The Prehistory of Language

The Prehistory of Language

'When, why, and how did language evolve?' 'Why do only humans have language?' This book looks at these and other questions about the origins and evolution of language.

Author: Rudolf Botha

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191562877

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 305

'When, why, and how did language evolve?' 'Why do only humans have language?' This book looks at these and other questions about the origins and evolution of language. It does so via a rich diversity of perspectives, including social, cultural, archaeological, palaeoanthropological, musicological, anatomical, neurobiological, primatological, and linguistic. Among the subjects it considers are: how far sociality is a prerequisite for language; the evolutionary links between language and music; the relation between natural selection and niche construction; the origins of the lexicon; the role of social play in language development; the use of signs by great apes; the evolution of syntax; the evolutionary biology of language; the insights offered by Chomsky's biolinguistic approach to mind and language; the emergence of recursive language; the selectional advantages of the human vocal tract; and why women speak better than men. The authors, drawn from all over the world, are prominent linguists, psychologists, cognitive scientists, archaeologists, primatologists, social anthropologists, and specialists in artificial intelligence. As well as explaining what is understood about the evolution of language, they look squarely at the formidable obstacles to knowing more - the absence of direct evidence, for example; the problems of using indirect evidence; the lack of a common conception of language; confusion about the operation of natural selection and other processes of change; the scope for misunderstanding in a multi-disciplinary field, and many more. Despite these difficulties, the authors in their stylish and readable contributions to this book are able to show just how much has been achieved in this most fruitful and fascinating area of research in the social, natural, and cognitive sciences.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Prehistory of Languages

The Prehistory of Languages

Author: Mary R. Haas

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110881646

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 120

View: 495

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Phylogenetic Methods and the Prehistory of Languages

Phylogenetic Methods and the Prehistory of Languages

But which phylogenetic methods are best suited to retracing the evolution of languages? And which types of language data are most informative about deep prehistory? In this book, leading specialists engage with these key questions.

Author: Peter Forster

Publisher: McDonald Inst of Archeological

ISBN: UOM:39015064687166

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 198

View: 591

Evolutionary ('phylogenetic') trees were first used to infer lost histories nearly two centuries ago by manuscript scholars reconstructing original texts. Today, computer methods are enabling phylogenetic trees to transform genetics, historical linguistics and even the archaeological study of artefact shapes and styles. But which phylogenetic methods are best suited to retracing the evolution of languages? And which types of language data are most informative about deep prehistory? In this book, leading specialists engage with these key questions. Essential reading for linguists, geneticists and archaeologists, these studies demonstrate how phylogenetic tools are illuminating previously intractable questions about language prehistory. This innovative volume arose from a conference of linguists, geneticists and archaeologists held at Cambridge in 2004.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Prehistory of Language

The Prehistory of Language

Prominent linguists, cognitive scientists, archaeologists, primatologists, anthropologists, and natural scientists examine issues and advances in understanding language evolution, ranging from the co-evolution of language and music to the ...

Author: Rudolf P. Botha

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019954588X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 288

Prominent linguists, cognitive scientists, archaeologists, primatologists, anthropologists, and natural scientists examine issues and advances in understanding language evolution, ranging from the co-evolution of language and music to the evolutionary biology of language.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Prehistory of the 73 Bantu Languages and Bantu Language Groups of Zambia 3000 BC to 1600 Ad

The Prehistory of the 73  Bantu Languages and Bantu Language Groups of Zambia 3000 BC to 1600 Ad

"This book is a bold, even heroic venture; seeking, as I see it, to correct simplified images of Zambia's past through the dissection of different kinds of evidence and present a new history of migration and settlement that fits in with the ...

Author: Nicholas Mwitelela Katanekwa

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1533665133

Category:

Page: 580

View: 554

In "The prehistory of Zambia's 73+ Bantu Languages of Zambia,"Nicholas Katanekwa, illuminates and provides profound insights of 5000 years of Bantu people's past existence over a landscape that is over half of Africa's total area. The book provides the missing link in the story of Bantu people's phenomenal colonization of such vast territory, in the dating provided, the segmentation of the Bantu language phylum and migration routes elaborated. The book gives a clear identity of the Bantu people of Zambia and indeed Africa and their major achievements over time including a world record for the grand and phenomenal migration of any language phylum in the whole world. Contrary to prevalent presumptions, Katanekwa argues, the Bantu languages and their speakers comprise three separate segments, though related originally, that took different routes, as a matter of choice out of their original homeland on the north-eastern Nigeria/south western Cameroon border, all the way into Eastern, Southern, South- western and Southern Africa and that along the way divergences into the present language families took place. He demonstrates that what really separates the Bantu Languages family into three groups are their choice of; environment to settle, decorative symbolism, matrilineality or patrilineality, cattle or goats possession, name for human being "or" person and their linguistic divergences over time. The book further reveals that Bantu people have not been isolated actors on their own prehistorical stage, but direct and indirect participants in the major trends of contemporary world prehistory through such feats like the diverse decorative art, innovation of iron smelting, refining, value addition, perfection of copper ore mining, smelting and the dramatic social and political changes like the innovation of governance systems that it engendered, and their contribution to long-distance commercial enterprise through trade.His outline of the prehistory of settlement and development of the Bantu Language Groups of Zambia from 600 B.C to 1600 A.D. is an unprecedented feat worth emulating in the rest of the Bantu Africa for a fuller story of the Bantu language phylum to be fully understood and appreciated. The book changes for good, the Bantu identity, origins, migrations and achievements story. In sketching out this important Bantu story, Katanekwa clearly demonstrates how strong and precise the combined archaeological, historical linguists, ethnographical, world views and geographical language location evidence is in piercing together the contours of the past. Nicholas Mwitelela Katanekwa is a heritage conservation and management specialist and an archaeologist specialized in the Iron Age and is the author of ''Zambia's Outstanding Natural, Cultural and Historical Sites; a Heritage Legacy For All," and "Barotseland;the Three Bantu groups (Bantu ba Tatu) Destination,400 B.C- 1600 A.D. A Report Of Archaeological Excavations in South-west Zambia. "This book is a bold, even heroic venture; seeking, as I see it, to correct simplified images of Zambia's past through the dissection of different kinds of evidence and present a new history of migration and settlement that fits in with the diversity of Zambia's languages and language groups. I suppose it is as much a history of language groups as such of languages (and of course prehistory).A major commitment and a major achievement! Congratulations. Dr.Robin Derricourt, author "People of the Lakes" and "Man on the Kafue" "I greatly enjoyed reading your text, which i greatly admire. Your book is, If i may say so, a most impressive piece of work. I see two books here: one, which would interest a wide international but mainly academic readership, settling out a new archaeological and linguistic synthesis of the Iron Age in Bantu-speaking Africa, and the other presenting these conclusions to a primarily Zambian audience." Dr.D.W.Phillipson, author of several archaeological books.
Categories:

Ongota

Ongota

The examination of Ongota reveals an Afrasian (Afro-Asiatic, Hamito-Semitic) language of marked dissimilarity to its sisters in grammar and a large lexicon with links to Afrasian languages spread over large sections of Africa.

Author: Harold C. Fleming

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447051248

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 214

View: 332

A international team re-discovered a tiny tribe of hunters, first discovered a century ago in extreme southern Ethiopia but never seen again. Now dying out, Ongotan culture and language are kept alive by 20 old men who resist the pressures of two outside societies. A short description of their language and ethnography (published elsewhere) are given more fully. The examination of Ongota reveals an Afrasian (Afro-Asiatic, Hamito-Semitic) language of marked dissimilarity to its sisters in grammar and a large lexicon with links to Afrasian languages spread over large sections of Africa. Ongota clearly is in a class by itself within Afrasian, even though loan words from nearby languages muddy up the analysis. Ongotan has serious implications for Afrasian prehistory as a whole and hence the prehistory of northern and eastern Africa. Traditionally, some scholars (especially geneticists) have assumed a constant flow of culture, language, and genes from the Near East to the west and south of Africa, especially the Sahara and the Horn. With the bulk. of its deepest or oldest branches located in the Horn Afrasian must surely have expanded into the Near East from the Horn. Recent archaeology confirms this conclusion, as do palaeobotanical studies.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

A Linguistic Map of Prehistoric Northern Europe

A Linguistic Map of Prehistoric Northern Europe

This book sheds new light on cultural diffusion and language change in prehistoric Northern Europe with special emphasis on the northern Baltic Sea area.

Author: Riho Grünthal

Publisher:

ISBN: 9525667421

Category: Europe, Northern

Page: 370

View: 782

Categories: Europe, Northern

Time Depth in Historical Linguistics

Time Depth in Historical Linguistics

This book will be indispensable for anyone seriously concerned with issues of time depth in languages, and for all archaeologists and geneticists seeking an integration between their own discipline and the early history of languages.

Author: Colin Renfrew

Publisher: McDonald Inst of Archeological

ISBN: 1902937066

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 681

View: 204

Time depth constitutes one of the most difficult problems in historical linguistics. Its evaluation is crucial for any systematic comparison with archaeological or genetic data, and hence basic to any broader historical interpretatio. This was the focus for a meeting of some of the world's leading linguistics held in 1999 at the McDonald Institute. The oft-criticised techniques of glottochronology and lexicostatistics were formulated by their leading advocates with positive results, but were also critically examined by sceptics. Linguistic palaeontology, convergence processes and morphological approaches were discussed. Specific consideration was given to Info-European, Uralic, Afroasiatic, bantu, Austronesian and Tibeto-Burman language families. This book will be indispensable for anyone seriously concerned with issues of time depth in languages, and for all archaeologists and geneticists seeking an integration between their own discipline and the early history of languages. Contibutors: Raimo Anttila, Peter Bakker, William Baxter, Peter Bellwood, Robert Blust, Lyle Campbell, James Clackson, Bernard Comrie, Aharon Dolgopolsky, Christopher Ehret, Sheila Embleton, T V Gamkrelidze, Richard Hayward, Paul Heggarty, Dimitry Leschiner, Marisa Lohr, Alexis Manaster Ramer, James Matisoff, Yaron Matras, April and Robert McMahon, Alexander Militiarev, Daniel Nettle, Joanna Nichols, Mark Pagel, Ilia Peiros, Colin Renfrew, Sergei Starostin, Larry Trask and Kalevi Wilk.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Globalizing the Prehistory of Japan

Globalizing the Prehistory of Japan

This iconoclastic work on the prehistory of Japan and of South East Asia challenges entrenched views on the origins of Japanese society and identity.

Author: Ann Kumar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135784720

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 192

This iconoclastic work on the prehistory of Japan and of South East Asia challenges entrenched views on the origins of Japanese society and identity. The social changes that took place in Japan in the time-period when the Jomon culture was replaced by the Yayoi culture were of exceptional magnitude, going far beyond those of the so-called Neolithic Revolution in other parts of the world. They included not only a new way of life based on wet-rice agriculture but also the introduction of metalworking in both bronze and iron, and furthermore a new architecture functionally and ritually linked to rice cultivation, a new religion, and a hierarchical society characterized by a belief in the divinity of the ruler. Because of its immense and enduring impact the Yayoi period has generally been seen as the very foundation of Japanese civilization and identity. In contrast to the common assumption that all the Yayoi innovations came from China and Korea, this work combines exciting new scientific evidence from such different fields as rice genetics, DNA and historical linguistics to show that the major elements of Yayoi civilization actually came, not from the north, but from the south.
Categories: History

Prehistory History and Historiography of Language Speech and Linguistic Theory

Prehistory  History  and Historiography of Language  Speech  and Linguistic Theory

This collection of papers deals primarily with topics in general linguistics, including history of linguistic science. The volume is divided in 5 parts: I. Origin and Prehistory of Language, II. Historiography of Linguistics, III.

Author: Bela Brogyanyi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027235619

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 407

View: 731

This collection of papers deals primarily with topics in general linguistics, including history of linguistic science. The volume is divided in 5 parts: I. Origin and Prehistory of Language, II. Historiography of Linguistics, III. Phonology and Phonetic Change, IV. Morphology and Syntax, and V. Socio-Neurolinguistics and Multilingualism.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Prehistory of Language

The Prehistory of Language

This must have happened in the past with the emergence of the first prehistoric languages but it will happen every time a language community for one reason ...

Author: Rudolf Botha

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199545872

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 369

Prominent linguists, cognitive scientists, archaeologists, primatologists, anthropologists, and natural scientists examine issues and advances in understanding language evolution, ranging from the co-evolution of language and music to the evolutionary biology of language. An important and stylish contribution to a fascinating area of research.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory

In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory

Compiled in honor and celebration of veteran anthropologist Harold C. Fleming, this book contains 23 articles by anthropologists (in the general sense) from the four main disciplines of prehistory: archaeology, biogenetics, ...

Author: John D. Bengtson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027232526

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 476

View: 487

Compiled in honor and celebration of veteran anthropologist Harold C. Fleming, this book contains 23 articles by anthropologists (in the general sense) from the four main disciplines of prehistory: archaeology, biogenetics, paleoanthropology, and genetic (historical) linguistics. Because of Professor Fleming's major focus on language — he founded the Association for the Study of Language in Prehistory and the journal Mother Tongue — the content of the book is heavily tilted toward the study of human language, its origins, historical development, and taxonomy. Because of Fleming's extensive field experience in Africa some of the articles deal with African topics. This volume is intended to exemplify the principle, in the words of Fleming himself, that each of the four disciplines is enriched when it combines with any one of the other four. The authors are representative of the cutting edge of their respective fields, and this book is unusual in including contributions from a wide range of anthropological fields rather than concentrating in any one of them.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Prehistory

Prehistory

The book closes with a fascinating chapter on the transition from Prehistory to History, on early writing systems.

Author: Colin Renfrew

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781780225814

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 717

A brief and original prehistory of the world Prehistory covers human existence before written records, i.e. most of human existence. But it also refers to the discipline through which we scrutinize prehistoric times. PREHISTORY begins by looking at the discovery of a remote human past and the subsequent dramatic growth of the study of prehistory: early archaeology; geology; Darwin's ideas of evolution; cave paintings; fossil discoveries of human ancestors; museums and collections; radiocarbon dating and DNA analysis. Renfrew challenges the conventional assumption of an all-important 'human revolution' 40,000 years ago - when Homo Sapiens first appeared in Europe - and suggests that the key developments were much later. The author's case-studies range widely, from Orkney to the Balkans, from the Indus Valley to Peru, from Ireland to China, and provide fresh insights on landmark monuments such as the Egyptian pyramids, the Valley of the Kings, Stonehenge and the sacrificial burial pyramids at Teotihuacan in Mexico. The book closes with a fascinating chapter on the transition from Prehistory to History, on early writing systems.
Categories: History

Language in Prehistory

Language in Prehistory

Taking an anthropological perspective, Alan Barnard explores the evolution of language by investigating the lives and languages of modern hunter-gatherers.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781107041127

Category:

Page:

View: 724

Categories:

The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution

The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution

Leading scholars present critical accounts of every aspect of the field, including work in animal behaviour; anatomy, genetics and neurology; the prehistory of language; the development of our uniquely linguistic species; and language ...

Author: Maggie Tallerman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199541119

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 763

View: 159

Leading scholars present critical accounts of every aspect of the field, including work in animal behaviour; anatomy, genetics and neurology; the prehistory of language; the development of our uniquely linguistic species; and language creation, transmission, and change.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Contacts in Prehistory

Language Contacts in Prehistory

In this volume are discussed past problems and current advances in the stratigraphy of Indo-European, African, Southeast Asian, Australian, Oceanic, Japanese, and Meso-American languages.

Author: Henning Andersen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027275301

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 292

View: 738

Every language includes layers of lexical and grammatical elements that entered it at different times in the more or less distant past. Hence, for periods preceding our earliest historical documentation, linguistic stratigraphy — the systematic study of such layers — may yield information about the prehistory of a given tradition of speaking in a variety of ways. For instance, irregular phonological reflexes may be evidence of the convergence of diverse dialects in the formation of a language, and layers of material from different source languages may form a record of changing cultural contacts in the past. In this volume are discussed past problems and current advances in the stratigraphy of Indo-European, African, Southeast Asian, Australian, Oceanic, Japanese, and Meso-American languages.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Sprung from Some Common Source

Sprung from Some Common Source

With its range focused on Indo-European and extending across Eurasia and into the Americas, this collection of seventeen studies investigates various aspects of the long-range comparison and classification of Indo-European and other major ...

Author: Sydney M. Lamb

Publisher:

ISBN: 0804718970

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 411

View: 147

With its range focused on Indo-European and extending across Eurasia and into the Americas, this collection of seventeen studies investigates various aspects of the long-range comparison and classification of Indo-European and other major language groups. Some of them confront the controversial question of whether Indo-European and certain other language families had, extending the celebrated phrase of Sir William Jones in 1786, 'sprung from some common source'. With comparative linguistics of recent decades in danger of stifling from an excess of caution, the quest for the answer to that question has now been broadened to attempt to find a deeper common source than Proto-Indo-European. This volume surveys the progress of the genetic classification of languages over the years, records recent developments, and points to abundant opportunities for future research. The contributors - some of the world's leading investigators of the genetic classification of languages - have adopted a broad outlook, looking beyond comparative Indo-European linguistics in two ways:
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The History of Basque

The History of Basque

This book, written by an internationally renowned specialist in Basque, provides a comprehensive survey of all that is known about the prehistory of the language, including pronunciation, the grammar and the vocabulary.

Author: R. L. Trask

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136167638

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 480

View: 132

Basque is the sole survivor of the very ancient languages of Western Europe. This book, written by an internationally renowned specialist in Basque, provides a comprehensive survey of all that is known about the prehistory of the language, including pronunciation, the grammar and the vocabulary. It also provides a long critical evaluation of the search for its relatives, as well as a thumbnail sketch of the language, a summary of its typological features, an external history and an extensive bibliography.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines