The book discusses equilibrium properties wherein calculations on the state of gases and fluids are presented. The text also underlines space and time dependent correlation functions.

Author: P Egelstaff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323159036

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 771

An Introduction to the Liquid State focuses on the atomic motions and positions of liquids. Particularly given importance in this book are internal motion of molecules as a whole and the motion of atoms in a monatomic liquid. Divided into 16 chapters, the book opens by outlining the general properties of liquids, including a comparison of liquid argon and liquid sodium, discussions on theories and methods of studying the liquid state, and thermodynamic relationships. The book proceeds by defining the molecular distribution functions and equation of state, the potential function for non-conducting liquids and metals, and measurement of pair distribution function. Numerical analyses and representations are provided to simplify the functions of equations. The book discusses equilibrium properties wherein calculations on the state of gases and fluids are presented. The text also underlines space and time dependent correlation functions. Given emphasis in this part are neutron scattering, electromagnetic radiation, and various radiation scattering techniques. Other concerns discussed are diffusion and single particle motion, velocity of correlation function, diffusion and viscosity coefficients, liquid-gas critical point, and a comparison of classical and quantum liquids. The selection is a valuable source of information for readers wanting to study the composition and reactions of liquids.

The purpose fo this book is to present a comprehensive account of the physical concepts and theoretical approaches developed for the study of the dynamical properties of liquids (or more generally, of high-density fluids) at a microscopic ...

Author: Umberto Balucani

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191591211

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 520

The purpose fo this book is to present a comprehensive account of the physical concepts and theoretical approaches developed for the study of the dynamical properties of liquids (or more generally, of high-density fluids) at a microscopic level. After a discussion of the basic dynamical phenomena to be interupted, as well as of the various experimental probes, the book gradually exposes the reader to the sophisticated theoretical techniques needed for a satisfactory account of both single particle and coleective motions. The complications are faced in a stepwise fashion, with special attention to the physical content of the results. As a result of the progress achieved in the last decade, in the end a satisfactory understanding of most of the phenomena characterizing this fascinating field emerges.

As the various disciplines of science advance, they proliferate and tend to become more esoteric.

Author: E.E. Kunhardt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1468480251

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 520

As the various disciplines of science advance, they proliferate and tend to become more esoteric. Barriers of specialized terminologies form, which cause scientists to lose contact with their colleagues, and differences in points-of-view emerge which hinder the unification of knowledge among the various disciplines, and even within a given discipline. As a result, the scientist, and especially the student, is in many instances offered fragmented glimpses of subjects that are funda mentally synthetic and that should be treated in their own right. Such seems to be the case of the liquid state. Unlike the other states of matter -- gases, solids, and plasmas -- the liquid state has not yet received unified treatment, probably because it has been the least explored and remains the least understood state of matter. Occasionally, events occur which help remove some of the barriers that separate scientists and disciplines alike. Such an event was the ASI on The Liquid State held this past July at the lovely Hotel Tivoli Sintra, in the picturesque town of Sintra, Portugal, approximately 30 km northwest of Lisbon. Since this broad a subject could not be covered in one Institute, the focus of the ASI was on a theme that provided a common thread of understanding for all in attendance -- the Electrical Proper ties of the Liquid State.

This is a completely revised edition of a book originally published 25 years ago.

Author: Peter A. Egelstaff

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198517505

Category: Law

Page: 390

View: 306

This is a completely revised edition of a book originally published 25 years ago. While the general content, layout, and style of this edition follows that of the original, the second edition reflects the enormous expansion of theoretical and experimental research that has taken place overthe past quarter of a century. The book, now available in paperback, is an introductory rather than a specialist work aimed at first year-graduate students of physics and is accessible to those who have taken undergraduate courses in mathematics and statistical thermodynamics. Each chapter ends with a short set of referencesfor further reading, and exercises are provided for the reader. This volume covers the more basic parts of this vast topic, while preserving a balance between different areas. The author breaks the subject down by liquid state topic rather than by class of liquid, so that all classes of liquids fall under each topic. The author takes an atomic or molecularview of liquids, concentrating on the pair distribution and pair potential functions, illustrating how properties can be calculated from first principles and compared with experimental results. The experimental techniques used involve scattering both for equilibrium and dynamic measurements.

This important book provides an introduction to the liquid state.

Author: Norman Henry March

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810246528

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 303

This important book provides an introduction to the liquid state. A qualitative description of liquid properties is first given, followed by detailed chapters on thermodynamics, liquid structure in relation to interaction forces and transport properties such as diffusion and viscosity. Treatment of complex fluids such as anisotropic liquid crystals and polymers, and of technically important topics such as non-Newtonian and turbulent flows, is included. Surface properties and characteristics of the liquid-vapour critical point are also discussed. While the book focuses on classical liquids, the final chapter deals with quantal fluids.

For Hel we obtain e Ath Mel ( 29 ) mel Vth Generally , Em depends on the ratio <
k > / kpT , where < e > denotes the electron mean energy 1.4 The liquid state
Liquids are characterized by a peculiar intermediate position between gases and
...

Author: Werner Schmidt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 084934445X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 565

Under certain conditions, liquids that usually do not conduct electrical currents become conductors, a phenomenon that is of interest to scientists in several different fields. In Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids, one of the world's leading experts in dielectric liquids discusses the theoretical basis and the experiments on electronic conduction in nonpolar liquids. It provides a sound description of the concepts involved in electronic and ionic charge transport in these liquids. This text also includes experimental techniques that graduate students, university researchers, and laboratory scientists will all find useful. Data tables provide first-order information on the magnitude of relevant quantities.

Such seems to be the case of the liquid state. Unlike the other states of matter -—
gases, solids, and plasmas –- the liquid state has not yet received unified
treatment, probably because it has been the least explored and remains the least
...

Author: E.E. Kunhardt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468480238

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 943

As the various disciplines of science advance, they proliferate and tend to become more esoteric. Barriers of specialized terminologies form, which cause scientists to lose contact with their colleagues, and differences in points-of-view emerge which hinder the unification of knowledge among the various disciplines, and even within a given discipline. As a result, the scientist, and especially the student, is in many instances offered fragmented glimpses of subjects that are funda mentally synthetic and that should be treated in their own right. Such seems to be the case of the liquid state. Unlike the other states of matter -- gases, solids, and plasmas -- the liquid state has not yet received unified treatment, probably because it has been the least explored and remains the least understood state of matter. Occasionally, events occur which help remove some of the barriers that separate scientists and disciplines alike. Such an event was the ASI on The Liquid State held this past July at the lovely Hotel Tivoli Sintra, in the picturesque town of Sintra, Portugal, approximately 30 km northwest of Lisbon. Since this broad a subject could not be covered in one Institute, the focus of the ASI was on a theme that provided a common thread of understanding for all in attendance -- the Electrical Proper ties of the Liquid State.

Author: Jean-Louis BretonnetPublish On: 2020-09-18

( 5.237 ) ap The density profile p ( ) in the liquid - vapour system at equilibrium is
obtained by integrating the above equation after choosing the equation of state
and setting the coefficient l . To give a physical meaning to the coefficient ) , we ...

Author: Jean-Louis Bretonnet

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527559707

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 276

In a simple and accessible form, this book presents a unified approach to the physics of the liquid state, both in and out of equilibrium. It discerns, behind the seemingly anarchistic proliferation of phenomena observable in the liquid state, the sequence of causes and effects and, where appropriate, the underlying rules that preside over the general principles. The book begins by introducing the fundamental concepts of statistical mechanics, such as classical and quantum mechanics, probability theory, and the kinetic theory of gases, before moving on to discuss theoretical methods in order to contextualise the study of liquids. The last final section is devoted to ordering in complex fluids. It includes detailed technical notes and explicit calculations, and will appeal to graduate students in physics and chemistry. It will also be of interest the reader interested in statistical mechanics and their application to the physics of dense matter. This book will certainly become an indispensable reference for students and researchers who wish to become familiar with a multifaceted process looking towards new horizons.

This volume details the application of molecular simulation to the liquid state.

Author: David M. Heyes

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: UOM:39015039901684

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 152

This volume details the application of molecular simulation to the liquid state. It is organised in a clear and logical way that first takes the reader through the underlying statistical mechanical theory necessary to understand the liquid state, especially those aspects that can be taken advantage of by simulation to help unravel the nature of the liquid state. It continues by covering the various modern variants of the Monte Carlo and Molecular dynamics techniques, for example, Gibbs ensemble MC and alternative ensemble MD. The effects of molecular architecture and chemical composition on the microscopic and macroscopic behaviour of liquids are also covered. The author has included chapters on surfaces, equations of state and phase equilibria, which emphasise new simulation techniques and conclusions made from the theories. Langmuir films, liquid crystals and the glassy state are also considered.

These Proceedings contain the texts of the 13 Lecture Courses and 9 Invited Seminars delivered at Patti.

Author: Carlo Caccamo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792356705

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 952

The theory of simple and complex fluids has made considerable recent progress, due to the emergence of new concepts and theoretical tools, and also to the availability of a large body of new experimental data on increas ingly complex systems, as well as far-reaching methodological developments in numerical simulations. This AS! aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of the most significant theoretical developments, supplemented by a few presentations of cutting-edge simulation and experimental work. The impact of the Institute in the overall landscape of Statistical Mechanics received an important recognition with its inclusion in the list of satellite events of STATPHYS20, the triennal international conference on Statistical Physics held in Paris in July 1998. These Proceedings contain the texts of the 13 Lecture Courses and 9 Invited Seminars delivered at Patti. Two clear trends emerge from these Proceedings: first, the diversity of new and unexpected theoretical results relating to classic models of liq uids, which have recently been subjected to fresh scrutiny; and secondly the parallel emergence of new concepts, models and methods, aimed at investigating complex fluids and phenomena, like the phase behaviour of fluids in pores, macromolecular assemblies, and the glass transition. Many of the new tools have their roots in traditional liquid state theory, and, in conjunction with fresh input from related fields, allow it wider applicability.

In a simple and accessible form, this book presents a unified approach to the physics of the liquid state, both in and out of equilibrium.

Author: JEAN-LOUIS. BRETONNET

Publisher:

ISBN: 1527558894

Category:

Page:

View: 713

In a simple and accessible form, this book presents a unified approach to the physics of the liquid state, both in and out of equilibrium. It discerns, behind the seemingly anarchistic proliferation of phenomena observable in the liquid state, the sequence of causes and effects and, where appropriate, the underlying rules that preside over the general principles. The book begins by introducing the fundamental concepts of statistical mechanics, such as classical and quantum mechanics, probability theory, and the kinetic theory of gases, before moving on to discuss theoretical methods in order to contextualise the study of liquids. The last final section is devoted to ordering in complex fluids. It includes detailed technical notes and explicit calculations, and will appeal to graduate students in physics and chemistry. It will also be of interest the reader interested in statistical mechanics and their application to the physics of dense matter. This book will certainly become an indispensable reference for students and researchers who wish to become familiar with a multifaceted process looking towards new horizons.

This book provides a comprehensive, self-contained and integrated survey of this topic and is a must-have for many chemists, chemical engineers and material scientists, ranging from newcomers in the field to more experienced researchers.

Author: Gijsbertus de With

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527676774

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 939

For many processes and applications in science and technology a basic knowledge of liquids and solutions is a must. Gaining a better understanding of the behavior and properties of pure liquids and solutions will help to improve many processes and to advance research in many different areas. This book provides a comprehensive, self-contained and integrated survey of this topic and is a must-have for many chemists, chemical engineers and material scientists, ranging from newcomers in the field to more experienced researchers. The author offers a clear, well-structured didactic approach and provides an overview of the most important types of liquids and solutions. Special topics include chemical reactions, surfaces and phase transitions. Suitable both for introductory as well as intermediate level as more advanced parts are clearly marked. Includes also problems and solutions.