Nevertheless , two more ambushes took place here in July 1921 . However ,
even the most violent Volunteers only hesitantly engaged in such operations .
The leader of a Flying Column sent out from Derry City described their intentions :
' It ...
Author: Joost Augusteijn
Political events in the period between the 1916 Rising and the Truce of 1921 are well documented, but the experience of Volunteers at local level has not been extensively analysed before now. As a result it has so far been impossible to provide a satisfactory explanation for the fact that the IRA was so much more active in the South-west than in other areas. Augusteijn is the first to compare the way in which ordinary people in various parts of the country became involved with the IRA and what they did once they had joined. He examines the interaction on a personal level between the IRA, Crown Forces, and the population of five different counties: Derry, Dublin, Mayo, Tipperary and Wexford, and concludes that the form this interaction took played a crucial role in the extent to which violence was used. He thus provides an insight into the reasons why some young men became increasingly willing to use violence, and offers a new explanation for the dominance of south-western units in the War of Independence, on the basis of their actual experiences. He then reappraises the impact of the less well known units in the North, East and West which have so far been widely ignored. This book uses only original sources (many previously unused) including police reports, internal IRA communications and many reminiscences as well as the large number of interviews with rank-and-file Volunteers carried out by the author.
... particularly in the key area of Derry City . Their primary intention there was to
construct a favourable image of catholic Derry by stressing the piety and fidelity of the people against the grasping and discriminatory policy of the local unionists .
55 Smyth , a divisional commissioner with the RIC , was killed on 17 July in Cork city . ... 65 Francis Wright was subsequently charged with O'Hara's shooting but
found not guilty ; the assizes noted that the accused had a large number of people as defence witnesses ' ( PRONI , Crown ... 78 A. Bielenberg , “ The Watt
family and the distilling industry in Derry 1762–1921 ' , Ulster Folklife II ( 1994 ) 1-
Author: Ronan Gallagher
Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd
Category: Social Science
"This book concentrates on three critical years in the development of Derry, when the corporation was controlled by a nationalist Sinn Fein majority." "In January 1920 the city elected its first nationalist mayor and corporation since the 1600s. The book recounts the life of this corporation and the subsequent violence and destruction, as the city sought to define its position within the national struggle for independence. Particular attention is paid to 1920 when, for a brief moment, the city came to the brink of civil war. The book also examines the day-to-day operation of the corporation (particularly the ambitious Banagher water scheme) as well as the circumstances the corporation found itself in nationally, when Sinn Fein accepted a truce with the British in 1921."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
In the council elections ofJanuary 1920, the Nationalists took control of Derry City
and appointed a Catholic mayor. Under Lloyd ... Nineteen people were killed and
over fifty people were wounded, the majority being Roman Catholics. The few ...
Author: Joseph McKenna
Tracing the development of the Irish Republican Army following Ireland’s Declaration of Independence, this book focuses on the recruitment, training, and arming of Ireland’s military volunteers and the Army’s subsequent guerrilla campaign against British rule. Beginning with a brief account of the failed Easter Rising, it continues through the resulting military and political reorganizations, the campaign’s various battles, and the eventual truce agreements and signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. Other topics include the significance of Irish intelligence and British counter-intelligence efforts; urban warfare and the fight for Dublin; and the role of female soldiers, suffragists, and other women in waging the IRA’s campaign.
Strange as it may seem , mounting violence did not prevent the Irish people from
living generally normal lives . ... the Catholic quarter in Derry City , and four days
of rioting in July left nineteen persons dead and more than fifty wounded .
Author: Joseph Maroney Curran
"The Irish Free State (Irish: Saorstát Éireann Irish pronunciation: [si?sta?t e?n]; 6 December 1922? 29 December 1937) was the state established in 1922 as a Dominion of the British Empire under the Anglo-Irish Treaty signed by British and Irish representatives exactly twelve months beforehand. On the day the Irish Free State was established, it comprised the entire island of Ireland, but as expected Northern Ireland almost immediately exercised its right under the treaty to remove itself from the new state. The Irish Free State effectively replaced both the self-proclaimed Irish Republic (founded 21 January 1919) and the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland. W.T. Cosgrave, the first President of the Irish Free State had led both of these "governments" since August 1922. The Irish Free State came to an end in 1937, when the citizens voted by referendum to replace the 1922 constitution. It was succeeded by the sovereign and current state of Ireland, which until 1949 was often referred to as Eire."--Wikipedia.
... a block consisting of the Six Counties : Antrim , Down , Armagh , Derry , Tyrone
, and Fermanagh , including Derry City ... could only hope to maintain the Union
by uncompromising opposition to the wishes of the majority of the Irish people .
Enoch Poor ' s month - - but not being in any public ship Regiments , from the 230
Day of April , he received no pension for ... Sammercantile purs its in this city ,
and ever manifested a high sense of honor and inuel McClintock , D . D . , of
Greenland , N . II . , the father ... early removed to Londonderry , August , 1854 ,
President Pierce renewed Ireland ; and after the siege of that place ed in 1688 - 9
, came ...
Adjusted for size of population (Chart 2), Roscommon had 6.6 deaths per 10,000
of population, Galway only 3.6. Outside Antrim (overwhelmingly in Belfast city)
and Londonderry (overwhelmingly in Derry city), the counties which in 1921 ...
Author: Eunan O'Halpin
Publisher: Yale University Press
The first comprehensive account to record and analyze all deaths arising from the Irish revolution between 1916 and 1921 This account covers the turbulent period from the 1916 Rising to the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921—a period which saw the achievement of independence for most of nationalist Ireland and the establishment of Northern Ireland as a self-governing province of the United Kingdom. Separatists fought for independence against government forces and, in North East Ulster, armed loyalists. Civilians suffered violence from all combatants, sometimes as collateral damage, often as targets. Eunan O’Halpin and Daithí Ó Corráin catalogue and analyze the deaths of all men, women, and children who died during the revolutionary years—505 in 1916; 2,344 between 1917 and 1921. This study provides a unique and comprehensive picture of everyone who died: in what manner, by whose hands, and why. Through their stories we obtain original insight into the Irish revolution itself.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 extended the electorate from virtually
male household suffrage to universal suffrage for men over 21 years old and ... 2
T . W . Russell ( Tyrone North ) and Sir James Dougherty ( Londonderry City ) .
Author: Cornelius O'Leary
Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd
Category: Social Science
This work examines issues on which scholarly opinion is not settled. For example, was there a real danger of civil war in Ireland in 1914? Did Redmond and Carson reach a serious agreement in 1916? Was the new Craig government on a position to wreck the negotiations of 1921? A further volume will concern the Boundary Commission, the MacDonald mission to Dublin in 1940, and the declaration of the Republic in 1949.
Author: Arthur (Duke of Connaught)Publish On: 1921
Mr . Derry , Engineer who had been responsible for the decorations : at the
Station . ... Commissioners of the Corporation of Calcutta , on behalf of the people
of this City , offer to Your Royal Highness a . most respectful and hearty welcome
New York City . 8069.232 3 v : Portraits . Plates . 3634.55 What the child saw .
Jacobs . 3549a.213 Washington , George . ... 1921 . 3868.184 1799. Transcribed
and compiled by Jos . A. Hoskins . Summerfield , N. C. 1921 . Last pages from a
journal ... A record of experientes run , " in Derry gaol , and it Internment Camp .
( January 31 , 1921 ) . ( 111. ) . ... ( April 4 , 1921 ) . " Neither Wars Nor Rents
Disturb This Curious People . " ( November 1 , 1920 ) . ( 111. ) “ This Five - Story
Cone - Dwelling Was a Four Family Flat . ... Londonderry : The " Maiden City of
The Irish people claim no more than their right as a nation to determine freely for
themselves how they shall be governed . ... Adopted at the January session of
Dail Eireann , 1921 . ... Constance de Markieviz , deputy for St . Patricks , Dublin
City ; Eoin MacNeill , deputy for National University and Derry City ; Frank
In the other four of the six counties , taken as a unit , that is Armagh , Derry ,
Tyrone , and Fr. managh there is a majority against ... in the rest of Ireland is so
strong that if the wishes of the people were really consulted union must follow
immediately . ... to startle the mob , insured the result of this general election as it
has been insured at every General Election since 1921 . ... When this method
does not work , as in Derry City where the Nationalists have a strong majority ,
another simple ...
Author: United States. Congress
The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)
After partition in terminology is to refer simply to the two parts 1921 six of the nine
counties of Ulster of Ireland as “ the North ' and the South ' . This , officially
became ... Although virtually all the inhabitants commonly use the more
convenient shorter term – at least when speaking - Unionist passions ran high
when in 1984 the city council decided to change its official name to Derry . With
Solomon - like ...
Devolved Government in Northern Ireland, 1921-39 Patrick Buckland ... widows'
pensions, and other matters which so closely touch the lives and conditions of the people day by day. ... a Unionist, Mrs Dehra Parker, M.P. for Londonderry City
and County from 1921 until 1929 and for South Londonderry from 1932 until
Ireland has room for all her people . ... In his speech at Derry City , Fr O '
Flanagan pointed out the illegitimacy of partition as follows : The boundaries of
Ireland were ... They in Ulster were holding the fort , as 19 Derry Journal , 23 May 1921 .
The Civil Rights Movement By the mid 1960's the people of Ireland were
floundering in a bitterly divisive sea of troubles . ... The 1921 British partition of
Ireland — by which the six county area , thereafter called Northern Ireland , was
severed from the other 26 counties ... The gerrymander of the Derry city wards
meant that 20,102 nationalist votes would elect eight seats to the City Council ,
while 10,274 ...
Author: P. Michael O'Sullivan
Category: Iron age
Since 1966, P. Michael O'Sullivan has spent a total of almost a full year living with Nationalists throughout Ireland. Because he is the only journalist who has gained their confidence, Patriot Graves shows the I.R.A. with an extraordinary openness: we see guerillas on the run, in the field, on bombing and sniping missions, and at home with family and friends. It is as uncompromising as the terms of the centuries-old Irish struggle. This is not a romantic book, but one which brings into focus the life - and death - that is a revolution. In addition, there are some penetrating insights into the revolutionary mind. there are ten interviews with both citizens and crucial leaders like Joe Cahill, Daithi O'Connell and Sean MacStiofain. The book shows the broad base of the republican Movement, a movement which includes all the Irish, North and South - the farmers, villagers, factory workers, grocers, women and children. In Patriot Graves it becomes clear that the issue which divides the Irish is one of politics rather than religion, and that the violence is a temporary by-product of a struggle among people who are committed to obtaining an independent Republic of Ireland, united under one 32-county government. The book gives exciting, on-the-spot coverage of crucial events - events which no other journalist was allowed to cover.