The Origins of U S Nuclear Strategy 1945 1953

The Origins of U S  Nuclear Strategy  1945 1953

Despite portents of worsening Soviet-American relations and certain precautionary measures like the Spaatz-Tedder agreement, the United States did not immediately accelerate the buildup of its nuclear capabilities.

Author: Samuel R. Williamson Jr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137058829

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 965

The United States took almost a decade after Hiroshima and Nagasaki to develop a coherent strategy of nuclear deterrence. This comprehensive study by two careful and well-informed historians provides the best explanation we have of why this process took so long; it also suggests the inherent difficulties of relying on nuclear weapons to provide security in the first place. Required reading for anyone interested in the early history of the nuclear era.
Categories: Political Science

Hegemony and Culture in the Origins of NATO Nuclear First Use 1945 1955

Hegemony and Culture in the Origins of NATO Nuclear First Use  1945   1955

There are good reasons to abandon the label “isolationist” as a description of U.S. interwar policy, at least until the ... Jr. and Steven L. Rearden, The origins of U.S. nuclear strategy, 19451953 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993).

Author: A. Johnston

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781403976932

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 836

Johnston argues that the preemptive first-use of nuclear weapons, long the foundation of American nuclear strategy, was not the carefully reasoned response to a growing Soviet conventional threat. Instead, it was part of a process of cultural 'socialization', by which the United States reconstituted the previously nationalist strategic cultures of the European allies into a seamless western community directed by Washington. Building a bridge between theory and practice, this book examines the usefulness of cultural theory in international history.
Categories: Political Science

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics Updated Edition

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics  Updated Edition

62–87; Steven T. Ross, American War Plans, 1945–1950 (New York: Garland, 1988); and Samuel R. Williamson and Steven L. Rearden, The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953 (New York: St. Martin's, 1993). 156.

Author: John J. Mearsheimer

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393076245

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 859

"A superb book.…Mearsheimer has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the behavior of great powers."—Barry R. Posen, The National Interest The updated edition of this classic treatise on the behavior of great powers takes a penetrating look at the question likely to dominate international relations in the twenty-first century: Can China rise peacefully? In clear, eloquent prose, John Mearsheimer explains why the answer is no: a rising China will seek to dominate Asia, while the United States, determined to remain the world's sole regional hegemon, will go to great lengths to prevent that from happening. The tragedy of great power politics is inescapable.
Categories: Political Science

A History of U S Nuclear Testing and Its Influence on Nuclear Thought 1945 1963

A History of U S  Nuclear Testing and Its Influence on Nuclear Thought  1945   1963

The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993. Wilson, John Lewis, and Xue Litai. China Builds the Bomb. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1988. Zubok, Vladislav, and Constantine Pleshakov.

Author: David M. Blades

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442232013

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 540

The story of U. S. nuclear testing between 1945 and 1963 is a vivid and exciting one, but also one of profound importance. It is a story of trailblazing scientific progress, weapons of mass destruction, superpower rivalry, accidents, radiological contamination, politics, and diplomacy. The testing of weapons that defined the course and consequences of the Cold War was itself a crucial dimension to the narrative of that conflict. Further, the central question - Why conduct nuclear tests? - was fully debated among American politicians, generals, civilians, and scientists, and ultimately it was victory for those who argued in favor of national security over diplomatic and environmental costs that normalized nuclear weapons tests. A History of U. S. Nuclear Testing and Its Influence on Nuclear Thought, 1945–1963 is an examination of this question, beginning with the road to normalization and, later, de-normalization of nuclear testing, leading to the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 1963. As states continue to pursue nuclear weaponry, nuclear testing remains an important political issue in the twenty-first century.
Categories: Political Science

Avoiding Armageddon

Avoiding Armageddon

John Lewis Gaddis, The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941-1947 (New York: Columbia University Press, ... As cited in Samuel R. Williamson Jr. and Steven L. Rearden, The Origins of US Nuclear Strategy, 1945-1953 (New ...

Author: Andrew Richter

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774840422

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 479

Drawing on previously classified government records, Richter reveals that Canadian defence officials independently came to strategic understandings of the most critical issues of the nuclear age regarding the use of force in resolving disputes. Canadian appreciation of deterrence, arms control, and strategic stability differed conceptually from the US models. Similarly, Canadian thinking on the controversial issues of air defence and the domestic acquisition of nuclear weapons was primarily influenced by decidedly Canadian interests. This book illustrates Canada's considerable latitude for independent defence thinking while providing key historical information that helps make sense of the contemporary Canadian defence debate.
Categories: History

American National Security and Economic Relations with Canada 1945 1954

American National Security and Economic Relations with Canada  1945 1954

"Financing Copper Contracts," 2 February 1954, U.S. Congress, Senate, Hearings Before the Committee on Interior and Insular ... Jr. and Steven L. Rearden, The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 1945-1953 (New York, 1993), 107-11l. 52.

Author: Lawrence Aronsen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780275958916

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 138

This work is a reassessment of Canada's special relationship with the United States.
Categories: Political Science

Image of U S Presidential Administrations

Image of U S  Presidential Administrations

Regarding the origins of the nuclear strategy, see Samuel R. Williamson and Steven L. Rearden, The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 1945-1953 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1993), in addition to the article written by David Alan ...

Author: Célia Belim

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739178263

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 712

This edited collection analyzes two American presidential administrations–George W. and Barack Obama. This book gives a European point of view and contributes to the study of U.S. presidencies. Making a comparison and giving outlooks from European academics’ standpoints, the political image analyzed fulfills a critical gab in the literature. Playing multiple hands, this work encompasses the vigor of young academics and the sapience of experienced researchers.
Categories: Political Science

A Global History of the Nuclear Arms Race Weapons Strategy and Politics 2 volumes

A Global History of the Nuclear Arms Race  Weapons  Strategy  and Politics  2 volumes

New York: Garland, 1988. Williamson, Samuel R., Jr., and Steven L. Rearden. The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993. Soviet Strategies Adomeit, Hannes. Soviet Risk-Taking and Crisis Behavior.

Author: Richard Dean Burns

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440800955

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 494

Written by two preeminent authors in the field, this book provides an accessible global narrative of the nuclear arms race since 1945 that focuses on the roles of key scientists, military chiefs, and political leaders. • Makes the case that nuclear weaponry gradually assumed political stature and came to dominate high-level diplomatic activity • Describes inherent problems posed by various delivery systems of nuclear weaponry • Draws connections between military strategy and nuclear arms control efforts as well as anti-missile systems • Identifies and assesses post-Cold War issues in dealing with nuclear terrorism
Categories: History

John Foster Dulles

John Foster Dulles

Piety, Pragmatism, and Power in U.S. Foreign Policy Richard H. Immerman ... in particu— lar is David Alan Rosenberg, "The Origins of Overkill: Nuclear Weapons and American Strategy, 1945—1960," International Security 7 (Spring 1983).

Author: Richard H. Immerman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781461638018

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 371

John Foster Dulles was one of the most influential and controversial figures in the history of twentieth-century U.S. foreign relations. Active in the field for decades, Dulles reflected and was a reflection of the tension that pervaded U.S. international conduct from its evolution as a global power in the early twentieth century through its emergence as the 'leader of the Free World' during the Cold War. His life and career embody the best and most troubling aspects of American foreign policy as it progressed toward international supremacy while swaying between altruism and self-interest. In this biography, Richard Immerman traces Dulles's path from his early days growing up in the parsonage of the First Presbyterian Church of Watertown, N.Y., through his years of amassing influence and power as an international business lawyer and adviser, to his service as President Eisenhower's secretary of state. This volume illuminates not only the history of modern U.S. foreign policy, but its search for a twentieth-century identity. Sophisticated yet accessible, John Foster Dulles: Piety, Pragmatism, and Power in U.S. Foreign Policy is an important resource for graduate and undergraduate courses in U.S. history and U.S. foreign relations.
Categories: Political Science

Milestones in strategic arms control 1945 2000

Milestones in strategic arms control 1945 2000

Atomic Energy: Growth of a Policy (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office [GPO], n.d.), 106–8. ... See Samuel R. Williamson Jr., and Steven L. Rearden, The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953 (New York: St. Martin's Press, ...

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781428990234

Category:

Page:

View: 925

Categories:

Shaped by War and Trade

Shaped by War and Trade

International Influences on American Political Development Ira Katznelson, Martin Shefter ... see Samuel R. Williamson Jr., and Steven L. Rearden, The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993).

Author: Ira Katznelson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691188270

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 706

In the twenty-first century, globalization poses major challenges to the key players in U.S. domestic politics--challenges similar to many that Americans have faced from abroad since the nation's founding. But it is only in recent decades that links have been drawn between the study of American political development and international relations; even now, emphasis falls primarily on how domestic politics affects the world arena. This book redresses the imbalance. Ten leading scholars explore how, over the past two centuries, the changing positions of the United States in the world economy and in the international political order have shaped U.S. political institutions and domestic politics. Ira Katznelson, Aristide R. Zolberg, and Robert O. Keohane demonstrate the central role that efforts to contend with foreign military and economic competition played in forming the major institutions of U.S. government from the framing of the Constitution through the Civil War. Martin Shefter, Theda Skocpol (writing with Ziad Munson, Andrew Karch, and Bayliss Camp), Ronald Rogowski, and Judith Goldstein show how the nation's political institutions were transformed by problems of war and trade the U.S. subsequently faced. Aaron L. Friedberg, Bartholomew H. Sparrow, and Peter A. Gourevitch conclude the volume by analyzing how international conflicts during and after the Cold War influenced governmental institutions and domestic politics in the United States over the past fifty years. Shaped by War and Trade sets the agenda for further exploration of a topic whose discussion is long overdue.
Categories: Political Science

Reader s Guide to Military History

Reader s Guide to Military History

Originsof Overkill: Nuclear Weapons and American Strategy, 1945¥1960 ̄, International Security, 7/4(Spring 1983):3¥71 Schelling, ... The Origins of US Nuclear Strategy, 19451953, New York: St Martin«s Press, 1993 Wohlstetter, Albert, ...

Author: Charles Messenger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135959777

Category: History

Page: 986

View: 717

This book contains some 600 entries on a range of topics from ancient Chinese warfare to late 20th-century intervention operations. Designed for a wide variety of users, it encompasses general reviews of aspects of military organization and science, as well as specific wars and conflicts. The book examines naval and air warfare, as well as significant individuals, including commanders, theorists, and war leaders. Each entry includes a listing of additional publications on the topic, accompanied by an article discussing these publications with reference to their particular emphases, strengths, and limitations.
Categories: History

Atomic Age America

Atomic Age America

David Alan Rosenberg, “The Origins of Overkill: Nuclear Weapons and American Strategy, 1945–1960,” International Security 7 ... Samuel R. Williamson, Jr. and Steven Rearden, The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953 (New York: St.

Author: Martin V. Melosi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315509754

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 226

Atomic Age America looks at the broad influence of atomic energy¿focusing particularly on nuclear weapons and nuclear power¿on the lives of Americans within a world context. The text examines the social, political, diplomatic, environmental, and technical impacts of atomic energy on the 20th and 21st centuries, with a look back to the origins of atomic theory.
Categories: History

Case Studies in Strategic Bombardment

Case Studies in Strategic Bombardment

For the development of U.S. policy , see Samuel R. Williamson , Jr. , and Steven L. Rearden , The Origins of U.S. Nuclear ... Memo , Col David A. Burchinal for Asst for Programming , DCS / O , et al . , subj : Air Force FY 1953 Program ...

Author: R. Cargill Hall

Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office

ISBN: UOM:39015043104259

Category: Bombardment

Page: 665

View: 157

Categories: Bombardment

After Hiroshima

After Hiroshima

Williamson, Samuel R., and Rearden, Steven L., The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953 (New York, 1993). Winkler, Allen M., Life undera Cloud: American Anxiety about the Atom (New York, 1993). Wittner, Lawrence S., One World or ...

Author: Matthew Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139487337

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 502

By emphasising the role of nuclear issues, After Hiroshima, published in 2010, provides an original history of American policy in Asia between the dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan and the escalation of the Vietnam War. Drawing on a wide range of documentary evidence, Matthew Jones charts the development of American nuclear strategy and the foreign policy problems it raised, as the United States both confronted China and attempted to win the friendship of an Asia emerging from colonial domination. In underlining American perceptions that Asian peoples saw the possible repeat use of nuclear weapons as a manifestation of Western attitudes of 'white superiority', he offers new insights into the links between racial sensitivities and the conduct of US policy, and a fresh interpretation of the transition in American strategy from massive retaliation to flexible response in the era spanned by the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
Categories: Political Science

Crucible of Power

Crucible of Power

A history of American foreign relations from 1945 Howard Jones ... Steinitz, Mark S. “The U.S. Propaganda Effort in Czechoslovakia, 1945–48. ... “A 'Wasting Asset': American Strategy and the Shifting Nuclear Balance, 1949–1954.

Author: Howard Jones

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742564534

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 828

Employing a narrative approach that uncovers the tangled and often confusing nature of foreign affairs, Crucible of Power focuses on the personalities, security interests, and post-war/Cold War tendencies behind the formulation and implementation of U.S. foreign policy since 1945. The book includes updated coverage of the Bush administration's foreign policy, with particular emphasis on the Middle East. Selections from key foreign policy documents appear in each chapter.
Categories: History

Duncan Sandys and British Nuclear Policy Making

Duncan Sandys and British Nuclear Policy Making

... Atom Bomb for the Size, Composition, Organization, and Role of the Future Air Force: 23 October, 1945' cited in Reardon, S. L. and Williamson, S. R., The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953 (New York: St. Martin's, 1993), p.

Author: Lewis Betts

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137585479

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 503

This book offers new perspectives on British nuclear policy-making at the height of the Cold War, arguing that the decisions taken by the British government during the 1950s and 1960s in pursuit of its nuclear ambitions cannot be properly understood without close reference to Duncan Sandys, and in particular the policy preferences that emerged from his experiences of the Second World War and his efforts leading Britain's campaign against the V-1 and V-2. Immersing himself in this campaign against unmanned weaponry, Sandys came to see ballistic missiles as the only guarantor of nuclear credibility in the post-war world, placing them at the centre of his strategic thinking and developing a sincerely-held and logically-consistent belief system which he carried with him through a succession of ministerial roles, allowing him to exert a previously undocumented level of influence on the nature of Britain's nuclear capabilities and its approach to the Cold War. This book shows the profound influence Sandys' personal belief system had on Britain's attempts to acquire a credible nuclear deterrent.
Categories: History

Dean Acheson

Dean Acheson

Subject: U.S. Policy Regarding Secrecy of Scientific Knowledge about Atomic Bomb and Atomic Energy, Truman Papers (PSF), ... The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993), 39; Gaddis, U.S. and the ...

Author: Robert L. Beisner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199754896

Category: Political Science

Page: 832

View: 145

Dean Acheson was one of the most influential Secretaries of State in U.S. history, presiding over American foreign policy during a pivotal era--the decade after World War II when the American Century slipped into high gear. During his vastly influential career, Acheson spearheaded the greatest foreign policy achievements in modern times, ranging from the Marshall Plan to the establishment of NATO. In this acclaimed biography, Robert L. Beisner paints an indelible portrait of one of the key figures of the last half-century. In a book filled with insight based on research in government archives, memoirs, letters, and diaries, Beisner illuminates Acheson's major triumphs, including the highly underrated achievement of converting West Germany and Japan from mortal enemies to prized allies, and does not shy away from examining his missteps. But underlying all his actions, Beisner shows, was a tough-minded determination to outmatch the strength of the Soviet bloc--indeed, to defeat the Soviet Union at every turn. The book also sheds light on Acheson's friendship with Truman--one, a bourbon-drinking mid-Westerner with a homespun disposition, the other, a mustachioed Connecticut dandy who preferred perfect martinis. Over six foot tall, with steel blue, "merry, searching eyes" and a "wolfish" grin, Dean Acheson was an unforgettable character--intellectually brilliant, always debonair, and tough as tempered steel. This lustrous portrait of an immensely accomplished and colorful life is the epitome of the biographer's art.
Categories: Political Science

Double edged Sword

Double edged Sword

Nuclear Diplomacy in Unequal Conflicts : the United States and China, 1950-1958 Appu Kuttan Soman ... See also Steven Rearden and Samuel R. Williamson Jr. , The Origins of US Nuclear Strategy , 1945-1953 ( New York : St. Martin's Press ...

Author: Appu Kuttan Soman

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275966232

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 998

Explores the efficacy of nuclear diplomacy, the consequences of American nuclear brinkmanship, and the implications of the recent revival of nuclear diplomacy by the Clinton administration in conflicts with non-nuclear adversaries.
Categories: Political Science

Historical Dictionary of the Cold War

Historical Dictionary of the Cold War

Paterson, Robert H. Britain's Strategic Nuclear Deterrent: From before the V-Bomber to beyond Trident. ... Russia, the U.S., and the Missile Technology Control Regime. ... The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, 19451953.

Author: Joseph Smith

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442281868

Category: Political Science

Page: 422

View: 967

“Cold war” was a term coined in 1945 by left-leaning British writer George Orwell to predict how powers made unconquerable by having nuclear weapons would conduct future relations. It was popularized in 1947 by American journalist Walter Lippmann amid mounting tensions between the erstwhile World War II Allies - the capitalist democracies - the United States of America and Britain - versus the Soviet Union, a communist dictatorship. As the grand alliance of the “Big Three” they had defeated Nazi Germany, its satellites and Japan in World War II but became rivals who split the world into an American-led Western “bloc” and Soviet-led Eastern “bloc.” Both were secured from direct attack by arraying ever-greater nuclear and conventional forces against the other while seeking global supremacy by other means. The 45-year Cold War lasted until the Soviet Union collapsed between 1989 and 1991. This second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Cold War contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 400 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, crucial countries and peripheral conflicts, the increasingly lethal weapons systems, and the various political and military strategies. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about this crucial period in history.
Categories: Political Science