This book provides an introduction to the genetics, genomics, and breeding of the olive tree, a multi-functional long-lived crop plant that is relevant not only for culinary olive and oil production, but also for shaping the landscape and ...
Author: Eddo Rugini
This book provides an introduction to the genetics, genomics, and breeding of the olive tree, a multi-functional long-lived crop plant that is relevant not only for culinary olive and oil production, but also for shaping the landscape and history of many rural areas for centuries. Today, the recognized health benefits of extra-virgin olive oil provide new impulses for introducing innovation in olive crop management and olive breeding for a deeper understanding of the biological processes underlying fruit quality, adaptation to crop environment and response to threatening epidemics due to biological agents such as Xylella fastidiosa. The individual chapters discuss genetic resources; classic and modern breeding methods for providing new olive cultivars; the genotype x environment interactions determining the response to biotic and abiotic stresses; fruit metabolism related to oil production and the synthesis of health beneficial molecules; the mapping of genes and quantitative trait locus; and genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic strategies pertinent to the development of a molecular platform and template amenable to precise and rapid genetic modifications using recently developed genome editing tools.
2013). The genome of the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis), used for its latex
production, has also been assembled and published (Rahman et al. 2013). In
addition there are several projects assembling the olive (Olea europaea) genome; ...
Author: Andrew Groover
Marking the change in focus of tree genomics from single species to comparative approaches, this book covers biological, genomic, and evolutionary aspects of angiosperm trees that provide information and perspectives to support researchers broadening the focus of their research. The diversity of angiosperm trees in morphology, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry has been described and cataloged by various scientific disciplines, but the molecular, genetic, and evolutionary mechanisms underlying this diversity have only recently been explored. Excitingly, advances in genomic and sequencing technologies are ushering a new era of research broadly termed comparative genomics, which simultaneously exploits and describes the evolutionary origins and genetic regulation of traits of interest. Within tree genomics, this research is already underway, as the number of complete genome sequences available for angiosperm trees is increasing at an impressive pace and the number of species for which RNAseq data are available is rapidly expanding. Because they are extensively covered by other literature and are rapidly changing, technical and computational approaches—such as the latest sequencing technologies—are not a main focus of this book. Instead, this comprehensive volume provides a valuable, broader view of tree genomics whose relevance will outlive the particulars of current-day technical approaches. The first section of the book discusses background on the evolution and diversification of angiosperm trees, as well as offers description of the salient features and diversity of the unique physiology and wood anatomy of angiosperm trees. The second section explores the two most advanced model angiosperm tree species (poplars and eucalypts) as well as species that are soon to emerge as new models. The third section describes the structural features and evolutionary histories of angiosperm tree genomes, followed by a fourth section focusing on the genomics of traits of biological, ecological, and economic interest. In summary, this book is a timely and well-referenced foundational resource for the forest tree community looking to embrace comparative approaches for the study of angiosperm trees.
In the past decade the rapid evolution and widespread use of next-generation
sequencing (NGS) techniques contributed to advancing in olive tree genomics
knowledge although the biology complexity of the species and of its genome
Author: Victor R. Preedy
Publisher: Academic Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention, Second Edition expands the last releases content and coverage, including new sections on materials in packaging, the Mediterranean diet, metabolic syndrome, diabetic health, generational effects, epigenetics, glycemic control, ketogenic diet, antioxidant effects, the use of olive oil in protection against skin cancer, oleuropein and ERK1/2 MAP-Kinase, oleocanthal and estrogen receptors, and oleocanthal and neurological effects. The book is a valuable resource for food and health researchers, nutritionists, dieticians, pharmacologists, public health scientists, epidemiologists, food technologists, agronomists, analytical chemists, biochemists, biologists, physicians, biotechnologists and students. Continues the tradition of exploring olives and olive oil from general aspects down to a detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients Explains how olive oil compares to other oils Details the many implications for human health and disease, including metabolic health, cardiovascular health and effects on tissue and body systems
In: Rugini, E., Baldoni, L., Muleo, R. and Sebastiani, L. (eds) The Olive Tree Genome. Springer, New York, pp. 75–99. Cozza, R., Turco, D., Briccoli-Bati, C.
and Bitonti, M.B. (1997) Influence of growth medium on mineral composition and
Author: Richard E. Litz
This book covers the biotechnology of all the major fruit and nut species. Since the very successful first edition of this book in 2004, there has been rapid progress for many fruit and nut species in cell culture, genomics and genetic transformation, especially for citrus and papaya. This book covers both these cutting-edge technologies and regeneration pathways, protoplast culture, in vitro mutagenesis, ploidy manipulation techniques that have been applied to a wider range of species. Three crop species, Diospyros kaki (persimmon), Punica granatum (pomegranate) and Eriobotrya japonica (loquat) are included for the first time. The chapters are organized by plant family to make it easier to make comparisons and exploitation of work with related species. Each chapter discusses the plant family and the related wild species for 38 crop species, and has colour illustrations. It is essential for scientists and post graduate students who are engaged in the improvement of fruit, nut and plantation crops.
245, 83–94. doi: 10.1007/s00217-018-3142-0 Muleo, R., Morgante, M., Cattonaro
, F., Scalabrin, S., Cavallini, A., Natali, L., et al. (2016). “Genome sequencing,
transcriptomics, and proteomics,” in The Olive Tree Genome (Cham: Springer), ...
Genetic mapping would be interesting for a greater comprehension of the olive tree genome and constitutes a basis for the identification of QTLs related to
resistance . However , only two genetic maps on olive have been published
based on ...
Genetic relationships among cultivated and wild olives revealed by AFLP
markers . Acta Hortic . ... Genetic diversity in the olive tree ( Olea europaea L.
subsp europaea ) cultivated in Portugal revealed by RAPD and ISSR markers .
... in Ontario Microsatellite heterozygosity , fitness and Microsatellite markers for
individual tree Microsatellites identity introduced New ... Miller - Dieker syndrome
, The location and type of mutation predict MIP - MOD protein , The Brassica MIP -
MOD gene encodes a ... structure indicates sympatric Genetic relationships in the olive ( Olea Historical biogeography and interspecific mtDNA Identification of ...
Studies of rbcL and comparative studies of chloroplast DNA RFLPs revealed that
palm plastid genomes have an ... The subtribe Elaeidinae includes only the
genus Elaeis ( from the Greek elaia , for the olive tree ) and Barcella , and is
Author: A K Sharma
Publisher: CRC Press
The coverage of this volume ranges from Cycads and Pines of Gymnosperms to monocot genera of significance in phylogeny, agri-horticulture and commerce. The previous volume (1C), dealt with dicot counterparts. Noteworthy features of the volume include molecular phylogeny of Cycads, correlation of genomics and micro habitat in Pinus, genome studies in oil and datepalm, correlation of molecular data with habit in orchids, congruence of karyotype and molecular data in Festuca and analysis of putative ancestors in Avena. The volume will be of interest to all students of genomics interested in phylogeny, agri-horticulture and commercial plants.
As for fruit crop trees , there is evidence of human cultivation acitivities dating
back between 5,000 and 10,000 years in the Middle East ( Stubbe 1965 ) .
Species include the date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera ) , the fig ( Ficus carica ) , the olive ...
Author: C Kole
Publisher: CRC Press
"The three volumes in this series ... containing 41 chapters contributed by over [one] hundred globally reputed scientists, provide lucid deliberations on the concepts, strategies, tools, methodologies and achievements of plant genomics presented in a typical class-room approach."--Back cover.
Consequently , on a sunflower plant , each seed harvested on an F , hybrid plant
may have a different oil composition , whereas on an olive tree , all the fleshy
pericarps will have the same oil composition , but not the shell and embryo oil ...
Author: Jinguo Hu
Publisher: CRC Press
The sunflower has fascinated mankind for centuries. The oilseed sunflower contributes approximately ten percent of the world’s plant-derived edible oil and the confection type sunflower holds a considerable share of the directly consumed snacks market. In addition, sunflower is also grown as an ornamental for cut flowers, as well as in home gardens. We are now embarking on the age of genomics which will expedite the process of genetic improvement of crops. There has been an explosion of information on genetic markers, DNA sequences, and genomic resources for most major food crops including sunflower. This volume is intended to bridge traditional research with modern molecular investigations on sunflower.
( 2003 ) , these values cor We examined our results in comparison with the way
respond to approximately 3120 Mbp per 2C since 1 pg is ous olive genetic maps
( La Rosa et al . , 2003 ; Wu et al . about 978 Mbp . Thus , the olive tree genome ...
is the main olive - growing region , representing 75 % of Turkey's olive trees . In
this region ... Therefore , genotypic identification studies with molecular markers
are important for olive breeding , olive industry and genome analysis . The most ...
INTRODUCTION The cultivation of olive tree for thousands of years and the
inevitable natural and intentional selection of individual plants to fit specific
microenvironments , resulted in an extensive diversification of olive genome . In
This electronic book covers various research articles highlighting the important developments on endophytes using transcriptomics, next generation sequencing and genomic tools.
Author: Mysore V. Tejesvi
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Plants are typically colonized by numerous endophyte species symbiotically without any noticeable disease symptoms. These microbes are abundant, diverse and play critical ecological roles across natural and agricultural ecosystems. Endophytes have attracted the attention of researchers due to their various beneficial effects on plants, especially in agricultural crop species. Genomic tools will enhance our understanding on the growth and nutrition requirements of this host-symbiont relationship. Recent advances in DNA sequencing technologies and bioinformatic pipelines have allowed analyzing the plant microbiome and host-endophyte interaction more effectively with limited bias. Furthermore, various studies have employed and utilized transcriptomic and genomic tools to understand the role of endophytes and their interaction with plant hosts. This electronic book covers various research articles highlighting the important developments on endophytes using transcriptomics, next generation sequencing and genomic tools.
When comparing the sequences of both gene promoters at the translocation
breakpoint , we realized that the best alignment ... 10392 , which were isolated
from the plant Centaurea alba and from alpechin ( olive residues after oil
extraction ) , respectively , in Spain , a wine ... We obtained a maximum
parsimonious tree that minimizes the number of changes ( nucleotide
substitutions , indels , and repeat ...
The RAPD method is widely used in numerous fields of plant research such as
filogenetic studies, genome mapping, ... The aim of the present work was to
screen intra- and inter- cultivar genetic polymorphism of olive trees in the
Genetics , 166 : 389 - 417 . ... The chloroplast genome sequence of Charu
vulgaris sheds new light into the closest green algal relatives of land plants . ... (
Received for publication 18 September , 2006 ) OLIVE TREE ( OLEA
EUROPAEA L . cv .