We may be able to objectively assess the relation between information, its use,
and the achievement of goals. But are those goals are worth achieving? For any
social problem to which information is applied, whether as a product or service, ...
Author: Douglas Raber
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
Information can be conceptualized in two fundamentally yet contradictory ways_it appears in the world as both a physical and a cognitive phenomenon. The dilemma information specialists face is similar to that of physicists who must cope with light as both a wave and a particle. Unlike physics, however, information science has yet to develop a unified theory that unites the contradictory conceptions of its essential theoretical object.
Author: United States. Bureau of Naval PersonnelPublish On: 1883
SIR : I have the honor to communicate to the Senate , in compliance with its
resolution of the 17th of March last , " such information as has been collected by
the Bureau of Navigation relating to the problem of interoceanic communication
by the ...
"Theoretically sophisticaled, solidly grounded in archival work, and entertainingly
carlankerous, Damien Keane's reland and the Problem of Information serves as
both an important intervention in Irish studies and the next necessary step in the ...
Author: Damien Keane
Publisher: Penn State Press
Though the work of Irish writers has been paramount in conventional accounts of literary modernism, Ireland itself only rarely occupies a meaningful position in accounts of modernism’s historical trajectory. With an itinerary moving not simply among Dublin, Belfast, and London but also Paris, New York, Addis Ababa, Rome, Berlin, Geneva, and the world’s radio receivers, Ireland and the Problem of Information examines the pivotal mediations through which social knowledge was produced in the mid-twentieth century. Organized as a series of cross-fading case studies, the book argues that an expanded sphere of Irish cultural production should be read as much for what it indicates about practices of intermedial circulation and their consequences as for what it reveals about Irish writing around the time of the Second World War. In this way, it positions the “problem of information” as, first and foremost, an international predicament, but one with particular national implications for the Irish field.
Author: Frank R. BaumgartnerPublish On: 2015-01-02
Now, with The Politics of Information, they turn the focus to the problem-detection process itself, showing how the growth or contraction of government is closely related to how it searches for information and how, as an organization, it ...
Author: Frank R. Baumgartner
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Political Science
How does the government decide what’s a problem and what isn’t? And what are the consequences of that process? Like individuals, Congress is subject to the “paradox of search.” If policy makers don’t look for problems, they won’t find those that need to be addressed. But if they carry out a thorough search, they will almost certainly find new problems—and with the definition of each new problem comes the possibility of creating a government program to address it. With The Politics of Attention, leading policy scholars Frank R. Baumgartner and Bryan D. Jones demonstrated the central role attention plays in how governments prioritize problems. Now, with The Politics of Information, they turn the focus to the problem-detection process itself, showing how the growth or contraction of government is closely related to how it searches for information and how, as an organization, it analyzes its findings. Better search processes that incorporate more diverse viewpoints lead to more intensive policymaking activity. Similarly, limiting search processes leads to declines in policy making. At the same time, the authors find little evidence that the factors usually thought to be responsible for government expansion—partisan control, changes in presidential leadership, and shifts in public opinion—can be systematically related to the patterns they observe. Drawing on data tracing the course of American public policy since World War II, Baumgartner and Jones once again deepen our understanding of the dynamics of American policy making.
This book presents recent developments in the economics of asymmetric information.
Author: Brian Hillier
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
This book presents recent developments in the economics of asymmetric information. The problems of selection and moral hazard, with hidden actions or hidden information, are introduced by examining how they affect the market for investment finance. The ideas are then used to analyse the market for insurance, signalling and screening models of education, efficiency wages, industrial regulation, public procurement and auctions. Coverage is thorough while avoiding excessive mathematical detail. Diagrams and verbal reasoning make the ideas accessible to intermediate level undergraduate students and beyond.
Author: United States. Bureau of EducationPublish On: 1891
... Ohio , securing from teachers definite and detailed statements of work , of
courses , and of methods , have furnished a basis of facts as to the high schools
that ought to insure a due appreciation of the elements of the problem from their
Author: United States. Office of EducationPublish On: 1891
... in a profound study of these problems . This is why the International Prison
Congress is of such high importance and practical scope . This is why it can be
so useful in popularizing its results and extending its information and in calling
If he had known how much mental anxiety he would have saved the writer by
giving this small piece of information, he would surely not have been so selfishly
inconsiderate as to withhold its Seriously, why was it that Professor Tyndall so ...
Author: Andrew N. KrasovskiiPublish On: 2012-12-06
The mathematical theory of control, essentially developed during the last decades, is used for solving many problems of practical importance.
Author: Andrew N. Krasovskii
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The mathematical theory of control, essentially developed during the last decades, is used for solving many problems of practical importance. The efficiency of its applications has increased in connection with the refine ment of computer techniques and the corresponding mathematical soft ware. Real-time control schemes that include computer-realized blocks are, for example, attracting ever more attention. The theory of control provides abstract models of controlled systems and the processes realized in them. This theory investigates these models, proposes methods for solv ing the corresponding problems and indicates ways to construct control algorithms and the methods of their computer realization. The usual scheme of control is the following: There is an object F whose state at every time instant t is described by a phase variable x. The object is subjected to a control action u. This action is generated by a control device U. The object is also affected by a disturbance v generated by the environment. The information on the state of the system is supplied to the generator U by the informational variable y. The mathematical character of the variables x, u, v and yare determined by the nature of the system.
All the problems of railway management, in so far as they are of economic
importance, come up for discussion. Among the subjects treated are: financial
methods, railway construction, speculation, profits, failures, accounts and reports,
Discussion and analysis of the chief facts and theories of form-regulation. The
relation between ... Problems in Animal Morphology and Phylogeny.—A course
in ... A study of the facts and theories bearing upon the problem of age in
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Author: Books, LLC
Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 28. Chapters: Moral hazard, Principal-agent problem, Signaling game, Information economics, The Market for Lemons, Capital Market Imperfections, Information asymmetry, Adverse selection, Delegation, Agency cost, Signalling, Cheap talk, Contract theory, Lewis signaling game, Costly state verification, Screening, Single crossing condition. Excerpt: In political science and economics, the principal-agent problem or agency dilemma treats the difficulties that arise under conditions of incomplete and asymmetric information when a principal hires an agent, such as the problem of potential moral hazard and conflict of interest, in as much as the principal is-presumably-hiring the agent to pursue the principal's interests. Various mechanisms may be used to try to align the interests of the agent in solidarity with those of the principal, such as piece rates/commissions, profit sharing, efficiency wages, performance measurement (including financial statements), the agent posting a bond, or fear of firing. The principal-agent problem is found in most employer/employee relationships, for example, when shareholders hire top executives of corporations. Political science has noted the problems inherent in the delegation of legislative authority to bureaucratic agencies. As another example, the implementation of legislation (such as laws and executive directives) is open to bureaucratic interpretation, which creates opportunities and incentives for the bureaucrat-as-agent to deviate from the intentions or preferences of the legislators. Variance in the intensity of legislative oversight also serves to increase principal-agent problems in implementing legislative preferences. Basic idea of Agency Theory (P: Principal, A: Agent) In political science and economics, the problem of motivating a party to act on behalf of another is known as 'the prin...
Problems of information routes Similar to problems of traffic planning these
problems concern a certain " information landscape " . These are not technical
problems such as data security or channel capacity , but problems of ordering ...
The proposed approach to the solution of the identification problem is based on
the seduential analysis. The seduential methods of estimation of parameters of
dynamic systems described by stochastic differential and difference equations