The Man Behind the Microchip

Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Author: Leslie Berlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019531199X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 402

View: 2137

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The triumphs and setbacks of inventor and entrepreneur Robert Noyce are illuminated in a biography that describes his colorful life in context of the evolution of the high-tech industry and the complex interrelationships among technology, business, big money, politics, and culture in Silicon Valley.
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The chip war

the battle for the world of tomorrow

Author: Fred Warshofsky

Publisher: Scribner

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 434

View: 7180

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Discusses the economic and strategic importance of computer chips, describes the reasons for Japan's manufacturing superiority, and looks at response of the American semiconductor industry
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Makers of the Microchip

A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconductor

Author: Christophe Lécuyer,David C. Brock,Jay Last

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262294324

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 4899

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In the first three and a half years of its existence, Fairchild Semiconductor developed, produced, and marketed the device that would become the fundamental building block of the digital world: the microchip. Founded in 1957 by eight former employees of the Schockley Semiconductor Laboratory, Fairchild created the model for a successful Silicon Valley start-up: intense activity with a common goal, close collaboration, and a quick path to the market (Fairchild's first device hit the market just ten months after the company's founding). Fairchild Semiconductor was one of the first companies financed by venture capital, and its success inspired the establishment of venture capital firms in the San Francisco Bay area. These firms would finance the explosive growth of Silicon Valley over the next several decades. This history of the early years of Fairchild Semiconductor examines the technological, business, and social dynamics behind its innovative products. The centerpiece of the book is a collection of documents, reproduced in facsimile, including the company's first prospectus; ideas, sketches, and plans for the company's products; and a notebook kept by cofounder Jay Last that records problems, schedules, and tasks discussed at weekly meetings. A historical overview, interpretive essays, and an introduction to semiconductor technology in the period accompany these primary documents.
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Spinoff

a personal history of the industry that changed the world

Author: Charles E. Sporck,Richard L. Molay

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 5024

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Digital Rubbish

A Natural History of Electronics

Author: Jennifer Gabrys

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472035371

Category: Science

Page: 225

View: 2588

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"This is a study of the material life of information and its devices; of electronic waste in its physical and electronic incarnations; a cultural and material mapping of the spaces where electronics in the form of both hardware and information accumulate, break down, or are stowed away. Electronic waste occurs not just in the form of discarded computers but also as a scatter of information devices, software, and systems that are rendered obsolete and fail. Where other studies have addressed "digital" technology through a focus on its immateriality or virtual qualities, Gabrys traces the material, spatial, cultural, and political infrastructures that enable the emergence and dissolution of these technologies. In the course of her book, she explores five interrelated "spaces" where electronics fall apart: from Silicon Valley to Nasdaq, from containers bound for China to museums and archives that preserve obsolete electronics as cultural artifacts, to the landfill as material repository. All together, these sites stack up into a sedimentary record that forms the "natural history" of this study. Digital Rubbish: A Natural History of Electronics describes the materiality of electronics from a unique perspective, examining the multiple forms of waste that electronics create as evidence of the resources, labor, and imaginaries that are bundled into these machines. By drawing on the material analysis developed by Walter Benjamin, this natural history method allows for an inquiry into electronics that focuses neither on technological progression nor on great inventors but rather considers the ways in which electronic technologies fail and decay. Ranging across studies of media and technology, as well as environments, geography, and design, Jennifer Gabrys pulls together the far-reaching material and cultural processes that enable the making and breaking of these technologies"--Publisher's description.
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Making the American Century

Essays on the Political Culture of Twentieth Century America

Author: Bruce J. Schulman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199323968

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 5079

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The twentieth century has been popularly seen as "the American Century," a long period in which the United States had amassed the economic resources, the political and military strength, and the moral prestige to assume global leadership. By century's end, the trajectory of American politics, the sense of ever waxing federal power, and the nation's place in the world seemed less assured. Americans of many stripes came to contest the standard narratives of nation building and international hegemony charted by generations of historians. In this volume, a group of distinguished U.S. historians confronts the teleological view of the inexorable transformation of the United States into a modern nation. The contributors analyze a host of ways in which local places were drawn into a wider polity and culture, while at the same time revealing how national and international structures and ideas created new kinds of local movements and local energies. Rather than seeing the century as a series of conflicts between liberalism and conservatism, they illustrate the ways in which each of these political forces shaped its efforts over the other's cumulative achievements, accommodating to shifts in government, social mores, and popular culture. They demonstrate that international connections have transformed domestic life in myriad ways and, in turn, that the American presence in the world has been shaped by its distinctive domestic political culture. Finally, they break down boundaries between the public and private sectors, showcasing the government's role in private life and how private organizations influenced national politics. Revisiting and revising many of the chestnuts of American political history, this volume challenges received wisdom about the twentieth-century American experience.
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Technological Communities and Networks

Triggers and Drivers for Innovation

Author: Dimitris Assimakopoulos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113431244X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 8265

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The first book to analyze how new technologies are emerging against a background of continuing globalization of research and development activities. This unique book explores how technological communities and networks shape a broad range of new computer based technologies in regional, national and international contexts. Offering a critique of existing organizational and business models, Assimakopoulos analyzes the structure of a broad range of existing technological communities and networks looking at a range of areas including: Internet security electronic copyright intellectual property rights protection geographic information systems. This text is a key resource for research and development managers, ICT engineers and policy makers, as well as post graduate researchers in knowledge management, technology policy, sociology and economics of innovation or history of science and technology.
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High-technology Entrepreneurship

Author: Raymond P. Oakey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415593921

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 8659

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With the global economy in a precarious position, nurturing new entrepreneurial high-technology firms is likely to comprise a key component of any policy to encourage economic growth, both in developed and developing countries. Recent high-technology ventures – such as retailing in the music industry – have shown how entrepreneurs can radically change, or even replace, the structure of existing industries. High-Technology Entrepreneurshipintroduces and analyzes all the major aspects of high-technology small-firm formation and growth. Locational and functional aspects of the process, as well as how contexts for development may vary between developed and developing economies are also discussed. Other key topics that are addressed include: how high technology firms originate in theory and practice entrepreneurship theory incubators, science parks and clustering entrepreneurial strategy and finance. Students taking Master's-level courses in entrepreneurship, technology, innovation, academic enterprise and industrial development will find this an essential textbook for completing their studies.
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Cities of Knowledge

Cold War Science and the Search for the Next Silicon Valley

Author: Margaret Pugh O'Mara

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691117164

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 5049

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What is the magic formula for turning a place into a high-tech capital? How can a city or region become a high-tech powerhouse like Silicon Valley? For over half a century, through boom times and bust, business leaders and politicians have tried to become "the next Silicon Valley," but few have succeeded. This book examines why high-tech development became so economically important late in the twentieth century, and why its magic formula of people, jobs, capital, and institutions has been so difficult to replicate. Margaret O'Mara shows that high-tech regions are not simply accidental market creations but "cities of knowledge"--planned communities of scientific production that were shaped and subsidized by the original venture capitalist, the Cold War defense complex. At the heart of the story is the American research university, an institution enriched by Cold War spending and actively engaged in economic development. The story of the city of knowledge broadens our understanding of postwar urban history and of the relationship between civil society and the state in late twentieth-century America. It leads us to further redefine the American suburb as being much more than formless "sprawl," and shows how it is in fact the ultimate post-industrial city. Understanding this history and geography is essential to planning for the future of the high-tech economy, and this book is must reading for anyone interested in building the next Silicon Valley.
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Starting Up Silicon Valley

How ROLM Became a Cultural Icon and Fortune 500 Company

Author: Katherine Maxfield

Publisher: Greenleaf Book Group

ISBN: 193711063X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 5406

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From Fruit Shed to Fortune 500: The inside story of ROLM and its continuing influence on Silicon Valley Decades before Facebook, seven years before Apple, four young men were hard at work in a prune-drying shed designing “the world’s toughest computer.” That was the founding of ROLM Corporation, at a time when the orchards of Santa Clara County were being transformed into what would become Silicon Valley. By 1984—merely fifteen years later—ROLM was a Fortune 500 company with worldwide offices and a park-like campus. That same year, IBM bought the company in the biggest deal Silicon Valley had ever seen. By then, Silicon Valley was the world’s center of innovation, with a hallmark culture very different from the rest of corporate America. ROLM set the benchmark for that culture by providing significant financial rewards for smart, successful work, and an environment where employees could unwind—swimming laps, playing tennis, or dining brookside. ROLM’s influence extends today, in campuses like those of Google and Cisco, where onsite masseuses and sushi chefs are commonplace. Starting Up Silicon Valley reveals • leadership’s challenges, doubts, and convictions, from start-up to buyout and beyond; • how ROLM’s technological innovations disrupted two industries; • why ROLM was known as a Great Place to Work (GPW) and how that style can influence today’s workplace; • the dirty tricks that giant AT&T undertook to smash competition that threatened its domain; and • the hopes and frustrations of an IBM merger, from both sides of the story. Humorous anecdotes and the wisdom of some of Silicon Valley’s most respected leaders make Starting Up Silicon Valley an intimate story of one of the Valley’s most important and culturally influential companies.
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