The Looming Tower

The Looming Tower

Lawrence Wright re-creates firsthand the transformation of Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri from incompetent and idealistic soldiers in Afghanistan to leaders of the most successful terrorist group in history.

Author: Lawrence Wright

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780307266088

Category: Political Science

Page: 498

View: 364

NATIONAL BESTSELLER • PULITZER PRIZE WINNER • A “heart-stopping account of the events leading up to 9/11” (The New York Times Book Review), this definitive history explains in gripping detail the growth of Islamic fundamentalism, the rise of al-Qaeda, and the intelligence failures that culminated in the attacks on the World Trade Center. A gripping narrative that spans five decades, The Looming Tower explains in unprecedented detail the growth of Islamic fundamentalism, the rise of al-Qaeda, and the intelligence failures that culminated in the attacks on the World Trade Center. Lawrence Wright re-creates firsthand the transformation of Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri from incompetent and idealistic soldiers in Afghanistan to leaders of the most successful terrorist group in history. He follows FBI counterterrorism chief John O’Neill as he uncovers the emerging danger from al-Qaeda in the 1990s and struggles to track this new threat. Packed with new information and a deep historical perspective, The Looming Tower is the definitive history of the long road to September 11.
Categories: Political Science

The Terror Years

The Terror Years

Rigorous, clear-eyed, and compassionate, The Terror Years illuminates the complex human players on all sides of a devastating conflict. These essays were first published in The New Yorker.

Author: Lawrence Wright

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780385352079

Category: History

Page: 466

View: 960

With the Pulitzer Prize–winning The Looming Tower, Lawrence Wright became generally acknowledged as one of our major journalists writing on terrorism in the Middle East. Here, in ten powerful pieces first published in The New Yorker, he recalls the path that terror in the Middle East has taken, from the rise of al-Qaeda in the 1990s to the recent beheadings of reporters and aid workers by ISIS. The Terror Years draws on several articles he wrote while researching The Looming Tower, as well as many that he’s written since, following where and how al-Qaeda and its core cultlike beliefs have morphed and spread. They include a portrait of the “man behind bin Laden,” Ayman al-Zawahiri, and the tumultuous Egypt he helped spawn; an indelible impression of Saudi Arabia, a kingdom of silence under the control of the religious police; the Syrian film industry, at the time compliant at the edges but already exuding a feeling of the barely masked fury that erupted into civil war; the 2006–11 Israeli-Palestinian conflict in Gaza, a study in the disparate value of human lives. Other chapters examine al-Qaeda as it forms a master plan for its future, experiences a rebellion from within the organization, and spins off a growing web of worldwide terror. The American response is covered in profiles of two FBI agents and the head of the intelligence community. The book ends with a devastating piece about the capture and slaying by ISIS of four American journalists and aid workers, and our government’s failed response. On the fifteenth anniversary of 9/11, The Terror Years is at once a unifying recollection of the roots of contemporary Middle Eastern terrorism, a study of how it has grown and metastasized, and, in the scary and moving epilogue, a cautionary tale of where terrorism might take us yet.
Categories: History

Quicklet on Lawrence Wright s The Looming Tower Al Qaeda and the Road to 9 11 CliffNotes like Summary Analysis and Review

Quicklet on Lawrence Wright s The Looming Tower  Al Qaeda and the Road to 9 11  CliffNotes like Summary  Analysis  and Review

The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 shocked not only the United States, but most of the world. ... These are the questions that Lawrence Wright attempts to answer in The Looming Tower: AlQaeda and the Road to 9/11.

Author: Samuel Moniz

Publisher: Hyperink Inc

ISBN: 9781614647522

Category: Study Aids

Page: 25

View: 790

Quicklets: Your Reading Sidekick! ABOUT THE BOOK The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 was first published in 2006, although Wright began the project some time earlier, conducting several hundred interviews with a wide range of individuals, from terrorist sympathizers to American law enforcement. The intent of the book was to provide a narrative of the events leading up to the events of September 11, 2001. This meant an in-depth discussion of the roots of al-Qaeda and similar organizations, the reasons for its decision to target America, and an explanation for the failure of American intelligence agencies to prevent the attack. Although it was not the first analysis of these events, The Looming Tower is distinguished by its focus on detail, and has been called a narrative history that possesses all the immediacy and emotional power of a novel, (New York TImes). The book focuses on the history and psychology of the key figures in the evolution of the ideology that ultimately brought down the World Trade Center. MEET THE AUTHOR Samuel Moniz is a graduate of UC Berkeley, where he majored in Modern European History. In addition to academic papers, he has occasionally scribbled for the odd student paper or magazine. His interests include (unsurprisingly) history, as well as politics, philosophy, current events, and related subjects. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK Wright begins his tale with a man named Sayyid Qutb, who traveled from Egypt to New York in 1948 after his criticism of his government provoked Egypts monarch to issue a warrant for his arrest. A writer and teacher, Qutb had spent time as a functionary in Egypts government before his departure. Politically, he opposed the British occupation of Egypt, and was hostile to Israel and its ally, the United States. Sophisticated and educated, he dressed formally, read French literature, and enjoyed American movies. This was the man who would be largely responsible for creating the movement that produced al-Qaeda. Wright describes Sayyid Qutbs impression of America as an attitude of ever-increasing disgust. This disgust began while he was still in transit to New York, when, on his cruise ship, a young woman offended him by offering to join him in his room for the night. Later, he witnessed a school dance... Buy a copy to keep reading! CHAPTER OUTLINE Lawrence Wright's The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 + Introduction + About Lawrence Wright + About the Book + The Looming Tower: Overall Summary + ...and much more
Categories: Study Aids

U S National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9 11

U S  National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9 11

Al Qaeda is sometimes spelled al - Qaida , al - Qai'da , and even al Qida in older government documents . 6. ... Lawrence Wright , The Looming Tower : Al - Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 ( New York : Knopf Publishing . 2006 ) .

Author: M. Kent Bolton

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742559009

Category: Political Science

Page: 452

View: 205

U.S. National Security Policymaking: Present at the Re-Creation examines the external, societal, and governmental sources of change to U.S. national-security policymaking that were begun by 9/11, memorialized by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (2004). The manifold changes and what caused them are chronicled and compared to a similar change of trajectory in U.S. national-security that occurred as the Cold War commenced with the National Security Act (1947).
Categories: Political Science

The Search for Al Qaeda

The Search for Al Qaeda

9. John Wilson, Lashkar-e-Tayyeba, Pakistan Security Research Unit Brief 12 (University of Bradford, May 21, 2007). 10. Lawrence Wright, The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006), p. 102. 11.

Author: Bruce Riedel

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815701439

Category: Political Science

Page: 193

View: 227

Al Qaeda is the most dangerous terrorist movement in history. Yet most people in the Americas and Europe know very little about it, or their view is clouded by misperceptions and half truths. If the first rule of war is to “know your enemy,” then we have a long way to go. This important book fills this gap with a comprehensive analysis of al Qaeda—the origins, leadership, ideology, and strategy of the terrorist network that brought down the Twin Towers and continues to threaten us today. Bruce Riedel is an expert on the Middle East and South Asia, with thirty years of intelligence and policymaking experience. He was actually in the White House Situation Room during the 9/11 attacks, serving as special assistant to the president and National Security Council senior director for Near East Affairs. He draws on this insider experience in profiling the four most important figures in the al Qaeda movement: Osama bin Laden, its creator and charismatic leader; ideologue Ayman Zawahiri, its Egyptian coleader and principal spokesman; Abu Musaib al Zarqawi, leader of al Qaeda in Iraq until his death in 2006; and Mullah Omar, its Taliban host. These profiles provide the base from which Riedel delivers a much clearer understanding of al Qaeda and what must be done to counter it. The Search for al Qaeda reviews how al Qaeda was created and developed, presenting authoritative and chilling background on “The Manhattan Raid,” but Riedel focuses more closely on what has happened to it since that awful day. He outlines al Qaeda’s ultimate goals, which are to drive America out of the Muslim world, to destroy Israel, and to create a jihadist caliphate larger than the Ottoman Empire at its height. The profiles and subsequent analysis reveal the network’s multipronged strategy for accomplishing those goals: • Draw America into “bleeding wars” like the one that drove the Soviets from Afghanistan. • Build a safe haven for al Qaeda in Pakistan. • Develop other “franchises” in the Islamic world that can overthrow pro-American regimes. • Conduct more Western attacks along the lines of 9/11 or the transit bombings in Madrid and London. The book concludes with a strategy for dealing with—and defeating—this most dangerous menace.
Categories: Political Science

Afghanistan S Experiences

Afghanistan   S Experiences

L. Wright, The Looming Tower: AlQaeda and the Road to 9/11 (New York: Knopf Borzioi Books, 2006), 79. 28. The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. Chapter 2, p.

Author: Hamid Hadi M.D

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781524600068

Category: History

Page: 590

View: 745

Afghanistans Experiences is a sweeping analysis of the historic events and interplay between politics, religion, and terrorism in Afghanistan, the southeastern region of the country, and beyond. The author has vividly explained the origin and the rise of Taliban to powerone of the most important sources of turmoil in contemporary time. Thus, one can perceive how the dynamics of the sinister politics, religious extremism, and terrorism has culminated in avoidable brutal wars and human tragedies. Hamid Hadi has vividly described and put into political debate Afghanistans history; the implications of the Russian invasion of Afghanistan; the Americans, the Pakistanis, and Saudis role in the civil war; and the creation of the al-Qaeda that led to the 9/11 tragedy. In a unique research and analysis, the author has examined the acts of Islamic terrorists against the American people and institutions during the last 176 years and brilliantly deduced that the Russian invasion of Afghanistan was a watershed era in the formation of contemporary terrorism and that the failure of both superpowers foreign policy in Afghanistan to a great extent has resulted in growth of the terrorist network. Besides a detailed description of the 9/11 tragedy and Iraq war, Hamid Hadi has painstakingly brought the world religions and Abrahamic religions in particular into debate and discussed the reform of the Islamic faith.
Categories: History

Military Law Review

Military Law Review

THE LOOMING TOWER : AL - QAEDA AND THE ROAD TO 9 / 111 REVIEWED BY MAJOR JEFFREY S. THURNHER2 If you know the enemy and know ... In many respects , America knew neither its enemy nor itself on the morning of 11 September 2001 ( 9/11 ) .



ISBN: STANFORD:36105134302418

Category: Courts-martial and courts of inquiry

Page: 654

View: 200

Categories: Courts-martial and courts of inquiry

The Greatest Criminal Cases Changing the Course of American Law

The Greatest Criminal Cases  Changing the Course of American Law

... 2011), 19; Rohan Gunaratna, Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror (New York and London: Columbia University Press, 2002), 16; Lawrence Wright, The Looming Tower:Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 (New York: Knopf, 2006), 72. 7.

Author: J. Michael Martinez

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440828690

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 412

This fascinating book recounts the compelling stories behind 14 of the most important criminal procedure cases in American legal history. • Includes 20 photographs of key participants and scenes • Explains legal principles through engaging, jargon-free prose • Connects the importance of the cases to constitutional criminal procedure • Explores the impact of Supreme Court decisions
Categories: Social Science

Al Qaeda the Islamic State and the Global Jihadist Movement

Al Qaeda  the Islamic State  and the Global Jihadist Movement

82. “The 9/11 Commission Report,” p. 59. L. Wright, The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2006, p. 163. J. M. Barr and R. O. Collins, Revolutionary Sudan: Hasan al-Turabi and the Islamist State, ...

Author: Daniel Byman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190217280

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 217

On the morning of September 11, 2001, the entire world was introduced to Al Qaeda and its enigmatic leader, Osama bin Laden. But the organization that changed the face of terrorism forever and unleashed a whirlwind of counterterrorism activity and two major wars had been on the scene long before that eventful morning. In Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement: What Everyone Needs to Know, Daniel L. Byman, an eminent scholar of Middle East terrorism and international security who served on the 9/11 Commission, provides a sharp and concise overview of Al Qaeda, from its humble origins in the mountains of Afghanistan to the present, explaining its perseverance and adaptation since 9/11 and the limits of U.S. and allied counterterrorism efforts. The organization that would come to be known as Al Qaeda traces its roots to the anti-Soviet jihad in Afghanistan in the 1980s. Founded as the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan, Al Qaeda achieved a degree of international notoriety with a series of spectacular attacks in the 1990s; however, it was the dramatic assaults on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 9/11 that truly launched Al Qaeda onto the global stage. The attacks endowed the organization with world-historical importance and provoked an overwhelming counterattack by the United States and other western countries. Within a year of 9/11, the core of Al Qaeda had been chased out of Afghanistan and into a variety of refuges across the Muslim world. Splinter groups and franchised offshoots were active in the 2000s in countries like Pakistan, Iraq, and Yemen, but by early 2011, after more than a decade of relentless counterterrorism efforts by the United States and other Western military and intelligence services, most felt that Al Qaeda's moment had passed. With the death of Osama bin Laden in May of that year, many predicted that Al Qaeda was in its death throes. Shockingly, Al Qaeda has staged a remarkable comeback in the last few years. In almost every conflict in the Muslim world, from portions of the Xanjing region in northwest China to the African subcontinent, Al Qaeda franchises or like-minded groups have played a role. Al Qaeda's extreme Salafist ideology continues to appeal to radicalized Sunni Muslims throughout the world, and it has successfully altered its organizational structure so that it can both weather America's enduring full-spectrum assault and tailor its message to specific audiences. Authoritative and highly readable, Byman's account offers readers insightful and penetrating answers to the fundamental questions about Al Qaeda: who they are, where they came from, where they're going-and, perhaps most critically-what we can do about it. What Everyone Needs to Know® is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.
Categories: Political Science

Radical Islam in the West

Radical Islam in the West

Lawrence Wright, The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006), 183. 9. ... “Terrorist's Odyssey: Saga of Dr. Zawahiri Illuminates Roots of al-Qaeda Terror,” Wall Street Journal, July 2, 2002, p. A1.

Author: Brian R. Farmer

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786462100

Category: Religion

Page: 258

View: 919

This book explores the challenge posed by the immersion of 15 million Muslims in Western democracies and the few, but volatile, terrorists present within the larger body of believers. The fact that immersion in Western culture is insufficient to stem the tide of extremism is discussed, along with the factors that contribute to the growth of radical Islam, such as the presence of charismatic, authoritarian leadership, educational options that downplay critical thinking, and colonialism. Hope that radical Islam can be kept to a minimum in Western societies is provided by the Islamic concept of Ijtihad, through which Muslims reinterpret their own religion. Just as mainstream Mormons have dispensed with polygamy and Christians with witch-hunting, Muslims in Western societies have the potential to minimize the growth of radicalism. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.
Categories: Religion