Author: Lawrence S. GrossmanPublish On: 2000-11-09
Employing the increasingly popular framework of political ecology, which highlights the dynamic linkages between political-economic forces and human-environment relationships, Lawrence Grossman provides a new perspective on the history and ...
Author: Lawrence S. Grossman
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
This study of banana contract farming in the Eastern Caribbean explores the forces that shape contract-farming enterprises everywhere--capital, the state, and the environment. Employing the increasingly popular framework of political ecology, which highlights the dynamic linkages between political-economic forces and human-environment relationships, Lawrence Grossman provides a new perspective on the history and contemporary trajectory of the Windward Islands banana industry. He reveals in rich detail the myriad impacts of banana production on the peasant laborers of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Grossman challenges the conventional wisdom on three interrelated issues central to contract farming and political ecology. First, he analyzes the process of deskilling and the associated significance of control by capital and the state over peasant labor. Second, he investigates the impacts of contract farming for export on domestic food production and food import dependency. And third, he examines the often misunderstood problem of pesticide misuse. Grossman's findings lead to a reconsideration of broader debates concerning the relevance of research on industrial restructuring and globalization for the analysis of agrarian change. Most important, his work emphasizes that we must pay greater attention to the fundamental significance of the "environmental rootedness" of agriculture in studies of political ecology and contract farming.
On the impact of British policies on banana producers, see Grossman, The Political Ecology of Bananas. The French government adopted similar policies in
their Caribbean colonies. Raynolds, ''The Global Banana Trade.'' On British
Author: John Soluri
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Bananas, the most frequently consumed fresh fruit in the United States, have been linked to Miss Chiquita and Carmen Miranda, "banana republics," and Banana Republic clothing stores—everything from exotic kitsch, to Third World dictatorships, to middle-class fashion. But how did the rise in banana consumption in the United States affect the banana-growing regions of Central America? In this lively, interdisciplinary study, John Soluri integrates agroecology, anthropology, political economy, and history to trace the symbiotic growth of the export banana industry in Honduras and the consumer mass market in the United States. Beginning in the 1870s when bananas first appeared in the U.S. marketplace, Soluri examines the tensions between the small-scale growers, who dominated the trade in the early years, and the shippers. He then shows how rising demand led to changes in production that resulted in the formation of major agribusinesses, spawned international migrations, and transformed great swaths of the Honduran environment into monocultures susceptible to plant disease epidemics that in turn changed Central American livelihoods. Soluri also looks at labor practices and workers' lives, changing gender roles on the banana plantations, the effects of pesticides on the Honduran environment and people, and the mass marketing of bananas to consumers in the United States. His multifaceted account of a century of banana production and consumption adds an important chapter to the history of Honduras, as well as to the larger history of globalization and its effects on rural peoples, local economies, and biodiversity.
Grossman, L. S. (1993) The political ecology of banana exports and local food
production in St Vincent, Eastern Caribbean. Annals of the Association of
American Geographers, 83 (2), 347–367. Grossman, L. S. (1998) The Political Ecology of ...
Author: Paul Robbins
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
An accessible, focused exploration of the field of political ecology The third edition of Political Ecology spans this sprawling field, using grounded examples and careful readings of current literature. While the study of political ecology is sometimes difficult to fathom, owing to its breadth and diversity, this resource simplifies the discussion by reducing the field down into a few core questions and arguments. These points clearly demonstrate how critical theory can make pragmatic contributions to the fields of conservation, development, and environmental management. The latest edition of this seminal work is also more closely focused, with references to recent work from around the world. Further, Political Ecology raises critical questions about “traditional” approaches to environmental questions and problems. This new edition: Includes international work in the field coming out of Europe, Latin America, and Asia Explains political ecology and its tendency to disrupt the environmental research and practice by both advancing and undermining associated fields of study Contains contributions from a wide range of diverse backgrounds and expertise Offers a resource that is written in highly-accessible, straightforward language Outlines the frontiers of the field and frames climate change and the end of population growth with the framework of political ecology An excellent resource for undergraduates and academics, the third edition of Political Ecology offers an updated edition of the guide to this diverse, quickly growing field that is at the heart of how humans shape the world and, in turn, are shaped by it.
Landownership is concentrated , in that the banana companies and other
economic and political elites who live in San José are the major landowners .
The landless condition of second - generation members of El Hogar and other
Author: Ms Leslie E Anderson
Category: Social Science
"Why do some peasants rebel while others are quiescent? This comparative study of six peasant villages in Nicaragua and Costa Rica asserts a theory of 'political ecology' by which individual and community interests sometimes reach beyond the village bound
Grossman, L. S. (1998), The Political Ecology of Bananas: Contract Farming,
Peasants, and Agrarian Change in the Eastern Caribbean. Chapel Hill, NC: The
University of North Carolina Press. Gümüş, A. H. (2004), “Geçmişten geleceğe
Author: Ebru Kayaalp
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Political Science
Remaking Politics, Markets, and Citizens in Turkey critically analyses the travel of neoliberal ideas, policies, experts and institutions from the West to Turkey. Through an ethnographic investigation of the newly established tobacco market, Ebru Kayaalp considers how they are being adopted and transformed in their new settings. The February 2001 crisis, the most severe economic downturn in the history of Turkey, generated an emergency situation in which a series of sweeping neoliberal policies were implemented to prop up the collapsed economy. To receive the necessary loans from the international financial institutions, the Turkish government hastily enacted a number of neoliberal laws, including the notorious tobacco law. Remaking Politics, Markets, and Citizens in Turkey not only explores the repercussions of the new tobacco law, such as the establishment of a new regulatory institution, the emergence of contract farming and the privatization of the tobacco monopoly, thereby making a liberalized market, but also the smoking ban governing the bodies and spaces of Muslim citizens. Remaking Politics, Markets, and Citizens in Turkey provides an innovative contribution to Middle Eastern studies, filling the gap for anthropological research in Muslim countries on local economic relations and their connections with the global economy.
Ecology and acculturation among native peoples of Central Brazil . Science , 206
( 30 ) , 1043-1050 . Grossman , L. S. ( 1993 ) . The Political Ecology of Banana
Exports and Local Food Production in St. Vincent , Eastern Caribbean . Annals of
The Political Ecology of Rain Forest Destruction John Vandermeer, Ivette
Perfecto ... the local population may be maintained. the political ecology strategy
challenges nonsustainable development projects, such as modern banana
Author: John Vandermeer
Publisher: Food First Books
The continuing devastation of the world’s tropical rain forest affects us all—spurring climate change, decimating biodiversity, and wrecking our environment’s resiliency. Millions of worried people around the world want to do whatever it takes to save the forest that is left. But halting rain forest destruction means understanding what is driving it. In Breakfast of Biodiversity, John Vandermeer and Ivette Perfecto insightfully describe the ways in which such disparate factors as the international banking system, modern agricultural techniques, rain forest ecology, and the struggles of the poor interact to bring down the forest. They weave an alternative vision in which democracy, sustainable agriculture, and land security for the poor are at the center of the movement to save the tropical environment.
Thus she emphasizes a direct connection between the environment and the
structural adjustment policies imposed on many Caribbean governments by the
International Monetary Fund. ... The political ecology of bananas. Contract
Author: Cheris Kramarae
For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.
Political ecology stresses that humancultural geography that studies environment
relations can be adequately ... A case study of the banana industry on St. Vincent
and the Grenadines , an island nation in the Caribbean , illustrates this ...
Author: Paul L. Knox
Category: Human Geography
The Tools You Need for Success Geo Tutor Geo Tutor helps to develop basic geographic skills and aids in the exploration of political, cultural, economic, and physical geography of the world. You can use the highly interactive CD-ROM to draw thematic maps, use check-up questions to assess understanding, and use the glossary to hear difficult-to-pronounce words. Geo Tutor also contains a full digital reference atlas of the world. Companion Website http: //www.prenhall.com/knox The text-specific Website includes multiple-choice questions, quantitative exercises, critical-thinking exercises, and destinations. Most often, students receive immediate feedback which they can e-mail directly to their instructors. Are You Interested In Managing Your Course Online? Go to http: //www.prenhall.com/demo to learn more about course management options at Prentice Hal
1997 . “ Soil Conservation , Political Ecology , and Technological Change on
Saint Vincent . ” Geographical Review 87 : 353 - 74 . - . 1998 . The Political Ecology of Bananas : Contract Farming , Peasants , and Agrarian Change in the
Author: Steve Striffler
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
Category: Business & Economics
DIVThe history of banana cultivation and its huge impact on Latin American, history, politics, and culture./div
San Francisco GREENPEACE ( 1997 ) : Shrimp the Devastating Delicacy . San
Francisco GROSSMAN , L. S. ( 1998 ) : A Political Ecology of Banana Contract
Farming , Peasants , and Agrarian Change in the Eastern Caribbean 1998.
Bunker , Stephen 2003 Matter , Space , Energy , and Political Economy : The
Amazon in the World System . ... évocê acaba um dia ... você cria uma galinha ,
isso , vem tudo , verdura e você dá vontade de comer — é uma banana , e uma
jaca , e uma fruita - se tem , sempre que tem que ter feijão ... tem que ter . ...
Escobar , Arturo 1996 Constructing Nature : Elements for a Poststructural Political Ecology .
And I will sell my bananas to make the money to buy food and supplies for the
next year . ” Soa's tavy fields were planted with bananas , which she had been
tending since my arrival . Aside from the wages she received from me and Rivo ,
7 : Annual Pesticide Intensities for Other Crops in Latin America available for
other Costa Rican and Latin American Crop kg ai / ha / yr ' Country Banana Costa
Rica crops ( Chaverri 1999 ) , although some available Fruits & vegetables 20 ...
Journal articles, editedvolumes and bookscarryingthe phrase 'political ecology'in
their titleshave been appearing in recent ... (Pelling, 1999); transboundary
development(Dedina, 1995); bananas (Grossman, 1998); biogeography (
Author: Rod Neumann
Making Political Ecology presents a comprehensive view of an important new field in human geography and interdisciplinary studies of nature-society relations. Tracing the development of political ecology from its origins in geography and ecological anthropology in the 1970s, to its current status as an established field, the book investigates how late twentieth-century developments in social and ecological theories are brought together to create a powerful framework for comprehending environmental problems. Making Political Ecology argues for an inclusionary conceptualization of the field, which absorbs empirical studies from urban, rural, First World and Third World contexts and the theoretical insights of feminism, poststructuralism, neo-Marxism and non-equilibrium ecology. Throughout the book, excerpts from the writings of key figures in political ecology provide an empirical grounding for abstract theoretical concepts. Making Political Ecology will convince readers of political ecology's particular suitability for grappling with the most difficult questions concerning social justice, environmental change and human relationships with nature.
These included coffee , tagua , quinine bark , natural rubber , copper , balsa
wood , and Panama hats.80 The main engine of this boom was the export of bananas . Two factors in particular contributed to the Ecuadorian success with bananas .
Several people in Ankarabe had large banana vilos with more than 200 plants .
They sold the bananas in the village or in the coastal fishing villages . Banana
vilos are different from ones where corn is the major crop , since banana plants
tices and methods of packing aimed at enhancing the quality of exported bananas . Since 1992 there ... In the preface to this study , Grossman provides a
comprehensive literature review of political ecology and contract farming . An
Nevertheless , the banana companies retained control of all banana
commercialization and soon started political and ... certainly displayed features of
a banana - republic ' , social life in the hinterlands was hardly defined by the bananas .
Author: Kees Jansen
Publisher: Thesis Pub
Category: Political Science
The book is published by: Thela Publishers Amsterdam 16.5 x 24 cm 288 pages ISBN 90-5538-030-X £13.95/US$26.50/ƒ39.50.
... of the Windward Islands Banana Export Trade , Society for Caribbean Studies
Annual Conference Papers , vol . 1 , 2000 . 2. PRO CO 852/902/3 . 3. Denning
Report ; see Chapter 6 . 4. Lawrence Grossman , The Political Ecology of Bananas ...
Author: Gordon Myers
Publisher: Zed Books
Category: Business & Economics
In the Caribbean Windward Islands, one in three jobs and half of export earnings depend on bananas. But from the end of 2005, the European Union will give up the last non-tariff measures designed to protect this trade. Looming over the islanders are unemployment, poverty, further emigration, and the almost inevitable switch to growing illegal drugs.Banana Wars tells how the US government, answering the grievances of a single American corporation, forced the World Trade Organization to nullify a European Community commitment to protect small Caribbean banana growers. The international trading system lacks the flexibility needed to give states like the Windward Islands the protection that they need to survive, while powerful supermarket chains insist on ever-lower prices, to the short-term benefit of consumers but the serious detriment of growers. This book calls for new EU arrangements to help the Caribbean banana industry beyond 2005 and for the WTO to give greater consideration to the needs of very small states with vulnerable economies.