But at the end of the day, the old revolutionaries led by Zuma gained the upper
hand over the new breed of apparatchiks appointed by the sitting president—
obtaining 60 percent of the vote and repudiating Mbeki's grim determination to ...
Author: Bruce Ackerman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Political Science
Offering insights into the origins, successes, and threats to revolutionary constitutionalism, Bruce Ackerman takes us to India, South Africa, Italy, France, Poland, Burma, Israel, Iran, and the U.S. and provides a blow-by-blow account of the tribulations that confronted popular movements in their insurgent campaigns for constitutional democracy.
to respect the revolutionary seniors is a noble moral obligation of all
revolutionaries ... the revolutionary achievements of ... Kim Jong 11 Thanks to his
inclusive politics — retaining all the old revolutionaries in their incumbent posts
— Kim has ...
Author: Jei Guk Jeon
Category: Balance of power
One key to the unexpected longevity of North Korea-the world's last unreformed Stalinist polity-lies in Kim Jong Il's adroit balancing act between the old and young elites since coming to power in 1994 following his father's death. Based on "inclusive politics" and an "honor-power sharing" arrangement, Kim Jong Il's's balancing act has effectively reduced factional cleavages that might otherwise have crippled the hereditary succession plan. The "honor-power sharing" arrangement-which gives honors to the older elites and real power to younger elites has secured the loyalty of both the old guard and younger hopefuls. As long as Kim Jong Il's's balancing act works and internal solidarity remains firm, the new regime could survive for a prolonged period. If the balance breaks down, Pyongyang's power circle will slip into a centrifugal spiral, followed by power struggles among rival factions and the eventual collapse of the regime.
There is, of course, a long historiography of class conflict in the American
Revolution. ... For Samuel Adams and his generation, see Pauline Maier, The Old Revolutionaries: Political Lives in the Age of Samuel Adams (New York: Knopf,
Author: Tom Cutterham
Publisher: Princeton University Press
In the years between the Revolutionary War and the drafting of the Constitution, American gentlemen—the merchants, lawyers, planters, and landowners who comprised the independent republic's elite—worked hard to maintain their positions of power. Gentlemen Revolutionaries shows how their struggles over status, hierarchy, property, and control shaped the ideologies and institutions of the fledgling nation. Tom Cutterham examines how, facing pressure from populist movements as well as the threat of foreign empires, these gentlemen argued among themselves to find new ways of justifying economic and political inequality in a republican society. At the heart of their ideology was a regime of property and contract rights derived from the norms of international commerce and eighteenth-century jurisprudence. But these gentlemen were not concerned with property alone. They also sought personal prestige and cultural preeminence. Cutterham describes how, painting the egalitarian freedom of the republic's "lower sort" as dangerous licentiousness, they constructed a vision of proper social order around their own fantasies of power and justice. In pamphlets, speeches, letters, and poetry, they argued that the survival of the republican experiment in the United States depended on the leadership of worthy gentlemen and the obedience of everyone else. Lively and elegantly written, Gentlemen Revolutionaries demonstrates how these elites, far from giving up their attachment to gentility and privilege, recast the new republic in their own image.
Author: United States. Central Intelligence AgencyPublish On: 1967
This revolutionary action of the PLA commanders and fighters fully reflects the
firm political stand , clear - cut class ... There is a remarkable difference between
the revolutionary actions of the people in the old revolutionary bases and the ...
Author: United States. Central Intelligence Agency
Of such great names thrown away by the revolution there is a whole legion .
Plekhanov , Kropotkin , Breshkovskaya , Zasulich and generally all those old revolutionaries who are remarkable only because they are old . ... The revolution
result the old men of a revolution are more likely than most aged humans to die
aliens in time, the citizens of an earlier era. The republican emphasis upon
earned over inherited status and the unleashing of new economic opportunities
Author: Pauline Maier
The "old revolutionaries" were Samuel Adams, Isaac Sears, Thomas Young, Richard Henry Lee and Charels Carroll, five men who played significant roles in the American Revolution, and who are usually overlooked in history books today. Of widely varying backgrounds and interests, all of them had thir gratest influence in the years between 1769 and 1776 and all of them saw their power transferred after the war to the men we know as "the founding fathers." In telling the stories of these men, Pauline Maier shows how the American Revolution was less a collective movement than a committment to an ideal of a republic, which different people interpreted differently, and she describes "not just why Americans made the Revolution, but what the Revolution did to them."
Refrain : Dare to criticize and repudiate , dare to struggle , Never stop making revolutionary rebellion . We will smash the old world And keep our revolutionary
state red for ten thousand generations ! Such was the spirit the Red Guards '
Author: Robert S. Elegant
Reaching back into the history of China, the personalities, ideals and ambitions from which the leadership of Communist China evolved are re-created.
The Case of Comrade Tulayev and Darkness at Noon have as their theme the
collapse of revolutionary idealism and submission to the Stalinist bureaucracy of former revolutionaries and Old Bolsheviks . Why did these men , whose lives had
Even when evoking old age , Revolutionaries had grander things in mind , but
evoke it they did in a way that set the agenda for our own day . 123 . Groethuysen
, The Bourgeois ; Marcel Courdurié , La dette des collectivités publiques de ...
knew that the revolutionary methods would act as a negation to his ideology and
programmes . ... Forced by the circumstances , the revolutionaries for the first time
decided to join hands with the former , leaving aside the differences that ...
Ignoring the severe cold and fatigue , Jiang Zemin went straight to Xingxian
county's Caijiaya in the old revolutionary area . He visited the Jinsui Revolution
Memorial Hall and called on veteran heroes , veteran revolutionaries , and
The older revolutionaries have already overthrown the exploiting classes and the
young people must fight together with the older revolutionaries for consolidating
the dictatorship of the proletariat . The older generation has already smashed ...
El Popular made the strongest attack on Cárdenas ' conservative opponents ( “
little groups of reactionary agitators and stale old rebels ” ) , including Díaz Soto y
Gama ( “ ex - anarchist , intellectualoid traitor , sometime Christian , and finally ...
When it was realised that no individual historian was coming forward to
undertake the task and meanwhile old revolutionaries were dying away and
history was being falsified , it was believed that time has come for the old revolutionaries ...
Trotsky uses pre - and post - revolutionary Russia as the laboratory in which to
explore these and similar issues . He proceeds from a study of the literature
existing in the period before the unsuccessful 1905 revolution and concludes
with a ...
Another group ( group 3 in Chart III ) which rallied to the régime consisted of former tsarist officers and bureaucrats from the ... had gone into government
service ; others had become revolutionaries , placing themselves in society's "
Our party renamed the hometowns where fallen revolutionary fighters , patriots ,
and war heroes were born and raised , the ... It is a consistent political practice of
our party to warmly look after the work and livelihood of the old revolutionaries ...
To them , the purpose of the revolution was not simply to be free of interference
from a distant Parliament . Nor did they think ... The " old revolutionaries " quickly
translated their objections into a demand for independence . For Patrick Henry of
Author: William Dudley
Publisher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated
Provides two-sided arguments on such topics as independence, reforming the United States, the meaning of the war, and the conflicts between England and the colonies
The Russian General Staff During the Revolution : a Study in the Transformation
of Military Elite Matitiahu Mayzel ... Burtsev , the old revolutionary turned
conservative , cried aloud : I have just learned that yesterday , during a session of
Author: Matitiahu Mayzel
Category: Soviet Union
Analyse af den russiske generalstab under og efter Revolutionen 1917.