The Lambda Calculus

Its Syntax and Semantics

Author: Henk Barendregt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848900660

Category: Computers

Page: 656

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The Lambda Calculus, treated in this book mainly in its untyped version, consists of a collection of expressions, called lambda terms, together with ways how to rewrite and identify these. In the parts conversion, reduction, theories, and models the view is respectively 'algebraic', computational, with more ('coinductive') identifications, and finally set-theoretic. The lambda terms are built up from variables, using application and abstraction. Applying a term F to M has as intention that F is a function, M its argument, and FM the result of the application. This is only the intention: to actually obtain the result one has to rewrite the expression FM according to the reduction rules. Abstraction provides a way to create functions according to the effect when applying them. The power of the theory comes from the fact that computations, both terminating and infinite, can be expressed by lambda terms at a 'comfortable' level of abstraction.
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The Lambda Calculus

Its Syntax and Semantics

Author: Hendrik Pieter Barendregt

Publisher: North Holland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Lambda calculus

Page: 615

View: 6493

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The revised edition contains a new chapter which provides an elegant description of the semantics. The various classes of lambda calculus models are described in a uniform manner. Some didactical improvements have been made to this edition. An example of a simple model is given and then the general theory (of categorical models) is developed. Indications are given of those parts of the book which can be used to form a coherent course.
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Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics

Author: Keith Allan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080959696

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1102

View: 1909

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Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics is a comprehensive new reference work aiming to systematically describe all aspects of the study of meaning in language. It synthesizes in one volume the latest scholarly positions on the construction, interpretation, clarification, obscurity, illustration, amplification, simplification, negotiation, contradiction, contraction and paraphrasing of meaning, and the various concepts, analyses, methodologies and technologies that underpin their study. It examines not only semantics but the impact of semantic study on related fields such as morphology, syntax, and typologically oriented studies such as ‘grammatical semantics’, where semantics has made a considerable contribution to our understanding of verbal categories like tense or aspect, nominal categories like case or possession, clausal categories like causatives, comparatives, or conditionals, and discourse phenomena like reference and anaphora. COSE also examines lexical semantics and its relation to syntax, pragmatics, and cognitive linguistics; and the study of how ‘logical semantics’ develops and thrives, often in interaction with computational linguistics. As a derivative volume from Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Second Edition, it comprises contributions from 150 of the foremost scholars of semantics in their various specializations and draws on 20+ years of development in the parent work in a compact and affordable format. Principally intended for tertiary level inquiry and research, this will be invaluable as a reference work for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as academics inquiring into the study of meaning and meaning relations within languages. As semantics is a centrally important and inherently cross-cutting area within linguistics it will therefore be relevant not just for semantics specialists, but for most linguistic audiences. The first encyclopedia ever published in this fascinating and diverse field Combines the talents of the world’s leading semantics specialists The latest trends in the field authoritatively reviewed and interpreted in context of related disciplines Drawn from the richest, most authoritative, comprehensive and internationally acclaimed reference resource in the linguistics area Compact and affordable single volume reference format
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Algebraic Foundations of Systems Specification

Author: Egidio Astesiano,Hans-Jörg Kreowski,Bernd Krieg-Brückner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364259851X

Category: Computers

Page: 616

View: 8376

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This IFIP report is a collection of fundamental, high-quality contributions on the algebraic foundations of system specification. The contributions cover and survey active topics and recent advances, and address such subjects as: the role of formal specification, algebraic preliminaries, partiality, institutions, specification semantics, structuring, refinement, specification languages, term rewriting, deduction and proof systems, object specification, concurrency, and the development process. The authors are well-known experts in the field, and the book is the result of IFIP WG 1.3 in cooperation with Esprit Basic Research WG COMPASS, and provides the foundations of the algebraic specification language CASL designed in the CoFI project. For students, researchers, and system developers.
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Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications

9th International Conference, TLCA 2009, Brasilia, Brazil, July 1-3, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Pierre-Louis Curien

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642022731

Category: Mathematics

Page: 417

View: 5466

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications, TLCA 2009, held in Brasilia, Brazil in July 2008 in conjunction with RTA 2007, the 19th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications as part of RDP 2009, the 5th International Conference on Rewriting, Deduction, and Programming. The 27 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers present original research results that are broadly relevant to the theory and applications of typed calculi and address a wide variety of topics such as proof-theory, semantics, implementation, types, and programming.
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Pillars of Computer Science

Essays Dedicated to Boris (Boaz) Trakhtenbrot on the Occasion of His 85th Birthday

Author: Arnon Avron,Nachum Dershowitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540781269

Category: Computers

Page: 681

View: 9710

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The Person 1 Boris Abramovich Trakhtenbrot (????? ????????? ???????????) – his Hebrew given name is Boaz ( ) – is universally admired as a founding - ther and long-standing pillar of the discipline of computer science. He is the ?eld's preeminent distinguished researcher and a most illustrious trailblazer and disseminator. He is unmatched in combining farsighted vision, unfaltering c- mitment, masterful command of the ?eld, technical virtuosity, æsthetic expr- sion, eloquent clarity, and creative vigor with humility and devotion to students and colleagues. For over half a century, Trakhtenbrot has been making seminal contributions to virtually all of the central aspects of theoretical computer science, inaugur- ing numerous new areas of investigation. He has displayed an almost prophetic ability to foresee directions that are destined to take center stage, a decade or morebeforeanyoneelsetakesnotice.Hehasneverbeentempted toslowdownor limithisresearchtoareasofendeavorinwhichhehasalreadyearnedrecognition and honor. Rather, he continues to probe the limits and position himself at the vanguard of a rapidly developing ?eld, while remaining, as always, unassuming and open-minded.
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Introduction to Mathematical Logic

Author: Alonzo Church

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691029061

Category: Mathematics

Page: 378

View: 6457

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Logic is sometimes called the foundation of mathematics: the logician studies the kinds of reasoning used in the individual steps of a proof. Alonzo Church was a pioneer in the field of mathematical logic, whose contributions to number theory and the theories of algorithms and computability laid the theoretical foundations of computer science. His first Princeton book, The Calculi of Lambda-Conversion (1941), established an invaluable tool that computer scientists still use today. Even beyond the accomplishment of that book, however, his second Princeton book, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, defined its subject for a generation. Originally published in Princeton's Annals of Mathematics Studies series, this book was revised in 1956 and reprinted a third time, in 1996, in the Princeton Landmarks in Mathematics series. Although new results in mathematical logic have been developed and other textbooks have been published, it remains, sixty years later, a basic source for understanding formal logic. Church was one of the principal founders of the Association for Symbolic Logic; he founded the Journal of Symbolic Logic in 1936 and remained an editor until 1979 At his death in 1995, Church was still regarded as the greatest mathematical logician in the world.
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Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2012

37th International Symposium, MFCS 2012, Bratislava, Slovakia, August 27-31, 2012, Proceedings

Author: Branislav Rovan,Vladimiro Sassone,Peter Widmayer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642325890

Category: Computers

Page: 825

View: 5299

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This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 37th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science, MFCS 2012, held in Bratislava, Slovakia, in August 2012. The 63 revised full papers presented together with 8 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 162 submissions. Topics covered include algorithmic game theory, algorithmic learning theory, algorithms and data structures, automata, formal languages, bioinformatics, complexity, computational geometry, computer-assisted reasoning, concurrency theory, databases and knowledge-based systems, foundations of computing, logic in computer science, models of computation, semantics and verification of programs, and theoretical issues in artificial intelligence.
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Mathematical Foundations of Programming Language Semantics

3rd Workshop Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, April 8–10, 1987 Proceedings

Author: Michael Main,Austin Melton,Michael Mislove,David Schmidt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540190202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 640

View: 4648

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This volume is the proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on the Mathematical Foundations of Programming Language Semantics held at Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 8-10, 1987. The 1st Workshop was at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas in April, 1985 (see LNCS 239), and the 2nd Workshop with a limited number of participants was at Kansas State in April, 1986. It was the intention of the organizers that the 3rd Workshop survey as many areas of the Mathematical Foundations of Programming Language Semantics as reasonably possible. The Workshop attracted 49 submitted papers, from which 28 papers were chosen for presentation. The papers ranged in subject from category theory and Lambda-calculus to the structure theory of domains and power domains, to implementation issues surrounding semantics.
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