The Myth of Ownership

Taxes and Justice

Author: Liam B. Murphy,Thomas Nagel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195176561

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 5152

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In a capitalist economy, taxes are the most important instrument by which the political system puts into practice a conception of economic or distributive justice. This book unites philosophical discussion of justice with debates on tax policy.
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What Makes Law

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law

Author: Liam Murphy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521834279

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 886

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This advanced introduction to central questions in legal philosophy attempts to breathe new life into stalled research.
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Multistate and Multinational Estate Planning

Author: Jeffrey A. Schoenblum

Publisher: CCH

ISBN: 9780808092285

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 2632

View: 989

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Multistate and Multinational Guide to Estate Planning analyzes the legal aspects of individual wealth transfers across state and national boundaries. In addition, the Guide seeks to develop workable strategies for the attorney involved with a multijurisdictional client.
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The Delicate Balance

Tax, Discretion and the Rule of Law

Author: Chris Evans,Judith Freedman,Richard E. Krever

Publisher: IBFD

ISBN: 9087221037

Category: Income tax

Page: 368

View: 2253

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Few aspects of revenue law generate stronger feelings than the exercise of discretionary power by tax administrations. A delicate balance often needs to be struck between the legitimate needs of revenue authorities and the equally legitimate interests and rights of taxpayers. On the one hand, the executive and administration need to have sufficient capacity to apply the law; on the other, there is a need to maintain the principle of the rule of law that it is the elected legislature, and not the executive or tax administration, that establishes tax burdens. The chapters in this volume explore that delicate balance. The Delicate Balance - Tax, Discretion and the Rule of Law considers the critical questions that arise from the intersections of tax, discretion and the rule of law in modern common and civil law jurisdictions: What do we mean by tax discretion and how does it vary in conceptual and practical terms in different tax regimes? -What role should discretion play in tax systems that operate under the rule of law and how large should that role be? -What are the legal, political, institutional and other constraints that can prevent abuse of discretion? -To what extent can, and should, the legislature safely delegate discretionary powers to tax administrations?
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The Problem of Political Authority

An Examination of the Right to Coerce and the Duty to Obey

Author: Michael Huemer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137281669

Category: Philosophy

Page: 365

View: 603

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The state is often ascribed a special sort of authority, one that obliges citizens to obey its commands and entitles the state to enforce those commands through threats of violence. This book argues that this notion is a moral illusion: no one has ever possessed that sort of authority.
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Property-Owning Democracy

Rawls and Beyond

Author: Martin O'Neill,Thad Williamson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355171

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 3175

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Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond features a collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy. Offers new and essential insights into Rawls's idea of "property-owning democracy" Addresses the proposed political and economic institutions and policies which Rawls's theory would require Considers radical alternatives to existing forms of capitalism Provides a major contribution to debates among progressive policymakers and activists about the programmatic direction progressive politics should take in the near future
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Confucian Reflections

Ancient Wisdom for Modern Times

Author: Philip J Ivanhoe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135012377

Category: Philosophy

Page: 134

View: 4650

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Confucian Reflections: Ancient Wisdom for Modern Times is about the early Chinese Confucian classic the "Analects" Lunyu, attributed to the founder of the Confucian tradition, Kongzi (551-479 bce) and who is more commonly referred to as "Confucius" in the West. Philip J. Ivanhoe argues that the Analects is as relevant and important today as it has proven to be over the course of its more than 2000 year history, not only for the people who live in East Asian societies but for all human beings. The fact that this text has inspired so many talented people for so long, across a range of complex, creative, rich, and fascinating cultures offers a strong prima facie reason for thinking that the insights the Analects contains are not bound by either the particular time or cultural context in which the text took shape.
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Libertarian Philosophy in the Real World

The Politics of Natural Rights

Author: Mark D. Friedman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472573420

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 3382

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Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia is widely recognized as one of the most influential works of modern political philosophy. Libertarian Philosophy in the Real World not only provides a concise and accessible introduction to Nozick's ideal rights-based, minimal libertarian state, but for the first time applies this moral framework to America's liberal democracy. Mark D. Friedman clearly presents Nozick's arguments for natural rights, showing that his theory undermines the very idea of social justice, and enables libertarians to rebut the most common objections to their doctrine. The book delivers a withering moral critique of the American welfare state, with chapters devoted to property rights, freedom of expression and association, paternalism, and the state's intervention in discrete aspects of modern life such as public education and healthcare. Friedman argues that reducing the liberal democratic state to its core functions would not produce the sort of moral catastrophe that might make us reconsider our commitment to individual rights. So, what is to be done? Friedman concludes with effective argumentative strategies for moving American politics in a more libertarian direction. Ideal for undergraduates and above studying political philosophy, political science, political ideology, rights and public policy, this text provides crucial insights into libertarian theory and its application.
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Is the Welfare State Justified?

Author: Daniel Shapiro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466011

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7547

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In this book, Daniel Shapiro argues that the dominant positions in contemporary political philosophy - egalitarianism, positive rights theory, communitarianism, and many forms of liberalism - should converge in a rejection of central welfare state institutions. He examines how major welfare institutions, such as government-financed and -administered retirement pensions, national health insurance, and programs for the needy, actually work. Comparing them to compulsory private insurance and private charities, Shapiro argues that the dominant perspectives in political philosophy mistakenly think that their principles support the welfare state. Instead, egalitarians, positive rights theorists, communitarians, and liberals have misunderstood the implications of their own principles, which in fact support more market-based or libertarian institutional conclusions than they may realize. Shapiro's book is unique in its combination of political philosophy with social science. Its focus is not limited to any particular country; rather it examines welfare states in affluent democracies and their market alternatives.
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