The Power of Networks

The Power of Networks

How does Google order search results? Is it really true that everyone on Facebook is connected by six steps or less? The Power of Networks answers questions like these for the first time in a way that all of us can understand.

Author: Christopher G. Brinton

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691183305

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 535

What makes WiFi faster at home than at a coffee shop? How does Google order search results? Is it really true that everyone on Facebook is connected by six steps or less? The Power of Networks answers questions like these for the first time in a way that all of us can understand. Using simple language, analogies, stories, hundreds of illustrations, and no more math than simple addition and multiplication, Christopher Brinton and Mung Chiang provide a smart and accessible introduction to the handful of big ideas that drive the computer networks we use every day. The Power of Networks unifies these ideas through six fundamental principles of networking. These principles explain the difficulties in sharing network resources efficiently, how crowds can be wise or not so wise depending on the nature of their connections, why there are many layers in a network, and more. Along the way, the authors also talk with and share the special insights of renowned experts such as Google’s Eric Schmidt, former Verizon Wireless CEO Dennis Strigl, and “fathers of the Internet” Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn.
Categories: Computers

The Power of Networks

The Power of Networks

The examples presented within the pages of this volume are arranged in a way to highlight three central typological pillars of HNR: (re-)construction and analysis of historical networks; computational extraction of network data and ...

Author: Florian Kerschbaumer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351744997

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 498

The Power of Networks describes a typology of network-based research practices in the historical disciplines, ranging from the use of quantitative network analysis in cultural, economic, social or political history or religious studies, to novel approaches in the Digital Humanities. Network data visualisations and calculations have proven to be useful tools for the analysis of mostly textual sources containing relational information, offering new perspectives on complex historical phenomena. Including case studies from antiquity to contemporary history, the book provides a clear demonstration of the opportunities historical network research (HNR) provides for historical studies. The examples presented within the pages of this volume are arranged in a way to highlight three central typological pillars of HNR: (re-)construction and analysis of historical networks; computational extraction of network data and infrastructures for data collection and exploration. The Power of Networks outlines the history and current state of research in HNR and points towards future research frontiers in the wake of new digital technologies. As such, the book should be essential reading for academics, students and practitioners with an interest in digital humanities, history, archaeology and religion.
Categories: History

The Power of Corporate Networks

The Power of Corporate Networks

This book provides a unique long-term analysis of the rise, consolidation, decline, and occasional re-emergence of these networks in fourteen countries across North and South America, Europe, and Asia in the 20th and early 21st centuries.

Author: Thomas David

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317913900

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 783

Corporate networks, the links between companies and their leaders, reflect a country’s economic organization and its corporate governance system. Most research on corporate networks focuses on individual countries or particular time periods, however, making fruitful comparisons over longer periods of time difficult. This book provides a unique long-term analysis of the rise, consolidation, decline, and occasional re-emergence of these networks in fourteen countries across North and South America, Europe, and Asia in the 20th and early 21st centuries. In this volume, the editors bring together the most internationally well-known specialists to investigate the long-term development of corporate networks. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative research approaches, the authors describe the main developments and changes in the corporate network over time by focusing on important network indicators in benchmark years, and identify historical explanations for these developments. This unique, long-term perspective allows readers insight into how and why national corporate networks have evolved over time.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Power of Networks

The Power of Networks

As the debate over the global politics of the Internet intensifies, this book will be a valuable guide for anyone seeking to understand the emergence, organization and shape of this new issue.

Author: Mikkel Flyverbom

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9780857936462

Category: Computers

Page: 222

View: 110

Mikkel Flyverbom s The Power of Networks is a timely and important contribution to the emerging interdisciplinary study of cyberspace politics. In an exceptionally well-written and researched book, Flyberbom employs a form of ethnographic method to uncover the grounded practices that inform the many hybrid forums and entangled authorities of Internet governance. The book will be of interest to those who want a deeper understanding of the complexity and nuance of the many social forces shaping global cyberspace today. Ronald J. Deibert, University of Toronto, Canada Flyverbom presents an original ethnography of the political ordering processes of the digital revolution. He lays bare the relational practices within hybrid global forums in which multiple actors are mobilized to participate, contest, and dialogue. The book makes an important contribution to emergent global politics governing technologies, networks, meanings, and people within the United Nations system. J.P. Singh, Georgetown University, US With an ever-growing number of users, the Internet is central to the processes of globalization, cultural formations, social encounters and economic development. These aside, it is also fast becoming an important political domain. Struggles over disclosure, access and regulation are only the most visible signs that the Internet is quickly becoming a site of fierce political conflict involving states, technical groups, business and civil society. As the debate over the global politics of the Internet intensifies, this book will be a valuable guide for anyone seeking to understand the emergence, organization and shape of this new issue. In this vivid study, Mikkel Flyverbom captures how questions about the digital divide and the information revolution, dialogues with stakeholders, and networked forms of organization have become key features of the global politics of the Internet. Tracing the making and stabilization of this transnational issue in and around the United Nations over almost a decade, this book demonstrates how multi-stakeholder networks make new political domains accessible and unsettle established ways of organizing transnational governance. The Power of Networks offers a rich account of the practices and effects of organizing global politics and governance through dialogues and collaborations between governments, business and societies the world over. Offering a novel analytical vocabulary for the study of ordering, governance and organization, this innovative ethnographic study of hybrid organizations and entangled forms of power in global politics shows how insights from actor-network theory and the Foucauldian governmentality literature can reinvigorate studies of transnational governance and organizational processes.
Categories: Computers

The Power of Information Networks

The Power of Information Networks

This is the first book to detail the theoretical foundations, methodological approaches, and international empirical evidence for this new perspective.

Author: Lei Guo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317537236

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 235

The news media have significant influence on the formation of public opinion. Called the agenda-setting role of the media, this influence occurs at three levels. Focusing public attention on a select few issues or other topics at any moment is level one. Emphasizing specific attributes of those issues or topics is level two. The Power of Information Networks: The Third Level of Agenda Setting introduces the newest perspective on this influence. While levels one and two are concerned with the salience of discrete individual elements, the third level offers a more comprehensive and nuanced perspective to explain media effects in this evolving media landscape: the ability of the news media to determine how the public associates the various elements in these media messages to create an integrated picture of public affairs. This is the first book to detail the theoretical foundations, methodological approaches, and international empirical evidence for this new perspective. Cutting-edge communication analytics such as network analysis, Big Data and data visualization techniques are used to examine these third-level effects. Diverse applications of the theory are documented in political communication, public relations, health communication, and social media research. The Power of Information Networks will interest scholars, students and practitioners concerned with the media and their social and cultural effects.
Categories: Political Science

Connecting to Change the World

Connecting to Change the World

Easily understandable and full of actionable advice, Connecting to Change the World is an informative guide to creating collaborative solutions to tackle the most difficult challenges society faces.

Author: Peter Plastrik

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781610915335

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 777

Something new and important is afoot. Nonprofit and philanthropic organizations are under increasing pressure to do more and to do better to increase and improve productivity with fewer resources. Social entrepreneurs, community-minded leaders, nonprofit organizations, and philanthropists now recognize that to achieve greater impact they must adopt a network-centric approach to solving difficult problems. Building networks of like-minded organizations and people offers them a way to weave together and create strong alliances that get better leverage, performance, and results than any single organization is able to do. While the advantages of such networks are clear, there are few resources that offer easily understandable, field-tested information on how to form and manage social-impact networks. Drawn from the authors’ deep experience with more than thirty successful network projects, Connecting to Change the World provides the frameworks, practical advice, case studies, and expert knowledge needed to build better performing networks. Readers will gain greater confidence and ability to anticipate challenges and opportunities. Easily understandable and full of actionable advice, Connecting to Change the World is an informative guide to creating collaborative solutions to tackle the most difficult challenges society faces.
Categories: Business & Economics

Handbook of Networks in Power Systems I

Handbook of Networks in Power Systems I

The Handbook of Networks in Power Systems includes the state-of-the-art developments that occurred in the power systems networks, in particular gas, electricity, liquid fuels, freight networks, as well as their interactions.

Author: Alexey Sorokin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642231933

Category: Mathematics

Page: 590

View: 957

Energy has been an inevitable component of human lives for decades. Recent rapid developments in the area require analyzing energy systems not as independent components but rather as connected interdependent networks. The Handbook of Networks in Power Systems includes the state-of-the-art developments that occurred in the power systems networks, in particular gas, electricity, liquid fuels, freight networks, as well as their interactions. The book is separated into two volumes with three sections, where one scientific paper or more are included to cover most important areas of networks in power systems. The first volume covers topics arising in electricity network, in particular electricity markets, smart grid, network expansion, as well as risk management. The second volume presents problems arising in gas networks; such as scheduling and planning of natural gas systems, pricing, as well as optimal location of gas supply units. In addition, the second volume covers the topics of interactions between energy networks. Each subject is identified following the activity on the domain and the recognition of each subject as an area of research. The scientific papers are authored by world specialists on the domain and present either state-of-the-arts reviews or scientific developments.
Categories: Mathematics

Social Capital in Singapore

Social Capital in Singapore

This hypothesis has been tested in the case of Singapore society and the empirical results from the research on the power of network diversity and bridging social capital are found in this volume.

Author: Vincent Chua

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000335279

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 228

How can social cohesion be achieved in a meritocratic and multicultural global city-state? Meritocracy poses a paradox: On one hand, it integrates individuals through frameworks of equal treatment, equal justice and opportunity regardless of race, language or religion. On the other hand, individuals are then segregating through academic sorting, they are rewarded based on credentials and performance which also results in elite identification and bonding. After a generation, without mitigation action, social stratification can result. Distinctive circles differentiating social elites from non-elites, the professional classes from non-professional classes emerge. The remedy the authors propose is network diversity which is the organic forming of ties across class and other social boundaries built on deliberate policies, programmes and platforms designed to facilitate that. This social mixing, forged in social infrastructure such as schools, workplaces, and voluntary associations pays off by producing the collective goods of national identity and trust. This hypothesis has been tested in the case of Singapore society and the empirical results from the research on the power of network diversity and bridging social capital are found in this volume. An insightful read for scholars and practitioners in public policy and social network analysis looking to understand the challenges faced by and the experiences that have emerged from the case of Singapore with its multicultural and cosmopolitan setting.
Categories: Social Science

The Power of Peer Learning

The Power of Peer Learning

This book explores the self-help, peer learning approach of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), comparing it with that of IDRC.

Author: Jean-H. Guilmette

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9781552503492

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 383

An ancient Chinese proverb tells us OC Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.OCO The same can be said for development assistance. Solutions provided by outside OC expertsOCO are often rejected or politely shelved. However, solutions based on the principle of OC self-helpOCO are far more likely to take root. This book explores the self-help, peer learning approach of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), comparing it with that of IDRC. It focuses on the importance of networks to development and growth, and demonstrates that network management is fundamentally different from the management of companies, organizations, or other bodies that fall under a single authority. The book will be of interest to planners, policymakers, and researchers in the industrialized and developing worlds, and particularly in the new and emerging democracies of Eastern Europe."
Categories: Business & Economics

The Power of Narrative in Environmental Networks

The Power of Narrative in Environmental Networks

Theory and case studies demonstrate the analytic potential of mutually constitutive “narrative networks” in environmental governance.

Author: Raul Lejano

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262019378

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 225

View: 598

Theory and case studies demonstrate the analytic potential of mutually constitutive "narrative networks" in environmental governance.
Categories: Business & Economics

Unlocking the Power of Networks

Unlocking the Power of Networks

They cover the gamut of public policy issues, including national security, and the book even includes a thought-provoking look at how jihadist terrorists use the principles of network management to pursue their goals.

Author: Stephen Goldsmith

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815701969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 451

The era of strict top-down, stovepiped public management in America is over. The traditional dichotomy between public ownership and privatization is an outdated notion. Public executives have shifted their focus from managing workers and directly providing services to orchestrating networks of public, private, and nonprofit organizations to deliver those services. Unlocking the Power of Networks employs original sector-specific analyses to reveal how networked governance achieves previously unthinkable policy goals. Stephen Goldsmith and Donald F. Kettl head a stellar cast of policy practitioners and scholars exploring the potential, strategies, and best practices of high-performance networks while identifying next-generation issues in public-sector network management. They cover the gamut of public policy issues, including national security, and the book even includes a thought-provoking look at how jihadist terrorists use the principles of network management to pursue their goals. Contributors: William G. Berberich (Virginia Tech), Tim Burke (Harvard University), G. Edward DeSeve (University of Pennsylvania),William D. Eggers (Manhattan Institute), Anne M. Khademian (Virginia Tech), H. Brinton Milward (University of Arizona), Mark H. Moore (Harvard University), Paul Posner (George Mason University), Jörg Raab (Tilburg University), and Barry G. Rabe (University of Michigan).
Categories: Business & Economics

The Power of Numbers and Networks

The Power of Numbers and Networks

This book is an important contribution to the understanding of the complex education policies of the twenty-first century.

Author: Julia Resnik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351336031

Category: Education

Page: 182

View: 958

This book is an important contribution to the understanding of the complex education policies of the twenty-first century. It unites world renowned comparatists of education in an effort to respond to the challenges raised by the multidimensional and multi-scalar aspects of education policies. In their attempt to decipher the tangled world of education policies, the authors underline the power of numbers, the power of networks and the power of new concepts and methodologies. The power of numbers – education through numbers via students’ assessments and national or international testing impacts upon our educational choices and reinforces its instrumental aspects. The power of networks – sheds light on the complexity of the education global governance network by focusing on how international governmental organisations (IGOs), such as UNESCO, the OECD and the World Bank carry out policy and on the intricate ways an educational concern becomes part of the international agenda. The power of concepts and methods – policymaking is increasingly dynamic and involves many different stakeholders, including states, private corporations, IGOs, scholars and non-profit organisations. Contributors to this volume have developed new conceptual and methodological perspectives to study the circulation of educational models worldwide. A relational notion of space, the concept of ‘diaspora’ as a space of relations of social actors or the global comparative approach and a methodology drawn on actors-network theory are among the propositions yielded by the authors in order to make sense of and grasp the complexity of education policies today. This book was originally published as a special issue of Globalisation, Societies and Education.
Categories: Education

The Power of Teacher Networks

The Power of Teacher Networks

This book is a must-read for anyone who cares about teaching and teacher development." —Mary M. Brabeck, Dean and Professor of Applied Psychology Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University Foster ...

Author: Ellen Meyers

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9781452273235

Category: Education

Page: 144

View: 455

Develop a teacher network or grow an existing one to support new teachers, reduce teacher isolation, increase retention rates, enhance professional practice, and nurture teacher leaders.
Categories: Education

The Hidden Power of Social Networks

The Hidden Power of Social Networks

In The Hidden Power of Social Networks, Cross and Parker, experts in "social network analysis"—a technique that visually maps relationships between people in large, distributed groups - apply this powerful tool to management for the first ...

Author: Robert L. Cross

Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press

ISBN: 9781633691537

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 684

A powerful, visual framework helps managers discover how employees really communicate and collaborate to get work done - and helps them identify ways they can influence these social networks to improve performance and innovation. In The Hidden Power of Social Networks, Cross and Parker, experts in "social network analysis"—a technique that visually maps relationships between people in large, distributed groups - apply this powerful tool to management for the first time. Based on their in-depth study of sixty informal employee networks in well-known companies around the world, Cross and Parker show managers how to conduct a social network analysis of their organization.
Categories: Business & Economics

Networks of Power

Networks of Power

Awarded the Dexter Prize by the Society for the History of Technology, this book offers a comparative history of the evolution of modern electric power systems.

Author: Thomas Parke Hughes

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801846145

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 832

Awarded the Dexter Prize by the Society for the History of Technology, this book offers a comparative history of the evolution of modern electric power systems. It described large-scale technological change and demonstrates that technology cannot be understood unless placed in a cultural context.
Categories: Science

The Incredible Power of Staff Networks

The Incredible Power of Staff Networks

'The Incredible Power of Staff Networks' sets out to serve two important functions: make the business case for staff networks so that board members, those in HR and anyone involved in the corporate health of an organisation can tap into the ...

Author: Cherron Inko-Tariah Mbe

Publisher:

ISBN: 1910125776

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 186

'The Incredible Power of Staff Networks' sets out to serve two important functions: make the business case for staff networks so that board members, those in HR and anyone involved in the corporate health of an organisation can tap into the powerful resource of their staff network; and offers practical insight into how to run an effective staff network that can have a positive impact on its members, wider organisation, and the bottom line. Any successful business, whatever the sector, whatever the marketplace, will understand the value in managing and harnessing the potential of an increasingly diverse workforce; want to recruit and retain the most talented people; and aim to provide the best service to clients and customers. Staff networks, because of their access, insight and experience, can help organisations achieve all of these things and provide valuable perspective. Acting as a collective voice, they can be effective, influential and innovative.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Power of Women s Informal Networks

The Power of Women s Informal Networks

The Power of Women's Informal Networks describes and evaluates social organization among poor women in South Asia and West Africa as attempts to challenge marginalization.

Author: Bandana Purkayastha

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739108042

Category: Social Science

Page: 142

View: 482

Too often, editors Bandana Purkayastha and Mangala Subramaniam have found, marginalized groups in rural or impoverished areas are overlooked by the international economy of knowledge. The Power of Women's Informal Networks describes and evaluates social organization among poor women in South Asia and West Africa as attempts to challenge marginalization. The discerning editors and contributors explicitly consider the situated contexts within which women work together to improve their lives, with a primary focus on international women's agencies.
Categories: Social Science

Network Power

Network Power

The idea of network power supplies a coherent set of terms and concepts—applicable to individuals, businesses, and countries alike—through which we can describe the processes of globalization as both free and forced.

Author: David Singh Grewal

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300145120

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 646

For all the attention globalization has received in recent years, little consensus has emerged concerning how best to understand it. For some, it is the happy product of free and rational choices; for others, it is the unfortunate outcome of impersonal forces beyond our control. It is in turn celebrated for the opportunities it affords and criticized for the inequalities in wealth and power it generates. David Singh Grewal’s remarkable and ambitious book draws on several centuries of political and social thought to show how globalization is best understood in terms of a power inherent in social relations, which he calls network power. Using this framework, he demonstrates how our standards of social coordination both gain in value the more they are used and undermine the viability of alternative forms of cooperation. A wide range of examples are discussed, from the spread of English and the gold standard to the success of Microsoft and the operation of the World Trade Organization, to illustrate how global standards arise and falter. The idea of network power supplies a coherent set of terms and concepts—applicable to individuals, businesses, and countries alike—through which we can describe the processes of globalization as both free and forced. The result is a sophisticated and novel account of how globalization, and politics, work.
Categories: Political Science

Building and Connecting Learning Communities

Building and Connecting Learning Communities

Illustrating how networked learning communities (NLCs) can impact school improvement, the authors examine formal/informal leadership roles, collaborative inquiry as an essential tool, and how NLCs support schoolwide accountability.

Author: Steven Katz

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9781412966016

Category: Education

Page: 118

View: 859

Illustrating how networked learning communities (NLCs) can impact school improvement, the authors examine formal/informal leadership roles, collaborative inquiry as an essential tool, and how NLCs support schoolwide accountability.
Categories: Education