The Polysynthesis Parameter

The Polysynthesis Parameter

This book investigates in detail the grammar of polysynthetic languages--those with very complex verbal morphology.

Author: Mark C. Baker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199762323

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 576

View: 877

This book investigates in detail the grammar of polysynthetic languages--those with very complex verbal morphology. Baker argues that polysynthesis is more than an accidental collection of morphological processes; rather, it is a systematic way of representing predicate-argument relationships that is parallel to but distinct from the system used in languages like English. Having repercussions for many areas of syntax and related aspects of morphology and semantics, this argument results in a comprehensive picture of the grammar of polysynthetic languages. Baker draws on examples from Mohawk and certain languages of the American Southwest, Mesoamerica, Australia, and Siberia.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Polysynthesis Parameter

The Polysynthesis Parameter

This book investigates in detail the grammar of polysynthetic languages--those with very complex verbal morphology.

Author: Mark C. Baker

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195093087

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 556

View: 854

This book investigates in detail the grammar of polysynthetic languages - those with very complex verbal morphology. Baker argues that polysynthesis is more than an accidental collection of morphological processes; rather, it is a systematic way of representing predicate-argument relationships that is parallel to but distinct from the system used in languages like English. Having repercussions for many areas of syntax and related aspects of morphology and semantics, this argument resultsin a comprehensive picture of the grammar of polysynthetic languages. Baker draws on examples from Mohawk and certain languages of the American Southwest, Mesoamerica, Australia, and Siberia.
Categories: Literary Criticism

A Grammar of Kadiw u

A Grammar of Kadiw  u

Author: Filomena Sandalo

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110381048

Category: Caduveo language

Page: 137

View: 138

Categories: Caduveo language

The Limits of Syntactic Variation

The Limits of Syntactic Variation

Kayne is right that a language like Mohawk can be modeled by a series of
microparameters involving agreement and dislocation ... The fact that Mohawk
has all those properties is not the real argument for the Polysynthesis Parameter:
the real ...

Author: Theresa Biberauer

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255150

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 521

View: 966

Against the background of the past half century s typological and generative work on comparative syntax, this volume brings together 16 papers considering what we have learned and may still be able to learn about the nature and extent of syntactic variation. More specifically, it offers a multi-perspective critique of the Principles and Parameters approach to syntactic variation, evaluating the merits and shortcomings of the pre-Minimalist phase of this enterprise and considering and illustrating the possibilities opened up by recent empirical and theoretical advances. Contributions focus on four central topics: firstly, the question of the locus of variation, whether the attested variation may plausibly be understood in parametric terms and, if so, what form such parameters might take; secondly, the fate of one of the most prominent early parameters, the Null Subject Parameter; thirdly, the matter of parametric clusters more generally; and finally, acquisition issues.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Morphosyntax of the Algonquian Conjunct Verb

The Morphosyntax of the Algonquian Conjunct Verb

The only exception to the generalization that all arguments are pro is where wh -
phrases appear . ... 1.8.3 The Polysynthesis Parameter Finally , Baker's ( 1996 )
formulation of the Polysynthesis Parameter constitutes a major contribution to the
 ...

Author: Julie Brittain

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 081534046X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 314

View: 970

The book investigates the synatctic distribution of the Algonquian Conjuct verb from the theoretical perspective of the Minimalist Program.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Principles and Parameters of Syntactic Saturation

Principles and Parameters of Syntactic Saturation

This work represents the first full-scale attempt to provide a restrictive theory of parameters--the nature and limits of syntactic variation.

Author: Gert Webelhuth

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195361384

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 250

View: 504

This work represents the first full-scale attempt to provide a restrictive theory of parameters--the nature and limits of syntactic variation. Focusing on syntactic saturation, Webelhuth hypothesizes that in natural language these phenomena are subject to the "Saturation Condition." He explains the principles behind this condition and demonstrates how it imposes strong constraints on what counts as a possible parameter in natural language. Webelhuth goes on to test this theory against empirical evidence from seven modern Germanic languages: German, Dutch, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, and Icelandic.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Rethinking Parameters

Rethinking Parameters

We will illustrate this problem with the Polysynthesis Parameter (Baker 1996),
defined in (2); properties associated with the positive fixation of the Polysynthesis
Parameter that consequently languages like Mohawk or Nahuatl should show
are ...

Author: Luis Eguren

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190613808

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 114

Parameters of linguistic variation were originally conceived, within the chomskyan Principles and Parameters Theory, as UG-determined options that were associated with grammatical principles and had a rich deductive structure. This characterization of parametric differences among languages has changed significantly over the years, especially so with the advent of Minimalism. This book collects a representative sample of current generative research on the status, origin and size of parameters. Often taking diverging views, the papers in the volume address some or all of the main debated topics in parametric syntax: i.e. are parameters provided by UG, or do they constitute emergent properties arising from points of underspecification?; in which component(s) of the language faculty are parameters to be found?; do clustering effects actually hold across languages?; do macroparameters exist alongside microparameters?; are there parameter hierarchies?; which is the origin and role of parameters in the process of language acquisition? The volume is organized into two parts. Part I ("The nature of variation and parameters") brings together studies whose main goal is to discuss general issues related to parameters (or variation more generally). Part II ("Parameters in the analysis of language variation: case studies") includes a number of works that deal with the empirical basis and proper formulation of well-known particular parameters: the Null Subject Parameter, the NP/DP Parameter, the Compounding Parameter, the Wh-Parameter and the Analyticity Parameter.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Lexical Categories

Lexical Categories

Table of contents

Author: Mark C. Baker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521001102

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 353

View: 687

This book investigates the fundamental nature of nouns, verbs, and adjectives.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Languages of Japan

The Languages of Japan

A survey of the two main indigenous languages of Japan includes the most comprehensive study of the polysynthetic Ainu language yet to appear in English as well as a comprehensive analysis of Japanese linguistics.

Author: Masayoshi Shibatani

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521369185

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 411

View: 127

A survey of the two main indigenous languages of Japan includes the most comprehensive study of the polysynthetic Ainu language yet to appear in English as well as a comprehensive analysis of Japanese linguistics.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Phrase Structure in Natural Language

Phrase Structure in Natural Language

Examines the principles which constrain the projection of sentence structures from lexical representations within the framework of Government-Binding Theory; examines the syntactic structure of Warlpiri.

Author: M.J. Speas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792307550

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 306

View: 301

Examines the principles which constrain the projection of sentence structures from lexical representations within the framework of Government-Binding Theory; examines the syntactic structure of Warlpiri.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Morphology at the Interfaces

Morphology at the Interfaces

This monograph addresses morphology and its interfaces with phonology and syntax by examining comparative data from the Uto-Aztecan language family, and analyses involving reduplication as well as noun incorporation and related derivational ...

Author: Jason D. Haugen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027255008

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 257

View: 608

This monograph addresses morphology and its interfaces with phonology and syntax by examining comparative data from the Uto-Aztecan language family, and analyses involving reduplication as well as noun incorporation and related derivational morphology are provided within the framework of Distributed Morphology. Reduplication is treated by analyzing reduplicative morphemes (reduplicants) as morphological pieces (Vocabulary Items) inserted into syntactic slots at Morphological Structure. Noun incorporation constructions are analyzed as involving either incorporation (head movement in syntax, a la Baker 1988), or conflation, involving direct merger of a nominal root into verbal position (a la Hale and Keyser 2002). It is argued that denominal verb constructions should be treated as a sub-case of NI, as in Hale and Keyser (1993). Finally, the historical development of the polysynthesis parameter in Nahuatl is discussed, and a reconstruction of the likely stages of development, each of which is attested elsewhere in the family, is presented.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Defining Creole

Defining Creole

Demonstration case : The Polysynthesis Parameter For example , Baker ( 1996 )
proposes that Universal Grammar includes a Polysynthesis Parameter , under
which a subset of the world ' s languages require that arguments can be theta ...

Author: John H. McWhorter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015060817643

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 653

Gathers articles on creole languages and their origins, by John H McWhorter, a unique and often controversial scholar in the field. This book is of interest to scholars and students of creole and pidgin studies, and lingustics more broadly.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Quiegolani Zapotec Syntax

Quiegolani Zapotec Syntax

A careful syntactic analysis ofQuiegolani Zapotec Syntax, presented descriptively and with a theoretical analysis.

Author: Cheryl A. Black

Publisher: Sil International and the Univ

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173008393160

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 349

View: 163

A careful syntactic analysis ofQuiegolani Zapotec Syntax, presented descriptively and with a theoretical analysis.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

The Languages of the Soviet Union

The Languages of the Soviet Union

The volume will be of importance and interest to linguists and to those with a broader professional interest in the Soviet Union.

Author: Professor of Linguistics Bernard Comrie

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN:

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 317

View: 470

A general account of the languages of the Soviet Union, one of the most diverse multinational and multilingual states in the world as well as one of the most important. There are some 130 languages spoken in the USSR, belonging to five main families and ranging from Russian, which is the first language of about 130,000,000 people, to Aluet, spoken only by 96 (in the 1970 census). Dr Comrie has two general aims. First, he presents the most important structural features of these languages, their genetic relationships and classification and their distinctive typological features. Secondly, he examines the social and political background to the use of functioning of the various languages in a multilingual state. The volume will be of importance and interest to linguists and to those with a broader professional interest in the Soviet Union.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Language

Language

On some subject / object asymmetries in Mohawk . Natural Language and
Linguistic Theory 9.537–76 . BAKER , MARK C. 1996. The polysynthesis
parameter . Oxford : Oxford University Press . BLOOMFIELD , LEONARD . 1946.
Algonquian .

Author: George Melville Bolling

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066110118

Category: Comparative linguistics

Page:

View: 950

Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Society in v. 1-11, 1925-34. After 1934 they appear in Its Bulletin.
Categories: Comparative linguistics

Studies in Language

Studies in Language

Take the Ergative Case Parameter as an example . In the PH , this parameter
comes into play only for head - final languages without optional polysynthesis .
But what Baker really wants to say , I think , is that only languages with these ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015064823399

Category: Language and languages

Page:

View: 797

Categories: Language and languages

Working Papers

Working Papers

Rather than explain away these polysynthetic properties , I suggest that the
Polysynthesis Parameter does apply in Hopi , but that its effects are partially
obscured due to some other macro - or microparameter applying at a more
superficial ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105021799098

Category: Linguistics

Page:

View: 513

Categories: Linguistics

Swahili Syntax

Swahili Syntax

Author: Anthony J. Vitale

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9070176386

Category: Swahili language

Page: 214

View: 496

Categories: Swahili language

University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics

University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics

The Polysynthesis Parameter . Oxford University Press . Bejar , Susana . 2003.
Phi - syntax : a theory of ... Argument Structure and the Syntax of a
Nonconfigurational Language . Doctoral dissertation . McGill University . Hale ,
Kenneth . 1983.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132162863

Category: Linguistics

Page:

View: 788

Categories: Linguistics

On the Principles of Word Formation in Swedish

On the Principles of Word Formation in Swedish

According to Baker polysynthetic languages ( where noun incorporation is one
salient feature ) have a plus value on the " macroparameter " he calls the
Polysynthesis parameter . This parameter states that " Every argument of a head
element ...

Author: Gunlög Josefsson

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105020675372

Category: Swedish language

Page: 182

View: 982

This thesis is an attempt to give an account of word formation in Swedish within the framework of Chomsky's Minimalist Program and Bare Phrase Structure. The purpose is to show that syntactic principles govern the formation of words, and that words must submit to the same demand for asymmetry as do phrases and clauses.
Categories: Swedish language