The Politics of Welfare State Reform in Continental Europe

Modernization in Hard Times

Author: Silja Häusermann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139485903

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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This book challenges existing theories of welfare state change by analyzing pension reforms in France, Germany, and Switzerland between 1970 and 2004. It explains why all three countries were able to adopt far-reaching reforms, adapting their pension regimes to both financial austerity and new social risks. In a radical departure from the neo-institutionalist emphasis on policy stability, the book argues that socio-structural change has led to a multidimensional pension reform agenda. A variety of cross-cutting lines of political conflict, emerging from the transition to a post-industrial economy, allowed governments to engage in strategies of political exchange and coalition-building, fostering broad cross-class coalitions in support of major reform packages. Methodologically, the book proposes a novel strategy to analyze lines of conflict, configurations of political actors, and coalitional dynamics over time. This strategy combines quantitative analyses of actor configurations based on coded policy positions with in-depth case studies.
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Welfare Democracies and Party Politics

Explaining Electoral Dynamics in Times of Changing Welfare Capitalism

Author: Philip Manow,Bruno Palier,Hanna Schwander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192535374

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 1072

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Europe's political landscapes are in turmoil, and new radical parties challenge the established political order. This book locates Europe's contemporary challenges within the longer economic and political trajectories of its 'welfare democracies'. The book argues that it is imperative to understand the specific structures of political competition and voter-party links to make sense of the political and economic turmoil of the last decades. In four distinct European welfare democracies (Nordic, Continental, Southern, and Anglo-Saxon), the political economy, the party system, and the structure of the political space are co-determined in a specific way. Accordingly, different packages of policies and politics and distinct patterns of alignment between core electoral groups and political parties exist in the four welfare democracies and shape the reactions of European welfare democracies to the current turmoil. This volume provides an analytical framework that links welfare states to party systems, combining recent contributions to the comparative political economy of the welfare state and insights from party and electoral politics. It states three phenomena. First, concerning electoral politics, the book identifies a certain homogenization of European party systems, the emergence of a new combination of leftist socio-economic and rightist socio-cultural positions in many parties, and, finally, the different electoral success of the radical right in the north of Europe and of the radical left in the south. Secondly, the contributions to this book indicate a confluence toward renewed welfare state support among parties and voters. Thirdly it demonstrates that the Europeanization of political dynamics, combined with incompatible growth models, has created pronounced European cleavages.
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The Europeanization of Workplace Pensions

Author: Alexandra Hennessy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107041058

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 189

View: 1061

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This book uses a multi-method approach to analyze the informal signaling processes that brought about the Europeanization of workplace pensions.
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The Politics of Advanced Capitalism

Author: Pablo Beramendi,Silja Häusermann,Herbert Kitschelt,Hanspeter Kriesi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107099862

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 468

View: 1578

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This book takes stock of the major economic and political challenges advanced capitalist democracies face today. It provides a synthetic view, allowing the reader to grasp the nature of key structural transformations and their consequences in terms of the politics of change, policy outputs, and outcomes.
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