The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

"While many dictionaries of economics are available for purchase, this title is unique because of its greater depth of treatment.

Author: Joel Mokyr

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780195105070

Category: Economic history

Page: 2824

View: 803

What were the economic roots of modern industrialism? Were labor unions ever effective in raising workers' living standards? Did high levels of taxation in the past normally lead to economic decline? These and similar questions profoundly inform a wide range of intertwined social issues whose complexity, scope, and depth become fully evident in the Encyclopedia. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the field, the Encyclopedia is divided not only by chronological and geographic boundaries, but also by related subfields such as agricultural history, demographic history, business history, and the histories of technology, migration, and transportation. The articles, all written and signed by international contributors, include scholars from Europe, Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Covering economic history in all areas of the world and segments of ecnomies from prehistoric times to the present, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History is the ideal resource for students, economists, and general readers, offering a unique glimpse into this integral part of world history.
Categories: Economic history

A System of Life

A System of Life

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam in the Modern World, vol. 2, New York et al.:
OUP, pp. 344–52. Dube, Christian (2004). ... 95–119. Esposito, John L. and John
J. Donohue (1982). Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives, Oxford et al.: OUP.

Author: Jan-Peter Hartung

Publisher: Hurst & Company Limited

ISBN: 9780199361779

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 685

While much current research on political Islam revolves around militant Islamism, the genesis of this ideology remains little understood. A System of Life is a pioneering examination of the earliest attempt at a systematic outline of Islamist ideology, namely that proposed in the 1930s and early 1940s by the renowned Indo-Muslim intellectual Sayyid Abu'l-A'la Mawdudi. Hartung reconstructs his thought in the light of the competing ideologies at play at the time, especially his claim to recast Islam as an all-comprehensive, self-contained and inner-worldly system of life. His analysis is embedded in an understanding of the history of ideas that assumed increasingly global dimensions through colonial encounters. By showing how Mawdudi -- depicted as a major protagonist of this development - attempted to align elements of Western philosophical thought with selected traditional Islamic ideas and concepts, 'Islamism' is established as an Islamic contribution to a universalistic notion of modernity. Along with offering a detailed portrayal of Mawdudi's system of thought, Hartung also discusses the reception and modification of his ideas in the Middle East, predominantly among intellectuals of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, and among their imitators in postcolonial South Asia.
Categories: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Education

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Education

... Gesetz über die öffentlichen Primarschulen (Bern: Carl Stäm, 1835), 3. Daniel
Tröhler, “Educationalization of Social Problems and the Educationalization of the
Modern World,” in Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory, ed.

Author: John L. Rury

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199340033

Category: Comparative education

Page: 632

View: 412

This handbook offers a global view of the historical development of educational institutions, systems of schooling, ideas about education, and educational experiences. Its 36 chapters consider changing scholarship in the field, examine nationally-oriented works by comparing themes andapproaches, lend international perspective on a range of issues in education, and provide suggestions for further research and analysis.Like many other subfields of historical analysis, the history of education has been deeply affected by global processes of social and political change, especially since the 1960s. The handbook weighs the influence of various interpretive perspectives, including revisionist viewpoints, takingparticular note of changes in the past half century. Contributors consider how schooling and other educational experiences have been shaped by the larger social and political context, and how these influences have affected the experiences of students, their families and the educators who have workedwith them.The Handbook provides insight and perspective on a wide range of topics, including pre-modern education, colonialism and anti-colonial struggles, indigenous education, minority issues in education, comparative, international, and transnational education, childhood education, non-formal and informaleducation, and a range of other issues. Each contribution includes endnotes and a bibliography for readers interested in further study.
Categories: Comparative education

The Idea of Tradition in the Late Modern World

The Idea of Tradition in the Late Modern World

Online. https://www.valpo.edu/ christ-college/files/2017/05/BLUEPRINT-OF-
CHRIST-COLLEGE.pdf. ———. “The Destiny of a Christian University in the
Modern World.” In The Lutheran Reader, edited by Paul J. Contino and David
Morgan, ...

Author: Thomas Albert Howard

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532678912

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 500

Our late modern era is marked by the rapidity of change; waxing pluralism; focus on the future, not the past; the elevation of personal choice over communal obligation; and, for some, a sense of spiritual and intellectual disorientation that can lead to resentment, fear, nostalgia, and/or a disordered desire for absolute certainty and rigid authority. How can religious traditions be maintained and even thrive in such an environment? How do they negotiate the fluidity of it all and transmit their beliefs and practices to future generations? What should be the role of academic authorities vis-a-vis religious authorities in this process? Finally, what can different religious traditions learn from one another on the general topic of tradition? This volume invites readers to participate in a candid ecumenical and interreligious conversation involving Christian, Jewish, and Muslim voices. The editor and contributors alike contend that the "Abrahamic" faiths, while having honest differences, face common challenges from contemporary culture, which often fosters incomprehension about the depth, breadth, and intellectual rigor of religious traditions. At the same time, traditions can become disengaged and moribund without attending to them with careful reflection, discernment, and conversation with others who hold different points of view.
Categories: Religion

Cultures of Diplomacy and Literary Writing in the Early Modern World

Cultures of Diplomacy and Literary Writing in the Early Modern World

... Diplomat, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004; online edn,
October 2008) Loudun, Mark, 'Rogers, ... 441–56 doi:10.1111/hic3.12329 Taylor,
C. C. W., and Mi-Kyoung Lee, 'The Sophists', The Stanford Encyclopedia of ...

Author: Tracey A. Sowerby

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198835691

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 410

This interdisciplinary volume explores core emerging themes in the study of early modern literary-diplomatic relations, developing essential methods of analysis and theoretical approaches that will shape future research in the field. Contributions focus on three intimately related areas: the impact of diplomatic protocol on literary production; the role of texts in diplomatic practice, particularly those that operated as 'textual ambassadors'; and the impact of changes in the literary sphere on diplomatic culture. The literary sphere held such a central place because it gave diplomats the tools to negotiate the pervasive ambiguities of diplomacy; simultaneously literary depictions of diplomacy and international law provided genre-shaped places for cultural reflection on the rapidly changing and expanding diplomatic sphere. Translations exemplify the potential of literary texts both to provoke competition and to promote cultural convergence between political communities, revealing the existence of diplomatic third spaces in which ritual, symbolic, or written conventions and semantics converged despite particular oppositions and differences. The increasing public consumption of diplomatic material in Europe illuminates diplomatic and literary communities, and exposes the translocal, as well as the transnational, geographies of literary-diplomatic exchanges. Diplomatic texts possessed symbolic capital. They were produced, archived, and even redeployed in creative tension with the social and ceremonial worlds that produced them. Appreciating the generic conventions of specific types of diplomatic texts can radically reshape our interpretation of diplomatic encounters, just as exploring the afterlives of diplomatic records can transform our appreciation of the histories and literatures they inspired.
Categories: History

The Gunpowder Age

The Gunpowder Age

The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World
Economy. Princeton: Princeton University ... In Clifford Rogers, ed., The Oxford
Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford
 ...

Author: Tonio Andrade

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691178141

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 247

The Chinese invented gunpowder and began exploring its military uses as early as the 900s, four centuries before the technology passed to the West. But by the early 1800s, China had fallen so far behind the West in gunpowder warfare that it was easily defeated by Britain in the Opium War of 1839–42. What happened? In The Gunpowder Age, Tonio Andrade offers a compelling new answer, opening a fresh perspective on a key question of world history: why did the countries of western Europe surge to global importance starting in the 1500s while China slipped behind? Historians have long argued that gunpowder weapons helped Europeans establish global hegemony. Yet the inhabitants of what is today China not only invented guns and bombs but also, as Andrade shows, continued to innovate in gunpowder technology through the early 1700s—much longer than previously thought. Why, then, did China become so vulnerable? Andrade argues that one significant reason is that it was out of practice fighting wars, having enjoyed nearly a century of relative peace, since 1760. Indeed, he demonstrates that China—like Europe—was a powerful military innovator, particularly during times of great warfare, such as the violent century starting after the Opium War, when the Chinese once again quickly modernized their forces. Today, China is simply returning to its old position as one of the world's great military powers. By showing that China’s military dynamism was deeper, longer lasting, and more quickly recovered than previously understood, The Gunpowder Age challenges long-standing explanations of the so-called Great Divergence between the West and Asia.
Categories: History

Globalization Modernization and Education in Muslim Countries

Globalization  Modernization  and Education in Muslim Countries

In : J . L . Esposito ( ed . ) The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World ,
Vol . 4 , New York : Oxford University Press . Hunter , S . H . ( 1998 ) The Future of
Islam and the West : Clash of Civilizations or Peaceful Coexistence , Westport ...

Author: Rukhsana Zia

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015066778476

Category: Education

Page: 305

View: 433

Globalisation and modernisation are the buzzwords of the new millennium. They serve to sharpen the focus on the dynamic nature of political, economic and social systems and, in this book, the editor and contributors attempt to locate educational changes in a selected number of Muslim countries within the over-arching global scene. There has been considerable debate about the legitimacy of these terms and both have inspired definitions, nuances and accompanying emotions that run the whole gambit from welcoming acceptance to murderous aggressions. Terms like ancient, medieval or modern, when describing eras in the history of Europe, with the most recent one being referred to as post-modern, have been strongly debated. And, within the broad sweep of globalisation it is argued that there are identifiable stages, with many making for exclusive definitions, others inclusive.
Categories: Education

India s Worlds and U S Scholars 1947 1997

India s Worlds and U S  Scholars  1947 1997

13 The Muslim difference becomes a way of furthering the Islamic contribution to
the resacralization of life in the 21st century , from South Asia as well as from
Malaysia , from ... In The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World , ed .

Author: Joseph W. Elder

Publisher:

ISBN: 8173042357

Category: India

Page: 608

View: 481

Contributed articles on history of the study of India in the United States and contributions of the study of India to various academic disciplines.
Categories: India

Choice

Choice

00 978 - 0 - 19 - 516019 - 2 THE SOCIAL WORK MODERN WORLD WOMEN IN
WORLD HISTORY The Encyclopedia of The Oxford Encyclopedia Social Work ,
20th Edition of the Modern World Co - published by the National PETER N ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079680503

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 867

Categories: Academic libraries

Christian Responses to Islam

Christian Responses to Islam

Muslim-Christian Relations in the Modern World Anthony O'Mahony, Emma
Loosley. 25 Cesari , J. and ... 30 Breiner , B. F. and Troll , C. W. , ' Christianity and
Islam , in Esposito , J. , The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World ,
vol .

Author: Anthony O'Mahony

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015077127432

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 785

This is the only book currently on the market that attempts to construct a global perspective of Christian-Muslim interaction in a post-9/11 world.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

promote progress and separate the modern world from and music as teaching
devices . The ministry also comthe oddities and exoticisms of the past , Mexico
repre missioned and published artist Adolfo Best Maugard ' s sented itself with
pre ...

Author: David Carrasco

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019514256X

Category: Central America

Page: 476

View: 512

Presenting the most up-to-date coverage on our knowledge of this society, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures is the first comprehensive and comparative reference source to chronicle Pre-Hispanic, Colonial, and modern Mesoamerica.Written for a wide audience, it is an invaluable reference for interested lay persons, students, teachers, and scholars in such fields as art, archaeology, religious studies, anthropology, Latin American culture, and the history of the region. Organized alphabetically, the articles range from500-word biographies to 7,000-word entries on geography and history to the legacy of the arts, writings, architecture, and religious rituals.An extensive network of cross-references, blind entries, and annotated bibliographies guide the reader to related entries within the Encyclopedia and provide the groundwork for further research.
Categories: Central America

Religion in Development

Religion in Development

T . M . Shaw ( eds ) , Development , Civil Society and Faith - Based Organisations
: Bridging the Sacred and the Secular , Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan . Kuran
, Timur ... The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World , Vol . 1 , New ...

Author: Séverine Deneulin

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: STANFORD:36105124154597

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 807

This timely new book expertly explores the treatment of religion in the evolution of development thought. The book argues that development theory and practice needs to rewrite its dominant script regarding its treatment of religion, a script which has so far been heavily inscribed in the secular tradition. In addition to providing a conceptual framework for analyzing the role of religion in development, the book provides numerous empirical examples drawn from the Christian and Islamic religious traditions. This comprehensive new guide to this key issue is essential for students, development thinkers and practitioners who wish to understand better the role that religion plays in development processes and outcomes.
Categories: Political Science

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt P Z

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt  P Z

... race is still a powerful interpretive model in modern society . As Kamala
Visweswaran ( 1998 ) concludes , “ Races certainly exist , but they have no
biological meaning outside the social significance we attach to biological
explanation itself .

Author: Donald B. Redford

Publisher:

ISBN: 0195138236

Category: Egypt

Page: 620

View: 512

Featuring 600 original articles written by leading experts, it goes far beyond the findings of archaeology to include social, political, religious, cultural and artistic information on the Nile Delta civilization.
Categories: Egypt

Ulama Politics and the Public Sphere

  Ulama   Politics  and the Public Sphere

Rashid Rida as a Pan - Arabist before World War I. ” Muslim World 79/2 ( 1989 ) :
10 : 102–12 . The Arab Movements in World War I. London : Frank Cass , 1993 .
... The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World , vol . 4 , pp . 109-17 .

Author: Meir Hatina

Publisher: Utah Series in Turkish and Isl

ISBN: IND:30000127727257

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 329

Traces the diverse Ulama reactions to late nineteenth and early twentieth century state building and national cohesion in Egypt.
Categories: History

Your Cradle is Green

Your Cradle is Green

Tarantino , Mardijah Aldrich ( 1982 / 1994 ) , Marvellous Stories from the Life of
Muhammad . ... Ahmed , Akbar & Hastings Donnan ( 1994 ) , ' Islam in the Age of
Postmodernity ' . ... The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World , Vol .

Author: Torsten Janson

Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell International

ISBN: IND:30000092854565

Category: Religion

Page: 395

View: 147

Torsten Janson has been a lecturer in Islamology at Lund University, Sweden, since 1995.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford encyclopedia of children s literature

The Oxford encyclopedia of children s literature

A further reformist notion traceable to Rousseau's fimile is the conviction that the
autonomy of a child's world must be ... a new function: it is the metaphoric
representation of the antagonistic contrast in modern life between the child's
sense of ...

Author: Jack David Zipes

Publisher:

ISBN: 0195146565

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 469

View: 299

Categories: Literary Criticism