The Known Citizen

The Known Citizen

The Known Citizen is a penetrating historical investigation with powerful lessons for our own times, when corporations, government agencies, and data miners are tracking our every move. “A mighty effort to tell the story of modern America ...

Author: Sarah E. Igo

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674244795

Category: History

Page: 593

View: 514

A Washington Post Book of the Year Winner of the Merle Curti Award Winner of the Jacques Barzun Prize Winner of the Ralph Waldo Emerson Award “A masterful study of privacy.” —Sue Halpern, New York Review of Books “Masterful (and timely)...[A] marathon trek from Victorian propriety to social media exhibitionism...Utterly original.” —Washington Post Every day, we make decisions about what to share and when, how much to expose and to whom. Securing the boundary between one’s private affairs and public identity has become an urgent task of modern life. How did privacy come to loom so large in public consciousness? Sarah Igo tracks the quest for privacy from the invention of the telegraph onward, revealing enduring debates over how Americans would—and should—be known. The Known Citizen is a penetrating historical investigation with powerful lessons for our own times, when corporations, government agencies, and data miners are tracking our every move. “A mighty effort to tell the story of modern America as a story of anxieties about privacy...Shows us that although we may feel that the threat to privacy today is unprecedented, every generation has felt that way since the introduction of the postcard.” —Louis Menand, New Yorker “Engaging and wide-ranging...Igo’s analysis of state surveillance from the New Deal through Watergate is remarkably thorough and insightful.” —The Nation
Categories: History

The Politics of Personal Information

The Politics of Personal Information

Sarah Igo, The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America (Harvard University Press, 2018), 159, argues that this semantic recasting of privacy in Griswold and subsequent cases effectively “hijacked” the privacy discourse ...

Author: Larry Frohman

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781789209471

Category: History

Page: 454

View: 518

In the 1970s and 1980s West Germany was a pioneer in both the use of the new information technologies for population surveillance and the adoption of privacy protection legislation. During this era of cultural change and political polarization, the expansion, bureaucratization, and computerization of population surveillance disrupted the norms that had governed the exchange and use of personal information in earlier decades and gave rise to a set of distinctly postindustrial social conflicts centered on the use of personal information as a means of social governance in the welfare state. Combining vast archival research with a groundbreaking theoretical analysis, this book gives a definitive account of the politics of personal information in West Germany at the dawn of the information society.
Categories: History

None of Your Damn Business

None of Your Damn Business

Privacy in the United States from the Gilded Age to the Digital Age Lawrence Cappello ... less private world; see The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018), chap. 8.

Author: Lawrence Cappello

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226819952

Category: History

Page: 339

View: 344

You can hardly pass through customs at an airport today without having your picture taken and your fingertips scanned, that information then stored in an archive you'll never see. Nor can you use your home's smart technology without wondering what, exactly, that technology might do with all you've shared with it: shopping habits, security decisions, media choices. Every day, Americans surrender their private information to entities that claim to have their best interests in mind, in exchange for a promise of safety or convenience. This trade-off has long been taken for granted, but the extent of its nefariousness has recently become much clearer. As Lawrence Cappello's None of Your Damn Business reveals, the problem is not so much that data will be used in ways we don't want, but rather how willing we have been to have our information used, abused, and sold right back to us. In this startling book, Cappello shows that this state of affairs was not the inevitable by-product of technological progress. He targets key moments from the past 130 years of US history when privacy was central to battles over journalistic freedom, national security, surveillance, big data, and reproductive rights. As he makes dismayingly clear, Americans have had numerous opportunities to protect the public good while simultaneously safeguarding personal information, and we've squandered them every time. The wide range of the debates and incidents presented here shows that, despite America's endless rhetoric or individual freedom, we actually have some of the weakest privacy protections in the developed world. None of Your Damn Business is a rich and provocative survey of an alarming topic that grows only more relevant with each fresh outrage of trust betrayed. -- Dust jacket flap.
Categories: History

Faith in Exposure

Faith in Exposure

Privacy and Secularism in the Nineteenth-Century United States Justine S. Murison ... quoted in Sarah Igo, The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018), 35.

Author: Justine S. Murison

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9781512823523

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 542

Recent legal history in the United States reveals a hardening tendency to treat religious freedom and sexual and reproductive freedom as competing, even opposing, claims on public life. They are united, though, by the fact that both are rooted in our culture’s understanding of privacy. Faith in Exposure shows how, over the course of the nineteenth century, privacy came to encompass such contradictions—both underpinning the right to sexual and reproductive rights but also undermining them in the name of religious freedom. Drawing on the interdisciplinary field of secular studies, Faith in Exposure brings a postsecular orientation to the historical emergence of modern privacy. The book explains this emergence through two interlocking stories. The first examines the legal and cultural connection of religion with the private sphere, showing how privacy became a moral concept that informs how we debate the right to be shielded from state interference, as well as who will be afforded or denied this protection. This conflation of religion with privacy gave rise, the book argues, to a “secular sensibility” that was especially invested in authenticity and the exposure of hypocrisy in others. The second story examines the development of this “secular sensibility” of privacy through nineteenth-century novels. The preoccupation of the novel form with private life, and especially its dependence on revelations of private desire and sexual secrets, made it the perfect vehicle for suggesting that exposure might be synonymous with morality itself. Each chapter places key authors into wider contexts of popular fiction and periodical press debates. From fears over religious infidelity to controversies over what constituted a modern marriage and conspiracy theories about abolitionists, these were the contests, Justine S. Murison argues, that helped privacy emerge as both a sensibility and a right in modern, secular America.
Categories: History

The Smart Nonprofit

The Smart Nonprofit

Sarah E. Igo , The Known Citizen : A History of Privacy in Modern America ( Cambridge : Harvard University Press , 2018 ) . 17. Dorothy J. Glancy , “ The Invention of the Right to Privacy , ” Arizona ...

Author: Beth Kanter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119818137

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 373

A pragmatic framework for nonprofit digital transformation that embraces the human-centered nature of your organization The Smart Nonprofit turns the page on an era of frantic busyness and scarcity mindsets to one in which nonprofit organizations have the time to think and plan — and even dream. The Smart Nonprofit offers a roadmap for the once-in-a-generation opportunity to remake work and accelerate positive social change. It comes from understanding how to use smart tech strategically, ethically and well. Smart tech does rote tasks like filling out expense reports and identifying prospective donors. However, it is also beginning to do very human things like screening applicants for jobs and social services, while paying forward historic biases. Beth Kanter and Allison Fine elegantly outline the ways smart nonprofits must stay human-centered and root out embedded bias in order to success at the compassionate and creative work that only humans can and should do.
Categories: Business & Economics

Asylum Ways of Seeing

Asylum Ways of Seeing

On the modern tensions in American privacy cultures, between the desire to be left alone and the desire to be known, see Sarah Igo, The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, ...

Author: Heather Murray

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812253573

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 527

Asylum Ways of Seeing uncovers a patient culture within twentieth-century American psychiatric hospitals that did not just imbibe ideas from the outside world, but generated ones of their own. In illuminating seemingly resigned patients in these settings, it makes a call to reconsider the philosophical possibilities within resignation.
Categories: History

This Earthly Frame

This Earthly Frame

Samuel D. Warren and Louis D. Brandeis, “The Right to Privacy,” Harvard Law Review 4 (December 15, 1890): 193–220. 28. Sarah E. Igo, The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018), ...

Author: David Sehat

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300265620

Category: Religion

Page: 354

View: 781

An award-winning scholar’s sweeping history of American secularism, from Jefferson to Trump “An essential book for understanding today’s culture wars. Sehat’s clear-eyed and elegant narrative will change how you think about our supposedly secular age.”—Molly Worthen, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill In This Earthly Frame, David Sehat narrates the making of American secularism through its most prominent proponents and most significant detractors. He shows how its foundations were laid in the U.S. Constitution and how it fully emerged only in the twentieth century. Religious and nonreligious Jews, liberal Protestants, apocalyptic sects like the Jehovah’s Witnesses, and antireligious activists all used the courts and the constitutional language of the First Amendment to create the secular order. Then, over the past fifty years, many religious conservatives turned against that order, emphasizing their religious freedom. Avoiding both polemic and lament, Sehat offers a powerful reinterpretation of American secularism and a clear framework for understanding the religiously infused conflict of the present.
Categories: Religion

If Then How the Simulmatics Corporation Invented the Future

If Then  How the Simulmatics Corporation Invented the Future

Richard Ruggles et al., Report of the Committee on the Preservation and Use of Economic Data (Social Science Research Council, 1965). Discussions include Sarah E. Igo, The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America (Cambridge ...

Author: Jill Lepore

Publisher: Liveright Publishing

ISBN: 9781631496110

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 109

From the best-selling author of These Truths, an “exhilarating” (New York Times Book Review) account of the Cold War origins of our data-mad era. The Simulmatics Corporation, founded in 1959, mined data, targeted voters, accelerated news, manipulated consumers, destabilized politics, and disordered knowledge—decades before Facebook, Amazon, and Cambridge Analytica. Although Silicon Valley likes to imagine that it has no past, the scientists of Simulmatics are almost undoubtedly the long-dead ancestors of Mark Zuckerberg and Elon Musk—or so argues Jill Lepore, distinguished Harvard historian and New Yorker staff writer, in this “hilarious, scathing, and sobering” (David Runciman) account of the origins of predictive analytics and behavioral data science.
Categories: History

Privacy Regulations and Cybersecurity

Privacy  Regulations  and Cybersecurity

“ The Birth and Death of Privacy : 3,000 Years of History Told Through 46 Images . ” The Ferenstein Wire . ... “ Echoes of History : Understanding German Data Protection . ... The Known Citizen : A History of Privacy in Modern America .

Author: Chris Moschovitis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119660149

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 217

Protect business value, stay compliant with global regulations, and meet stakeholder demands with this privacy how-to Privacy, Regulations, and Cybersecurity: The Essential Business Guide is your guide to understanding what “privacy” really means in a corporate environment: how privacy is different from cybersecurity, why privacy is essential for your business, and how to build privacy protections into your overall cybersecurity plan. First, author Chris Moschovitis walks you through our evolving definitions of privacy, from the ancient world all the way to the General Law on Data Protection (GDPR). He then explains—in friendly, accessible language—how to orient your preexisting cybersecurity program toward privacy, and how to make sure your systems are compliant with current regulations. This book—a sequel to Moschovitis’ well-received Cybersecurity Program Development for Business—explains which regulations apply in which regions, how they relate to the end goal of privacy, and how to build privacy into both new and existing cybersecurity programs. Keeping up with swiftly changing technology and business landscapes is no easy task. Moschovitis provides down-to-earth, actionable advice on how to avoid dangerous privacy leaks and protect your valuable data assets. Learn how to design your cybersecurity program with privacy in mind Apply lessons from the GDPR and other landmark laws Remain compliant and even get ahead of the curve, as privacy grows from a buzzword to a business must Learn how to protect what’s of value to your company and your stakeholders, regardless of business size or industry Understand privacy regulations from a business standpoint, including which regulations apply and what they require Think through what privacy protections will mean in the post-COVID environment Whether you’re new to cybersecurity or already have the fundamentals, this book will help you design and build a privacy-centric, regulation-compliant cybersecurity program.
Categories: Computers

The Princeton Guide to Historical Research

The Princeton Guide to Historical Research

Sorting Out the New South City, Electrifying America, and Selling Sounds all tell us what people did. ... Sarah E. Igo, The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018). 96.

Author: Zachary Schrag

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691215488

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 892

The essential handbook for doing historical research in the twenty-first century The Princeton Guide to Historical Research provides students, scholars, and professionals with the skills they need to practice the historian's craft in the digital age, while never losing sight of the fundamental values and techniques that have defined historical scholarship for centuries. Zachary Schrag begins by explaining how to ask good questions and then guides readers step-by-step through all phases of historical research, from narrowing a topic and locating sources to taking notes, crafting a narrative, and connecting one's work to existing scholarship. He shows how researchers extract knowledge from the widest range of sources, such as government documents, newspapers, unpublished manuscripts, images, interviews, and datasets. He demonstrates how to use archives and libraries, read sources critically, present claims supported by evidence, tell compelling stories, and much more. Featuring a wealth of examples that illustrate the methods used by seasoned experts, The Princeton Guide to Historical Research reveals that, however varied the subject matter and sources, historians share basic tools in the quest to understand people and the choices they made. Offers practical step-by-step guidance on how to do historical research, taking readers from initial questions to final publication Connects new digital technologies to the traditional skills of the historian Draws on hundreds of examples from a broad range of historical topics and approaches Shares tips for researchers at every skill level
Categories: Social Science