The Physics of Liquid Crystals

Author: P. G. de Gennes,J. Prost

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198517856

Category: Science

Page: 597

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The original edition was immediately recognized as a classic of condensed matter physics. This new edition covers the main properties of nematics, cholesterics, and smectics and columnar phases, particularly the symmetry and the mechanical and optical characteristics of each phase. The latter includes some applications to display systems. The emphasis on order-of-magnitude considerations should make it accessible to researchers and graduate students alike.
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Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Volume 1: Structure and Dynamics

Author: Jenö Sólyom

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540726004

Category: Science

Page: 697

View: 7830

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This book is the first of a three-volume series written by the same author. It aims to deliver a comprehensive and self-contained account of the fundamentals of the physics of solids. In the presentation of the properties and experimentally observed phenomena together with the basic concepts and theoretical methods, it goes far beyond most classic texts. The essential features of various experimental techniques are also explained. The text provides material for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses. It will also be a valuable reference for researchers in the field of condensed matter physics.
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Liquid Crystals through Experiments

Author: Mojca Čepič

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 162705300X

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 8740

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Soon after she became involved in the didactics of physics, the author of this book realized that the transfer of new discoveries in physics into schools and to undergraduate programs is almost non-existent. Such an introduction is difficult as students' k
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Fundamentals of Soft Matter Science

Author: Linda S. Hirst

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466590920

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 3179

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Soft materials such as liquid crystals, polymers, biomaterials, and colloidal systems touch every aspect of our lives. Not surprisingly, the rapid growth of these fields over the past few decades has resulted in an explosion of soft matter research groups worldwide. Fundamentals of Soft Matter Science introduces and explores the scientific study of soft matter and molecular self-assembly, covering the major classifications of materials, their structure and characteristics, and everyday applications. Designed for beginners to the field with a basic scientific background, this readable book emphasizes conceptual understanding, minimizing detailed mathematical derivations. Each chapter is dedicated to a different group of soft materials, including liquid crystals, surfactants, polymers, colloids, and soft biomaterials. Each subject is broken down into the essential concepts: material structures and physical characteristics, some simple theoretical ideas, and important experimental methods. The book emphasizes commonly used experimental techniques and practical applications. Full color illustrations and photographs are incorporated throughout to help describe the systems and key concepts.
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Liquid Crystal Elastomers

Author: Mark Warner,Eugene Michael Terentjev

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199214860

Category: Mathematics

Page: 407

View: 9231

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This text is a primer for liquid crystals, polymers, rubber and elasticity. It is directed at physicists, chemists, material scientists, engineers and applied mathematicians at the graduate student level and beyond.
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Vortices in Nonlinear Fields

From Liquid Crystals to Superfluids, from Non-equilibrium Patterns to Cosmic Strings

Author: Len M. Pismen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198501671

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 2327

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Although natural phenomena can be described by a few simple and symmetric basic laws they exhibit an astounding variety of behaviours. This can be explained by a process known as symmetry breaking, which can cause an ordered state to form with topological defects. The dynamics of furtherevolution are determined to a large extent by the dynamics of such defects. This book covers the structure and dynamics of vortices in a variety of nonlinear field models with spontaneously broken symmetry. Point vortices or vortex lines can correspond, depending on the physical setting, toquantized vortices in superfluids or superconductors, dislocations in non- equilibrium patterns, rotating spiral waves, disclinations in liquid crystals, singularities in optical fields or strings in relativistic field theories. This book is unique in considering vortices in these differentsettings, but also emphasizes the analytical methods that allow an understanding of the common theoretical structure underlying defect dynamics.
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Dislocations

International Series of Monographs on Solid State Physics

Author: J. Friedel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483135926

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 7840

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Dislocations deals with the main properties of dislocations, including motion, climb, and vacancies. Topics covered include the elastic theory of dislocations, imperfect dislocations, and crystal growth, along with dislocation networks, annealing, and grain boundaries. The interaction of dislocations with other defects is also discussed. This book is comprised of 17 chapters and begins with an overview of the general properties of dislocations, with emphasis on perfect and real crystals and the general case for translation dislocations. The reader is then introduced to the motion of dislocations, including glide; vacancies and interstitial atoms; dislocation climb; imperfect dislocations and surfaces of misfit; and crystal growth, including growth from a liquid phase. The next section is devoted to the more or less complex networks of dislocations that can be formed in crystals, and to the plastic properties corresponding to these arrays. The remaining chapters explore the interactions of dislocations with other crystalline defects, primarily impurity atoms. This monograph is intended for physicists, metallurgists, materials scientists, research and engineering students, and research engineers.
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