The Meme Machine

Author: Susan Blackmore

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191574619

Category: Science

Page: 288

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Humans are extraordinary creatures, with the unique ability among animals to imitate and so copy from one another ideas, habits, skills, behaviours, inventions, songs, and stories. These are all memes, a term first coined by Richard Dawkins in 1976 in his book The Selfish Gene. Memes, like genes, are replicators, and this enthralling book is an investigation of whether this link between genes and memes can lead to important discoveries about the nature of the inner self. Confronting the deepest questions about our inner selves, with all our emotions, memories, beliefs, and decisions, Susan Blackmore makes a compelling case for the theory that the inner self is merely an illusion created by the memes for the sake of replication.
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Dawkins' GOD

Genes, Memes, and the Meaning of Life

Author: Alister E. McGrath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118724917

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 8487

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Alister E. McGrath is one of the world’s leading theologians, with a doctorate in the sciences. Richard Dawkins is one of the bestselling popular science writers, with outspoken and controversial views on religion. This fascinating and provoking work is the first book-length response to Dawkins’ ideas, and offers an ideal introduction to the topical issues of science and religion. Addresses fundamental questions about Dawkins’ approach to science and religion: Is the gene actually selfish? Is the blind watchmaker a suitable analogy? Are there other ways of looking at things? Tackles Dawkins’ hostile and controversial views on religion, and examines the religious implications of his scientific ideas, making for a fascinating and provoking debate Written in a very engaging and accessible style, ideal to those approaching scientific and religious issues for the first time Alister McGrath is uniquely qualified to write this book. He is one of the world’s best known and most respected theologians, with a strong research background in molecular biophysics A superb book by one of the world’s leading theologians, which will attract wide interest in the growing popular science market, similar to Susan Blackmore’s The Meme Machine (1999).
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Beyond Artificial Intelligence

Contemplations, Expectations, Applications

Author: Jozef Kelemen,Jan Romportl,Eva Zackova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642344216

Category: Computers

Page: 238

View: 3515

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Products of modern artificial intelligence (AI) have mostly been formed by the views, opinions and goals of the “insiders”, i.e. people usually with engineering background who are driven by the force that can be metaphorically described as the pursuit of the craft of Hephaestus. However, since the present-day technology allows for tighter and tighter mergence of the “natural” everyday human life with machines of immense complexity, the responsible reaction of the scientific community should be based on cautious reflection of what really lies beyond AI, i.e. on the frontiers where the tumultuous ever-growing and ever-changing cloud of AI touches the rest of the world. The chapters of this boo are based on the selected subset of the presentations that were delivered by their respective authors at the conference “Beyond AI: Interdisciplinary Aspects of Artificial Intelligence” held in Pilsen in December 2011. From its very definition, the reflection of the phenomena that lie beyond AI must be inherently interdisciplinary. And so is this book: all the authors took part in a mutual transdisciplinary dialogue after explaining their views on AI not only to a narrow selection of their usual close peers with the same specialisation, but to a much broader audience of various experts from AI engineering, natural sciences, humanities and philosophy. The chapters of this book thus reflect results of such a dialogue.
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30-Second Theories

The 50 Most Thought-provoking Theories in Science

Author: Paul Parsons,Martin Rees,Susan Blackmore

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781848314528

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 1954

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When it comes to big science, very few things are conclusively known. From Quantum Mechanics to Natural Selection, what we have instead are theories - ideas explain why things happen the way they do. We don't know for certain these are correct - no one ever saw the Big Bang - but with them we can paint beautiful, breathtaking pictures of everything from human behaviour to what the future may hold. Profiling the key scientists behind each theory, "30-Second Theories" presents each entry in a unique, eye-catching full-colour design, with thought-provoking extras and stylish illustrations. It is essential for anyone keen on expanding their mind with science's most thrilling ideas.
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Social Learning

An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Author: William Hoppitt,Kevin N. Laland

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400846501

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4136

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Many animals, including humans, acquire valuable skills and knowledge by copying others. Scientists refer to this as social learning. It is one of the most exciting and rapidly developing areas of behavioral research and sits at the interface of many academic disciplines, including biology, experimental psychology, economics, and cognitive neuroscience. Social Learning provides a comprehensive, practical guide to the research methods of this important emerging field. William Hoppitt and Kevin Laland define the mechanisms thought to underlie social learning and demonstrate how to distinguish them experimentally in the laboratory. They present techniques for detecting and quantifying social learning in nature, including statistical modeling of the spatial distribution of behavior traits. They also describe the latest theory and empirical findings on social learning strategies, and introduce readers to mathematical methods and models used in the study of cultural evolution. This book is an indispensable tool for researchers and an essential primer for students. Provides a comprehensive, practical guide to social learning research Combines theoretical and empirical approaches Describes techniques for the laboratory and the field Covers social learning mechanisms and strategies, statistical modeling techniques for field data, mathematical modeling of cultural evolution, and more
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Stereotypes in Internet Memes. A Linguistic Analysis

Author: I. Magel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668405921

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 37

View: 6854

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Examination Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, , language: English, abstract: At first glance, internet memes seem to be the humorous part of our digital culture. Indeed, they are! But they also reveal stereotypical thinking, which I will focus on in my analysis. This analysis will investigate thoroughly internet memes from a linguistic viewpoint. Starting from Richard Dawkins' definition via Susan Blackmore's third replicator theory through to Limor Shifman's critical approach about the state of research concerning memes, Internet memes are also examined from a communication-oriented view. Successful Black Man, Successful White Man, Ordinary Muslim Man and High Expectation Asian Father serve as a basis for my analysis. A combination of Semiotic Analysis and Discourse Analysis is used in order to examine the selected examples. Both methods were chosen because Internet memes involve written texts as well as signs or images which contain invisible meaning. All results taken together, this thesis will show that Internet memes are still interpreted stereotypically in our multicultural present-day society.
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Memetics

Memes and the Science of Cultural Evolution

Author: Tim Tyler

Publisher: Tim Tyler

ISBN: 1461035260

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 8465

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Memetics is the name commonly given to the study of memes - a term originally coined by Richard Dawkins to describe small inherited elements of human culture. Memes are the cultural equivalent of DNA genes - and memetics is the cultural equivalent of genetics. Memes have become ubiquitous in the modern world - but there has been relatively little proper scientific study of how they arise, spread and change - apparently due to turf wars within the social sciences and misguided resistance to Darwinian explanations being applied to human behaviour. However, with the modern explosion of internet memes, I think this is bound to change. With memes penetrating into every mass media channel, and with major companies riding on their coat tails for marketing purposes, social scientists will surely not be able to keep the subject at arm's length for much longer. This will be good - because an understanding of memes is important. Memes are important for marketing and advertising. They are important for defending against marketing and advertising. They are important for understanding and managing your own mind. They are important for understanding science, politics, religion, causes, propaganda and popular culture. Memetics is important for understanding the origin and evolution of modern humans. It provides insight into the rise of farming, science, industry, technology and machines. It is important for understanding the future of technological change and human evolution. This book covers the basic concepts of memetics, giving an overview of its history, development, applications and the controversy that has been associated with it.
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The Selfish Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192860927

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

View: 2360

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An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit
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Contagious Metaphor

Author: Peta Mitchell

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441104216

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 824

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The metaphor of contagion pervades critical discourse across the humanities, the medical sciences, and the social sciences. It appears in such terms as 'social contagion' in psychology, 'financial contagion' in economics, 'viral marketing' in business, and even 'cultural contagion' in anthropology. In the twenty-first century, contagion, or 'thought contagion' has become a byword for creativity and a fundamental process by which knowledge and ideas are communicated and taken up, and resonates with André Siegfried's observation that 'there is a striking parallel between the spreading of germs and the spreading of ideas'. In Contagious Metaphor, Peta Mitchell offers an innovative, interdisciplinary study of the metaphor of contagion and its relationship to the workings of language. Examining both metaphors of contagion and metaphor as contagion, Contagious Metaphor suggests a framework through which the emergence and often epidemic-like reproduction of metaphor can be better understood.
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