This is a book about behavior in public: how the actors—the political elite, Gaitán, and the crowds—explained and conducted themselves in public, what they said and felt, and what they sought to preserve or destroy, is the evidence on ...
Author: Herbert Braun
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
Drawn in part from personal interviews with participants and witnesses, Herbert Braun’s analysis of the riot’s roots, its patterns and consequences, provides a dramatic account of this historic turning point and an illuminating look at the making of modern Colombia. Braun’s narrative begins in the year 1930 in Bogotá, Colombia, when a generation of Liberals and Conservatives came to power convinced they could kept he peace by being distant, dispassionate, and rational. One of these politicians, Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, was different. Seeking to bring about a society of merit, mass participation, and individualism, he exposed the private interests of the reigning politicians and engendered a passionate relationship with his followers. His assassination called forth urban crowds that sought to destroy every visible evidence of public authority of a society they felt no longer had the moral right to exist. This is a book about behavior in public: how the actors—the political elite, Gaitán, and the crowds—explained and conducted themselves in public, what they said and felt, and what they sought to preserve or destroy, is the evidence on which Braun draws to explain the conflicts contained in Colombian history. The author demonstrates that the political culture that was emerging through these tensions offered the hope of a peaceful transition to a more open, participatory, and democratic society. “Most Colombians regard Jorge Eliécer Gaitán as a pivotal figure in their nation’s history, whose assassination on April 9, 1948 irrevocably changed the course of events in the twentieth century. . . . As biography, social history, and political analysis, Braun’s book is a tour de force.”—Jane M. Rausch, Hispanic American Historical Review
111 112 LaRosa and Mejía, Colombia: A Concise Contemporary History, p. 199.
113 Parks, Colombia and the United States, 1765–1934, p. 194. 114 Ibid., p. 194.
115 125 Ibid. 126 Bushnell, The Making of Modern Colombia: A. Randall ...
Author: Alvaro Mendez
Category: Political Science
This book studies a significant event in US relations with Latin America, shedding light on the role of dependent states and their foreign policy agency in the process by which local concerns become intertwined with the dominant state’s foreign policy. Plan Colombia was a large-scale foreign aid programme through which the US intervened in the internal affairs of Colombia, by invitation. It proved to be one of the major successes of US foreign policy, and has been credited with stemming a potentially catastrophic security failure of the Colombian state. This book discusses the strategies and practices deployed by the Colombian government to influence US foreign policy decision making at the bureaucratic, legislative and executive levels, and is a distinctive contribution to our understanding of the dynamics of small power agency. Giving a clearer insight into the decision making processes in both the US and Colombia, this book founds its argument on solid empirical analysis assembled from interviews of the major players in the events including: Andres Pastrana, President of Colombia; Thomas Pickering, US State Department; Arturo Valenzuela, Senior Director for Inter-American Affairs at the NSA; General Barry McCaffrey, the US ‘Drug Czar’; and Dennis Hastert, Speaker of the US House of Representatives. Approaching the events in question from a bottom-up theoretical perspective that puts the emphasis on the facts of the case, this book will be of great interest to academics, students and policy makers in the field of foreign policy analysis, US foreign policy studies, and Latin American studies.
22 Colmenares, Cali, 55-101, 159-82; Bushnell, The Making of Modern Colombia
, 98. The Conservative rebellion was in part a response to popular revolts (
Hyland, "A Fragile Prosperity," 381-82; and especially Sanders, "Contentious ...
Author: Nancy P. Appelbaum
Publisher: Duke University Press
DIVClaims that Colombia’s present-day regional and local hierarchies were shaped by 19th and 20th century processes of colonization and that regionalism and race are tied into Colombia’s history of violence./div
(Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Estudios Políticos y
Relaciones Internacionales, 1987). 11. William Ospina's assessment of his ...
David Bushnell, The Making of Modern Colombia. A Nation in Spite of Itself (
Author: James D. Henderson
This history of Colombia’s illegal drug trade—and of the extreme violence it created—describes how in the late 1960s narcotics traffickers from the United States convinced Colombians who had no previous involvement in the drug trade to grow marijuana for export to America. By the early ’70s, foreign (mostly American) traffickers began requesting cocaine. This book focuses on the decades of crime and violence the illegal drug trade brought to Colombia and how this social upset was ended in the early 2000s. Six chapters detail the Medellín and Cali cartels’ war against the Colombian government, the revolutionary guerrillas’ war against the government, the war that paramilitary groups conducted against the guerrillas, and the way in which the government finally put a stop to the cartel-financed bloodshed. In conclusion, the author assesses Colombia’s progress and prospects since the end of the violence claimed the lives of some 300,000 between 1975 and 2008.
Caribbean Colombia and the Postemancipation Struggle for Citizenship Jason
McGraw ... clases sociales; Gilmore, “Nueva Granada's Socialist Mirage”;
Bushnell, The Making of Modern Colombia, 101ff.; Safford and Palacios,
Author: Jason McGraw
Publisher: UNC Press Books
This book tells the compelling story of postemancipation Colombia, from the liberation of the slaves in the 1850s through the country's first general labor strikes in the 1910s. As Jason McGraw demonstrates, ending slavery fostered a new sense of citizenship, one shaped both by a model of universal rights and by the particular freedom struggles of African-descended people. Colombia's Caribbean coast was at the center of these transformations, in which women and men of color, the region's majority population, increasingly asserted the freedom to control their working conditions, fight in civil wars, and express their religious beliefs. The history of Afro-Colombians as principal social actors after emancipation, McGraw argues, opens up a new view on the practice and meaning of citizenship. Crucial to this conception of citizenship was the right of recognition. Indeed, attempts to deny the role of people of color in the republic occurred at key turning points exactly because they demanded public recognition as citizens. In connecting Afro-Colombians to national development, The Work of Recognition also places the story within the broader contexts of Latin American popular politics, culture, and the African diaspora.
The reader will find important keys to understanding Colombia in Gerardo and
Alicia Reichel-Dolmatoff, The People of ... In English, see David Bushnell,The Making of Modern Colombia: A Nation in Spite of Itself (Berkeley, 1993); Malcolm
Author: Marco Palacios
Publisher: Duke University Press
Between Legitimacy and Violence is an authoritative, sweeping history of Colombia’s “long twentieth century,” from the tumultuous civil wars of the late nineteenth century to the drug wars of the late twentieth. Marco Palacios, a leading Latin American historian, skillfully blends political, economic, social, and cultural history. In an expansive chronological narrative full of vivid detail, he explains Colombia’s political history, discussing key leaders, laws, parties, and ideologies; corruption and inefficiency; and the paradoxical nature of government institutions, which, while stable and enduring, are unable to prevent frequent and extreme outbursts of violence. Palacios traces the trajectory of the economy, addressing agriculture (particularly the economic significance of coffee), the development of a communication and transportation infrastructure, industrialization, and labor struggles. Palacios also gives extensive attention to persistent social inequalities, the role of the Catholic Church, demographic shifts such as urbanization and emigration, and Colombia’s relationship with the United States. Offering a comparative perspective, he frequently contrasts Colombia with other Latin American nations. Throughout, Palacios offers a helpful interpretive framework, connecting developments with their causes and consequences. By thoroughly illuminating Colombia’s past, Between Legitimacy and Violence sheds much-needed light on the country’s violent present.
Comparedwithother countries in LatinAmerica,there are few history books on
Colombia in English. Two of the ones used for this prologue werePearce's
Colombia: Inside The Labyrinth and Bushnell's The Making of Modern Colombia.
Author: Steven Dudley
Category: Political Science
First Published in 2006. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
The new state, known as Gran Colombia, included present—day Colombia,
Ecuador, Ven— ezuela, and Panama, which formed part of Colombia. The new ...
Bushnell, David. The Making of Modern Colombia: A Nation in Spite of Itself.
Author: James B. Minahan
Category: Social Science
Intended to help students explore ethnic identity—one of the most important issues of the 21st century—this concise, one-stop reference presents rigorously researched content on the national groups and ethnicities of North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
Colombia's Dramatic Surge of Women Leaders (1957-1998) Barbara Frechette ...
David Bushnell, The Making of Modern Colombia: A Nation in Spite of Itself, (
Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1995), 240. 58. Editors
Author: Barbara Frechette
Category: Biography & Autobiography
After Barbara Frechette arrived in Colombia in 1994 as the wife of the United States ambassador, she witnessed the fascinating rise of powerful women leaders during the uncertainty of a dangerous drug war that raged for years. Fascinated as to how and why women progressed with such extraordinary speed in Colombia despite facing seemingly insurmountable obstacles, Frechette asked seven influential women leaders to analyze this paradoxical development. In this re-released version of her original comprehensive study of a women's movement in Colombia that sprang to life after women won the vote in 1957 and blossomed in 1998 when two of the women in this book ran for president, Frechette offers captivating chronological leadership profiles of outstanding women and the family influences, leadership styles, and religious roots that inspired them to seek to better their nation, despite death threats and risks of political exile.
Author: Professor Joseph W EsherickPublish On: 2006
While previous studies have focused on the rise and fall of empires or on nationalism and the process of nation-building, this intriguing volume concentrates on the empire-to-nation transition itself.
Author: Professor Joseph W Esherick
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
The fall of empires and the rise of nation-states was a defining political transition in the making of the modern world. Here, ten prominent specialists discuss the empire-to-nation transition in comparative perspective. Chapters on Latin America, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, Russia, and China illustrate both the common features and the diversity of the transition. While previous studies have focused on the rise and fall of empires or on nationalism and the process of nation-building, this intriguing volume concentrates on the empire-to-nation transition itself.
Author: Evelyne Huber/SaffordPublish On: 1995-01-15
This volume breaks new ground by systematically exploring the linkages among the historical legacies of large landholding patterns, agrarian class relations, and authoritarian versus democratic trajectories in Latin American countries.
Author: Evelyne Huber/Safford
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
The troubled history of democracy in Latin America has been the subject of much scholarly commentary. This volume breaks new ground by systematically exploring the linkages among the historical legacies of large landholding patterns, agrarian class relations, and authoritarian versus democratic trajectories in Latin American countries. The essays address questions about the importance of large landownders for the national economy, the labor needs and labor relations of these landowners, attempts of landowners to enlist the support of the state to control labor, and the democratic forms of rule in the twentieth century.
Lessard , Colombia , p . 30 . 14 . Harvey E . Kline , Colombia : Portrait of Unity
and Diversity . Boulder , CO : Westview , 1983 , p . 38 . 15 . Quoted in Bushnell , The Making of Modern Colombia , p . 185 . 16 . Bushnell , The Making of Modern
Author: Peg Lopata
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Presents information on the history, geography, people, culture, and contemporary issues of the country of Colombia.
Bushnell , Making of Modern Colombia , 204 - 6 . 122 . The government claimed
that seventy thousand communists were in Colombia and working to foment
discord , a number grossly inflated for domestic and international consumption .
Author: Bradley Lynn Coleman
Category: Political Science
Economic ties with the United States were important to Colombia even in the early twentieth century, as the U.S. was the major market for coffee, Colombia's leading export and source of revenue. A 1940 trade agreement strengthened pre - World War II relations between Bogota and Washington, and Colombia's position as a close ally of the United States became evident during World War II, although its commitment to the Allied cause did not include troop participation. Colombia's strategic proximity to the Caribbean and the Panama Canal and its pro-American stance within the region were helpful to the Allied nations.Though its relations with the United States were strained during the late 1940s and throughout most of the 1950s due to the pro-Catholic Conservative government's persecution of the nation's few Protestants, Colombia's partnership with the United States prompted it to contribute troops to the UN peacekeeping force during the Korean War (1950-53). Colombia also provided the only Latin American troops to the UN Emergency Force in the Suez conflict (1956-58).Filling a gap in the available literature on U.S. relations with less developed countries, author Bradley Coleman provides new research on the development of the U. S.-Colombian alliance that will serve as an invaluable resource for scholars of U.S. and Latin American diplomacy.
297 – 307 ; and also Malcolm Deas , ' The Fiscal Problems of Nineteenth -
Century Colombia ' , JLAS , vol . 14 ( 1982 ) . ... Cf . David Bushnell , The Making of Modern Colombia , University of California Press ( Berkeley , 1993 ) , pp . 48 –
Author: Rebecca Earle
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
Using previously unexplored Spanish documents, Rebecca Earle's study reveals an entirely new explanation for the collapse of Spanish dominion over Colombia. The author shows how the Spanish royalists inadvertently engineered their own defeat.
For an overview of the evolution of nineteenth - century US - Colombian relations
, see E . Taylor Parks , Colombia and ... David Bushnell , The Making of Modern Colombia : A Nation in Spite of Itself ( Berkeley : University of California Press ...
Author: Russell Crandall
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
Category: Political Science
In recent years, Colombia has become the recipient of the third largest amount of US foreign aid - most of it for antidrug efforts. This book offers a clear and concise analysis of the evolution and present dynamics of US policy toward Colombia.
Based on cutting-edge research, these 12 essays examine connections between race and national identity in Latin America and the Caribbean in the post-independence era.
Author: Nancy P. Appelbaum
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Based on cutting-edge research, these 12 essays examine connections between race and national identity in Latin America and the Caribbean in the post-independence era. They reveal how notions of race and nationhood have varied over time and across the region's political landscapes.
Delpar , Red Against Blue , 9-10 ; Bushnell , The Making of Modern Colombia ,
104-113 ; Sowell , The Early Colombian Labor Movement , 54-80 . so Quote is
from Bushnell , The Making of Modern Colombia , 115. The first sovereign state
On “ La Violencia ” and for a good summary of Colombian history , see David
Bushnell , The Making of Modern Colombia ( Berkeley : University of California
Press , 1993 ) , esp . 201 – 22 . 120 . Ibid . , 89 – 92 , for an overview of the
Author: James S. Corum
The use of airpower in wartime calls to mind the massive bombings of World War II, but airplanes have long been instrumental in small wars as well. Ever since its use by the French to put down rebellious Moroccan tribes in 1913, airpower has been employed to fight in limited but often lengthy small conflicts around the globe. This is the first comprehensive history of airpower in small wars-conflicts pitting states against non-state groups such as insurgents, bandits, factions, and terrorists-tracing it from the early years of the twentieth century to the present day. It examines dozens of conflicts with strikingly different scenarios: the Greek Civil War, the Philippine Anti-Huk campaign, French and British colonial wars, the war in South Vietnam before the American escalation, counterinsurgency in southern Africa, Latin American counterguerrilla operations, and counterinsurgency and counterterrorist campaigns in the Middle East over the last four decades. For each war, the authors describe the strategies employed on both sides of the conflict, the air forces engaged, and the specific airpower tactics employed. They discuss the ground campaigns and provide the political background necessary to understand the air campaigns, and in each case they judge the utility of airpower in its broadest sense. In their historic sweep, they show how forms of airpower evolved from planes to police helicopters, aircraft of the civilian air reserve, and today's unmanned aircraft. They also disclose how small wars after World War II required new strategies, operational solutions, and tactics. By taking this broad view of small-war airpower, the authors are able to make assessments about the most effective and least effective means of employing airpower. They offer specific conclusions ranging from the importance of comprehensive strategy to the need for the United States and its allies to expand small-wars training programs. Airpower in Small Wars will be invaluable for educating military professionals and policy makers in the subject as well as for providing a useful framework for developing more effective doctrine for employing airpower in the conflicts we are most likely to see in the twenty-first century.
Strictly speaking , random violence had begun to plague Colombia in 1946 in the
aftermath of a presidential election in which the Conservatives regained power
for the first time since 1930 . See David Bushnell , The Making of Modern ...
Author: H. Richard Friman
Publisher: University Press of Amer
Category: Political Science
Former basketball star Wes Fallon owes his brother everything. So when Deacon asks him to track down some missing charitable donations, Wes is on it. For the first time, the accident that ended his career looks like a godsend...until Wes encounters Posy Jones. Posy is unlike any woman he's ever met. She's beautiful, intelligent and can hold her own on the court. But she's clearly keeping something from him. As he digs deeper into the missing funds, his gut tells him what she's hiding is tied to it. Will he be forced to choose between the woman he's falling in love with and the brother he would risk anything for? Hopefully not...because his choice might surprise them all.