(Eds.): The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century. Berkeley CA: University
of California Press. Forman, Paul (2012): “On the Historical Forms of Knowledge
Production and Curation: Modernity Entailed Disciplinarity, Postmodernity Entails
Author: Annette Imhausen
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Many of us view the world of science as a firm bastion of knowledge, with each new discovery and further illumination adding to an unshakable foundation of natural truths. Weak Knowledge aims to rattle our faith, not in core certainties of scientific findings but in their strength as accessible resources. The authors show how, throughout history, many bodies of research have become precarious due to a host of factors. These factors have included cultural or social disinterest, feeble empirical evidence or theoretical justifications, and a lack of practical applications in a given field's findings. This book brings together cases from a range of historical periods and disciplines, ranging from personal medicine to climatology, to illuminate the specific forms, functions, and dynamics of so-called "weak" bodies of knowledge.
For German cameralism, see Henry E. Lowood, “The Calculating Forester:
Quantification, Cameral Science, and the Emergence of Scientific Forestry
Management,” in The Quantifying Spirit in the 18th Century, ed. Tore Frangsmyr,
J. L. ...
Author: Emily Pawley
Category: Business & Economics
"In the seemingly mundane Northern farm of early America and the people who sought to improve its productivity and efficiency, Emily Pawley finds a world rich with innovative practices and marked by a developing interrelationship between scientific knowledge, industrial methods, and capitalism. Agricultural "improvers" became increasingly scientistic, driving tremendous increases in the range and volume of agricultural output-and transforming American conceptions of expertise, success, and exploitation. Pawley's focus on soil, fertilizer, apples, mulberries, agricultural fairs, and experimental stations shows each nominally dull subject to have been an area of intellectual ferment and sharp contestation: mercantile, epistemological, and otherwise"--
Frangsmyr , Heilbron , and Rider , 45-72 and John Lesch , " Systematics and the
Geometrical Spirit , " in The Quantifying Spirit of the Eighteenth Century , ed .
Frangsmyr , Heilbron , and Rider , 73-112 . published by European naturalists
Further , their survival contrasts strongly with the notion that during the eighteenth century there was a clear and sustained ... In these accounts , metrological
reformers , informed by the ' quantifying spirit of the Enlightenment ( an impetus to
Author: Adrian Randall
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
Category: Business & Economics
This volume is concerned with markets, market culture and popular protest in eighteenth-century Britain and Ireland. The chapters focus upon both urban and rural communities: towns and cities, villages and corporations, colliers and tradesmen all feature in these studies since the market was ubiquitous and universal. How it was managed, however, varied from place to place and from time to time and the process of management provides us with a major insight into the social, political and economic relationships of eighteenth-century Britain. Some readers will see in these chapters evidence of the heterogeneity of these relations, but others will recognize that, for all the apparent differences, on basic issues of provisioning there was a remarkable uniformity. Following an introductory chapter, contributions focus on protest in relation to customary corn measures, opposition to turnpikes, resistance to the Cider Tax, scarcity and market management in Bristol, the moral economy of "the English middling sort", Oxford food riots and the Irish famine 1799–1801.
British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies Vol. 5, pp. 49–63. Porter, Roy ... In
Tore Frängsmyr, J. L. Heilbron, and Robin E. Rider, eds., The Quantifying Spirit in the 18th Century, Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 113–140. Ridley ...
Author: Joel Mokyr
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Why Enlightenment culture sparked the Industrial Revolution During the late eighteenth century, innovations in Europe triggered the Industrial Revolution and the sustained economic progress that spread across the globe. While much has been made of the details of the Industrial Revolution, what remains a mystery is why it took place at all. Why did this revolution begin in the West and not elsewhere, and why did it continue, leading to today's unprecedented prosperity? In this groundbreaking book, celebrated economic historian Joel Mokyr argues that a culture of growth specific to early modern Europe and the European Enlightenment laid the foundations for the scientific advances and pioneering inventions that would instigate explosive technological and economic development. Bringing together economics, the history of science and technology, and models of cultural evolution, Mokyr demonstrates that culture—the beliefs, values, and preferences in society that are capable of changing behavior—was a deciding factor in societal transformations. Mokyr looks at the period 1500–1700 to show that a politically fragmented Europe fostered a competitive "market for ideas" and a willingness to investigate the secrets of nature. At the same time, a transnational community of brilliant thinkers known as the “Republic of Letters” freely circulated and distributed ideas and writings. This political fragmentation and the supportive intellectual environment explain how the Industrial Revolution happened in Europe but not China, despite similar levels of technology and intellectual activity. In Europe, heterodox and creative thinkers could find sanctuary in other countries and spread their thinking across borders. In contrast, China’s version of the Enlightenment remained controlled by the ruling elite. Combining ideas from economics and cultural evolution, A Culture of Growth provides startling reasons for why the foundations of our modern economy were laid in the mere two centuries between Columbus and Newton.
Author: Jacqueline WernimontPublish On: 2019-01-01
2 (2015): 409–435; John L. Heilbron, “The Measure of Enlightenment,” in The Quantifying Spirit in the 18th Century, ed. Tore Frängsmyr, John L. Heilbron, and
Robin E. Rider (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990), 207–242. 66.
Author: Jacqueline Wernimont
Publisher: MIT Press
Category: Social Science
A feminist media history of quantification, uncovering the stories behind the tools and technologies we use to count, measure, and weigh our lives and realities. Anglo-American culture has used media to measure and quantify lives for centuries. Historical journal entries map the details of everyday life, while death registers put numbers to life's endings. Today we count our daily steps with fitness trackers and quantify births and deaths with digitized data. How are these present-day methods for measuring ourselves similar to those used in the past? In this book, Jacqueline Wernimont presents a new media history of western quantification, uncovering the stories behind the tools and technologies we use to count, measure, and weigh our lives and realities. Numbered Lives is the first book of its kind, a feminist media history that maps connections not only between past and present-day “quantum media” but between media tracking and long-standing systemic inequalities. Wernimont explores the history of the pedometer, mortality statistics, and the census in England and the United States to illuminate the entanglement of Anglo-American quantification with religious, imperial, and patriarchal paradigms. In Anglo-American culture, Wernimont argues, counting life and counting death are sides of the same coin—one that has always been used to render statistics of life and death more valuable to corporate and state organizations. Numbered Lives enumerates our shared media history, helping us understand our digital culture and inheritance.
For a fuller discussion of this fever and its many symptoms , see Tore Frängsmyr ,
J . L . Heilbron , and Robin E . Rider , eds . , The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century ( Berkeley and Los Angeles : Univ . of California Press , 1990
Author: Julie Candler Hayes
Category: Literary Criticism
This volume presents a group of essays that evoke broad contexts and future avenues for work in the field of 18th-century studies. The contributors take up the question of identity, not as a fixed, stable property whose boundaries may be confidently mapped, but rather as a complex and unpredictable process navigating different discourses and modes of social insertion. They address issues that involve national, linguistic and cultural affiliations or call into question the relation of gender performance to literary persona.
Measure of Ideas , Rule of Language : Mathematics and Language in the Eighteenth Century . ” The Quantifying Spirit of the Eighteenth Century . Ed . Tore
Frängsmyr , J. L. Heilbron , and Robin E. Rider . Berkeley : U of California P ,
Author: Linda Troost
Publisher: Ams PressInc
Category: Social Science
In the third number of this annual series, 13 essays consider such topics as female friendship in Catharine Trotter's The Unhappy Penitent, Mary Fletcher's narrative and women's religious and social experiences in 18th-century British Methodism, the Hellenism of Mary Robinson's Odes, Charlotte Smit
John E . Lesch , “ Systematics and the Geometrical Spirit ” in The Quantifying Spirit in the 18th Century , ed . Tore Frangsmyr , J . L . Heilbron , and Robin E .
Rider ( Berkeley : University of California Press , 1990 ) , 75 . 23 . See
Author: Syndy M. Conger
"The riches of this Miscellany (and what could be a more appropriate genre for eighteenth-century specialists to contrive together?) speak for themselves: a dozen disciplines dance in pairs or singly to offer new insights into the texts and contexts of eighteenth-century culture in America, Britain, and the European continent. Together they also shed light on some of the ideas that captured our society's collective imagination in 1995-96; in the order that they occur, pastoralism, letters in/and paintings, Augustanism, the aesthetic, hysteria, female alienation, German Enlightenment, libertinism, corporeal limitations, the limits of expression, knowledge, charity, the moral, wisdom, Gothicism. Since SECC readers selected these 16 essays from nearly 100 submissions to the annual last year, it is also fair to say that they also represent some of the best conference papers heard at regional and the national meetings during that time." -- from the Editor's Note
Here , the curious transparency , which marked semiotic thinking in the eighteenth century , becomes apparent . There was no problem ... The Quantifying Spirit of the 18th Century , Berkeley , Los Angeles , London 1990 , pp
. 45 – 71 , here p .
The eighteenth century brought forth experimental sciences with a great potential
need for measurement . ... of the diversity of the Dutch quantifying spirit in the eighteenth century , I suggest for practical reasons discerning eight fields with
Author: P. M. M. Klep
Publisher: Aksant Academic Pub
The inclination to view issues in statistical terms and its development in the pre-statistical era between 1750-1850 is validated in this landmark study. A quantifying spirit began to develop during the eighteenth century that manifested itself in numerous distinct areas, such as mathematics, astronomy, standards of living, mortality, water levels, population, taxation, finance, insurance, trade, and crime. This study is the first to analyze measurement, theoretical statistics, and statistical activity as one phenomenon in all aspects. It has profited from the expertise of a variety of qualified historians: economic and social historians, historians of demography, of natural science, of mathematics, and of law. The contributors pay attention to the extent to which a typically Dutch statistical mind developed, while at the same time providing insight into the nature of influences from abroad and their possible interactions.
... Heilbron and Robin L . Rider ( eds . ) , The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century ( Berkeley and Oxford , 1990 ) . 9 . J . L . Heilbron , ' Introductory essay ' ,
in Frängsmyr , Heilbron and Rider , The Quantifying Spirit , 1 - 23 , quote from p .
Author: Charles W. J. Withers
Publisher: John Donald
Writing to Dugald Stewart in June 1789, Thomas Jefferson enthused that as far as science was concerned, no place in the world can pretend to a competition with Edinburgh. Yet, despite similar encomiums down the years, the role of the natural sciences and medicine in the Scottish Enlightenment is still neither generally appreciated nor fully understood. This collection of ten essays by scholars in the field provides a comprehensive overview of the place of scientific and medical enquiry in Scotland during the period 1690-1815. Each chapter presents new research in order to reflect upon previous interpretations and to suggest fresh perspectives on the relationship between science and medicine and culture and society in 18th-century Scotland. Collectively, the essays illustrate both the centrality of natural and medical knowledge in enlightened culture and the wider implications of Scotland's story for an understanding of science and medicine in the modern world.
Fritz C. A. Koelln and James C. Pettigrove ( Princeton : Princeton University Press
, 1951 ) , pp . vii , 9 ; J. L. Heilbron , “ Introductory Essay , " in The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century , ed . Tore Frängsmyr , J. L. Heilbron , and Robin
Author: Dell Upton
An exploration of the beliefs, perceptions, and theories that shaped the architecture and organization of America's earliest cities In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, burgeoning American cities like New Orleans and Philadelphia seemed increasingly chaotic. Noise, odors, and a feverish level of activity on the streets threatened to overwhelm the senses. Growing populations placed new demands on every aspect of the urban landscape--streets, parks, schools, asylums, cemeteries, markets, waterfronts, and more. In this unique exploration of the early history of urban architecture and design, leading architectural historian Dell Upton reveals the fascinating confluence of sociological, cultural, and psychological factors that shaped American cities in the antebellum years. Through contemporary travel accounts, diaries, and correspondence, as well as maps, architectural drawings, paintings, and prints--many previously unpublished--Upton investigates not only how buildings were designed, streets were laid out, and urban space was put to use, but also why. He offers original insights into the way cities were imagined, and an extensive selection of illustrations recreates the various features of the urban landscape in the nineteenth century.
Accounting in the Eighteenth-century Novel Rebecca Elisabeth Connor ... see
Tore Frangsmyr , J . L . Heilbron , and Robin E . Rider , eds . , The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century ( Berkeley : University of California Press , 1990 )
The scientific principles and methods of eighteenth century botany , zoology ,
mineralogy , chemistry , and medicine ? were based on empirical observation ,
analytical description ... The Quantifying Spirit in the 18th Century ( Berkeley ,
1990 ) .
Paris, 1973. Farge, Arlette. Subversive Words: Public Opinion in Eighteenth-
Century France. ... Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 53 (1967): 29-
46. . "The Fortunes of ... The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century.