The People's Tycoon

Henry Ford and the American Century

Author: Steven Watts

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780307558978

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 656

View: 1696

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How a Michigan farm boy became the richest man in America is a classic, almost mythic tale, but never before has Henry Ford’s outsized genius been brought to life so vividly as it is in this engaging and superbly researched biography. The real Henry Ford was a tangle of contradictions. He set off the consumer revolution by producing a car affordable to the masses, all the while lamenting the moral toll exacted by consumerism. He believed in giving his workers a living wage, though he was entirely opposed to union labor. He had a warm and loving relationship with his wife, but sired a son with another woman. A rabid anti-Semite, he nonetheless embraced African American workers in the era of Jim Crow. Uncovering the man behind the myth, situating his achievements and their attendant controversies firmly within the context of early twentieth-century America, Watts has given us a comprehensive, illuminating, and fascinating biography of one of America’s first mass-culture celebrities. From the Trade Paperback edition.
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The Dao of Capital

Austrian Investing in a Distorted World

Author: Mark Spitznagel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118416678

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 5047

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As today's preeminent doomsday investor Mark Spitznageldescribes his Daoist and roundabout investmentapproach, “one gains by losing and loses by gaining.”This is Austrian Investing, an archetypal, counterintuitive,and proven approach, gleaned from the 150-year-old Austrian Schoolof economics, that is both timeless and exceedingly timely. In The Dao of Capital, hedge fund manager andtail-hedging pioneer Mark Spitznagel—with one of the topreturns on capital of the financial crisis, as well as over acareer—takes us on a gripping, circuitous journey from theChicago trading pits, over the coniferous boreal forests andcanonical strategists from Warring States China to NapoleonicEurope to burgeoning industrial America, to the great economicthinkers of late 19th century Austria. We arrive at his centralinvestment methodology of Austrian Investing, where victorycomes not from waging the immediate decisive battle, but ratherfrom the roundabout approach of seeking the intermediatepositional advantage (what he calls shi), of aiming at theindirect means rather than directly at the ends. The monumentalchallenge is in seeing time differently, in a whole newintertemporal dimension, one that is so contrary to ourwiring. Spitznagel is the first to condense the theories of Ludwig vonMises and his Austrian School of economics into a cohesiveand—as Spitznagel has shown—highly effective investmentmethodology. From identifying the monetary distortions andnon-randomness of stock market routs (Spitznagel's bread andbutter) to scorned highly-productive assets, in Ron Paul's wordsfrom the foreword, Spitznagel “brings Austrian economics fromthe ivory tower to the investment portfolio.” The Dao of Capital provides a rare and accessible lookthrough the lens of one of today's great investors to discover aprofound harmony with the market process—a harmony that is soessential today.
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Modernism and the Culture of Efficiency

Ideology and Fiction

Author: Evelyn Cobley

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802099572

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 344

View: 8979

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Cobley's close readings of modernist British fiction by writers as diverse as Aldous Huxley, Joseph Conrad, and E.M. Forster identify characters whose attitudes and behaviour patterns indirectly manifest cultural anxieties that can be traced to the conflicted logic of efficiency.
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The Search for Negotiated Peace

Women's Activism and Citizen Diplomacy in World War I

Author: David S. Patterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113589860X

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 1031

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The First World War was an epic event of huge proportions that lasted over four years and involved the armies of more than twenty nations, resulting in 30 million casualties, including more than 8 million killed. Set against the backdrop of this massive carnage, The Search for Negotiated Peace is the gripping story of the events that moved high profile American and European citizens, particularly women, into the international peace movement. This small, transatlantic network put forth proposals for changing the international system of negotiation. They supported non-annexationist war aims and attempted to discredit nations’ secret diplomacy, militarism and narrowly nationalistic practices. Instead, they wanted to develop a ‘new diplomacy.’ David Patterson skillfully develops the interactions of many of the notable leaders of the movement, including Jane Addams, Aletta Jacobs, and Rosika Schwimmer, into an absorbing narrative that brings together the various strands of women's history, international diplomatic history, and peace history for the first time. The Search for Negotiated Peace is an essential read for anyone interested in the social history of World War I and the foundations of citizen activism today.
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Self-help Messiah

Dale Carnegie and Success in Modern America

Author: Steven Watts

Publisher: Other Press, LLC

ISBN: 159051503X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 544

View: 2597

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An illuminating biography of the man who taught Americans “how to win friends and influence people” Before Stephen Covey, Oprah Winfrey, and Malcolm Gladwell there was Dale Carnegie. His book, How to Win Friends and Influence People, became a best seller worldwide, and Life magazine named him one of “the most important Americans of the twentieth century.” This is the first full-scale biography of this influential figure. Dale Carnegie was born in rural Missouri, his father a poor farmer, his mother a successful preacher. To make ends meet he tried his hand at various sales jobs, and his failure to convince his customers to buy what he had to offer eventually became the fuel behind his future glory. Carnegie quickly figured out that something was amiss in American education and in the ways businesspeople related to each other. What he discovered was as simple as it was profound: Understanding people’s needs and desires is paramount in any successful enterprise. Carnegie conceived his book to help people learn to relate to one another and enrich their lives through effective communication. His success was extraordinary, so hungry was 1920s America for a little psychological insight that was easy to apply to everyday affairs. Self-help Messiah tells the story of Carnegie’s personal journey and how it gave rise to the movement of self-help and personal reinvention.
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The 100 Most Significant Events in American Business

An Encyclopedia

Author: Quentin R. Skrabec

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313398623

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 3955

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This reference book details the top 100 groundbreaking events in the history of American business, featuring case studies of successful companies who challenged traditional operating paradigms, historical perspectives on labor laws, management practices, and economic climates, and an examination of the impact of these influences on today's business practices. * Chronology of key events in the history of American business from 1630 to the present * Helpful sidebars of the evolution of key terms used today * Comprehensive index includes category, company names, personal names, and cross references to other events * Suggestions for further reading for each article * 10 relevant charts and tables * Appendix of relevant sources * 80 key primary documents supporting major events in American business
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The Spiritual-Industrial Complex

America's Religious Battle against Communism in the Early Cold War

Author: Jonathan P. Herzog

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199832013

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4379

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In his farewell address, Dwight D. Eisenhower warned the nation of the perils of the military-industrial complex. But as Jonathan Herzog shows in this insightful history, Eisenhower had spent his presidency contributing to another, lesser known, Cold War collaboration: the spiritual-industrial complex. This fascinating volume shows that American leaders in the early Cold War years considered the conflict to be profoundly religious; they saw Communism not only as godless but also as a sinister form of religion. Fighting faith with faith, they deliberately used religious beliefs and institutions as part of the plan to defeat the Soviet enemy. Herzog offers an illuminating account of the resultant spiritual-industrial complex, chronicling the rhetoric, the programs, and the policies that became its hallmarks. He shows that well-known actions like the addition of the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance were a small part of a much larger and relatively unexplored program that promoted religion nationwide. Herzog shows how these efforts played out in areas of American life both predictable and unexpected--from pulpits and presidential appeals to national faith drives, military training barracks, public school classrooms, and Hollywood epics. Millions of Americans were bombarded with the message that the religious could not be Communists, just a short step from the all-too-common conclusion that the irreligious could not be true Americans. Though the spiritual-industrial complex declined in the 1960s, its statutes, monuments, and sentiments live on as bulwarks against secularism and as reminders that the nation rests upon the groundwork of religious faith. They continue to serve as valuable allies for those defending the place of religion in American life.
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Industrialization and the Transformation of American Life: A Brief Introduction

A Brief Introduction

Author: Jonathan Rees

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131746804X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 7725

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This book provides a descriptive, episodic yet analytical synthesis of industrialization in America. It integrates analysis of the profound economic and social changes taking place during the period between 1877 and the start of the Great Depression. The text is supported by 30 case studies to illustrate the underlying principles of industrialization that cumulatively convey a comprehensive understanding of the era.
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Touching the City

Thoughts on Urban Scale

Author: Timothy Makower

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118737695

Category: Architecture

Page: 216

View: 3514

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Scale in cities is relative and absolute. It has the ability tomake us feel at home in the world or alien from it; connected ordisconnected. Both large and small scale in cities can bebeautiful; both are right, neither is wrong. Whilst accepting thatprescription is no answer, 'getting the scale right' – at anintuitive and sensual level – is a fundamental part of themagic of architecture and urban design. Touching the City exploreshow scale is manifested in cities, exploring scale in buildings, inthe space between them and in their details. It asks how scalemakes a difference. Travelling from Detroit to Chandigarh, via New York, London,Paris, Rome and Doha, Tim Makower explores cities with theanalytical eye of a designer and with the experiential eye of theurban dweller. Looking at historic cities, he asks what is goodabout them: what can we learn from the old to inform the new? Thebook zooms in from the macro scale of surfing Google Earth to micromoments such as finding fossils in a weathered wall. It examinesthe dynamics and movement patterns of cities, the making of streetsand skylines, the formation of thresholds and facades, and it alsotouches on the process of design and the importance of drawing. Asthe book's title, Touching the City, suggests, it alsoemphasises the tactile – that the city is indeed somethingphysical, something we can touch and be touched by, alive and everchanging.
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Under the Big Top

Big Tent Revivalism and American Culture, 1885-1925

Author: Josh McMullen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266740

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 7713

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Under the Big Top examines the immensely popular big tent revivals of turn-of-the-twentieth-century America and develops a new framework for understanding Protestantism in this transformative period of the nation's history. Contemporary critics of the revivalists often depicted them as anxious and outdated religious opponents of a modern, urban nation. Early historical accounts likewise portrayed tent revivalists as Victorian hold-outs, bent on re-establishing nineteenth-century values and religion in a new America. In this revisionist work, Josh McMullen argues that, contrary to these stereotypes, big tent revivalists actually participated in the shift away from Victorianism and helped in the construction of a new consumer culture in the United States. How did the United States became the most consumer-driven and yet one of the most religious societies in the western world? McMullen shows that revivalists and their audiences reconciled the Protestant ethic of salvation with the emerging consumer ethos by cautiously unlinking Christianity from Victorianism and joining it to the new, emerging consumer culture. Under the Big Top helps to explain the continued appeal of both the therapeutic and the salvific worldview to many Americans as well as the ambivalence that accompanies this combination.
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