The Learning Sciences in Educational Assessment

The Role of Cognitive Models

Author: Jacqueline P. Leighton,Mark J. Gierl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498134

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 1739

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There is mounting hope in the United States that federal legislation in the form of No Child Left Behind will improve educational outcomes. As titanic as the challenge appears to be, however, the solution could be at our fingertips. This volume identifies visual types of cognitive models in reading, science and mathematics for researchers, test developers, school administrators, policy makers and teachers. In the process of identifying these cognitive models, the book also explores methodological or translation issues to consider as decisions are made about how to generate psychologically informative and psychometrically viable large-scale assessments based on the learning sciences. Initiatives to overhaul educational systems in disrepair may begin with national policies, but the success of these policies will hinge on how well stakeholders begin to rethink what is possible with a keystone of the educational system: large-scale assessment.
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Learning Science in Informal Environments

People, Places, and Pursuits

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Learning Science in Informal Environments

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309141133

Category: Education

Page: 348

View: 7527

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Informal science is a burgeoning field that operates across a broad range of venues and envisages learning outcomes for individuals, schools, families, and society. The evidence base that describes informal science, its promise, and effects is informed by a range of disciplines and perspectives, including field-based research, visitor studies, and psychological and anthropological studies of learning. Learning Science in Informal Environments draws together disparate literatures, synthesizes the state of knowledge, and articulates a common framework for the next generation of research on learning science in informal environments across a life span. Contributors include recognized experts in a range of disciplines--research and evaluation, exhibit designers, program developers, and educators. They also have experience in a range of settings--museums, after-school programs, science and technology centers, media enterprises, aquariums, zoos, state parks, and botanical gardens. Learning Science in Informal Environments is an invaluable guide for program and exhibit designers, evaluators, staff of science-rich informal learning institutions and community-based organizations, scientists interested in educational outreach, federal science agency education staff, and K-12 science educators.
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International Handbook of the Learning Sciences

Author: Frank Fischer,Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver,Susan R. Goldman,Peter Reimann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317208358

Category: Education

Page: 552

View: 7650

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The International Handbook of the Learning Sciences is a comprehensive collection of international perspectives on this interdisciplinary field. In more than 50 chapters, leading experts synthesize past, current, and emerging theoretical and empirical directions for learning sciences research. The three sections of the handbook capture, respectively: foundational contributions from multiple disciplines and the ways in which the learning sciences has fashioned these into its own brand of use-oriented theory, design, and evidence; learning sciences approaches to designing, researching, and evaluating learning broadly construed; and the methodological diversity of learning sciences research, assessment, and analytic approaches. This pioneering collection is the definitive volume of international learning sciences scholarship and an essential text for scholars in this area.
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Handbook of Research on Science Education

Author: Norman G. Lederman,Sandra K. Abell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136221972

Category: Education

Page: 970

View: 7521

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Building on the foundation set in Volume I—a landmark synthesis of research in the field—Volume II is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art new volume highlighting new and emerging research perspectives. The contributors, all experts in their research areas, represent the international and gender diversity in the science education research community. The volume is organized around six themes: theory and methods of science education research; science learning; culture, gender, and society and science learning; science teaching; curriculum and assessment in science; science teacher education. Each chapter presents an integrative review of the research on the topic it addresses—pulling together the existing research, working to understand the historical trends and patterns in that body of scholarship, describing how the issue is conceptualized within the literature, how methods and theories have shaped the outcomes of the research, and where the strengths, weaknesses, and gaps are in the literature. Providing guidance to science education faculty and graduate students and leading to new insights and directions for future research, the Handbook of Research on Science Education, Volume II is an essential resource for the entire science education community.
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The Wiley Handbook of Cognition and Assessment

Frameworks, Methodologies, and Applications

Author: Andre A. Rupp,Jacqueline P. Leighton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118956575

Category: Education

Page: 648

View: 9119

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This state-of-the-art resource brings together the most innovative scholars and thinkers in the field of testing to capture the changing conceptual, methodological, and applied landscape of cognitively-grounded educational assessments. Offers a methodologically-rigorous review of cognitive and learning sciences models for testing purposes, as well as the latest statistical and technological know-how for designing, scoring, and interpreting results Written by an international team of contributors at the cutting-edge of cognitive psychology and educational measurement under the editorship of a research director at the Educational Testing Service and an esteemed professor of educational psychology at the University of Alberta as well as supported by an expert advisory board Covers conceptual frameworks, modern methodologies, and applied topics, in a style and at a level of technical detail that will appeal to a wide range of readers from both applied and scientific backgrounds Considers emerging topics in cognitively-grounded assessment, including applications of emerging socio-cognitive models, cognitive models for human and automated scoring, and various innovative virtual performance assessments
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The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences

Author: R. Keith Sawyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139452479

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

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Learning sciences is an interdisciplinary field that studies teaching and learning. The sciences of learning include cognitive science, educational psychology, computer science, anthropology, sociology, neuroscience, and other fields. The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences, first published in 2006, shows how educators can use the learning sciences to design more effective learning environments - including school classrooms and also informal settings such as science centers or after-school clubs, on-line distance learning, and computer-based tutoring software. The chapters in this handbook each describe exciting new classroom environments, based on the latest science about how children learn. CHLS is a true handbook in that readers can use it to design the schools of the future - schools that will prepare graduates to participate in a global society that is increasingly based on knowledge and innovation.
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Assessment in Science

Practical Experiences and Education Research

Author: Maureen McMahon

Publisher: NSTA Press

ISBN: 1933531002

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 8127

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If you want the latest research about assessment techniques that really work, you want Assessment in Science. This collection of informative, up-to-date reports is by authors who are practicing K - 12 classroom teachers and university-based educators and researchers. Working in teams, they tried out and evaluated different assessment approaches in actual classrooms. The research is sound, but that doesn't mean it's hard to grasp. The book stays true to its title by capturing practical lessons in accessible language. As the introduction notes, the reports feature "classroom testing stories, standards-based assessment techniques, teaching-testing dilemmas, portfolio struggles and triumphs, and knowledge of the research on assessment." The 18 chapters are structured for ease of comprehension, moving from a detailed description of how the research was carried out, to research finding, to concrete implications for the classroom. There is also a "Links to Standards" box and resources list in each chapter. Included throughout are 28 tables and 25 figures, some of which are classroom rubrics teachers can actually use. Though it's enlightening for classroom teachers at all levels, Assessment in Science is also ideal for curriculum supervisors and professors who teach science education, and anyone else who needs to know what's most current in proven assessment techniques.
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Valuing Assessment in Science Education: Pedagogy, Curriculum, Policy

Author: Deborah Corrigan,Richard Gunstone,Alister Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400766688

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 8114

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Assessment is a fundamental issue in research in science education, in curriculum development and implementation in science education as well as in science teaching and learning. This book takes a broad and deep view of research involving assessment in science education, across contexts and cultures (from whole countries to individual classrooms) and across forms and purposes (from assessment in the service of student learning to policy implications of system wide assessment). It examines the relationships between assessment, measurement and evaluation; explores assessment philosophies and practices in relation to curriculum and scientific literacy/learning; and details the relationships between assessment and science education policy. The third in a series, Valuing Assessment in Science Education has chapters from a range of international scholars from across the globe and staff from Monash University, King’s College London and University of Waikato. The two previous books in the series examined research relevant to the re-emergence of values in science education and teaching across the spectrum of science education as well as across cultural contexts through the professional knowledge of science teaching. This third book now moves to examine different aspects of generating understanding about what science is learnt, how it is learnt, and how it is valued. Valuing Assessment in Science Education will appeal to all those with some engagement with and/or use of research in science education, including research students, academics, curriculum development agencies, assessment authorities, and policy makers. It will also be of interest to all classroom science teachers who seek to keep abreast of the latest research and development and thinking in their area of professional concern.
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Gaming and Cognition: Theories and Practice from the Learning Sciences

Theories and Practice from the Learning Sciences

Author: Van Eck, Richard

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 161520718X

Category: Computers

Page: 405

View: 5766

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"This book applies the principles of research in the study of human cognition to games, with chapters representing 15 different disciplines in the learning sciences (psychology, serious game design, educational technology, applied linguistics, instructional design, eLearning, computer engineering, educational psychology, cognitive science, digital media, human-computer interaction, artificial intelligence, computer science, anthropology, education)"--Provided by publisher.
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Formative Assessment and Science Education

Author: B. Bell,Nigel Bell,B. Cowie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792367680

Category: Education

Page: 145

View: 1340

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Formative Assessment and Science Education documents the findings of a research project which investigated the ways in which teachers and students used formative assessment to improve the teaching and learning of science in some New Zealand classrooms. The research documented in this book used the definition of formative assessment as `the process used by teachers and students to recognise and respond to students' learning, in order to enhance that learning, during the learning'. The book contains one detailed case study from the research, as well as cameos of instances of formative assessment. The book also contains two summaries of the research findings - a model developed to describe the process of formative assessment used by the teachers and students involved in the research, and a summary of the characteristics of formative assessment. The findings are also theorised with respect to sociocultural and discursive views of learning. This research will be of interest to graduate students and researchers, as well as teacher educators, curriculum developers, and assessment specialists.
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