The Neighborhood Has Its Own Rules

Latinos and African Americans in South Los Angeles

Author: Cid Martinez

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 081476276X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7924


South Los Angeles is often seen as ground zero for inter-racial conflict and violence in the United States. Since the 1940s, South LA has been predominantly a low-income African American neighborhood, and yet since the early 1990s Latino immigrants—mostly from Mexico and many undocumented—have moved in record numbers to the area. Given that more than a quarter million people live in South LA and that poverty rates exceed 30 percent, inter-racial conflict and violence surprises no one. The real question is: why hasn't there been more? Through vivid stories and interviews, The Neighborhood Has Its Own Rules provides an answer to this question. Based on in-depth ethnographic field work collected when the author, Cid Martinez, lived and worked in schools in South Central, this study reveals the day-to-day ways in which vibrant social institutions in South LA— its churches, its local politicians, and even its gangs—have reduced conflict and kept violence to a level that is manageable for its residents. Martinez argues that inter-racial conflict has not been managed through any coalition between different groups, but rather that these institutions have allowed established African Americans and newcomer Latinos to co-exist through avoidance—an under-appreciated strategy for managing conflict that plays a crucial role in America's low-income communities. Ultimately, this book proposes a different understanding of how neighborhood institutions are able to mitigate conflict and violence through several community dimensions of informal social controls.

The Gang Paradox

Inequalities and Miracles on the U.S.-Mexico Border

Author: Robert J. Durán

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543433

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 8585


The areas along the U.S.-Mexico border are commonly portrayed as a hot spot for gang activity, drug trafficking, and violence. Yet when Robert J. Durán conducted almost a decade’s worth of ethnographic research in border towns between El Paso, Texas, and southern New Mexico—a region notorious for gang activity, according to federal officials—he found significantly less gang membership and activity than common fearmongering claims would have us believe. Instead, he witnessed how the gang label was used to criminalize youth of Mexican descent—to justify the overrepresentation of Latinos in the justice system, the implementation of punitive practices in the school system, and the request for additional resources by law enforcement. In The Gang Paradox, Durán analyzes the impact of deportation, incarceration, and racialized perceptions of criminality on Latino families and youth along the border. He draws on ethnography, archival research, official data sources, and interviews with practitioners and community members to present a compelling portrait of Latino residents’ struggles amid deep structural disadvantages. Durán, himself a former gang member, offers keen insights into youth experience with schools, juvenile probation, and law enforcement. The Gang Paradox is a powerful community study that sheds new light on intertwined criminalization and racialization, with policy relevance toward issues of gangs, juvenile delinquency, and the lack of resources in border regions.

The Limits of Community Policing

Civilian Power and Police Accountability in Black and Brown Los Angeles

Author: Luis Daniel Gascón,Aaron Roussell

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479842257

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6546


A critical look at the realities of community policing in South Los Angeles The Limits of Community Policing addresses conflicts between police and communities. Luis Daniel Gascón and Aaron Roussell depart from traditional conceptions, arguing that community policing—popularized for decades as a racial panacea—is not the solution it seems to be. Tracing this policy back to its origins, they focus on the Los Angeles Police Department, which first introduced community policing after the high-profile Rodney King riots. Drawing on over sixty interviews with officers, residents, and stakeholders in South LA’s “Lakeside” precinct, they show how police tactics amplified—rather than resolved—racial tensions, complicating partnership efforts, crime response and prevention, and accountability. Gascón and Roussell shine a new light on the residents of this neighborhood to address the enduring—and frequently explosive—conflicts between police and communities. At a time when these issues have taken center stage, this volume offers a critical understanding of how community policing really works.

The Myth of Southern Exceptionalism

Author: Matthew D. Lassiter,Joseph Crespino

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195384741

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 3654


"More than one-third of the population of the United States now lives in the South, a region where politics, race relations, and the economy have changed dramatically since World War II. Yet scholars and journalists continue to disagree over whether the modern South is dominating, deviating from, or converging with the rest of the nation. This collection asks how the stories of American history chance if the South is no longer seen as a region apart--as the conservative exception to a liberal nation."--Back cover.

Inside the L.A. Riots

What Really Happened, and why it Will Happen Again : Essays and Articles

Author: Don Hazen

Publisher: Independent Publishing Group


Category: African Americans

Page: 153

View: 3288


Discusses the causes of the riot, describes what took place, examines the issues raised, evaluates the media coverage, and suggests reforms

Cultural Anthropology

Author: Conrad Phillip Kottak

Publisher: McGraw-Hill

ISBN: 9780072952506

Category: Fiction

Page: 371

View: 8805


Accompanying CD-ROM contains ... "25 succinct video clips, each corresponding to a chapter in the textbook. Each clip is accompanied by a text overview and probing questions to exercise the student's critical thinking skills."--Page 4 of cover.