During the retirement phase, the investor completely dissaves her wealth to be
able to consume above income. Heterogeneity is also present in the wealth
profiles: 'Rich' households accumulate about nine times as much wealth as 'poor'
Author: Florian Zainhofer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
Florian Zainhofer uses the theory of life cycle investing as a framework to study the implications of a potential BVG individualization. He proposes a model adapted to Swiss conditions and parameterized with estimated Swiss earnings dynamics.
Obviously social security and related policies shape the degree to which the
aged have sufficient income and opportunities to work at least part - time ; and
both an active labor - market policy and a family policy can ease the life cycle
Author: Harold L. Wilensky
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Social Science
In this landmark work, the culmination of 30 years of systematic, comprehensive comparison of 19 rich democracies, Wilensky answers two basic questions: (1) What is distinctly modern about modern societies--in what ways are they becoming alike? (2) How do variations in types of political economy shape system performance? He specifies similarities and differences in the structure and interplay of government, political parties, the mass media, industry, labor, professions, agriculture, churches, and voluntary associations. He then demonstrates how differences in bargaining arrangements among these groups lead to contrasting policy profiles and patterns of taxing and spending, which in turn explain a large number of outcomes: economic performance, political legitimacy, equality, job security, safety and risk, real health, the reduction of poverty and environmental threats, and the effectiveness and fairness of regulatory regimes. Drawing on quantitative data and case studies covering the last 50 years and more than 400 interviews he conducted with top decision-makers and advisors, Wilensky provides a richly detailed account of the common social, economic, and labor problems modern governments confront and their contrasting styles of conflict resolution. The result is new light on the likely paths of development of rich democracies as they become richer. Assessing alternative theories, Wilensky offers a powerful critique of such images of modern society as "post-industrial" or "high-tech," "the information age" or the alleged dominance of "globalization." Because he systematically compares all of the rich democracies with at least three million population, Wilensky can specify what is truly exceptional about the United States, what it shares with Britain and Britain abroad (Canada, Australia, New Zealand) and what it shares with all or almost all of the West European democracies, Israel, and Japan. He gives careful attention to which successful social and labor policies are transferable across nations and which are not. Rich Democracies will interest both scholars and practitioners. It combines the perspectives of political economy (the interplay of markets and politics) and political sociology (the social bases of politics). It will be especially useful in courses on comparative political economy, comparative politics, European politics, public policy, political sociology, the welfare state, American government, advanced industrial societies, and industrial relations.
Generation 9 tilapia, for example, would signify the ninth set of successive
offspring resulting from nine cycles of reproduction after ... Grow out: The stage of
the life cycle in aquaculture leading to the point at which fish are marketable.
Author: Sivan Yosef
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category: Social Science
The Genetic Improvement of Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) project, which operated from 1988-97, served as a launching point for tilapia improvement efforts in Asia, as well as tropical finfish genetic improvements globally. Based on the selective breeding of Nile tilapia, the GIFT project succeeded in producing tilapia with faster growth rates, higher survival rates, and a shorter harvest time, thus increasing fish yields dramatically. These attributes, along with its stable, low price, have made tilapia an extremely popular food source in Asia, especially among poor consumers. The resounding success of tilapia production was buoyed by strong institutional support from national and international research institutions, regional networks, governments, donors, and small-scale, private actors. Most importantly, a strong initial mandate to apply the GIFT project design to improve aquaculture in general makes GIFT an exciting and replicable benchmark for future food security efforts.
The larger cells will form the embryo. cavity it contains a watery fluid rich in
sugars and salts. ... This is the special function of the menstrual cycle, a cycle
which regularly renews and replenishes the tissues of the womb. The cycle starts
Author: Geraldine Flanagan
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Family & Relationships
Offers a description of prenatal development explaining the technical aspects of conception and growth without losing the sense of wonder.
The therapist must seek the pertinent life cycle issues through questioning based
on his sensitivity to the ghostly presence of the extended ... These principles are
set forth in rich detail by Bandler , Grinder , and Satir ( 2 ) ; Bowen ( 3 ) ; and
Hoffman ( 4 ) . ... logjam of difficulties for several generations through several
phases of the life cycle : Connie and Mark Green , each twenty - nine years 332
The average age at menopause ( the last menstrual flow ) had been hovering at
about forty - nine or fifty throughout the ... FIGURE 3 - 1 : The Five Life Stages of
Woman Reproductive Stage Age Span 1 Childhood * l * Adolescence 0 12 / 13
20 | 13 yrs . ... Intimate knowledge is a fundamental basis of a rich sensual life .
The data , which was obtained from several secondary sources , covers nine
brands in the gastrointestinal drug category . ... This rich data set provides the
opportunity to examine the impact of additional contingency variables omitted in ...
He suggests in a letter to Sir Thomas Robinson that , " by the defection of the
inhabitants of Schiegnecto to the French , that district which hath a greater
quantity of rich arrable land than any other part of Nova Scotia is now left vacant ,
so that ...
... shore are the poor salmon fishing years on the Canadian rivers, with the worst
gear at the end of each nine year cycle. ... shoals of salmon follow the surface
feeding fish, below the surface and feast on the crumbs from the rich man's table?
Author: Academy of Marketing SciencePublish On: 1978
A TEST OF THE DESCRIPTIVE VALUE OF FAMILY LIFE CYCLE Jack A. Lesser ,
Miami University Peggy A. Murphy ( student ) ... grocery stores Rich and Jain (
1966 ) fashion retailers Enis and Paul ( 1970 ) grocery stores Rothberg ( 1971-
1972 ) ... Research Method From an " N + 1 " sampling procedure 4,408
consumers from nine representative cities in the United States were interviewed
by telephone .
Author: Academy of Marketing Science
Vols. are the proceedings of the annual conference of the Academy of Marketing Science.
Twenty - nine of the extra branches were the result of the take - overs of the
Banking Coin Aberdeen in 1849 and Perth ... but there is a rich district round
them ; I refer to Aberdeenshire.99 In addition , the Aberdeen committee frequently
Author: Massachusetts Historical SocietyPublish On: 1980
Although Americans have persistently had some perception of the human life cycle , certain periods have been fertile ... very rich , complex , and long tradition
in European ( as well as Asian ) thought . ... We learn from Chew that three - , four
- , five - , six - , seven - and nine - stage conceptualizations of the life cycle are all
Author: Massachusetts Historical SocietyPublish On: 1980
Although Americans have persistently had some perception of the human life cycle , certain periods have been fertile ... II That concept has a very rich ,
complex , and long tradition in European ( as well as Asian ) thought . ... We learn
from Chew that three - , four - , five - , six - , seven - and nine - stage
conceptualizations of the life cycle are all to be found in the literature and arts of
early modern Europe .
TABLE 6 THE NINE KHAMYANG PHANS91 Name Remarks Thaomung Chaohai
Chaoluu Chaolek Thungkhang The Thaomung clan is sometimes linked ... One
informant considered the clan to be exceptionally vigorous and rich in offspring .
For me , the answer lies deeply imbedded in the life cycle and the complex
reactions of our psyche to that cycle . We all spend nine months in a woman ' s
womb . And then we all , at a devastating and momentous point in time , emerge
Author: Thomas Stumpf
Illuminating the author’s unshakable faith in the power of music in people’s lives, this text draws upon the fields of literature, philosophy, psychology, and religious thought to highlight the importance of music in an increasingly chaotic and techno-centric world. Issues such as the folly of the work/play mindset and the relationship of music to time’s inexorable passage are discussed, as are many ways in which music can lead to a deeper understanding of the human condition. The superficiality of the market-driven world of professional pop music and the ineffectual approach of traditional music education are also explored.
The fog was beginning to roll in , setting off the booming call of the foghorn at
Point Piños . Cracks and crevices higher up on the shore were filled with broken
bits of shell and dry strands of kelp — a sign of the rich life just a few feet from
Deals with research and scholarship in economic theory. Presents analytical, interpretive, and empirical studies in the areas of monetary theory, fiscal policy, labor economics, planning and development, micro- and macroeconomic theory, international trade and finance, and industrial organization. Also covers interdisciplinary fields such as history of economic thought and social economics.
The lower Rio Negro rises for eight or nine months each year , and then falls very
rapidly . ... though there are years , for example 1979 and 1980 , when at least
eight months of falling river levels have been recorded during an annual cycle .
Tradeoffs in life support system design can extend tolerance to contaminants ...
For oxygen-n'ch dwarfs and carbon-rich stars the second datum required to
derive O and C can only be obtained from infrared CO ... After about nine cycles
the convection zone finally reaches the hydrogen-containing layers and from ...