The Positive School of Criminology

Three Lectures Given at the University of Naples, Italy on April 22, 23 and 24, 1901

Author: Enrico Ferri

Publisher: The Floating Press

ISBN: 1776529537

Category: Social Science

Page: 68

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Enrico Ferri was a prominent figure in the early development of the field of criminology. The school of thought that he developed, which came to be known as positivism, sought to identify and address the social, economic and environmental factors that contributed to the emergence of criminal and antisocial behavior in some people. The three lectures in this volume bring together many of Ferri's most influential ideas and theories.
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Methods of Murder

Beccarian Introspection and Lombrosian Vivisection in Italian Crime Fiction

Author: Elena M. Past

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442698101

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 384

View: 9952

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The first extended analysis of the relationship between Italian criminology and crime fiction in English, Methods of Murder examines works by major authors both popular, such as Gianrico Carofiglio, and canonical, such as Carlo Emilio Gadda. Many scholars have argued that detective fiction did not exist in Italy until 1929, and that the genre, which was considered largely Anglo-Saxon, was irrelevant on the Italian peninsula. By contrast, Past traces the roots of the twentieth-century literature and cinema of crime to two much earlier, diverging interpretations of the criminal: the bodiless figure of Cesare Beccaria’s Enlightenment-era On Crimes and Punishments, and the biological offender of Cesare Lombroso’s positivist Criminal Man. Through her examinations of these texts, Past demonstrates the links between literary, philosophical, and scientific constructions of the criminal, and provides the basis for an important reconceptualization of Italian crime fiction.
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The Birth of the New Justice

The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Author: Mark Lewis

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191635715

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 3605

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Until 1919, European wars were settled without post-war trials, and individuals were not punishable under international law. After World War One, European jurists at the Paris Peace Conference developed new concepts of international justice to deal with violations of the laws of war. Though these were not implemented for political reasons, later jurists applied these ideas to other problems, writing new laws and proposing various types of courts to maintain the post-World War One political order. They also aimed to enhance internal state security, address states' failures to respect minority rights, or rectify irregularities in war crimes trials after World War Two. The Birth of the New Justice shows that legal organizations were not merely interested in ensuring that the guilty were punished or that international peace was assured. They hoped to instill particular moral values, represent the interests of certain social groups, and even pursue national agendas. When jurists had to scale back their projects, it was not only because state governments opposed them. It was also because they lacked political connections and did not build public support for their ideas. In some cases, they decided that compromises were better than nothing. Rather than arguing that new legal projects were spearheaded by state governments motivated by "liberal legalism," Mark Lewis shows that legal organizations had a broad range of ideological motives - liberal, conservative, utopian, humanitarian, nationalist, and particularist. The International Law Association, the International Association of Penal Law, the World Jewish Congress, and the International Committee of the Red Cross transformed the concept of international violation to deal with new political and moral problems. They repeatedly altered the purpose of an international criminal court, sometimes dropping it altogether when national courts seemed more pragmatic.
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Popular Culture, Crime and Social Control

Author: Mathieu Deflem

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849507333

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3845

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Contains contributions on the theme of popular culture, crime, and social control. This title includes chapters that tease out various criminologically relevant issues, pertaining to crime/deviance and/or the control thereof, on the basis of an analysis of various aspects and manifestations of popular culture, including music, and movies.
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