The Mismeasure of Wealth

The Mismeasure of Wealth

The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form gathers Patrick Murray’s essays reinterpreting Marx and Marxian theory published since his Marx’s Theory of Scientific Knowledge (1988), along with a previously unpublished essay ...

Author: Patrick Murray

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004326071

Category: Political Science

Page: 568

View: 956

The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form gathers Patrick Murray’s essays reinterpreting Marx and Marxian theory published since his Marx’s Theory of Scientific Knowledge (1988), along with a previously unpublished essay and an introduction.
Categories: Political Science

Theory of the Gimmick

Theory of the Gimmick

See Patrick Murray, The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2017), esp. chapter 8, “The Necessity of Money: How Hegel Helped Marx Surpass Ricardo's Theory of Value,” 249–76. 6.

Author: Sianne Ngai

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674245310

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 447

A provocative theory of the gimmick as an aesthetic category steeped in the anxieties of capitalism. Repulsive and yet strangely attractive, the gimmick is a form that can be found virtually everywhere in capitalism. It comes in many guises: a musical hook, a financial strategy, a striptease, a novel of ideas. Above all, acclaimed theorist Sianne Ngai argues, the gimmick strikes us both as working too little (a labor-saving trick) and as working too hard (a strained effort to get our attention). Focusing on this connection to work, Ngai draws a line from gimmicks to political economy. When we call something a gimmick, we are registering uncertainties about value bound to labor and time—misgivings that indicate broader anxieties about the measurement of wealth in capitalism. With wit and critical precision, Ngai explores the extravagantly impoverished gimmick across a range of examples: the fiction of Thomas Mann, Helen DeWitt, and Henry James; photographs by Torbjørn Rødland; the video art of Stan Douglas; the theoretical writings of Stanley Cavell and Theodor Adorno. Despite its status as cheap and compromised, the gimmick emerges as a surprisingly powerful tool in this formidable contribution to aesthetic theory.
Categories: Philosophy

The Mismeasure of Progress

The Mismeasure of Progress

27 The commission's report was published as Stiglitz, Sen, and Fitoussi, Mismeasuring Our Lives. 28 Jackson, Prosperity without Growth. 29 UNU- IHDP and UNEP, Inclusive Wealth Report 2012, ...

Author: Stephen J. Macekura

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226736440

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 606

Few ideas in the past century have had wider financial, political, and governmental impact than that of economic growth. The common belief that endless economic growth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product, is not only possible but actually essential for the flourishing of civilization remains a powerful policy goal and aspiration for many. In The Mismeasure of Progress, Stephen J. Macekura exposes a historical road not taken, illuminating the stories of the activists, intellectuals, and other leaders who long argued that GDP growth was not all it was cracked up to be. Beginning with the rise of the growth paradigm in the 1940s and 1950s and continuing through the present day, The Mismeasure of Progress is the first book on the myriad thinkers who argued against growth and the conventional way progress had been measured and defined. For growth critics, questioning the meaning and measurement of growth was a necessary first step to creating a more just, equal, and sustainable world. These critics argued that focusing on growth alone would not resolve social, political, and environmental problems, and they put forth alternate methods for defining and measuring human progress. ​In today’s global political scene—marked by vast inequalities of power and wealth and made even more fraught by a global climate emergency—the ideas presented by these earlier critics of growth resonate more loudly than ever. Economic growth appealed to many political leaders because it allowed them to avoid addressing political trade-offs and class conflict. It sustained the fiction that humans are somehow separate from nonhuman “nature,” ignoring the intimate and dense connections between the two. In order to create a truly just and equitable society, Macekura argues, we need a clear understanding of our collective needs beyond growth and more holistic definitions of progress that transcend economic metrics like GDP.
Categories: History

The Political Economy of Digital Monopolies

The Political Economy of Digital Monopolies

The Mismeasure of Wealth (Lam edn). BRILL. Murray, P. (2018). Critical theory and the critique of political economy: From critical political economy to the critique of political economy. In B. Best, W. Bonefeld, & C. O'Kane (Eds), ...

Author: Bilić, Paško

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781529212389

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 230

View: 156

At a time when the practices of technology companies continue to attract fierce criticism, this book asks what it actually means to hold a 'monopoly' in the tech world and how it might affect the way in which an organization operates. Combining new and traditional Marxian perspectives, the authors offer an in-depth analysis of how these technology giants are produced, financialized, and regulated. As technology firms continue to shape our political and socio-economic landscape, this book will be an invaluable resource for scholars and students who seek to understand the function of technological monopolies in contemporary capitalism.
Categories: Business & Economics

The SAGE Handbook of Marxism

The SAGE Handbook of Marxism

The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form. Leiden: Brill. Ollman, B. (2003). Dance of the Dialectic. Champaign: University of Illinois Press. Postone, M. (1993). Time, Labor, and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of ...

Author: Beverley Skeggs

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526455741

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1505

View: 492

This handbook advances the debate with essays that rigorously map and renew the concepts that have provided the groundwork and main currents for Marxist theory, and showcases interventions that set the agenda for Marxist research in the 21st century.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx

The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx

The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. Postone, Moishe. 1993. Time, Labor, and Social Domination: A reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory. New York and Cambridge, UK: Cambridge ...

Author: Matt Vidal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190695569

Category: Social Science

Page: 752

View: 923

Karl Marx is one of the most influential writers in history. Despite repeated obituaries proclaiming the death of Marxism, in the 21st century Marx's ideas and theories continue to guide vibrant research traditions in sociology, economics, political science, philosophy, history, anthropology, management, economic geography, ecology, literary criticism, and media studies. Due to the exceptionally wide influence and reach of Marxist theory, including over 150 years of historical debates and traditions within Marxism, finding a point of entry can be daunting. The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx provides an entry point for those new to Marxism. At the same time, its chapters, written by leading Marxist scholars, advance Marxist theory and research. Its coverage is more comprehensive than previous volumes on Marx in terms of both foundational concepts and state-of-the-art empirical research on contemporary social problems. It is also provides equal space to sociologists, economists, and political scientists, with substantial contributions from philosophers, historians, and geographers. The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx consists of six sections. The first section, Foundations, includes chapters that cover the foundational concepts and theories that constitute the core of Marx's theories of history, society, and political economy. This section demonstrates that the core elements of Marx's political economy of capitalism continue to be defended, elaborated, and applied to empirical social science and covers historical materialism, class, capital, labor, value, crisis, ideology, and alienation. Additional sections include Labor, Class, and Social Divisions; Capitalist States and Spaces; Accumulation, Crisis, and Class Struggle in the Core Countries; Accumulation, Crisis, and Class Struggle in the Peripheral and Semi-Peripheral Countries; and Alternatives to Capitalism.
Categories: Social Science

Labour and the Wage

Labour and the Wage

See: Patrick Murray, The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form (Brill 2016), 288–89. See also: Karl Marx, Capital, Volume III (David Fernbach tr, Penguin Books 1981) 279. 30 On this point, see: Geoffrey Pilling, ...

Author: Zoe Adams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192602657

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 822

Labour and the Wage: A Critical Perspective offers a new perspective on why labour law struggles to respond to problems such as low pay and under-inclusive employment. A Marxian-inspired ontological approach sheds new light on the role of labour law in a capitalist economy and on the limitations and potential of labour law when it comes to bringing about social change. It illustrates this through the lens of the wage. The book develops a legal genealogy that explores the shifting portfolio of concepts through which the wage has been conceptualized in legal discourse as capitalism has developed. This exploration spans from the Norman Conquest to the present day, and covers diverse issues such as the decasualization of the docks, sweated labour, the truck system, tax-credits, tips, and minimum wages. Labour and the Wage provides one of the most in-depth and comprehensive analyses of the wage to date, while, at the same time, shedding new light on the contradictory role, or function, of labour law in the context of capitalism.
Categories: Law

The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory

The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory

He is the author of The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form (Brill, 2016) and Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge (Humanities, 1988) and the editor of Reflections on Commercial Life: An Anthology of Classic Text from ...

Author: Beverley Best

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526455628

Category: Social Science

Page: 1800

View: 311

The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.
Categories: Social Science

Marx and Contemporary Critical Theory

Marx and Contemporary Critical Theory

The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form. Leiden: Brill. Panitch, L., Albo, G., & Chibber, V. (2011). Preface, Socialist Register 2012 (pp. IX–XII). London: Merlin Press. Postone, M. (1993).

Author: Antonio Oliva

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030399542

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 650

This edited volume brings together an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars to explore the traces of the idea of “Real Abstraction” in Marx’s thought from the early to late writings, as well as the theoretical and practical consequences of this notion in the capitalist social system. Divided into two main parts, Part One reconstructs Marx’s notion of “Real Abstraction” and the influences of earlier thinkers (Berkley, Petty, Franklin, Feuerbach, Hegel) on his thoughts, as well as the further elaborations of this concept in later Marxist thinkers (Sohn-Rethel, Lukács, Lefebvre, Adorno and Postone). Part Two then considers the reverberations of the notion in the field of critical theory from a more abstract critique of capitalist social relations, to a more concrete understanding of historical movements. Taken together, the chapters in this volume offer a focused look at the concept of “Real Abstraction” in Marx.
Categories: Political Science

Labour and Value Rethinking Marx s Theory of Exploitation

Labour and Value  Rethinking Marx   s Theory of Exploitation

The Mismeasure of Wealth. Leiden: Brill, https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004326071 Nayeri, K. 2018. 'Capitalism, Automation, and Socialism: Karl Marx on the Labour Process.' A Journal of Ecosocialism, June 14, ...

Author: Ernesto Screpanti

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 9781783747825

Category: Education

Page: 144

View: 600

In this book Ernesto Screpanti provides a rigorous examination of Marx’s theory of exploitation, one of the cornerstones of Marxist thought. With precision and clarity, he identifies the holes in traditional readings of Marx’s theory before advancing his own original interpretation, drawing on contemporary philosophy and economic theory to provide a refreshingly interdisciplinary exegesis. Screpanti’s arguments are delivered with perspicuity and verve: this is a book that aims to spark a debate. He exposes ambiguities present in Marx’s exposition of his own theory, especially when dealing with the employment contract and the notions of ‘abstract labor’ and ‘labor value’, and he argues that these ambiguities have given rise to misunderstandings in previous analyses of Marx’s theory of exploitation. Screpanti’s own interpretation is a meticulously argued counterpoint to these traditional interpretations. Labour and Value is a significant contribution to the theory of economics, particularly Marxist economics. It will also be of great interest to scholars in other disciplines including sociology, political science, and moral and political philosophy. Screpanti’s clear and engaging writing style will attract the interested general reader as well as the academic theorist.
Categories: Education

The Digitally Disposed

The Digitally Disposed

Racial Capitalism and the Informatics of Value Seb Franklin. the world.” The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form (Leiden: Brill, 2016), 453n49. 25. In another of Hunt's examples, “A mathematician spends 1.

Author: Seb Franklin

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9781452960784

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

View: 505

Locates the deep history of digitality in the development of racial capitalism Seb Franklin sets out a media theory of racial capitalism to examine digitality’s racial-capitalist foundations. The Digitally Disposed shows how the promises of boundless connection, flexibility, and prosperity that are often associated with digital technologies are grounded in racialized histories of dispossession and exploitation. Reading archival and published material from the cybernetic sciences alongside nineteenth-century accounts of intellectual labor, twentieth-century sociometric experiments, and a range of literary and visual works, The Digitally Disposed locates the deep history of digitality in the development of racial capitalism. Franklin makes the groundbreaking argument that capital’s apparently spontaneous synthesis of so-called free individuals into productive circuits represents an “informatics of value.” On the one hand, understanding value as an informatic relation helps to explain why capital was able to graft so seamlessly with digitality at a moment in which it required more granular and distributed control over labor—the moment that is often glossed as the age of logistics. On the other hand, because the informatics of value sort populations into positions of higher and lower capacity, value, and status, understanding their relationship to digitality requires that we see the digital as racialized and gendered in pervasive ways. Ultimately, The Digitally Disposed questions the universalizing assumptions that are maintained, remade, and intensified by today’s dominant digital technologies. Vital and far-reaching, The Digitally Disposed reshapes such fundamental concepts as cybernetics, informatics, and digitality.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The American Weird

The American Weird

Murray, P. (2016), The Mismeasure of Wealth: Essays on Marx and Social Form, Leiden: Brill. Ruff, M. (2016), Lovecraft Country, New York: Harper Perennial. Sedgwick, E. K. (1990), Epistemology of the Closet, Berkeley: University of ...

Author: Julius Greve

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350141216

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 272

View: 237

Hitherto classified as a form of genre fiction, or as a particular aesthetic quality of literature by H. P. Lovecraft, the weird has now come to refer to a broad spectrum of artistic practices and expressions including fiction, film, television, photography, music, and visual and performance art. Largely under-theorized so far, The American Weird brings together perspectives from literary, cultural, media and film studies, and from philosophy, to provide a thorough exploration of the weird mode. Separated into two sections – the first exploring the concept of the weird and the second how it is applied through various media – this book generates new approaches to fundamental questions: Can the weird be conceptualized as a generic category, as an aesthetic mode or as an epistemological position? May the weird be thought through in similar ways to what Sianne Ngai calls the zany, the cute, and the interesting? What are the transformations it has undergone aesthetically and politically since its inception in the early twentieth century? Which strands of contemporary critical theory and philosophy have engaged in a dialogue with the discourses of and on the weird? And what is specifically “American” about this aesthetic mode? As the first comprehensive, interdisciplinary study of the weird, this book not only explores the writings of Lovecraft, Caitlín Kiernan, China Miéville, and Jeff VanderMeer, but also the graphic novels of Alan Moore, the music of Captain Beefheart, the television show Twin Peaks and the films of Lily Amirpour, Matthew Barney, David Lynch, and Jordan Peele.
Categories: Performing Arts

Mismeasuring Our Lives

Mismeasuring Our Lives

Wealth. and. Consumption. Have. to. Be. Considered. Together. Income flows are an important gauge for the standard of living, but in the end it is consumption and consumption possibilities over time that matter.

Author: Jean-Paul Fitouss

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 9781459617797

Category:

Page: 282

View: 171

In February of 2008, amid the looming global financial crisis, President Nicolas Sarkozy of France asked Nobel Prize-winning economists Joseph Stiglitz and Amartya Sen, along with the distinguished French economist Jean Paul Fitoussi, to establish a commission of leading economists to study whether Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - the most widely used measure of economic activity - is a reliable indicator of economic and social progress. The Commission was given the further task of laying out an agenda for developing better measures. Mismeasuring Our Lives is the result of this major intellectual effort, one with pressing relevance for anyone engaged in assessing how and whether our economy is serving the needs of our society. The authors offer a sweeping assessment of the limits of GDP as a measurement of the well-being of societies - considering, for example, how GDP overlooks economic inequality (with the result that most people can be worse off even though average income is increasing); and does not factor environmental impacts into economic decisions.In place of GDP, Mismeasuring Our Lives introduces a bold new array of concepts, from sustainable measures of economic welfare, to measures of savings and wealth, to a ''green GDP.'' At a time when policymakers worldwide are grappling with unprecedented global financial and environmental issues, here is an essential guide to measuring the things that matter.
Categories:

IQ and the Wealth of Nations

IQ and the Wealth of Nations

Lynn and Vanhanen argue that a significant part of the gap between rich and poor countries is due to differences in national intelligence (national IQs).

Author: Richard Lynn

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 027597510X

Category: Psychology

Page: 298

View: 886

Lynn and Vanhanen argue that a significant part of the gap between rich and poor countries is due to differences in national intelligence (national IQs). Based on an extensive survey of national IQ tests, the results of their study challenge the previous theories of economic development and provide a new basis to evaluate the prospects of economic development throughout the world.
Categories: Psychology

Statistics of Income

Statistics of Income

He presented a paper coauthored with Jenny Wahl , of Carleton College , titled “ The Mismeasure of Man's Well - Being : Refining Realized Income Measures with Wealth , Portfolio , and Mortality Information . ” This paper used SOI data ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000011081928

Category: Income tax

Page:

View: 321

Categories: Income tax

Race

Race

One of the major points we wanted to make in this chapter is the distinction between income status and wealth. In 2019, more and more historically ... Gould, Stephen Jay 1996 The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W. W. Norton.

Author: Alan H. Goodman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119472414

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 341

The second edition of the bestselling title on modern notions of race, providing timely examination of perspectives on race, racism, and human biological variation In this fully updated second edition of this popular text on the study of race, Alan Goodman, Yolanda Moses, and Joseph Jones take a timely look at modern ideas surrounding race, racism, and human diversity, and consider the ways that ideas about race have changed over time. New material in the second edition covers recent history and emerging topics in the study of race. The second edition has also been updated to account for advancements in the study of human genetic variation, which provide further evidence that race is an entirely social phenomenon. RACE compels readers to carefully consider their own ideas about race and the role that race plays in the world around them. Examines the ways perceptions of race influence laws, customs, and social institutions in the US and around the world Explores the impact of race and racism on health, wealth, education, and other domains of life Includes guest essays by noted scholars, a complete bibliography, and a full glossary Stands as an ideal text for courses on race, racism, and cultural and economic divides Combines insights and examples from science, history, and personal narrative Includes engaging photos, illustrations, timelines, and diagrams to illustrate important concepts
Categories: Social Science

From Orientalism to Postcolonialism

From Orientalism to Postcolonialism

24 Smith, The Wealth, V.1:87. 25 Smith, TheWealth, IV.7:90. 26 Smith, TheWealth, I. 11:164. ... 175. 45 An AsiaEurope dividewas alien to their outlooks; Jones' championing Stephen J.Gould, The Mismeasure of Man, New York: W.W. Norton,

Author: Sucheta Mazumdar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135211974

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 780

This book uses a historical and theoretical focus to examine the key of issues of the Enlightenment, Orientalism, concepts of identity and difference, and the contours of different modernities in relation to both local and global shaping forces, including the spread of capitalism. The contributors present eight in-depth studies and a substantial theoretical introduction, utilizing primary and secondary sources in Turkish, Farsi, Chinese, not to mention English, French and German in the effort to engage materials and cultural perspectives from diverse regions. It provides a critical attempt to think through the potentialities and limitations of area-studies and ‘civilizational’ approaches to the production of knowledge about the modern world, and the often obscured relationship between the fragment and the whole, or the particular and universal. The book is an intervention in one of the most fundamental debates confronting the social science and humanities, namely how to understand global and local historical processes as interconnected developments affecting human actors. From Orientalism to Postcolonialism will be of interest to academics and postgraduate students in Cultural and Postcolonial Studies and Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies.
Categories: Political Science

The Assault on Social Policy

The Assault on Social Policy

Quoted in James Carville, “Carville: What If the Rich Lost 40% of Their Wealth? ... George F. Gilder, Wealth and Poverty (New York: Basic Books, 1981). ... Stephen J. Gould, The Mismeasure of Man, rev. and exp. ed.

Author: William Roth

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231537971

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 215

Based on incisive analyses of economic globalization, class, politics, and bureaucracy, The Assault on Social Policy examines the ordinary speech used to make poverty and extreme inequality seem acceptable, the corporate strategies co-opting the distribution of wealth and other resources, and the negative effect of these efforts on our more vulnerable citizens, such as those with disabilities, incarcerated individuals, children, and the elderly. This second edition incorporates new research on the hotly contested policies dealing with poverty, welfare, disability, social security, and health care. It also takes stock of the ongoing effects of globalization and adds a chapter on education.
Categories: Social Science

Contested Terrains And Constructed Categories

Contested Terrains And Constructed Categories

The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W.W. Norton &c Company. ______. 1997. “Darwinian Fundamentalism. ... “Wealth in People as Wealth in Knowledge: Accumulation and Composition in Equatorial Africa.” Journal of African History, ...

Author: George Clement Bond

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429969898

Category: Political Science

Page: 450

View: 833

Contested Terrains and Constructed Categories brings together intellectuals from a variety of fields, backgrounds, generations, and continents to deepen and reinvigo-rate the theoretical and intellectual integrity of African studies. Building on recent debate within African studies that has revolved around the role of Africanists in the United States as “gatekeepers” of knowledge about Africa and Africans, this volume of interdisciplinary essays focuses on the contested character of the production of knowledge itself. In every chapter, case studies and ethnographic materials, drawn from such regions as South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, the Malagasy Republic, Angola, Ghana, and Senegal, demonstrate the application of theory to concrete situations.
Categories: Political Science

Counting for Nothing

Counting for Nothing

The World Bank , in experimenting with a new way of measuring national wealth , has included human capital . ... 40 Since its inception in 1990 , the Human Development Report series has been dedicated to ending the mismeasure of human ...

Author: Marilyn Waring

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802082602

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 144

The calculation of "national wealth" is full of bias, particularly gender bias against women. Waring's classic analysis of women's place in the world economy is brought up to date in this reprinted edition by a sizable new introduction by the author.
Categories: Social Science