Islamic Leviathan

Islamic Leviathan

Islamization is commonly seen as the work of Islamist movements who have forced their ideology on ruling regimes and other hapless social actors.

Author: Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195144260

Category: Political Science

Page: 231

View: 447

Islamization is commonly seen as the work of Islamist movements who have forced their ideology on ruling regimes and other hapless social actors. There is little doubt that ruling regimes and disparate social and political actors alike are pushed in the direction of Islamic politics by Islamist forces. However, Islamist activism and its revolutionary and utopian rhetoric only partly explain this trend. Here, Nasr argues that the state itself plays a key role in embedding Islam in the politics of Muslim countries. Focusing on Malaysia and Pakistan, Nasr argues that the turn to Islam is a facet of the state's drive to establish hegemony over society and expand its powers and control.
Categories: Political Science

The Islamic Leviathan

The Islamic Leviathan

Nasr argues that Islamist activism is only one facet of the Islamisation of politics, and that in fact the turn to Islam is part of the state's drive to establish hegemony over society and expand its powers and control

Author: Walī Riḍā Naṣr

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1013592910

Category: Islam and politics

Page:

View: 573

Nasr argues that Islamist activism is only one facet of the Islamisation of politics, and that in fact the turn to Islam is part of the state's drive to establish hegemony over society and expand its powers and control
Categories: Islam and politics

Islamic Leviathan

Islamic Leviathan

Author: SEYYED VALI REZA NASR

Publisher: Yasin Güneş

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 243

View: 713

In 1979 General Muhammad Zia ul-Haq, the military ruler of Pakistan, declared that Pakistan would become an Islamic state. Islamic values and norms would serve as the foundation of national identity, law, economy, and social relations, and would inspire all policy making. In 1980 Mahathir Muhammad, the new prime minister of Malaysia, introduced a similar broad-based plan to anchor state policy making in Islamic values, and to bring his country’s laws and economic practices in line with the teachings of Islam. Why did these rulers choose the path of “Islamization” for their countries? And how did one-time secular postcolonial states become the agents of Islamization and the harbinger of the “true” Islamic state? Malaysia and Pakistan have since the late 1970s–early 1980s followed a unique path to development that diverges from the experiences of other Third World states. In these two countries religious identity was integrated into state ideology to inform the goal and process of development with Islamic values. This undertaking has also presented a very different picture of the relation between Islam and politics in Muslim societies. In Malaysia and Pakistan, it has been state institutions rather than Islamist activists (those who advocate a political reading of Islam; also known as revivalists or fundamentalists) that have been the guardians of Islam and the defenders of its interests. This suggests a very different dynamic in the ebbs and flow of Islamic politics—in the least pointing to the importance of the state in the vicissitudes of this phenomenon. What to make of secular states that turn Islamic? What does such a transformation mean for the state as well as for Islamic politics? This book grapples with these questions. This is not a comprehensive account of Malaysia’s or Pakistan’s politics, nor does it cover all aspects of Islam’s role in their societies and politics, although the analytical narrative dwells on these issues considerably. This book is rather a social scientific inquiry into the phenomenon of secular postcolonial states becoming agents of Islamization, and more broadly how culture and religion serve the needs of state power and development. The analysis here relies on theoretical discussions in the social sciences of state behavior and the role of culture and religion therein. More important, it draws inferences from the cases under examination to make broader conclusions of interest to the disciplines. I have incurred many debts in researching and writing this book. Grants from the American Institute of Pakistan Studies and the Faculty Research Grant Fund of the University of San Diego facilitated field research in Pakistan and Malaysia between 1995 and 1997. Sabbatical leave from teaching, along with a Research and Writing Grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, provided me with time to write. On Malaysia, the Institute Kajian Dasar (Institute of Policy Studies), Zainah Anwar, Osman Bakr, Abu Bakr Hashim, Khalid Ja`far, Muhammad Nur Manuty, Hassan Mardman, Chandra Muzaffar, Farish Noor, Fred von der Mehden, and Imtiyaz Yusuf greatly helped with the research for this project. On Pakistan, I benefited from the advice and assistance of Muhammad Afzal, Zafar Ishaq Ansar, Mushahid Husain, S. Faisal Imam, and Muhammad Suhayl Umar. I am also grateful to Mumtaz Ahmad and John L. Esposito for their support, wisdom, and many useful suggestions. I alone am responsible for all of the facts, their interpretation, and resultant conclusions that appear in the following pages.
Categories: Religion

The Media World of ISIS

The Media World of ISIS

Chris Köver, “Fake or Not, These Passports Are a Branding Win for the Islamic
State,” Vice, August 15, 2014, ... see Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, Islamic Leviathan:
Islam and the Making of State Power (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Author: Rosemary Pennington

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253045942

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 144

From efficient instructions on how to kill civilians to horrifying videos of beheadings, no terrorist organization has more comprehensively weaponized social media than ISIS. Its strategic, multiplatformed campaign is so effective that it has ensured global news coverage and inspired hundreds of young people around the world to abandon their lives and their countries to join a foreign war. The Media World of ISIS explores the characteristics, mission, and tactics of the organization's use of media and propaganda. Contributors consider how ISIS's media strategies imitate activist tactics, legitimize its self-declared caliphate, and exploit narratives of suffering and imprisonment as propaganda to inspire followers. Using a variety of methods, contributors explore the appeal of ISIS to Westerners, the worldview made apparent in its doctrine, and suggestions for counteracting the organization's approaches. Its highly developed, targeted, and effective media campaign has helped make ISIS one of the most recognized terrorism networks in the world. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of its strategies—what worked and why—will help combat the new realities of terrorism in the 21st century.
Categories: Political Science

Inside the Islamic Republic

Inside the Islamic Republic

He was under the firm impression that in the quest for a stable state and
independence, especially from “America,” the role of Islam would be pivotal.
Hence, at least in theory, the supreme jurisprudent resembles a Hobbesian
Leviathan whose ...

Author: Mahmood Monshipouri

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190264840

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 838

The post-Khomenei era has profoundly changed the socio-political landscape of Iran. Since 1989, the internal dynamics of change in Iran, rooted in a panoply of socioeconomic, cultural, institutional, demographic, and behavioral factors, have led to a noticeable transition in both societal and governmental structures of power, as well as the way in which many Iranians have come to deal with the changing conditions of their society. This is all exacerbated by the global trend of communication and information expansion, as Iran has increasingly become the site of the burgeoning demands for women's rights, individual freedoms, and festering tensions and conflicts over cultural politics. These realities, among other things, have rendered Iran a country of unprecedented-and at time paradoxical-changes. This book explains how and why.
Categories: History

Big Capital in an Unequal World

Big Capital in an Unequal World

Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the Making of State Power. Oxford: Oxford University
Press. Naviwala, N. 2016. 'Pakistan's Education Crisis: The Real Story'. Woodrow
Wilson International Center for Scholars. Nelson, M.J. 2011. In the Shadow of ...

Author: Rosita Armytage

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781789206166

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 626

Following the hidden lives of the global “1%”, this book examines the networks, social practices, marriages, and machinations of the elite in Pakistan. In doing so, it reveals the daily, even mundane, ways in which elites contribute to and shape the inequality that characterizes the modern world. Operating in a rapidly developing economic environment, the experience of Pakistan’s wealthiest and most powerful members contradicts widely held assumptions that economic growth is leading to increasingly impersonalized and globally standardized economic and political structures.
Categories: Social Science

Pioneers of Islamic Revival

Pioneers of Islamic Revival

He is the author of Democracy in Iran : History and the Quest for Liberty ; The Shi '
a Revival : How Conflicts within Islam will Shape the Future ; The Islamic
Leviathan : Islam and the Making of State Power , Mawdudi and the Making of
Islamic ...

Author: Ali Rahnema

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 1842776150

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 981

Ever since they became conscious of their relative decline, the societies of the Middle East, and other Islamic countries more generally, have turned to Islam as an antidote to humiliation and decadence. This book examines the political environments, lives and works of those diverse nineteenth and twentieth century Muslim thinkers who believed that Islam was capable of providing practical solutions to the problems of the modern world. The volume provides a balanced account of their contribution to contemporary revolutionary Islam and to political developments in countries from Morocco to Indonesia. The writings and political activity of al-Afghani, Muhammad Abduh, Ayatollah Khomeini, Sayyid Abu'l-A'la Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Musa al-Sadr, Ali Shariati and Muhammad Baqr al-Sadr are considered, explaining the roots of movements as diverse as the Muslim Brotherhood, the Jama'at-i Islami, the radical Iranian clergy and the militant Shi'i of Lebanon. The book provides an ideal introduction to the complexity and variety of Islamic revival, revealing the motivations of the thinkers who have reshaped the political vocabulary of Islam. Ali Rahnema's major new introductory chapter puts these still hugely influential Muslim thinkers and the movements they inspired in the context of the extraordinarily changed circumstances confronting Islamic countries both internally and internationally since 9/11. He explores the dangers of any Western-Islamic standoff in a situation where both Muslim terrorists and certain chauvinist Christian elements are misusing the religions they ostensibly espouse. It becomes all the more important for Muslims and non-Muslims to understand the real thinking that has long gone in influential Islamic circles. This book intends to make a contribution in this regard.
Categories: Social Science

Beyond Textual Islam

Beyond Textual Islam

One of the most prominent Islamic theologians , Sheikh Ibn Taymiyyah ( 1263-
1328 AD ) who in many ways is a source of great inspiration to conservative
Muslims who advocate authoritarianism , argued for an Islamic leviathan that
would ...

Author: Nadeem Hasnain

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015081849286

Category: Civilization, Arab

Page: 371

View: 158

With special reference to India.
Categories: Civilization, Arab

Pakistan

Pakistan

He is the author of The Islamic Leviathan : the Jamaat Islami of Pakistan ,
Mawdudi and the making of Islamic Revivalism and The Islamic Leviathan : Islam
and the making of State Power . JEAN - LUC RACINE is Senior Fellow , Centre
for the ...

Author: Christophe Jaffrelot

Publisher: Manohar Publishers and Distributors

ISBN: UOM:39015054292100

Category: Pakistan

Page: 352

View: 198

More Than Half A Century After Its Creation, Pakistan Is Still Searching For Its Identity, As If Partition, Instead Of Solving The Problem Of The Muslims Of Indian Subcontinent, Had Generated New Ones. This Book Looks At The Contrast Between The Lack Of A Positive National Identity---Something Different From Indian Culture And The Prevalence Of A Strong Nationalism Directed Against India And Analyses To What Extent The Strength Of Pakistani Nationalism May Make Up For The Weaknesses Of The Nation.
Categories: Pakistan

Turkey and the Greater Middle East

Turkey and the Greater Middle East

While the principles of Shari ' a ( Islamic law ) were applied in the private sphere ,
public life was regulated according ... While some nations with Muslim majorities
have shown a decisive preference for the establishment of an Islamic leviathan ...

Author: Bülent Aras

Publisher:

ISBN: 9756285001

Category: Middle East

Page: 172

View: 587

Categories: Middle East

Moving with the Times

Moving with the Times

Various Islamic ( opposition ) groups saw the New Order's accommodation of
Islam as a promising opportunity to enter the ... In his comparative study on
Pakistan and Malaysia Nasr ( 2001 ) refers to such a strategy as ' Islamic
leviathan ...

Author: Moch. Nur Ichwan

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133665542

Category: Feminism

Page: 355

View: 832

Categories: Feminism

Futures

Futures

The future of liberal Islam Bülent Aras Department of International Relations ,
Fatih University , Buyukcekmece , 34900 ... Although there is a clear preference
to establish an Islamic leviathan in different Muslim majority states , liberal
Islamist ...

Author: Institute for the Future

Publisher:

ISBN: 00163287

Category: Forecasting Periodicals

Page:

View: 445

Categories: Forecasting Periodicals

Insight Turkey

Insight Turkey

Islamic civilization is no different than any other civilization , in that it is not
monolithic in terms of politics and culture . While some nations with Muslim
majorities have shown a decisive preference for the establishment of an Islamic
leviathan ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105115054004

Category: Turkey

Page:

View: 873

Categories: Turkey

Contributions to Indian Sociology

Contributions to Indian Sociology

Living Islam : Muslim religious experience in Pakistan's North - West Frontier . ...
Muslim rulers and rebels : Everyday politics and armed separatism in the
southern Philippines . ... 2002a . Islamic leviathan : Islam and the making of state
power .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105213182715

Category: India

Page:

View: 193

Categories: India

The Secularist

The Secularist

That generation is too The Islam and Human invested in that paradigm , ” he
Rights Fellowship Program , which says ... and who believes that Islamic
Leviathan , their message reform can be grounded in Islam must resonate in the
Islamic ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X004778026

Category: Secularism

Page:

View: 838

Categories: Secularism

Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities

Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities

Islam , State , and Civil Society : ICMI and the Struggle for the Indonesian Middle
Class ' Indonesia . Vol . 56 ( April ) ... Civil Islam : Muslims and Democratization in
Indonesia . ... Islamic Leviathan : Islam and the Making of State Power . Oxford ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079145721

Category: Humanities

Page:

View: 773

Categories: Humanities

The Herald

The Herald

INTERVIEWS " Extremist movements have emerged to make a splash but have
quickly faded Vali Nasr teaches at Tufts University and is the author of acclaimed
books on political Islam , including The Islamic Leviathan : Islam and the Making
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066385041

Category:

Page:

View: 284

Categories:

Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies

It was not merely an “ Islamic ” government that the religious parties were after . ...
the capitalists but also hurt the interests of strong sections of Pakistani political
leadership ranging from the Muslim league ... 25 Nasr , Islamic Leviathan , 2001 .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015081501804

Category: Africa, North

Page:

View: 754

Categories: Africa, North

The Islamist Threat in Southeast Asia

The Islamist Threat in Southeast Asia

2004b . “ Political Islam in Malaysia : Problematising Discourse and Practice in
the UMNO - PAS ' Islamisation Race ” . ... International Jihad and Muslim
Radicalism in Thailand ? ... Islamic Leviathan : Islam and the Making of State
Power .

Author: John Thayer Sidel

Publisher: Iseas Publishing

ISBN: UOM:39015070122034

Category: Political Science

Page: 73

View: 562

In recent years, a steady stream of reportage and commentary has spotlighted a dangerous "Islamist threat" in Southeast Asia. This study, by contrast, offers a very different account. In descriptive terms, this study suggests that such an alarmist picture is highly overdrawn, and it traces instead a pattern of marked decline, demobilization, and disentanglement from state power in recent years for Islamist forces in Southeast Asia. This trend is evident both in the disappointments experienced in recent years by previously ascendant Islamist forces in Indonesia and Malaysia, and in the diminished position of Muslim power brokers in southern Thailand and the Philippines after more than a decade of cooperation with non-Muslim politicians in Manila and Bangkok. In explanatory terms, moreover, this study shows the significance of social and political context. A fuller appreciation of aggression by anti-Islamists and non-Muslims, and of the insecurity, weakness, and fractiousness of Islamist forces themselves, helps to explain the nature, extent, and limitations of Islamist violence, aggression, and assertiveness. This overarching alternative framework not only provides a very different explanation for the "Islamist threat" in Southeast Asia, but also suggests very different policy implications from those offered by specialists on terrorism working on the region.
Categories: Political Science

The Enigma of Islamist Violence

The Enigma of Islamist Violence

Why Muslims Rebel ? Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World . London :
Lynne Rienner Publishers , 2003 . Huband , Mark . ... Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr ,
Islamic Leviathan . Islam and the Making of State Power , Oxford University Press
 ...

Author: Amélie Blom

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X030261993

Category: Religion

Page: 201

View: 961

Are suicide bombers pathological, as psychologists claim, or clever strategists? Are suicide attacks perpetrated by Islamists as a matter of belief or do they reflect socio-economic realities? The debate surrounding Islamist violence remains locked in oppositional arguments that fail to take into account the variety of its global manifestations. Suicide attacks are relatively common in Kashmir and Israel, but almost nonexistent in Algeria and Yemen, two countries that have hosted long-running, violent Islamist campaigns. In this volume, leading scholars transcend rigid and disembodied readings of Islamist violence by focusing on the highly diverse, local origins of this contemporary phenomenon. Contributors: Amélie Blom (Centre de Recherches Internationales de la Sorbonne (CRIS, Université Paris-I); Ludmila du Bouchet (University of Cambridge); Lætitia Bucaille (University of Bordeaux); Olivier Grojean (Université de Lille 2); Jan-Erik Lane (University of Geneva); Pénélope Larzillière (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement); Luis Martinez (CERI-Sciences-Po); Hamadi Redissi (University of Tunis, Tunisia)
Categories: Religion