The International Law of Property

Author: John G. Sprankling

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191502529

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 3947

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Does a right to property exist under international law? The traditional answer to this question is no: a right to property can only arise under the domestic law of a particular nation. But the view that property rights are exclusively governed by national law is obsolete. Identifiable areas of property law have emerged at the international level, and the foundation is now arguably being laid for a comprehensive international regime. This book provides a detailed investigation into this developing international property law. It demonstrates how the evolution of international property law has been influenced by major economic, political, and technological changes: the embrace of private property by former socialist states after the end of the Cold War; the globalization of trade; the birth of new technologies capable of exploiting the global commons; the rise of digital property; and the increasing recognition of the human right to property. The first part of the book analyzes how international law impacts rights in specific types of property. In some situations, international law creates property rights, such as rights in aboriginal lands, deep seabed minerals, and satellite orbits. In other areas, it harmonizes property rights that arise at the national level, such as rights in intellectual property, rights in foreign investments, and security interests in personal property. Finally, it restricts property rights that may be recognized at the national level, such as rights in celestial bodies, contraband, and slaves. The second part of the book explores the thesis that a global right to property should be recognized as a general matter, not merely as a moral precept but rather as an entitlement that all nations must honour. It establishes the components of such a right, arguing that the right to property at the international level should be seen in the context of five key components of ownership: acquisition, use, destruction, exclusion, and transfer. This highly innovative book makes an important contribution to how we conceptualize the protection of property and to the understanding that much of this protection now takes place at the international level.
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Resistance and Change in the International Law on Foreign Investment

Author: M. Sornarajah

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316300552

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9559

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Since the 1990s, conflicts within international law on foreign investment have arisen as a result of several competing interests. The neoliberal philosophy ensured inflexible investment protection given by a network of investment treaties interpreted in an expansive manner, which led to states creating regulatory space over foreign investment. However, NGOs committed to single causes such as human rights and the environment protested against inflexible investment protection. The rise to prominence of arguments against the fragmentation of international law also affected the development of investment law as an autonomous regime. These factors have resulted in some states renouncing the system of arbitration and other states creating new treaties which undermine inflexible investment protection. The treaty-based system of investment protection has therefore become tenuous, and change has become inevitable. Emphasising the changes resulting from resistance to a system based on neoliberal foundations, this study looks at recent developments in the area.
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The International Law on Foreign Investment

Author: M. Sornarajah

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521545563

Category: Law

Page: 525

View: 1761

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This book surveys the Public International Law developed to protect foreign investment made by multinational corporations. It assesses the role of multinational corporations in making foreign investments, and considers ways in which misconduct on the part of such corporations in host states could be controlled. Focusing on the protection of foreign investment and its associated problems, Sornarajah explores treaty-based methods, and examines several bilateral and regional investment treaties. He takes account not only of the law, but also of the relevant literature in economics, political science and other associated disciplines.
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Corruption, Asset Recovery, and the Protection of Property in Public International Law

The Human Rights of Bad Guys

Author: Radha Ivory

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316061590

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3133

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In recovering assets that are or that represent the proceeds, objects, or instrumentalities of grand corruption, do states violate the human rights of politically exposed persons, their relatives, or their associates? Radha Ivory asks whether cooperative efforts to confiscate illicit wealth are compatible with rights to property in public international law. She explores the tensions between the goals of controlling high-level, high-value corruption and ensuring equal enjoyment of civil and political rights. Through the jurisprudence of regional human rights tribunals and the literature on confiscation and international cooperation, Ivory shows how asset recovery is a human rights issue and how principles of legality and proportionality have mediated competing interests in analogous matters. In cases of asset recovery, she predicts that property rights will likewise enable questions of individual entitlement to be considered in the context of collective concerns with good governance, global economic inequality, and the suppression of transnational crime.
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The International Law of Belligerent Occupation

Author: Yoram Dinstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521896371

Category: Law

Page: 303

View: 2843

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The customary law of belligerent occupation goes back to the Hague and Geneva Conventions. Recent instances of such occupation include Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, the Congo and Eritrea. But the paradigmatic illustration is the Israeli occupation, lasting for over 40 years. There is now case law of the International Court of Justice and other judicial bodies, both international and domestic. There are Security Council resolutions and a vast literature. Still, numerous controversial points remain. How is belligerent occupation defined? How is it started and when is it terminated? What is the interaction with human rights law? Who is protected under belligerent occupation, and what is the scope of the protection? Conversely, what measures can an occupying power lawfully resort to when encountering forcible resistance from inhabitants of the occupied territory? This book examines the legislative, judicial and executive rights of the occupying power and its obligations to the civilian population.
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The Energy Charter Treaty:An East-West Gateway for Investment and Trade

Author: Thomas Walde

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041109137

Category: Law

Page: 736

View: 5431

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The Energy Charter Treaty, initiated by the 1991 European Energy Charter and completed in December 1994, is an innovative major multilateral investment and trade treaty. The book has an introduction by Ruud Lubbers who, as the Dutch Prime Minister, played the key role in initiating the Energy Charter negotiations. It brings together contributions on the energy/investment background, the geopolitical context, the Energy Charter negotiations and the relevant specific topics of the Treaty (focusing on investment and trade, but also environment, competition and transit) by the key specialists on the subject, ranging from countries such as the US (which in the end decided not to join the Treaty) to Russia and Kazakhstan, including energy and investment specialists, international investment and commercial lawyers and arbitrators. The contributors include noted international energy/economic law authorities, but also key participants and observers of the Treaty negotiations. This book is intended to provide the first authoritative analysis of the background, negotiations and content of the Energy Charter Treaty and to provide support and guidance for subsequent negotiations and the difficult challenges involved in interpretation and application of the Treaty. It will be an essential tool for anybody working with the Energy Charter Treaty. The book contains in its annex the major documents of the Treaty: The 1991 European Energy Charter, the 1994 Treaty and its relevant Protocols, Annexes, Understandings and Final Act Declarations.
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The Iran-United States Claims Tribunal

The First Ten Years, 1981-1991 : an Assessment of the Tribunal's Jurisprudence and Its Contribution to International Arbitration

Author: Wayne Mapp

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719037900

Category: Law

Page: 393

View: 8316

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An assessment of the Tribunal's jurisprudence and its contribution to international arbitration. The Tribunal was set up as part of the resolution of the hostage crisis to settle property claims between the two states and their nationals arising from the Iranian revolution. The normal mechanisms for such situations were politically unacceptable to both parties, so an international tribunal was established controlled by independent arbitrators. The analysis focuses on two themes: how the tribunal has applied international law to the issues before it; and the extent to which it is recognized as an international arbitral body and its awards are enforced by municipal courts. Distributed in the US by St. Martin's Press. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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In Defense of Property

Author: Gottfried Dietze

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761800460

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 8188

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In Defense of Property focuses on the importance of private property and its protection throughout history. Emphasizing the connection between property and propriety, Gottfried Dietze shows how the universal appreciation of property functions as an ethical institution, securing happiness under law and order. Dietze examines property rights within the general, civil rights complex and concludes that property rights, as the oldest officially recognized human right, must be considered on par with rights that came later. Following comments on the strong position of property rights in antiquity and the Enlightenment, In Defense of Property concentrates on developments in France, Germany, and the United States since the eighteenth century. Dietze describes the high degree of protection given to private property during the nineteenth century and the decline of that protection later. Dietze points out the risks of the decline of property rights and suggests ways to stop it. Originally published in 1963 by Henry Regnery Co.
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The International law of expropriation as reflected in the work of the Iran-U.S. claims tribunals

Author: Allahyar Mouri

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 0792326547

Category: Law

Page: 567

View: 7840

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This book deals with expropriation and other measures affecting property rights as set out in the awards of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, and thus examines the relation between general international law and the "lex specialis," viz., the provisions of the Algiers Declarations and the Treaty of Amity between the Governments of Iran and the United States. It studies what rights have been considered as property rights capable of being independently expropriated or affected by other measures, and what rights have not been so qualified, although they might have been considered as forming an element of valuation. Furthermore, the liability and attributability issues are discussed, as are the methods of compensation and of valuation.
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Trade and Energy

Investment in the Gas and Electricity Sectors

Author: Lars Albath

Publisher: Cameron May

ISBN: 1905017022

Category: Electric industries

Page: 299

View: 3753

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