The NATO Opposition

The NATO Opposition

Following is an excerpt from a previously recorded tape: “We, The Opposition, hereby accept responsibility for the recent kid— nappings of several of NATO's important military oflicials. These actions are based on the widespread belief ...

Author: Frederick Parkins

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595005352

Category: Fiction

Page: 132

View: 230

A CONSPIRACY WITHIN A CONSPIRACY An Iranian armor division is on the move, several military officials throughout Europe are kidnapped, and an international plot develops to rid the world of NATO. And only one man stands between preserving the most powerful military defense force on Earth and a renegade Iranian official with ambitions to hold the world hostage. Lieutenant Anthony "Pizo" Pizano, a young officer stationed with the 82nd Airborne Division in northern Italy and veteran of Desert Storm, witnesses the kidnapping of his commanding officer and suddenly finds himself in the midst of an international conspiracy. Now, armed with only his knowledge of the Italian language and battlefield tactics, Pizo must struggle to stay alive while at the same time span the globe to expose the conspiracy within a conspiracy that could violently bring the world to the brink of destruction.
Categories: Fiction

U S Decision Making and Post Cold War NATO Enlargement Collapse of Soviet Union Opposition of Russia and Putin Controversy Over Macedonia Montenegro Georgia Ukraine Bosnia Herzegovina

U  S  Decision Making and Post Cold War NATO Enlargement   Collapse of Soviet Union  Opposition of Russia and Putin  Controversy Over Macedonia  Montenegro  Georgia  Ukraine  Bosnia  Herzegovina

This study investigates the major influences on U.S. decision-making regarding the enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) following the end of the Cold War.

Author: U. S. Military


ISBN: 1520903979


Page: 90

View: 591

This study investigates the major influences on U.S. decision-making regarding the enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) following the end of the Cold War. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, many questioned the need for the Alliance's continued existence. It was not obvious that NATO would survive, and indeed thrive in the twenty-first century. The United States has been the driving force behind NATO's surprising endurance and growth. This study identifies key factors that have motivated American decision-makers to support the expansion of the Alliance's membership since the end of the Cold War in 1989-1991. Time and again, evolving threats to transatlantic security have revealed the need to sustain the Alliance. Cold War fears of communist aggression were replaced by the dangers of instability created by ethnic and religious conflicts, as demonstrated in the Balkans. These dangers in turn gave way to menacing transnational terrorist organizations, including al Qaeda. As the threats changed, the importance of close political association at times trumped that of enhanced military capability. Cultivating the international community of free democracies by expanding NATO membership provided a framework to counter the emerging threats. I. INTRODUCTION * A. IMPORTANCE OF THE RESEARCH * B. METHODS AND SOURCES * C. PROBLEMS AND HYPOTHESES * D. LITERATURE REVIEW * E. MAIN ARGUMENT * F. STUDY OVERVIEW * II. NATO ENLARGEMENT 1999 * A. UNREST IN EUROPE * B. POLITICS AND PREFERENCES * C. BUILDING CONSENSUS * D. ALLIED ATTITUDES ON ENLARGEMENT * E. THE NATO-RUSSIA FOUNDING ACT * F. EXTENDING INVITATIONS * G. TREATY RATIFICATION * H. CONCLUSION * III. NATO ENLARGEMENT 2004 * A. PRESSURE TO KEEP THE DOOR OPEN * B. DOMESTIC SUPPORT FOR ENLARGEMENT * C. ALLIED ATTITUDES ON SUBSEQUENT ENLARGEMENT * D. DEBATING POTENTIAL CANDIDATES * E. SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, AND ITS EFFECTS ON ENLARGEMENT * F. CONCLUSION * IV. NATO ENLARGEMENT 2009 * A. INTERNATIONAL EVENTS * B. PROSPECTIVE CANDIDATES * C. THE ALLIES' OUTLOOK * D. RUSSIAN OPPOSITION * E. EXECUTIVE DECISION * F. CONGRESSIONAL DECISION * G. CONCLUSION * V. CONCLUSION * A. NATO'S POST-COLD WAR ENLARGEMENT * B. PROSPECTS FOR FUTURE ENLARGEMENT This study topic is important because it gives insight into the American foreign policy decision-making process and sheds light on the factors that influenced U.S. decisions on NATO enlargement. This might enable one to identify the issues that will prove important in future enlargement debates. Article 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty affirms the Allies' commitment to hold the possibility of membership open to any European state that is able to further Allied principles and contribute to Alliance security. Many European states wanted in after the fall of the Soviet Union, and still others are on a waiting list. In light of the elevated threat posed by a more assertive and aggressive Russian Federation with its eyes looking west, the NATO aspirations of Georgia and Ukraine have become the topics of publicized debate. Less well known are the NATO membership prospects for several smaller Eastern European hopefuls. Macedonia and Montenegro are currently participating in NATO's Membership Action Plan (MAP). The Allies have endorsed Bosnia and Herzegovina's participation in the MAP, pending the resolution of an immovable property issue. Serbia, a NATO adversary during the 1998-1999 Kosovo Conflict, seeks attainment of NATO standards, and its prospects for membership have been discussed. It is apparent that the Alliance will once again confront the subject of enlargement, and this study endeavors to identify the salient issues that will probably influence decision-making in the United States.

The Wider Black Sea Region in the 21st Century

The Wider Black Sea Region in the 21st Century

Yet the domestic political crisis of late 2007 was a setback, as it raised concerns about Georgia's democratic bona fides among uncommitted NATO members, and gave those NATO members who oppose expansion out of deference to Russia's ...

Author: Daniel Sheldon Hamilton

Publisher: Center for Transatlantic Relations

ISBN: UCSC:32106017499408

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 258

"In this volume leading scholars from Europe, Russia, the U.S. and the Black Sea itself address the dynamics of the wider Black Sea region, discuss major issues of conflict, and identify potential for cooperation. Their contributions result from a collaborative research project organized by the Center for Transatlantic Relations at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, the Austrian Institute for International Affairs in Vienna, and the Austrian Marshall Plan Foundation."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: Political Science

U S Forces in NATO

U S  Forces in NATO

It was reported to be uncertain , however , whether any initial cut would be in line with the concept of balanced withdrawals that the Nixon Administration has insisted upon and that the Russians have opposed . Balance remains NATO's ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Europe


ISBN: LOC:00098413479

Category: Government publications

Page: 440

View: 154

Categories: Government publications



Yet, we must also bear in mind that no public opinion poll supports the contention our Russian colleagues reiterate that the majority of the Russian people oppose NATO enlargement (indeed, 1997 polls show that only 37 percent oppose ...

Author: North Atlantic Assembly. Political Committee


ISBN: STANFORD:36105061703976

Category: European cooperation


View: 193

Categories: European cooperation

Hungary and the NATO Enlargement

Hungary and the NATO Enlargement

Author: Tamás Csapody

Publisher: Institute for Political Science of Hungarian Academy of Scie

ISBN: STANFORD:36105073202595


Page: 84

View: 282


Strategic Partners

Strategic Partners

This process was accelerated after the initiation of the NATO bombings with Yeltsin's appointment of Viktor Chernomyrdin as Russia's envoy to the Balkans . Chernomyrdin , who enjoyed a cordial ... 39 NATO's opposition to carving ...


Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 0765619652



View: 602