The Lipid Handbook with CD-ROM, Third Edition

Author: Frank D. Gunstone,John L. Harwood,Albert J. Dijkstra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420009675

Category: Science

Page: 1472

View: 5861

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Extensively revised, reorganized, and expanded, the third edition of the industry standard, The Lipid Handbook reflects many of the changes in lipid science and technology that have occurred in the last decade. All chapters have been rewritten, many by new authors, to match the updated thinking and practice of modern lipid science and bring a fresh perspective to twenty years of tradition. Retaining the general structure of the previous editions, The Lipid Handbook with CD-ROM, Third Edition collates a wide range of information into a single volume. New contributions highlight the latest technologies utilized in today's lipid science such as chromatographic analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An entirely new chapter is devoted to non-food uses such as lipids as surfactants, cosmetics, and biofuels. Expanded sections illustrate a growing emphasis on lipid metabolism and the nutritional, medical, and agricultural aspects including human dietary requirements and disorders of lipid metabolism. The dictionary section is vastly expanded to cover chemical structure, physical properties, and references to thousands of lipid and lipid related molecules. The handbook now includes a CD-ROM that allows instant access to tabulated and referenced information and can be searched either as the full text or by structure or substructure. Drawing from the best minds in the field, The Lipid Handbook with CD-ROM, Third Edition presents the latest technological developments and the current and future directions and applications of lipid science to the next generation of researchers.
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Single Cell Oils

Author: Zvi Cohen,Colin Ratledge

Publisher: AOCS Publishing

ISBN: 9781893997806

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 3237

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Featuring recognized academic and industrial experts in this cutting-edge field, this book reviews single cell oils (SCO) currently in the market. The text mainly focuses on the production of the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, Arachidonic acid, and Docosahexaenoinc acid. All chapters provide up to date references for navigating the vast amount of historic data available in the field. The authors provide real world examples of the commercial development and applications of various SCO in a variety of fields, from food ingredients and disease treatment to aquaculture and fish farming. The highlight of the book is perhaps the first chapter in which Colin Ratledge, a world renowned expert in SCO and lipid biochemistry, gives an interesting and informative overview on the history of SCO development, together with his perspectives on the future of this industry in light of competition arising from genetically modified plant oils. Zvi Cohen, a renowned expert in PUFA-producing microalgae, describes some of his metabolic studies on PUFA production and TAG biosynthesis. Chapter 10 deals with EPA-producing microalgae and some cultivation strategies for their large scale production. This chapter includes a number of tables summarizing the various organisms under investigation which I found to be of great use. Since the development of EPA single cell oils is still in its infancy, this chapter is quite helpful for researchers thinking along those lines.
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Plant Lipids

Author: Denis J. Murphy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9781405119047

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 4275

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New research tools have revealed many surprising aspects of the dynamic nature of lipids and their participation in processes such as recognition, intra- and inter-cellular signalling, deterrence and defence against pathogens, membrane trafficking and protein function. This is in addition to new information on the more established roles of plant lipids as structural components of membranes and as long-term storage products. Plant lipids are also increasingly being seen as sources of a new generation of environmentally friendly, biodegradable and renewable industrial products, including biopolymers and high grade lubricants. This volume provides a broad overview of plant lipid research and its many applications, linking the various disciplines and providing an interesting and wide-ranging perspective on this fast-moving field. Extensive lists of references are provided, totalling well over two thousand non-redundant citations and offering a point of entry to the detailed literature. This is a book for researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry, molecular biology, biotechnology and genetics, in both the academic and industrial sectors.
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The Chemistry of Oils and Fats

Sources, Composition, Properties and Uses

Author: F. D. Gunstone

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9781405116268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 4262

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The three major macronutrients are proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids (oils and fats). This book is devoted to lipids, which are an important part of life for all of us. What are these materials in molecular terms? Where do they come from? What happens to them between the harvesting of crops and the appearance of the oils and fats in different products in the supermarket? How does nature produce these molecules and can we act on nature to modify the materials to increase their beneficial properties? How important are the minor products present in the fats that we consume? Since oils and fats vary, how can we analyse them? What are their physical, chemical and nutritional properties? How do the fats that we consume affect our health and well-being in both quantitative and qualitative terms? What are their major food and non-food uses? This book provides a broad source of reference on oils and fats chemistry for graduates entering the food and oleochemical industries, postgraduate researchers and nutritionists. It offers a point of entry to the detailed literature.
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The Role of Fats in Human Nutrition

Author: A. J. Vergroesen,Michael Crawford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Arteriosclerosis

Page: 580

View: 7335

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Dietary fats and carbohydrates represent some eighty to ninety percent of food energy uptake in man; fatty acids play a critical role in human development, health and disease. In affluent populations high fat consumption contributes to heart disease, obesity and type II diabetes mellitus, while in non-affluent groups, the generally poor nutritional state found in young children can be partially attributed to a low fat intake. This book reviews our current understanding of essential fatty acids and their role in human nutrition. The topics addressed include the analysis of dietary fatty acids, dietary fats and fish oils in health and in the prevention of heart disease, linoleic acid in the treatment of diabetes, and the role of essential fatty acids in early human development.
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Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM, Second Edition

Author: Shmuel Yannai

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420083511

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2346

View: 4697

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The increasing world population, competition for arable land and rich fishing grounds, and environmental concerns mandate that we exploit in a sustainable way the earth’s available plant and animal resources for human consumption. To that end, food chemists, technologists, and nutritionists engage in a vast number of tasks related to food availability, quality, safety, nutritional value, and sensory properties—as well as those involved in processing, storage, and distribution. To assist in these functions, it is essential they have easy access to a collection of information on the myriad compounds found in foods. This is particularly true because even compounds present in minute concentrations may exert significant desirable or negative effects on foods. Includes a foreword by Zdzislaw E. Sikorski, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland; Editor of the CRC Press Chemical & Functional Properties of Food Components Series. Dictionary of Food Compounds, Second Edition is presented in a user-friendly format in both hard copy and fully searchable CD-ROM. It contains entries describing natural components of food raw materials and products as well as compounds added to foods or formed in the course of storage or processing. Each entry contains the name of the component, the chemical and physical characteristics, a description of functional properties related to food use, and nutritional and toxicological data. Ample references facilitate inquiry into more detailed information about any particular compound. Food Compounds Covered: Natural Food Constituents Lipids Proteins Carbohydrates Fatty acids Flavonoids Alkaloids Food Contaminants Mycotoxins Food Additives Colorants Preservatives Antioxidants Flavors Nutraceuticals Probiotics Dietary Supplements Vitamins This new edition boasts an additional 12,000 entries for a total of 41,000 compounds, including 900 enzymes found in food. No other reference work on food compounds is as complete or as comprehensive.
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Lipids in Plants and Microbes

Author: John L. Harwood,Nicholas J. Russell

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780045740215

Category: Science

Page: 162

View: 6536

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General remarks. Classification of organisms. Lipid nomenclature. Major lipid types in plants and micro-organisms. Distribution of lipids. Biosynthesis. Degradation. Lipid functions. Fatty acids. Acyl lipids. Terpenoids. Sterols. Other lipid types. Ether lipids. Lipid distribution in different organisms and their use in taxonomy. Subcellular distribution of lipids. Intramenbrane lipid distribution. Subcellular fractionation and membrane isolation. Factors affecting the lipid composition of plants and microorganisms. Degradation of acyl lipids. Oxidation of fatty acids. Membrane structure and function. Storage. Microbial lipids as virulence factors.
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Oils and Fats in the Food Industry

Author: Frank Gunstone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444302434

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 160

View: 9107

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Oils and fats are almost ubiquitous in food processing –whether naturally occurring in foods or added as ingredients forfunctional benefits and, despite the impression given by severalsources to the contrary, they remain an essential part of the humandiet. However, it is increasingly apparent that both the quantityand the quality of the fat consumed are vital to achieving abalanced diet. Health concerns regarding high-fat diets continue tohave a high profile, and still represent a pressing issue for foodmanufacturers. This volume provides a concise and easy-to-use reference on thenature of oils and fats for those working in the food industry andfor those in the media seeking to advise the public on consumption.Written in a style that makes the concepts and informationcontained easily accessible, and using a minimum of chemicalstructures, the nature and composition of the constituents of oilsand fats are explained. The major sources of food lipids (vegetableand animal fats) are outlined, along with their physicalcharacteristics. The book also focuses on the current main concernsof the food industry regarding oils and fats use, including: thenutritional properties of fats and oils and their variouscomponents; links between chemical structure and physiologicalproperties; and the role of lipids in some of the more importantdisease conditions such as obesity, diabetes, coronary heartdisease and cancer. The final chapter is devoted to a descriptionof the most common food uses of oils and fats. The book will be of interest to food industry professionals,students or others who require a working knowledge of oils and fatsin the food industry.
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Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

Author: Gérard Rossé

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110619067

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 9397

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Supercritical Fluid Chromatography (SFC) provides a timely overview of SFC application areas which were unimaginable just a decade ago. This two-volume series opens with an overview of the history and expectant future of SFC and continues with recent applications in the pharmaceutical industry and other fascinating areas of science. SFC has found its place in the pharmaceutical industry with an increasing body of applications for chiral and achiral molecules in both the research and development phases of the drug discovery process. As illustrated in this two-volume series, the current interest in SFC extends well beyond the pharmaceutical industry. Chapters encompassing applications for polar and non-polar mixtures of importance are covering widely disparate areas in substance abuse, natural products including cannabinoids, bioactive lipids, flavor and fragrance. With its broad balance and coverage, this two-volume book constitutes a unique educational platform to students and scientists for many years to come. The major objective of this book editions is to inspire and stimulate readers to continue exploring the possibilities of exploiting supercritical fluids as a particular media for analysis, purifications and synthesis
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Analysis of Lipid Oxidation

Author: Afaf Kamal-Eldin,Jan Pokorny

Publisher: AOCS Publishing

ISBN: 9781893997707

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 293

View: 6442

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Lipid oxidation, though researched since the beginning of the 20th century, still gives no complete and satisfactory information on the composition of oxidized lipids. One important factor contributing to these gaps in our knowledge about lipid oxidation relates to the shortages in analytical methodology. Analytical methods suitable for oxidized lipids were often reviewed in the last decade, but mostly from the aspect of determination of individual oxidized lipid classes, such as peroxides, aldehydes, polar lipids, or polymers. In this book, they are treated from the standpoint of types of analytical methods used, including different volumetric methods, UV-visible spectrometric methods, high performance size-exclusion chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, electron spin resonance spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. Analysis of Lipid Oxidation is essential for further developments in analytical methodology and hyphenated techniques, with which more understanding of the reaction kinetics, mechanism, and implications will take place.
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