The Mental Health Consequences of Torture

The Mental Health Consequences of Torture

This book, dedicated to those who experience the horrors of torture and those who work to end it, is based on that report.

Author: Ellen Gerrity

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461512950

Category: Psychology

Page: 375

View: 767

In 1997 the National Institute of Mental Health assembled a working group of international experts to address the mental health consequences of torture and related violence and trauma; report on the status of scientific knowledge; and include research recommendations with implications for treatment, services, and policy development. This book, dedicated to those who experience the horrors of torture and those who work to end it, is based on that report.
Categories: Psychology

Torture and Its Consequences

Torture and Its Consequences

A classic publication in this field which serves as a scholarly yet very practical resource.

Author: Metin Baolu

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521392993

Category: Medical

Page: 527

View: 865

A classic publication in this field which serves as a scholarly yet very practical resource.
Categories: Medical

Testing Resilience as a Moderator of the Torture Mental Health Relationship in Refugee Survivors of Torture

Testing Resilience as a Moderator of the Torture Mental Health Relationship in Refugee Survivors of Torture

There may be as many as 1.3 million refugee survivors of torture currently living in the United States (Center for Victims of Torture, 2015).

Author: Phyu Pannu Khin

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1250315842

Category: Resilience (Personality trait)

Page: 86

View: 576

There may be as many as 1.3 million refugee survivors of torture currently living in the United States (Center for Victims of Torture, 2015). Torture is a unique predictor of various debilitating mental health conditions including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety (Quiroga & Jaranson, 2005). The current study focuses on a clinical sample of refugee survivors of torture to examine resilience-promoting factors including external protective factors, community engagement, employment, and English fluency, and an internal protective factor, psychological flexibility. This study conducted moderation analyses utilizing the PROCESS program in SPSS (Hayes, 2013) to better understand the moderating impacts of resilience-promoting factors on the torture-mental health relationship. Findings showed that torture severity was significantly and positively associated with all mental health symptoms including PTSD, depression, and anxiety. For all models of mental health symptoms, psychological flexibility was revealed as a significant and negative predictor, which provides clinical utility. Additionally, English fluency and employment, but not community engagement, were significantly and negatively associated with mental health symptoms. There were no significant interaction effects observed in the study. Overall, the results from the present study identified variables that may have a meaningful impact on the mental health of refugee survivors of torture, and these findings provide future insights and implications in treating this patient population from the strengths-based and resilience-oriented clinical frameworks.
Categories: Resilience (Personality trait)

Disasters

Disasters

This volume will help contribute to more efficient management and mitigation of the mental health effects of such disasters.

Author: George Christodoulou

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443893244

Category: Psychology

Page: 355

View: 614

The issue of the mental health consequences of disasters is always timely, but, at present, its consideration serves a pressing need if one takes into account the great number of co-existing and super-imposed disasters occurring throughout the world. Taking Greece as an example, on top of the economic disaster that has produced serious mental health problems, the country is faced with a serious refugee problem produced by human-made disasters that have occurred elsewhere and produce serious mental health problems to the refugees and the host population alike. This volume deals with the mental health consequences of Natural Disasters, Human-made Disasters, and a third category, Economic Disasters. This volume will help contribute to more efficient management and mitigation of the mental health effects of such disasters.
Categories: Psychology

A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors

A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors

This book presents such a model, along with guidance on its implementation, making it invaluable for both policy-makers and mental health professionals.

Author: Metin Basoglu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139500814

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 137

Mass trauma events, such as natural disasters, war and torture, affect millions of people every year. Currently, there is no mental health care model with the potential to address the psychological needs of survivors in a cost-effective way. This book presents such a model, along with guidance on its implementation, making it invaluable for both policy-makers and mental health professionals. Building on more than twenty years of extensive research with mass trauma survivors, the authors present a model of traumatic stress to aid understanding of mass trauma and how its psychological impact can be overcome with control-focused behavioral treatment. This text offers a critical review of various controversial issues in the field of psychological trauma in light of recent research findings. Including two structured manuals on earthquake trauma, covering treatment delivery and self-help, the book will be of use to survivors themselves as well as care providers.
Categories: Psychology

Traumatic Stress

Traumatic Stress

Renowned scientists and practitioners provide a concise summary of current theory, research, and clinical practice regarding traumatic stress. An integrative biopsychosocial theory of trauma response provides a framework for the book.

Author: John R. Freedy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489910769

Category: Psychology

Page: 402

View: 734

Renowned scientists and practitioners provide a concise summary of current theory, research, and clinical practice regarding traumatic stress. An integrative biopsychosocial theory of trauma response provides a framework for the book. Chapters consider the frequency and likely mental health consequences of a wide range of traumatic events-including military trauma, violent crime, natural and technological disasters, accidental injury, and torture. This comprehensive reference features state-of-the-art psychosocial and biological treatments and community-based intervention strategies.
Categories: Psychology

Caring for Victims of Torture

Caring for Victims of Torture

The health care professionals on the staffs of these centers need the best, most up-to-date information and advice they can get. This book delivers it.

Author: James M. Jaranson

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 0880487747

Category: Medical

Page: 267

View: 846

Since its beginnings in the 1970s, the field of torture rehabilitation has grown rapidly. A growing awareness about the practice of torture (more than 100 countries today practice government-sanctioned torture) and its effects on victims is leading to an increasing number of dedicated treatment centers. The health care professionals on the staffs of these centers need the best, most up-to-date information and advice they can get. This book delivers it. Caring for Victims of Torture contains all the collective wisdom of some of the most respected international experts in the treatment of victims of government torture -- all distinguished physicians -- including pioneers in the field of traumatic stress. Contributors discuss the most recent advances in knowledge about government-sanctioned torture and offer practical approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of torture victims. Organized into six main sections, this annotated volume provides an overview of the history and politics of torture and rehabilitation; guidance in identifying and defining the sequelae of torture; a framework for assessment and treatment; specific treatment interventions; and a discussion of ethical implications. In the final section, physicians working in the field offer firsthand accounts and address how they are trying to balance politics with caregiving. Focusing on the physician's role, this book is chiefly a clinical guide. But for advanced-level students, it serves as a thorough, up-to-date text and reference work. Religious leaders, lawyers, politicians, human rights advocates, and torture victims themselves will find it a valuable resource as well.
Categories: Medical

Survivors of Torture

Survivors of Torture

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P00900859N

Category: Legal assistance to refugees

Page: 68

View: 600

Categories: Legal assistance to refugees

Protected Status

Protected Status

A 2x3 MANOVA was utilized to examine the two hypotheses stated above, as well as an interaction between gender, protected immigration status and overall mental health distress.

Author: Elvin Sheykhani

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1008919708

Category: Immigrants

Page: 150

View: 107

Torture is a brutal and inhumane practice that is delivered by totalitarian regimes as a means of suppressing minority groups or those whom they perceive to be threatening. Over 500,000 torture survivors are believed to reside within the United States as refugees, asylees, and asylum seekers. The current study examined the effects of protective status (refugee, asylee, and asylum seeker) on mental health distress (PTSD and depression). Gender was also assessed, as research dictates women have a higher prevalence of developing PTSD and depression symptoms following a traumatic event. A 2x3 MANOVA was utilized to examine the two hypotheses stated above, as well as an interaction between gender, protected immigration status and overall mental health distress. Protective immigration status was shown to be indicative of overall better mental health outcomes, as refugees and asylees reported lower incidence rates of PTSD and depression. The role of gender was shown to have no significance in overall mental health distress, as men and women both displayed similar levels of PTSD and depression symptomatology. Further research is needed to examine any spurious variables such as level of social support. This study provides valuable insight into the plight of survivors of torture, and may direct clinical services to at risk populations.
Categories: Immigrants

A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors

A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors

This book presents such a model, along with guidance on its implementation, making it invaluable for both policy-makers and mental health professionals.

Author: Metin Basoglu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521880009

Category: Psychology

Page: 294

View: 510

Mass trauma events, such as natural disasters, war and torture, affect millions of people every year. Currently, there is no mental health care model with the potential to address the psychological needs of survivors in a cost-effective way. This book presents such a model, along with guidance on its implementation, making it invaluable for both policy-makers and mental health professionals. Building on more than twenty years of extensive research with mass trauma survivors, the authors present a model of traumatic stress to aid understanding of mass trauma and how its psychological impact can be overcome with control-focused behavioral treatment. This text offers a critical review of various controversial issues in the field of psychological trauma in light of recent research findings. Including two structured manuals on earthquake trauma, covering treatment delivery and self-help, the book will be of use to survivors themselves as well as care providers.
Categories: Psychology

Broken Spirits

Broken Spirits

Broken Spirits aims to bring together the works of the most respected mental health professionals - from the U.S. and abroad - and make available the most current knowledge on complex PTSD, forced migration and cultural sensitivity in ...

Author: John P Wilson, Dr, PhD

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135946425

Category: Psychology

Page: 688

View: 377

Mental health problems among asylum seekers and refugees are becoming a public issue, but awareness of this problem among the mental health community is relatively low. Although advances have been made in the provision of innovative mental health services for asylum seekers and refuges with PTSD, they are not systemized, and not widely known to professionals in the field. A publication offering practical guidelines for the treatment of torture victims and political refugees does not exist. Broken Spirits aims to bring together the works of the most respected mental health professionals - from the U.S. and abroad - and make available the most current knowledge on complex PTSD, forced migration and cultural sensitivity in diagnosis and treatment.
Categories: Psychology

Psychological Torture

Psychological Torture

This pioneering new book provides the first scientific definition and instrument to measure what it means to be tortured psychologically, as well as how allegations of psychological torture can be judged.

Author: Pau Perez Sales

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317206460

Category: Psychology

Page: 414

View: 417

Sadly, it is highly likely that psychological torture is committed by governments worldwide and yet, notwithstanding the serious moral questions that this disturbing and elusive concept raises, and research in the area so limited, there is no operational or legal definition. This pioneering new book provides the first scientific definition and instrument to measure what it means to be tortured psychologically, as well as how allegations of psychological torture can be judged. Ground in cross-disciplinary research across psychology, anthropology, ethics, philosophy, law and medicine, the book is a tour de force which analyses the legal framework in which psychological torture can exist, the harrowing effects it can have on those who have experienced it, and the motivations and identities of those who perpetrate it. Integrating the voices both of those who have experienced torture as well as those who have committed it, the book defines what we mean by psychological torture, its aims and effects, as well as the moral and ethical debates in which it operates. Finally, the book builds on the Istanbul Protocol to provide a comprehensive new framework, including practical scales, that enables us to accurately measure psychological torture for the first time. This is an important and much-needed overview and analysis of an issue that many governments have sought to sweep under the carpet. Its accessibility and range of coverage make it essential reading not only for psychologists and psychiatrists interested in this field, but also human rights organizations, lawyers and the wider international community.
Categories: Psychology

Counselling and Therapy with Refugees and Victims of Trauma

Counselling and Therapy with Refugees and Victims of Trauma

The first edition of this book was acclaimed as a practical, insightful and humane guide for professionals in mental health, social work and voluntary and government agencies who are concerned with the care of refugees and other victims of ...

Author: Guus van der Veer

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 0471982261

Category: Psychology

Page: 206

View: 140

The first edition of this book was acclaimed as a practical, insightful and humane guide for professionals in mental health, social work and voluntary and government agencies who are concerned with the care of refugees and other victims of political and military violence. These professionals can develop feelings of irritation, disappointment and hopelessness when their work seems not to have the expected result. Successful counselling and therapy require empathy with such victims of traumatic events. But empathy must be based on, and combined with, expertise and knowledge that is both scientific and research-based, and focused on the special needs of these victims. This book is written from the first-hand experience of a world expert in this field, and provides A practical guide to clinical work with adult, child and adolescent victims A conceptual framework which places treatment in the context of the main therapeutic approaches A review of the research evidence that supports these methods of assessment and treatment Many clinical examples and a full consideration of the special problems of communication across cultures and language barriers Recognition of the special problems for professionals and volunteers dealing with these clients This new edition reflects the latest scientific and clinical work and knowledge, and will be essential for mental health professionals as well as for a wider readership of social, legal and administrative professionals who are concerned with the wellbeing of these victims. "A supremely accessible, comprehensive text on the effects of detention, torture, rape, exile, and culture shock, and how to understand and effectively help victims. It is also a vivid insight into traumatization and transgenerational suffering, and into transcultural and transtheoretical therapy. Harrowing yet timely, essential reading for frontline therapists and counsellors." —Colin Feltham, PhD, Sheffield Hallam University
Categories: Psychology

Mental Health and Human Rights

Mental Health and Human Rights

People with mental disorders often suffer the worst conditions of life.This book is the first comprehensive survey of the mental health/human rights relationship.

Author: Michael Dudley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199213962

Category: Law

Page: 704

View: 554

People with mental disorders often suffer the worst conditions of life - a problem exacerbated by social stigma. In practice, the international community still tends to prioritise human rights in a manner that largely ignores mental health, which in turn remains in the shadow of physical-health programs. This book is the first comprehensive survey of the mental health/human rights relationship. It examines the relationships and histories of mental health and human rights, and their interconnections with law, culture, ethnicity, class, economics, biology, and stigma. It investigates the responsibilities of states in securing the rights of those with mental disabilities, the predicaments of specific vulnerable groups, and the challenge of promoting and protecting mental health in general.
Categories: Law

Psychotherapy with a Torture Survivor

Psychotherapy with a Torture Survivor

Inspired largely by the work of Amnesty International, major therapeutic approaches to torture treatment are currently being developed.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:930220941

Category: Psychotherapy

Page: 508

View: 586

The author attempts to educate the reader about refugees who have survived torture and about the newly evolving treatment methods specific to helping them. The dissertation begins with an examination of torture: its definitions, goals, physical and psychological methods, as well as codes and laws that prohibit torture. Nevertheless, torture is proliferating, with the compliance of some members of the medical and psychiatric professions. The author documents this prevalence and compliance and outlines the recent history of methods to rehabilitate torture survivors. In the United States, torture survivors are primarily refugees. The author provides background to understanding refugee experiences in terms of their mental health ramifications. She summarizes the social displacement syndrome, psychosocial stages of refugee adjustment, and common forms of psychopathology among refugees. Analyzing the psychological sequelae of torture in terms of the Concentration Camp Syndrome, the Torture Syndrome, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, the concept of the survivor, and specific coping behaviors, the author also considers the physical, familial, existential, and prognostic impact of torture and forced exile. Inspired largely by the work of Amnesty International, major therapeutic approaches to torture treatment are currently being developed. The author examines cognitive restructuring as used at Denmark's Rehabilitation Center for Torture; testimony as used in Chile's Fundacion de Ayuda Social de las Iglesias Christians; biological interventions as used at the Indo-Chinese Psychiatry Clinic in Boston; the eclectic model espoused by the Center for Victims of Torture in Minneapolis; and the community mental health approach used by clinicians at the Marjorie Kovler Center for the Treatment of Survivors of Torture. The author integrates these issues with the presentation of a clinical case study of a Namibian asylum seeker tortured for his political activities, analyzing the psychotherapeutic approach in terms of impact of repression, sociopolitical conditions, the torture trauma syndrome, refugee mental health issues, personality, and countertransference. Finally, the author synthesizes research and clinical experience into basic principles for the treatment of torture survivors. Elements of the model include building trust, validation of torture experiences, therapist flexibility, eschewing therapist neutrality, attention to cultural and political context, reassignment of blame, deprivatization of pain, resocialization, existential focus, empowerment, multidisciplinary treatment, and attention to the unique countertransference difficulties inherent in working with survivors of torture.
Categories: Psychotherapy

Working with Interpreters in Mental Health

Working with Interpreters in Mental Health

This book will be invaluable for practitioners of psychology, psychiatry, social work and other health professionals.

Author: Hitesh Raval

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317798255

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 774

Why are interpreters an important part of modern healthcare provision? In today's society, there is an increasing need for mental health professionals to work with interpreters, yet coverage of this subject in the existing literature is scarce. Working with Interpreters in Mental Health gives an insight into the issues and problems of professionals working with interpreters in the mental health field. Informed by theoretical, research and practice considerations, Working with Interpreters in Mental Health helps practitioners to develop better ways of helping service users who need an interpreter. Combining contributions from a number of different disciplines, this book discusses: * interpreters in medical consultations * issues of language provision in health care services * the application of theoretical frameworks to the work with interpreters * the work of interpreters in a variety of practical settings. Whilst the focus the placed within a mental health context, many of the issues raised apply equally to other context where interpreters are needed. This book will be invaluable for practitioners of psychology, psychiatry, social work and other health professionals.
Categories: Medical

Children of Refugees

Children of Refugees

Apart from having an overview of the relevant processes involved in therapeutic work and possible challenges therein, it is also important for the therapist to have an overview of the child's situation in the past and any current issues, ...

Author: Aida Alayarian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429911880

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 107

There is a wide gap between the psychological needs of the children of refugees and the services provided. Refugees' home countries, cultures, and social make-up are widely diversified, and their needs cannot be readily consolidated. This diversity of interest and need goes unacknowledged by the service-providers who may treat them as a single, homogenous group. Some refugees' needs are exaggerated, while others are ignored. This approach often ignores the justifiable and legitimate interest of refugees' psychological wellbeing. Many children of refugees may struggle with questions of race, ethnicity, language barriers, and other socio-political and economic issues that can influence their mental health and psychological wellbeing. Preoccupations of the child's emotions with those issues therefore have effects on child personality formations. Apart from having an overview of the relevant processes involved in therapeutic work and possible challenges therein, it is also important for the therapist to have an overview of the child's situation in the past and any current issues, which this book provides.
Categories: Psychology

The Ethics of Torture

The Ethics of Torture

The first student-friendly introduction to the philosophical issues surrounding torture. It is a timely and useful contribution to a highly topical and on-going debate.

Author: J. Jeremy Wisnewski

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826498892

Category: Philosophy

Page: 164

View: 738

The first student-friendly introduction to the philosophical issues surrounding torture. It is a timely and useful contribution to a highly topical and on-going debate.
Categories: Philosophy