The Jevons Paradox and the Myth of Resource Efficiency Improvements

The Jevons Paradox and the Myth of Resource Efficiency Improvements

Many scientists and policymakers argue that future technological innovations will reduce consumption of resources; the Jevons Paradox explains why this may be a false hope.This is the first book to provide a historical overview of the ...

Author: John M. Polimeni

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 9781849773102

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 197

View: 994

�The Jevons Paradox�, which was first expressed in 1865 by William Stanley Jevons in relation to use of coal, states that an increase in efficiency in using a resource leads to increased use of that resource rather than to a reduction. This has subsequently been proved to apply not just to fossil fuels, but other resource use scenarios. For example, doubling the efficiency of food production per hectare over the last 50 years (due to the Green Revolution) did not solve the problem of hunger. The increase in efficiency increased production and worsened hunger because of the resulting increase in population. The implications of this in today�s world are substantial. Many scientists and policymakers argue that future technological innovations will reduce consumption of resources; the Jevons Paradox explains why this may be a false hope.This is the first book to provide a historical overview of the Jevons Paradox, provide evidence for its existence and apply it to complex systems. Written and edited by world experts in the fields of economics, ecological economics, technology and the environment, it explains the myth of efficiency and explores its implications for resource usage (particularly oil). It is a must-read for policymakers, natural resource managers, academics and students concerned with the effects of efficiency on resource use.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Myth of Resource Efficiency

The Myth of Resource Efficiency

This is the first book to provide a historical overview of the Jevons Paradox, provide evidence for its existence and apply it to complex systems.

Author: John M. Polimeni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317705253

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 417

'The Jevons Paradox', which was first expressed in 1865 by William Stanley Jevons in relation to use of coal, states that an increase in efficiency in using a resource leads to increased use of that resource rather than to a reduction. This has subsequently been proved to apply not just to fossil fuels, but other resource use scenarios. For example, doubling the efficiency of food production per hectare over the last 50 years (due to the Green Revolution) did not solve the problem of hunger. The increase in efficiency increased production and worsened hunger because of the resulting increase in population. The implications of this in today's world are substantial. Many scientists and policymakers argue that future technological innovations will reduce consumption of resources; the Jevons Paradox explains why this may be a false hope. This is the first book to provide a historical overview of the Jevons Paradox, provide evidence for its existence and apply it to complex systems. Written and edited by world experts in the fields of economics, ecological economics, technology and the environment, it explains the myth of efficiency and explores its implications for resource usage (particularly oil). It is a must-read for policymakers, natural resource managers, academics and students concerned with the effects of efficiency on resource use.
Categories: Business & Economics

Gaia ecological perspectives for science and society

Gaia  ecological perspectives for science and society

The myth of resource efficiency : 343 pp . , 108,99 EUR , ISBN 978-0-415-77308-
9 The Jevons paradox . London : Earthscan . 192 pp . , 34,99 EUR , ISBN 978-
1844078134 Hoffmann , V. , A. Gerber , A. Thomas . 2009 . Transdisziplinäre ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133610621

Category: Environmental sciences

Page:

View: 133

Categories: Environmental sciences

Choice

Choice

B . F . Hope , California State University , Chico 46 - 0417 HD9502 2007 - 41630
CIP The Jevons paradox and the myth of resource efficiency improvements , by
John M . Polimeni et al . Earthscan Publications Ltd . , 2008 . 184p index afp
ISBN ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079680511

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 832

Categories: Academic libraries

Handbook of Energy and the Environment in India

Handbook of Energy and the Environment in India

Treating energy, environment, and sustainability as an inseparable triad this handbook focuses on the development of an energy policy within the constraints of resource availability and requirements.

Author: Bani P. Banerjee

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114565810

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 222

Treating energy, environment, and sustainability as an inseparable triad this handbook focuses on the development of an energy policy within the constraints of resource availability and requirements. Providing a global backdrop, it discusses energy needs and contributions of different resources to pollution and environmental degradation as well as current and emerging technologies.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Myth of America s Decline

The Myth of America s Decline

ernments to limit intervention that hindered the flexible reallocation of resources
to more efficient uses . The postwar free trade ideology did not rule out
government intervention per se , but it did hold government intervention to a
standard of ...

Author: Henry R. Nau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195072723

Category: International finance.

Page: 424

View: 665

How can America be in decline and yet win the Cold War in 1989 and the Persian Gulf war in 1991? Because, as Henry R. Nau argues in this probing analysis of postwar policy, the Untied States, unlike the Soviet Union, shared power with its allies as it built a converging world community of political democracies and liberalized market. Today America leads that community as both the world's only military superpower and the one country Western governments trust to use military force for common objectives--a trust exemplified by the recent war in Kuwait. A loss of relative power, Nau contends, is not troublesome if it leads to more convergent domestic values and institutions among countries. Over a period of forty years, carefully chronicled in this book, the United States pursued political and economic policies that successfully nurtured Western democracies and integrated industrial economies. Through open markets, America helped allies catch up; and through open societies, the industrial nations overcame ethnic and economic divisions and grew to trust one another more. Although the United States lost relative economic power, it gained political friends and still remains, economically, the world's leader in absolute levels of productivity. Nor, according to the data assembled in this study, has the United States lost its ability to compete in foreign markets. The economic policies of the 1980s led to growth rates and manufacturing productivity increases that surpassed the boom years of American dominance from 1947-1967 and equaled or exceeded the performance of Germany and Japan in the latter part of the decade. The threat to our future, Nau contends, does not come from trade competition with the allies. It comes instead from domestic divisions that immobilize America's fiscal and domestic policies and prevent the country from taking the lead role in assisting the historic transformation underway in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union, and many developing countries. Americans have to decide whether half of their federal budget outlays should continue to go to middle class entitlements, distributed without regard to need, or whether some of these savings--as well as defense cuts--should go to needy people both at home and in the reforming countries abroad. Nau demonstrates that America can only live up to its high standards at home only if it recognizes that these standards are now widely recognized and accepted around the world. To turn America's back on a world yearning to be free would not only weaken the prospects for success in the reforming countries but scuttle America's self-image and confidence at home.
Categories: International finance.

The Myth of Japanese Efficiency

The Myth of Japanese Efficiency

Their point was that a large part of the production effort embodied in an
automobile consumed resources for purposes of rendering the product ... In
Bannock , stagnation in design is a consequence of market The myth of
Japanese efficiency.

Author: Dan Coffey

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: STANFORD:36105128305195

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 202

View: 420

Combining case studies with production models and historical background, this book challenges views on Japanese production methods in the world car industry. It is intended for management and business strategy academics, political economists and industrial sociologists interested in the debate on Fordist versus 'post-Fordist' production methods. Combining case studies with accessible but rigorous production models and historical background, this provocative book challenges accepted views on Japanese production methods in the world car industry. The book argues that the 'lean and flexible' production model popularly associated with Toyota MC is a myth, but one which sheds light on cultural responses to the attendant stresses of globalization. To illustrate this, Dan Coffey provides individual studies of process flexibility, labour productivity and the re-organization of work in the global car industry. Wider evaluations of Japanese impacts on the global economy and a resurgent Western capitalism are then made, progressing the case for a fundamental re-assessment of the narratives informing popular accounts of Japan's manufacturing success. Beginning with the fictionalization of history and propagation of empirical counterfactuals and finishing with observations on the wider impact of the 'lean and flexible' approach, the bold and controversial conclusion reached by the author is that what is at stake is our understanding of the form and meaning of 'production fantasy'
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Myth of the Oil Crisis

The Myth of the Oil Crisis

Unconventional ” oil and gas resources will make up a large , growing ,
economically viable part of fossil fuel supply . We will develop new energy
sources and more efficient uses of energy long before resource depletion strikes .
Peak oil is ...

Author: Robin M. Mills

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: UOM:39015077104753

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 317

View: 556

Argues that the world's oil supply is much greater than what is portrayed in the public media and that this misconception has led to policy choices on the part of industrial nations that are short-sighted, expensive, and self-defeating.
Categories: Business & Economics

Myths and Realities of Oil Spill Planning and Response

Myths and Realities of Oil Spill Planning and Response

In another spill , high recovery rates and low impact might be achieved
regardless of management and resource efficiency . Response performance
improvements , therefore , may be difficult to detect . Care must be taken to avoid
incorrect ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000044994563

Category: Oil pollution of rivers, harbors, etc

Page: 53

View: 980

"Over the past 20 years, governments and industry have expended considerable effort to improve spill preparedness and response. This paper reviews where improvements have occurred, which elements have been most or least effective, and where future investment should concentrate. There are a wide variety of approaches to spill response. There is no universal solution to an oil spill, and all available strategies may be required. Despite its proven effectiveness, dispersant use often is discouraged, possibly because of a persistent myth that it wilil cause lasting environmental damage. Responders, therefore, often are denied use of what could be the most effective tool in the right circumstances. Other myths persist-for example, the purchase of more equipment is the solution. The reality is that, without proper planning and support, additional equipment solves nothing. Future efforts must concentrate on strengthening spill infrastructure. Another myth is that mobilising every available resource leads to better response. The reality is that, by selecting appropriate techniques and resources, together with strict cost control, successful response can be conducted at a sensible cost. Politicians, the media, environmental interest groups, and the public must be educated that, despite response improvements, oil almost always will come ashore. In most cases, however, the environment will not be permanently damaged. Unless public expectations can be reduced to accept this, investment wil never be perceived as a success. It is concluded that, in some places, response capabilities have improved. Unfortunately, in many other places, they have not: too many myths remain, and too few realities are understood"--Abstract.
Categories: Oil pollution of rivers, harbors, etc

The Caribbean Yearbook of International Relations

The Caribbean Yearbook of International Relations

Additionally , various Caribbean countries , especially Puerto Rico , have
suffered from the imperialistically imposed myth of resource efficiency as Louis
Lindsay calls it . 3 This myth is based upon a denial of the existence of natural
mineral ...

Author: Leslie François Manigat

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X030347265

Category: Caribbean Area

Page:

View: 908

Categories: Caribbean Area

The Vanishing Automobile and Other Urban Myths

The Vanishing Automobile and Other Urban Myths

... planning professors Peter Gordon and Harry Richardson conclude that , “ The
economic and resource ' efficiency of compact development has never been
adequately demonstrated . ” ° Nivola asks , “ if low density is the mode desired by
U ...

Author: Randal O'Toole

Publisher: Thoreau Inst

ISBN: UOM:39015053392232

Category: City planning

Page: 545

View: 372

Categories: City planning

The Myths and Realities of Management

The Myths and Realities of Management

Actually , if you want to save resources and be efficient , you would turn down the
hot water faucet . This will cool the water more quickly , and will save the
resource which costs the most money - in this case , hot water . The key point ... is
that if ...

Author: Leno Ceno Michelon

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076005749648

Category: Industrial management

Page: 199

View: 163

Categories: Industrial management

The Myth of ethnic Conflict

The Myth of  ethnic Conflict

51 Resource limitations , however , produced deep tensions among the republics
over the pursuit of these twin goals . Slovenia and Croatia , as the rich republics ,
preferred that funds be allocated by efficiency criteria ; because they were most ...

Author: Beverly Crawford

Publisher: University of California International &

ISBN: UOM:39015043101859

Category: Social Science

Page: 580

View: 119

Categories: Social Science

Economic Myths

Economic Myths

And efficiency means using the economy ' s resources wisely at the lowest cost
with maximum benefit . But while we ' re trying to achieve efficiency , equity ( or
how we share those resources ) is also a priority for policy - makers . Equity
doesn ...

Author: Patrick Luciani

Publisher: Pearson Addison Wesley, c2004 [i.e. 2003]

ISBN: 0321176502

Category: Canada

Page: 223

View: 750

Appropriate for Economic Issues courses or as a supplement for Principles of Economics courses. Improving on the distinct base laid down by the third edition,Economic Myths,Fourth Edition, continues to teach economics by focusing on issues rather than theory. Moving economics out of the classroom and effectively placing it within the context of the real world, this book takes a stance on controversial economic issues, inciting lively debate and analytic thinking in the classroom. By dispelling economic illusions, the text is the perfect complement to introductory economics textbooks, encouraging students to reflect carefully on public policy and other economic issues that are confronted daily. Topics covered range from minimum wage and pay equity to the environment and free trade.
Categories: Canada

Resource Efficiency

Resource Efficiency

Polimeni JM and Polimeni RI ( 2006 ) Jevons ' paradox and the myth of
technological innovation . Ecological Complexity 3 ( 4 ) : 344-353 . Stern N ( 2006
) Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change . Cambridge University
Press ...

Author: United Nations

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: STANFORD:36105213642783

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 591

The first Resource Efficiency: Economics and Outlook (REEO) for Asia and the Pacific report focuses on demand for and use of natural resources, as drivers and as consequences of economic activity and social development. This report provides an overview of resource use patterns in Asia and the Pacific, explains why sustainable resource use and resource efficiency will become an economic and social imperative for the region, and presents information on how resource efficiency and sustainable resource use might be achieved through careful policy design. It aims to inform policy makers and practitioners working on integrated environment and development strategies in particular, as well as sustainability policies more generally.
Categories: Business & Economics

Ceylon Journal of Historical and Social Studies

Ceylon Journal of Historical and Social Studies

The small scale rubber industry in Malaya etc. has exploded the myth that only
large scale industries are efficient , the ... Increase in Agricultural Production The
argument that small holdings inhibit efficient resource use has not been tested ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000123833752

Category: History

Page:

View: 268

Categories: History

Dispelling the Myth of Globalization

Dispelling the Myth of Globalization

resources available to them to manufacture goods that complement output of
major corporations . ... such viability is the use of the most up - todate technology
that is available to assure efficiency of service delivery and resource
management .

Author: Hazel Johnson

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: UCSD:31822015449598

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 770

In the future, some regions of the world will probably experience vigorous economic growth, while others struggle to survive. Unless the United States recognizes these probabilities and the implications of them, standards of living in this country will continue to decline. This is the warning Hazel Johnson gives in this book--an analysis of global economic trends and capital flows that reveals strong regional patterns of development. The book was written when the appeal of globalization was almost irresistible: communism was being overthrown and global market economies seemed inevitable. But Johnson detected factors that would prevent globalization, for example: a closed Japanese society that focused on winning the economic war, a Germany that would overextend itself to achieve reunification, and a Latin America whose problems would be felt more by the United States than by any other developed country. Analysts are only now beginning to face these realities. Most notably, Lester Thurow (Head to Head, 1992) has acknowledged all these factors and concludes (subsequent to the publication of Johnson's book) that regional trading blocks will, in fact, emerge. Johnson's volume is unique in viewing the world in its entirety rather than treating one country or region at a time, and in presenting events in a historical context to explain current and probable future economic relationships among countries. The work is compelling because it dares to examine the economic behavior of countries with a critical rather than a diplomatic eye. It should be of interest to scholars and policymakers in international finance and trade, as well as those studying development and international economics.
Categories: Business & Economics

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs

The result , an “ industrial ecosystem , ” would make America a more efficient and
competitive manufacturer . Harnessing the market to promote resource efficiency
is the first step . Both energy and economic policy must share a least - cost ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822015965015

Category: International relations

Page:

View: 251

Categories: International relations

Rural Sociology

Rural Sociology

The ability of the market to serve as an “ invisible hand , " allocating resources in
such a way as to maximize total utility , is ... Another important myth , as far as
Perelman is concerned , is the myth of agricultural efficiency defined in terms of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015008243415

Category: Sociology

Page:

View: 305

Includes sections "Current bulletins" and "Book reviews".
Categories: Sociology

World Metal Demand

World Metal Demand

Author: John E. Tilton

Publisher: Resources for the Future

ISBN: 091570756X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 341

View: 612

Categories: Technology & Engineering