigation

Quest for Intelligent Approaches Using a Sparse Distributed Memory

Author: Mateus Mendes,A. Paulo Coimbra,Manuel M. Crisóstomo

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1612331041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 1598

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Starting with a summary of the history of Artificial Intelligence, this book makes the bridge to the modern debate on the definition of Intelligence and the path to building Intelligent Machines. Since the definition of Intelligence is itself subject to open debate, the quest for Intelligent machines is pursuing a moving target. Apparently, intelligent behaviour is, to a great extent, the result of using a sophisticated associative memory, more than the result of heavy processing. The book describes theories on how the brain works, associative memory models and how a particular model - the Sparse Distributed Memory (SDM) - can be used to navigate a robot based on visual memories. Other robot navigation methods are also comprehensively revised and compared to the method proposed. The performance of the SDM-based robot has been tested in different typical problems, such as illumination changes, occlusions and image noise, taking the SDM to the limits. The results are extensively discussed in the book.
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Principles of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540113409

Category: Computers

Page: 476

View: 9859

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Previous treatments of Artificial Intelligence (AI) divide the subject into its major areas of application, namely, natural language processing, automatic programming, robotics, machine vision, automatic theorem proving, intelligent data retrieval systems, etc. The major difficulty with this approach is that these application areas are now so extensive, that each could, at best, be only superficially treated in a book of this length. Instead, I have attempted here to describe fundamental AI ideas that underlie many of these applications. My organization of these ideas is not, then, based on the subject matter of their application, but is, instead, based on general computational concepts involving the kinds of data structures used, the types of operations performed on these data struc tures, and the properties of con'trol strategies used by AI systems. I stress, in particular, the important roles played in AI by generalized production systems and the predicate calculus. The notes on which the book is based evolved in courses and seminars at Stanford University and at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Although certain topics treated in my previous book, Problem solving Methods in Artificial Intelligence, are covered here as well, this book contains many additional topics such as rule-based systems, robot problem-solving systems, and structured-object representations.
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