The Medicalization of America s Schools

The Medicalization of America s Schools

I made my way through grade school and high school in the 1950s and never once ... trace of what annually frightened a large segment of the US population.

Author: Joel Macht

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319629742

Category: Psychology

Page: 243

View: 514

This book challenges the validity of ADHD, learning disabilities, and dyslexia as meaningful special education "categories" and critically examines the misplaced medical model from which they are derived. The presumption that these disabilities cause school-related problems detracts from identifying factors within the classroom that create and maintain a child’s underachievement and disruptive behavior. Moreover, when the disability is finally named, it provides no functional information that translates into effective coping strategies. Macht delves into the misunderstood structure of these disabilities, pointing out that they are not verifiable disabilities but weak constructs that poorly describe each child’s uniqueness. Finally, he provides an alternative model based on children's strengths rather than their deficiencies, and presents strategies that advance school-related success.
Categories: Psychology

The Medicalization of America s Schools

The Medicalization of America s Schools

This book challenges the validity of ADHD, learning disabilities, and dyslexia as meaningful special education "categories" and critically examines the misplaced medical model from which they are derived.

Author: Joel Macht

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 3319874438

Category:

Page: 256

View: 600

This book challenges the validity of ADHD, learning disabilities, and dyslexia as meaningful special education "categories" and critically examines the misplaced medical model from which they are derived. The presumption that these disabilities cause school-related problems detracts from identifying factors within the classroom that create and maintain a child's underachievement and disruptive behavior. Moreover, when the disability is finally named, it provides no functional information that translates into effective coping strategies. Macht delves into the misunderstood structure of these disabilities, pointing out that they are not verifiable disabilities but weak constructs that poorly describe each child's uniqueness. Finally, he provides an alternative model based on children's strengths rather than their deficiencies, and presents strategies that advance school-related success.
Categories:

School Mental Health

School Mental Health

The mental hygiene movement, the development of personality and the school: The medicalization of American education. History of Education Quarterly, 23, ...

Author: Stan Kutcher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316299104

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 244

The realisation that most mental disorders have their onset before the age of twenty-five has focused psychiatric research towards adolescent mental health. This book provides vivid examples of school mental health innovations from eighteen countries, addressing mental health promotion and interventions. These initiatives and innovations enable readers from different regions and disciplines to apply strategies to help students achieve and maintain mental health, enhance their learning outcomes and access services, worldwide. Through case studies of existing programs, such as the integrated system of care approach in the USA, the school-based pathway to care framework in Canada, the therapeutic school consultation approach in Turkey and the REACH model in Singapore, it highlights challenges and solutions to building initiatives, even when resources are scarce. This will be essential reading for educators, health providers, policy makers, researchers and other stakeholders engaged in helping students achieve mental health and enhance their learning outcomes.
Categories: Psychology

Preschool Education in America

Preschool Education in America

America's First Nursery Schools , " ii ; Abigail Adams Eliot , Letters to Mrs. ... and the School : The Medicalization of American Education , ” History of ...

Author: Barbara Beatty

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300072732

Category: Education

Page: 252

View: 458

A history of policies and programmes for the education of three-to-five-year-olds in the USA. This book also traces efforts to make pre-school education a part of the American public school system and shows why these efforts have been rejected, despite evidence of pre-school benefit.
Categories: Education

The History of Zero Tolerance in American Public Schooling

The History of  Zero Tolerance  in American Public Schooling

In 1908, 58 percent of students in America's largest citieshada foreignborn ... the Development of Personality and the School:The Medicalization of American ...

Author: J. Kafka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137001962

Category: History

Page: 181

View: 258

Through a case study of the Los Angeles city school district from the 1950s through the 1970s, Judith Kafka explores the intersection of race, politics, and the bureaucratic organization of schooling. Kafka argues that control over discipline became increasingly centralized in the second half of the twentieth century in response to pressures exerted by teachers, parents, students, principals, and local politicians - often at different historical moments, and for different purposes. Kafka demonstrates that the racial inequities produced by today's school discipline policies were not inevitable, nor are they immutable.
Categories: History

Schools and Public Health

Schools and Public Health

Sol Cohen, “The Mental Hygiene Movement, the Development of Personality and the School: The Medicalization of American Education,” History of Education ...

Author: Michael Gard

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739172599

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 186

Schools and Public Health is the first academic book to offer a historically grounded critique of the way schools are used as a context for public health policy. The book argues that, contrary to conventional wisdom, schools are not a very effective place to pursue public health policies.
Categories: Education

The Development of the Social Sciences in the United States and Canada

The Development of the Social Sciences in the United States and Canada

Psychology, Yale University, and the Rockefeller Foundation: A case study in ... of personality and the school: The medicalization of American education.

Author: Theresa R. Richardson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 156750406X

Category: Education

Page: 279

View: 408

This collection originated in, and is, an interdisciplinary dialogue. The subject of conversation is the social sciences in the twentieth century and the role of large-scale philanthropy, using Rockefeller philanthropy in particular as a case study. The intention is to draw a much needed integration of historical, theoretical, and philosophical perspectives on the development of modern knowledge systems and their mentors. The dialogue builds on the work of earlier historians and philosophers of science as well as pioneers in the study of philanthropy. Earlier descriptive studies have given way in the past 20 years to the more analytic stance taken by the authors represented in this volume.
Categories: Education

American Education in Popular Media

American Education in Popular Media

See Sol Cohen, “The Mental Hygiene Movement, the Development of the Personality and the School: The Medicalization of American Education,” History of ...

Author: S. Terzian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137410153

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 396

American Education in Popular Media explores how popular media has represented schooling in the United States over the course of the twentieth century. Terzian and Ryan examine prevalent portrayals of students and professional educators while addressing contested purposes of schooling in American society.
Categories: History

Child Care and the Psychology of Development

Child Care and the Psychology of Development

Cohen, S. (1983) The mental hygiene movement, the development of personality and the school: the medicalization of American education.

Author: Elly Singer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351678230

Category: Psychology

Page: 186

View: 728

Are child-care centres good for children? How can we provide good day-care? Feminists have long argued for the provision of day-care facilities so that mothers may be free to work outside the home. The call had enjoyed little support from politicians and experts, however. Feminists had been seen to stand for women’s interests, and psychologists and pedagogues for children’s – as if the two were opposed. Only in the early 1990s had the opinions of politicians and experts begun to change. Yet, even so, a positive policy on day-care was still lacking. Originally published in 1992, Elly Singer’s exciting book shed a fresh and critical light on its subject. She exposes the preoccupations and contradictions of mainstream developmental psychology and its experts, shows how their theories blind them to many important questions, and reveals the almost total denial by mainstream psychology of the daily realities of parents and their children at the time. Elly Singer then proposes fresh ways of thinking to meet the new and different circumstances in which children and parents find themselves in contemporary society.
Categories: Psychology

A Class by Themselves

A Class by Themselves

F. Pearl Malloy, “Devices in Enterprise Work for Auxiliary Classes,” The ... the Development of Personality and the School: The Medicalization of American ...

Author: Jason Ellis

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442628717

Category: Special education

Page: 320

View: 656

In A Class by Themselves?, Jason Ellis provides an erudite and balanced history of special needs education, an early twentieth century educational innovation that continues to polarize school communities across Canada, the United States, and beyond. Ellis situates the evolution of this educational innovation in its proper historical context to explore the rise of intelligence testing, the decline of child labour and rise of vocational guidance, emerging trends in mental hygiene and child psychology, and the implementation of a new progressive curriculum. At the core of this study are the students. This book is the first to draw deeply on rich archival sources, including 1000 pupil records of young people with learning difficulties, who attended public schools between 1918 and 1945. Ellis uses these records to retell individual stories that illuminate how disability filtered down through the school system's many nooks and crannies to mark disabled students as different from (and often inferior to) other school children. A Class by Themselves? sheds new light on these and other issues by bringing special education's curious past to bear on its constantly contested present.
Categories: Special education

The History of Special Education

The History of Special Education

American Annals of the Deaf and Dumb 7 : 167-75 . ... the development of personality and the school : The medicalization of American education .

Author: Margret A. Winzer

Publisher: Gallaudet University Press

ISBN: 1563680181

Category: Education

Page: 463

View: 934

This comprehensive volume examines the facts, characters, and events that shaped this field in Western Europe, Canada, and the United States. From the first efforts to teach disabled people in early Christian and Medieval eras to such current mandates as Public Law 94-142, this study breaks new ground in assessing the development of special education as a formal discipline. "The History of Special Education" presents a four-part narrative that traces its emergence in fascinating detail from 16th-century Spain through the Age of Enlightenment in 17th-century France and England to 18th-century issues in Europe and North America of placement, curriculum, and early intervention. The status of teachers in the 19th century and social trends and the movement toward integration in 20th century programs are considered as well. -- From product description.
Categories: Education

In the Shadow of Authoritarianism

In the Shadow of Authoritarianism

American Education in the Twentieth Century Thomas D. Fallace ... the Development of Personality and the School: The Medicalization of American Education,” ...

Author: Thomas D. Fallace

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807759370

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 302

This book explores how American educators, in the wake of World War I, created a student-centered curriculum in response to authoritarian threats abroad. For most of the twentieth century, American educators lived in the shadow of ideological, political, cultural, and existential threats (including Prussianism, propaganda, collectivism, dictatorship, totalitarianism, mind control, the space race, and moral relativity). To meet the perceived threat, the American curriculum was gradually moved to a more student-centered direction that focused less on "what to think" and more on "how to think". This book examines the period between World War I and the 1980s, focusing on how U.S. schools countered the influence of fascist and communist ideologies, as well as racial discrimination. the author also considers this approach in light of current-day interests in the Common Core State Standards.
Categories: Education

Science Discovers the Child 1893 1935

Science Discovers the Child  1893 1935

Celia Stendler's study of child rearing articles in American women's magazines
found that the mental hygiene ... Pp 35-46 ; The Mental Hygiene Movement and
the Development of Personality and the School : the Medicalization of American ...

Author: Alice Boardman Smuts

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924089614204

Category: Children

Page: 586

View: 589

Categories: Children

The State of the African American Male

The State of the African American Male

of conduct also articulate school norms and the penalties associated with rule violation (e.g., studenttoteacher insubordination results ina suspension ...

Author: Eboni M. Zamani-Gallaher

Publisher: MSU Press

ISBN: 9781628951684

Category: Social Science

Page: 331

View: 757

The circumstances affecting many African American males in schools and society remain complex and problematic. In spite of modest gains in school achievement and graduation rates, conditions that impede the progress of African American males persist: high rates of school violence and suspensions, overrepresentation in special education classes, poor access to higher education, high incidence of crime and incarceration, gender and masculine identity issues, and HIV/AIDS and other health crises. The essays gathered here focus on these issues as they exist for males in grades K-12 and postsecondary education in Michigan. However, the authors intend their analyses and policy recommendations to apply to African American males nationally. Although it recognizes the current difficulties of this population overall, this is an optimistic volume, with a goal of creating policies and norms that help African American males achieve their educational and social potential. In this era of widespread change for all members of American society-regardless of race-this book is a must-read for educators and policymakers alike.
Categories: Social Science

Constructing the Subject

Constructing the Subject

Also see s . Cohen , “ The mental hygiene movement , the development of personality and the school : The medicalization of American education , ” History of ...

Author: Kurt Danziger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521467853

Category: Psychology

Page: 254

View: 908

Constructing the Subject traces the history of psychological research methodology from the nineteenth century to the emergence of currently favored styles of research in the second quarter of the twentieth century. Kurt Danziger considers methodology to be a kind of social practice rather than simply a matter of technique. Therefore his historical analysis is primarily concerned with such topics as the development of the social structure of the research relationship between experimenters and their subjects, as well as the role of the methodology in the relationship of investigators to each other in a wider social context. The book begins with a historical discussion of introspection as a research practice and proceeds to an analysis of diverging styles of psychological investigation. There is an extensive exploration of the role of quantification and statistics in the historical development of psychological research. The influence of the social context on research practice is illustrated by a comparison of American and German developments, especially in the field of personality research. In this analysis, psychology is treated less as a body of facts or theories than a particular set of social activities intended to produce something that counts as psychological knowledge under certain historical conditions. This perspective means that the historical analysis has important consequences for a critical understanding of psychological methodology in general.
Categories: Psychology

Schools and Society

Schools and Society

Politics, Markets, and America's Schools. ... The Medicalization of Society: On Transformation of Human Condition Into Treatable Disorders.

Author: Jeanne H. Ballantine

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 9781412979245

Category: Social Science

Page: 538

View: 197

Offering a wide array of theoretical perspectives and methods, a broad range of resources, and both classic and contemporary studies, this fully updated Fourth Edition uses the open systems approach to provide readers with a framework for understanding and analyzing the book’s disparate topics. Edited by Jeanne H. Ballantine and Joan Z. Spade, both of whom actively teach Sociology of Education courses, this text includes dozens of readable articles that illustrate major concepts and theoretical perspectives in the field.
Categories: Social Science

Dangerous Adolescents Model Adolescents

Dangerous Adolescents  Model Adolescents

History of education and culture in America. ... hygiene movement, the development of personality and the school: The medicalization of American education.

Author: Roger J.R. Levesque

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306475405

Category: Psychology

Page: 258

View: 941

Teachers make a difference. As someone who grew up in one of the po- est and rural areas of a poor state and ended up attending elite graduate and professional schools, I have much to credit my public school teachers. My teachers sure struggled much to teach an amazingly wide variety of students from different backgrounds, abilities, and hopes. Given that re- ity, which undoubtedly repeats itself across the United States and globe, one would think that I should be quite hesitant to criticize a system that produces countless grateful students and productive citizens. I agree. The pages that follow surely can be perceived as yet another attack on already much maligned schools that do produce impressive outcomes despite their limited resources, increased obligations, and the sustained barrage of attacks from competing interest groups. Some may even view the text as an affront to the inalienable rights of parents to raise their children as they see fit. Others surely could understand the analysis as another assault on our decentralized legal and school systems that should retain the right to balance the needs of communities, parents, schools, and students. I clearly did not intend, and do not see the ultimate result, as yet another diatribe on the manner teachers, parents and communities treat students.
Categories: Psychology

Deviance the Interactionist Perspective

Deviance  the Interactionist Perspective

Depoliticization of deviant behavior is a result of both the process of
medicalization and individualization of social problems . ... If we focused our
analysis on the school system we might see the child ' s behavior as symptomatic
of some “ disorder ” in the school or classroom situation , rather than symptomatic
of ... American Journal of Psychiatry , 94 The Medicalization of Deviance in
American Culture 67.

Author: Earl Rubington

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015016130687

Category: Deviant behavior

Page: 384

View: 349

Categories: Deviant behavior

Nursing and Globalization in the Americas

Nursing and Globalization in the Americas

and role of the School of Medicine facilitated the emergence of the ... treatments” and it led to the early medicalization of nursing (Sanhueza, 1996).

Author: Karen Lucas Breda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351864381

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 936

Nursing is vital to millions of people worldwide. This book details the ebb and flow of its fascinating history and politics through case studies from Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Canada, and the United States. Authors from across the Americas share findings and explore new thinking about Western hemisphere-specific issues that affect nursing and health care. Using economic globalization as an overarching framework, these cross-national case studies show the strengths and contradictions in nursing, elucidating common themes and examining successes. The partnership of authors shapes a collective understanding of nursing in the Americas and forms a basis for enduring hemisphere-wide academic exchange. Thus, the book offers a new platform for understanding the struggles and obstacles of nursing in a climate of globalization, as well as for understanding nursing's richness and accomplishments. Because politics, economics, health, and nursing are inextricably linked, this volume critically explores the intersections among political economies and nursing and health care systems. The historical and contextual background allows readers to make sense of how and why nursing in the Americas has taken on its present form.
Categories: Psychology

Language and Cultural Diversity in U S Schools

Language and Cultural Diversity in U S  Schools

Harlan Hahn, "Public support for rehabilitation programs: The analysis of U.S. ... Carol Padden and Tom Humphries, Deaf in America: Voices from a culture ...

Author: Terry A. Osborn

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275982025

Category: Education

Page: 229

View: 125

An introduction and eight articles explore the possibility that language and culture will eventually not be an impediment to fulfilling the idea that America is a democracy.
Categories: Education