The Niger Household Energy Project

Promoting Rural Fuelwood Markets and Village Management of Natural Woodlands

Author: Gerald Foley

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821339183

Category: Science

Page: 103

View: 5268


World Bank Discussion Paper No. 360. Over the last two decades banking systems in Latin America have been subject to considerable banking distress and numerous crises. This conference looked at proposals for preventing such episodes. The discussions covered the genesis and implications of deposit insurance cum fractional reserve requirements; the experience with market-based regulations in Chile and in New Zealand and the narrow banking proposal (100 percent reserves on demand deposits), with a discussion of how Argentina's path towards this type of banking system helped this country weather its 1995 banking crisis. Contributors include central bank presidents (Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica and Nicaragua) and directors (Colombia); heads of regulatory agencies and banking centers (Bolivia and Mexico); rating agencies (Brazil), private bankers, World Bank economists, and academics.

Rural Fuelwood Markets in Niger

An Assessment of Danish Support to the Niger Household Energy Strategy 1989-2003

Author: Dolf Noppen,Paul Kerkhof,Ced Hesse

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 9781843695103

Category: Energy consumption

Page: 76

View: 9810



Household Energy Access for Cooking and Heating

Lessons Learned and the Way Forward

Author: Koffi EkouevI,Voravate Tuntivate

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821396056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 92

View: 9981


This paper is a review of the World Bank s financed operations and selected interventions by other institutions on household energy access in an attempt to examine success and failure factors to inform the new generation of upcoming interventions

The Urban Household Energy Transition

Social and Environmental Impacts in the Developing World

Author: Douglas F. Barnes,Kerry Krutilla,William F. Hyde

Publisher: Resources for the Future

ISBN: 1933115076

Category: Political Science

Page: 141

View: 2454


As cities in developing countries grow and become more prosperous, energy use shifts from fuelwood to fuels like charcoal, kerosene, and coal, and, ultimately, to fuels such as liquid petroleum gas, and electricity. Energy use is not usually considered as a social issue. Yet, as this book demonstrates, the movement away from traditional fuels has a strong socio-economic dimension, as poor people are the last to attain the benefits of using modern energy. The result is that health risks from the continued use of wood fuel fall most heavily on the poor, and indoor pollution from wood stoves has its greatest effect on women and children who cook and spend much more of their time indoors. Barnes, Krutilla, and Hyde provide the first worldwide assessment of the energy transition as it occurs in urban households, drawing upon data collected by the World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP). From 1984-2000, the program conducted over 25,000 household energy surveys in 45 cities spanning 12 countries and 3 continents. Additionally, GIS mapping software was used to compile a biomass database of vegetation patterns surrounding 34 cities. Using this rich set of geographic, biological, and socioeconomic data, the authors describe problems and policy options associated with each stage in the energy transition. The authors show how the poorest are most vulnerable to changes in energy markets and demonstrate how the collection of biomass fuel contributes to deforestation. Their book serves as an important contribution to development studies, and as a guide for policymakers hoping to encourage sustainable energy markets and an improved quality of life for growing urban populations.

The Case-by-case Approach to Privatization

Techniques and Examples

Author: Dick Welch,Olivier Frémond

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821341960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 27

View: 6770


This report provides a brief review of recent trends and key policies in strengthening national agricultural research systems. Chapters provide a brief overview of the recent evolution of national research systems and a synthesis of policy issues and good practices for developing these systems including the involvement of universities and the private sector. They also focus on key policy and institutional reforms for strengthening public research institutions including funding, research management, and client orientation. Finally they discuss implications for the World Bank in its ongoing efforts to strengthen national research systems.

Rural Energy and Development

Improving Energy Supplies for Two Billion People

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821338063

Category: Desarrollo rural

Page: 118

View: 6870


FIAS Occasional Paper No. 7. Examines foreign direct investment in infrastructure in Central and Eastern Europe.