The Lower Depths

The Lower Depths

“Na Dnye” is the Russian – literally “On the Bottom.” Partly because “The Lower
Depths” is a more faithful rendering of the original than “Night Lodging” and partly
because it implies so vividly the play's keynote as the shrewd Huneker detected ...

Author: Максим Горький

Publisher: Litres

ISBN: 9785040827404

Category: Fiction

Page:

View: 362

Categories: Fiction

The Lower Depths A Play in Four Acts

The Lower Depths  A Play in Four Acts

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations.

Author: Maksim Gorky

Publisher: Franklin Classics Trade Press

ISBN: 0353031135

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 380

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Categories: History

The Lower Depths

The Lower Depths

The Lower Depths is Maxim Gorki's best known play, widely considered both a masterpiece and an extremely problematic work.

Author: Maksim Gorky

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1979517398

Category:

Page: 84

View: 380

The Lower Depths is Maxim Gorki's best known play, widely considered both a masterpiece and an extremely problematic work. Subtitled Scenes from Russian Life, the play was a huge success from its first performance. The idea for the play was conceived in 1900, and it was written during the winter of 1901 and the spring of 1902. It was produced by the Moscow Arts Theatre on December 18, 1902. Konstantin Stanislavsky directed the play and starred in it as Sahtin, and as it was one of his earliest successes, it became a hallmark of his work, the Moscow Arts Theatre, and Russian socialist realism. The play is a portrait, without much overriding plot, of a destitute, lower-class group in a lodging house in Volga. Realistic depiction of this segment of Russian society was new and avant-garde at the turn of the century, in contrast to the age-old trend towards romanticizing the underclasses.
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The Lower Depths

The Lower Depths

Author: Maksim Gor'kiĭ

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1150301855

Category:

Page: 108

View: 546

Categories:

The Lower Depths A Drama in Four Acts

The Lower Depths  A Drama in Four Acts

“Na Dnye” is the Russian—literally “On the Bottom.” Partly because “The Lower
Depths” is a more faithful rendering of the original than “Night Lodging” and partly
because it implies so vividly the play's keynote as the shrewd Huneker detected ...

Author: Maksim Gorky

Publisher: Library of Alexandria

ISBN: 9781465609205

Category:

Page:

View: 543

De profundis ad te clamavi. In this phrase, with his penchant for epitome, the late James Huneker summarized the masterpiece of Russia’s single living master of the drama, Maxim Gorky, as he saw it in Berlin under the German title of “Nachtasyl” or “Night Lodging.” “Na Dnye” is the Russian—literally “On the Bottom.” Partly because “The Lower Depths” is a more faithful rendering of the original than “Night Lodging” and partly because it implies so vividly the play’s keynote as the shrewd Huneker detected it beneath a guise alien to both Russian and English, the title adopted by Laurence Irving for the British version has been preferred for its introduction to American audiences by the company which discovered it and first set it on its stage in Moscow, December 31 (our calendar), 1902. In “The Lower Depths” more than in any other single play throughout its history, the Moscow Art Theatre concentrates its dramatic ideals and methods, its esthetic theory and practice, and through the production of this play it most emphatically justifies its artistic faith in spiritual or psychological realism as a dramatic medium of expression. The plays of Tchekhoff, of course, serve the same ends, but no single one of them does so quite as richly as does Gorky’s masterpiece. At the hands of Stanislavsky and his associates, “The Lower Depths” draws much of its convincing power from its unusual use of and dependence on the channels of expression which are peculiar to the art of the theatre. It is almost wholly independent of drama as literature. Less than any play I know, is it possible to imagine its potential effect in the theatre from a reading of its printed lines. In my book, “The Russian Theatre,” I have thus analyzed this factor: “‘The Lower Depths’ is not so much a matter of utterable line and recountable gesture as it is of the intangible flow of human souls in endlessly shifting contact with one another. Awkward but eloquent pauses and emphases, the scarcely perceptible stress or dulling of word or gesture, the nuances and the shadings of which life is mostly made and by which it reveals its meaning—these, and the instinctive understanding of the vision of the playwright by those who seek to interpret him, are the incalculable and unrecordable channels through which ‘The Lower Depths’ becomes articulate at the Moscow Art Theatre.” Just as this theatre discovered or, rather, rescued Tchekhoff as a dramatist, so it first stood sponsor for the author of “Foma Gordeyeff” as a playwright. During the first half of the season of 1902-1903, two of his plays were produced—“Smug Citizens” and “The Lower Depths.” The latter was recognized at once as a work of supreme merit and moment. Tchekhoff himself had written to its youthful author five months before its première: “I have read your play. It is new and unmistakably fine. The second act is very good, it is the best, the strongest, and when I was reading it, especially the end, I almost danced with joy.” At the première, the rival dramatist’s verdict was publicly ratified, for Gorky was called before the curtain twenty times, and the press was unanimously enthusiastic. The play has held its place in the repertory of the Moscow Art Theatre ever since, and eight of its most important rôles are still played by those who created them, just two decades ago.
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Five Plays

Five Plays

Author: Maksim Gorky

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1113248557

Category:

Page:

View: 490

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The Lower Depths

The Lower Depths

If you feel your audience will be alienated by the 'bad language' do feel free to
soften it as appropriate. THE SET In the original production of this Lower Depths,
the set was dominated by the underside of a tall staircase that accentuated the ...

Author: Maxim Gorky

Publisher: Oberon Books

ISBN: 9781783193936

Category: Drama

Page: 88

View: 919

Set amongst the whores, alcoholics, cynics and doss house dreamers of a Russia on the brink of revolution, The Lower Depths is a harrowing, violent and uncompromising portrayal of the human spirit at its lowest ebb, with destitution and death an ever present spectre.
Categories: Drama

Gorky Plays 1

Gorky Plays  1

This volume includes Gorky's major works for the theatre.

Author: Maxim Gorky

Publisher: Methuen Drama

ISBN: UCSC:32106008311844

Category: Drama

Page: 526

View: 355

This volume includes Gorky's major works for the theatre."The Lower Depths", first staged by the Moscow Art theatre in 1902, portrays a cast of down and outs living in the underbelly of Russian society; "Summerfolk" depicts a society after the disintegration of feudalism with a new class of businessmen, intellectuals and professionals. "Children of the Sun" was completed in prison in 1905 and premiered in St. Petersburg in the same year. "Barbarians" looks at the tragedy of an individual caught between opposing forces in a society on the brink of revolution; "Enemies" looks at the struggle between workers and industrialists. -- From product description.
Categories: Drama

The Lower Depths and Other Plays

The Lower Depths  and Other Plays

A brief profile of the Russian writer prefaces the texts of three plays characterized by their realistic portrayal of Russian life

Author: Maksim Gorky

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300001002

Category: Drama

Page: 220

View: 811

A brief profile of the Russian writer prefaces the texts of three plays characterized by their realistic portrayal of Russian life
Categories: Drama

Freedom and Responsibility in Russian Literature

Freedom and Responsibility in Russian Literature

Victor Erlich Truth and Illusion in Gorky : The Lower Depths and After THE
THEME OF truth versus illusion , of reality versus invention , haunts Maksim
Gorky ' s oeuvre from his early story “ About the Siskin Who Lied and the
Woodpecker Who ...

Author: Robert Louis Jackson

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810111462

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 306

View: 537

Robert Louis Jackson has long been recognized on both sides of the Atlantic as one of the foremost Dostoevsky scholars in the world. Freedom and Responsibility in Russian Literature collects twenty essays by distinguished scholars (many former students of Jackson's) and admiring colleagues on some of the foremost questions in Russian studies. Whatever the specific topic, these essays manifest a determination to exercise the critical independence and integrity exemplified by Jackson throughout his long career.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Maxim Gorky

Maxim Gorky

Chapter 3 Truth , lies and theatre : The Lower Depths ( 1902 ) Gorky ' s best
known play , The Lower Depths , has excited the most comment among all his
theatre work . From its opening at MAT in December 1902 , just eight months after
 ...

Author: Cynthia Marsh

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039103059

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 382

View: 921

Maxim Gorky was dubbed the father of socialist realism in the Soviet period, but he had forged his career as an internationally known novelist and dramatist some three or more decades earlier. Posing questions that Soviet critics found difficult to confront, the author examines the effects of exile and religion on the content and form of the plays as well as the role played by women, and the personal and political implications of motherhood. All sixteen of Gorky's published plays are covered, and the book explores whether this body of work has themes and styles to unify it. While conflict is central to the core political themes and also infiltrates many aspects of the dramatic style (cartoonish and grotesque), other less expected themes and styles emerge. Viewing the post-revolutionary plays as a development of earlier work leads to a question rarely posed: are the plays written by Gorky in the process of defining the new Party-inspired socialist realism in fact less about socialist realist issues of conformity, and more about Gorky's own painful life experience? And what is equally under the microscope is a search for the monumental style frequently associated with socialist realist theatre: the proposed origins of the spatial grandeur in Gorky's plays come as a surprise.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Modern Drama in Theory and Practice Volume 1 Realism and Naturalism

Modern Drama in Theory and Practice  Volume 1  Realism and Naturalism

10 Realism in Russia : NemirovichDanchenko , Stanislavsky and the Moscow Art
Theatre The Seagull ( 1898 ) , The Lower Depths ( 1902 ) It is ironic that the best
answers to the practical challenges of the new realism – how the actor should ...

Author: J. L. Styan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521296285

Category: Drama

Page: 224

View: 552

This 1981 volume begins with the French revolt against naturalism in theatre and then covers the European realist movement.
Categories: Drama

The Theatre of Naturalism

The Theatre of Naturalism

In the Country of the Blind : The Lower Depths The environment , and the process
which creates it , and / or can or cannot change it , had emerged as triumphant ,
in the sense of having the last ' word ' , with Hauptmann , and had swallowed up ...

Author: Philip Beitchman

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 1433112973

Category: Drama

Page: 139

View: 241

The impact of naturalism, a literary approach invented by Zola and especially significant in the field of the novel through his American «disciples» Crane, Norris, and Dreiser, is well acknowledged and recognized. Not so well recognized, but equally important, is naturalistic theatre; this was a style that also originated with Zola, but its progeny was more international and its significance more radical and insurrectionary than in the less «spectacular» genre of fiction. The Theatre of Naturalism: Disappearing Act establishes the incipiently revolutionary context (between the Paris Communist Commune, crushed in 1871, and the successful Bolshevik insurrection of October 1917) - more or less foregrounded or in the background of works by Zola, Strindberg, Ibsen, Hauptmann, Synge, Shaw, and Tolstoy, focused especially on issues of class struggle and class war, as well as the prospects and possibilities of challenging the hegemony of the ruling orders. Especially in regard to later theatre, for instance the «hypernaturalism» of The Brig (Living Theatre) of Kenneth Brown, and of plays by Arnold Wesker and David Storey - Philip Beitchman frequently invokes themes culled from recent French theory, particularly Derrida's deconstruction and Baudrillard's ideas about simulation. The Theatre of Naturalism will open up new perspectives for anyone interested in theory or theatre, whether scholars or the wider theatre-loving or performing public.
Categories: Drama

The Rothamsted Memoirs on Agricultural Science

The Rothamsted Memoirs on Agricultural Science

Still , the figures show , that with the comparatively limited growth in the recent
years , there remained per acre about 56 lbs . of nitrogen as nitric acid in the 6
lower depths of the Melilotus soil . But by far the most striking results in the Table
are ...

Author: Rothamsted Experimental Station

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293031419629

Category: Agricultural chemistry

Page:

View: 980

Categories: Agricultural chemistry

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Still , the figures show , that with the comparatively limited growth in the recent
years , there remained per acre about 56 lbs . of nitrogen as nitric acid in the 6
lower depths of the Melilotus soil . But by far the most striking results in the Table
are ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044106279615

Category: Meteorology

Page:

View: 222

Categories: Meteorology

Rothamsted Memoirs on Agricultural Chemistry and Physiology

Rothamsted Memoirs on Agricultural Chemistry and Physiology

Still , the figures show , that with the comparatively limited growth in the recent
years , there remained per acre about 56 lbs . of nitrogen as nitric acid in the 6
lower depths of the Melilotus soil . But by far the most striking results in the Table
are ...

Author: John Bennet Lawes

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924054817105

Category: Agricultural chemistry

Page:

View: 477

Categories: Agricultural chemistry

Kurosawa

Kurosawa

The Lower Depths The Lower Depths ( Donzoko , 1957 ) is an adaptation of
Maxim Gorky's famous play of the same title . Except the transposition of the
story's setting to the Edo period , Kurosawa's film is quite faithful to Gorky's text .
Because ...

Author: Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822325195

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 485

View: 839

This work will become not only the newly definitive study of Kurosawa, but will redefine the field of Japanese cinema studies, particularly as the field exists in the west.
Categories: Performing Arts

Response of Soil Fungi and Soil and Plant Parameters to Sewage Sludge and Sawdust Amended Coal Mine Spoils

Response of Soil Fungi and Soil and Plant Parameters to Sewage Sludge and Sawdust Amended Coal Mine Spoils

Percentage frequency of occurrence of fungi isolated on straw traps after seven
days ( depth in cm ) : No amendment number ... Streptomyces has been reported
( Alexander 1979 ) to have a greater tolerance of CO , at the lower depths , while
 ...

Author: Philip R. Fresquez

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112104125668

Category: Coal mine waste

Page: 6

View: 670

Categories: Coal mine waste

Lower East Side Memories

Lower East Side Memories

By stepping onto the streets of the Lower East Side, Lou Cowan connected to all
that was Jewish and all that he had ... "His Judaism," Cowan felt, "with its ethical
and ritual demands, reached from the majesty of Sinai to the lower depths of the ...

Author: Hasia R. Diner

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691095450

Category: History

Page: 219

View: 275

Manhattan's Lower East Side stands for Jewish experience in America. With the possible exception of African-Americans and Harlem, no ethnic group has been so thoroughly understood and imagined through a particular chunk of space. Despite the fact that most American Jews have never set foot there--and many come from families that did not immigrate through New York much less reside on Hester or Delancey Street--the Lower East Side is firm in their collective memory. Whether they have been there or not, people reminisce about the Lower East Side as the place where life pulsated, bread tasted better, relationships were richer, tradition thrived, and passions flared. This was not always so. During the years now fondly recalled (1880-1930), the neighborhood was only occasionally called the Lower East Side. Though largely populated by Jews from Eastern Europe, it was not ethnically or even religiously homogenous. The tenements, grinding poverty, sweatshops, and packs of roaming children were considered the stuff of social work, not nostalgia and romance. To learn when and why this dark warren of pushcart-lined streets became an icon, Hasia Diner follows a wide trail of high and popular culture. She examines children's stories, novels, movies, museum exhibits, television shows, summer-camp reenactments, walking tours, consumer catalogues, and photos hung on deli walls far from Manhattan. Diner finds that it was after World War II when the Lower East Side was enshrined as the place through which Jews passed from European oppression to the promised land of America. The space became sacred at a time when Jews were simultaneously absorbing the enormity of the Holocaust and finding acceptance and opportunity in an increasingly liberal United States. Particularly after 1960, the Lower East Side gave often secularized and suburban Jews a biblical, yet distinctly American story about who they were and how they got here. Displaying the author's own fondness for the Lower East Side of story books, combined with a commitment to historical truth, Lower East Side Memories is an insightful account of one of our most famous neighborhoods and its power to shape identity.
Categories: History

Reports from Select Committees of the House of Lords and Evidence

Reports from Select Committees of the House of Lords and Evidence

So that the water from the surface does not get down to the water below ? - Not
the whole of it , portions of it do . 12686 . In very small quantities ? — No , very
large quantities . 12687 . They do get from the surface to the lower depths below
?

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:555097883

Category:

Page:

View: 934

Categories: