The Learning Sciences in Educational Assessment

The Role of Cognitive Models

Author: Jacqueline P. Leighton,Mark J. Gierl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498134

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 2969

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There is mounting hope in the United States that federal legislation in the form of No Child Left Behind will improve educational outcomes. As titanic as the challenge appears to be, however, the solution could be at our fingertips. This volume identifies visual types of cognitive models in reading, science and mathematics for researchers, test developers, school administrators, policy makers and teachers. In the process of identifying these cognitive models, the book also explores methodological or translation issues to consider as decisions are made about how to generate psychologically informative and psychometrically viable large-scale assessments based on the learning sciences. Initiatives to overhaul educational systems in disrepair may begin with national policies, but the success of these policies will hinge on how well stakeholders begin to rethink what is possible with a keystone of the educational system: large-scale assessment.
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Classroom Assessment and Educational Measurement

Author: Susan M. Brookhart,James H. McMillan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429017618

Category: Education

Page: 286

View: 7522

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Classroom Assessment and Educational Measurement explores the ways in which the theory and practice of both educational measurement and the assessment of student learning in classroom settings mutually inform one another. Chapters by assessment and measurement experts consider the nature of classroom assessment information, from student achievement to affective and socio-emotional attributes; how teachers interpret and work with assessment results; and emerging issues in assessment such as digital technologies and diversity/inclusion. This book uniquely considers the limitations of applying large-scale educational measurement theory to classroom assessment and the adaptations necessary to make this transfer useful. Researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, and policymakers will come away with an essential understanding of how the classroom assessment context is essential to broadening contemporary educational measurement perspectives.
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The Wiley Handbook of Cognition and Assessment

Frameworks, Methodologies, and Applications

Author: Andre A. Rupp,Jacqueline P. Leighton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118956591

Category: Education

Page: 648

View: 1111

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This state-of-the-art resource brings together the most innovative scholars and thinkers in the field of testing to capture the changing conceptual, methodological, and applied landscape of cognitively-grounded educational assessments. Offers a methodologically-rigorous review of cognitive and learning sciences models for testing purposes, as well as the latest statistical and technological know-how for designing, scoring, and interpreting results Written by an international team of contributors at the cutting-edge of cognitive psychology and educational measurement under the editorship of a research director at the Educational Testing Service and an esteemed professor of educational psychology at the University of Alberta as well as supported by an expert advisory board Covers conceptual frameworks, modern methodologies, and applied topics, in a style and at a level of technical detail that will appeal to a wide range of readers from both applied and scientific backgrounds Considers emerging topics in cognitively-grounded assessment, including applications of emerging socio-cognitive models, cognitive models for human and automated scoring, and various innovative virtual performance assessments
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Assessment in Science

Practical Experiences and Education Research

Author: Maureen McMahon

Publisher: NSTA Press

ISBN: 1933531002

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 1456

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If you want the latest research about assessment techniques that really work, you want Assessment in Science. This collection of informative, up-to-date reports is by authors who are practicing K - 12 classroom teachers and university-based educators and researchers. Working in teams, they tried out and evaluated different assessment approaches in actual classrooms. The research is sound, but that doesn't mean it's hard to grasp. The book stays true to its title by capturing practical lessons in accessible language. As the introduction notes, the reports feature "classroom testing stories, standards-based assessment techniques, teaching-testing dilemmas, portfolio struggles and triumphs, and knowledge of the research on assessment." The 18 chapters are structured for ease of comprehension, moving from a detailed description of how the research was carried out, to research finding, to concrete implications for the classroom. There is also a "Links to Standards" box and resources list in each chapter. Included throughout are 28 tables and 25 figures, some of which are classroom rubrics teachers can actually use. Though it's enlightening for classroom teachers at all levels, Assessment in Science is also ideal for curriculum supervisors and professors who teach science education, and anyone else who needs to know what's most current in proven assessment techniques.
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Learning Science Through Computer Games and Simulations

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Science Learning: Computer Games, Simulations, and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309185238

Category: Education

Page: 174

View: 3850

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At a time when scientific and technological competence is vital to the nation's future, the weak performance of U.S. students in science reflects the uneven quality of current science education. Although young children come to school with innate curiosity and intuitive ideas about the world around them, science classes rarely tap this potential. Many experts have called for a new approach to science education, based on recent and ongoing research on teaching and learning. In this approach, simulations and games could play a significant role by addressing many goals and mechanisms for learning science: the motivation to learn science, conceptual understanding, science process skills, understanding of the nature of science, scientific discourse and argumentation, and identification with science and science learning. To explore this potential, Learning Science: Computer Games, Simulations, and Education, reviews the available research on learning science through interaction with digital simulations and games. It considers the potential of digital games and simulations to contribute to learning science in schools, in informal out-of-school settings, and everyday life. The book also identifies the areas in which more research and research-based development is needed to fully capitalize on this potential. Learning Science will guide academic researchers; developers, publishers, and entrepreneurs from the digital simulation and gaming community; and education practitioners and policy makers toward the formation of research and development partnerships that will facilitate rich intellectual collaboration. Industry, government agencies and foundations will play a significant role through start-up and ongoing support to ensure that digital games and simulations will not only excite and entertain, but also motivate and educate.
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International Handbook of the Learning Sciences

Author: Frank Fischer,Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver,Susan R. Goldman,Peter Reimann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317208358

Category: Education

Page: 552

View: 6965

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The International Handbook of the Learning Sciences is a comprehensive collection of international perspectives on this interdisciplinary field. In more than 50 chapters, leading experts synthesize past, current, and emerging theoretical and empirical directions for learning sciences research. The three sections of the handbook capture, respectively: foundational contributions from multiple disciplines and the ways in which the learning sciences has fashioned these into its own brand of use-oriented theory, design, and evidence; learning sciences approaches to designing, researching, and evaluating learning broadly construed; and the methodological diversity of learning sciences research, assessment, and analytic approaches. This pioneering collection is the definitive volume of international learning sciences scholarship and an essential text for scholars in this area.
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Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills

Author: Patrick Griffin,Barry McGaw,Esther Care

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400723245

Category: Education

Page: 348

View: 545

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Rapid—and seemingly accelerating—changes in the economies of developed nations are having a proportional effect on the skill sets required of workers in many new jobs. Work environments are often technology-heavy, while problems are frequently ill-defined and tackled by multidisciplinary teams. This book contains insights based on research conducted as part of a major international project supported by Cisco, Intel and Microsoft. It faces these new working environments head-on, delineating new ways of thinking about ‘21st-century’ skills and including operational definitions of those skills. The authors focus too on fresh approaches to educational assessment, and present methodological and technological solutions to the barriers that hinder ICT-based assessments of these skills, whether in large-scale surveys or classrooms. Equally committed to defining its terms and providing practical solutions, and including international perspectives and comparative evaluations of assessment methodology and policy, this volume tackles an issue at the top of most educationalists’ agendas.
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The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences

Author: R. Keith Sawyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139452479

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 663

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Learning sciences is an interdisciplinary field that studies teaching and learning. The sciences of learning include cognitive science, educational psychology, computer science, anthropology, sociology, neuroscience, and other fields. The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences, first published in 2006, shows how educators can use the learning sciences to design more effective learning environments - including school classrooms and also informal settings such as science centers or after-school clubs, on-line distance learning, and computer-based tutoring software. The chapters in this handbook each describe exciting new classroom environments, based on the latest science about how children learn. CHLS is a true handbook in that readers can use it to design the schools of the future - schools that will prepare graduates to participate in a global society that is increasingly based on knowledge and innovation.
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Science and Engineering for Grades 6-12

Investigation and Design at the Center

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Science Investigations and Engineering Design Experiences in Grades 6-12

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309482607

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 9408

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It is essential for today’s students to learn about science and engineering in order to make sense of the world around them and participate as informed members of a democratic society. The skills and ways of thinking that are developed and honed through engaging in scientific and engineering endeavors can be used to engage with evidence in making personal decisions, to participate responsibly in civic life, and to improve and maintain the health of the environment, as well as to prepare for careers that use science and technology. The majority of Americans learn most of what they know about science and engineering as middle and high school students. During these years of rapid change for students’ knowledge, attitudes, and interests, they can be engaged in learning science and engineering through schoolwork that piques their curiosity about the phenomena around them in ways that are relevant to their local surroundings and to their culture. Many decades of education research provide strong evidence for effective practices in teaching and learning of science and engineering. One of the effective practices that helps students learn is to engage in science investigation and engineering design. Broad implementation of science investigation and engineering design and other evidence-based practices in middle and high schools can help address present-day and future national challenges, including broadening access to science and engineering for communities who have traditionally been underrepresented and improving students’ educational and life experiences. Science and Engineering for Grades 6-12: Investigation and Design at the Center revisits America’s Lab Report: Investigations in High School Science in order to consider its discussion of laboratory experiences and teacher and school readiness in an updated context. It considers how to engage today’s middle and high school students in doing science and engineering through an analysis of evidence and examples. This report provides guidance for teachers, administrators, creators of instructional resources, and leaders in teacher professional learning on how to support students as they make sense of phenomena, gather and analyze data/information, construct explanations and design solutions, and communicate reasoning to self and others during science investigation and engineering design. It also provides guidance to help educators get started with designing, implementing, and assessing investigation and design.
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Assessment and Evaluation of Time Factors in Online Teaching and Learning

Author: Barbera, Elena

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466646527

Category: Education

Page: 359

View: 2918

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For online learning and other forms of distance learning, time management is vital. As a recognized social asset, time constitutes a consistent and complete new approach to online higher education. Assessment and Evaluation of Time Factors in Online Teaching and Learning combines empirical and methodological research to study the role of time comprehensively from an institutional and management perspective, a technological perspective, and a pedagogical perspective. Focusing on higher education, this book is aimed at educational researchers, social science researchers, teachers, and students interested in improving the learning process and experience.
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