The Interaction of Contract Law and Tort and Property Law in Europe

A Comparative Study

Author: Christian von Bar,Ulrich Drobnig

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 386653731X

Category: Law

Page: 573

View: 5606

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Against the background of the creation of an EU-wide frame of reference for private law relevant to the Common Market, this study, which was requested by the EU Commission, analyses the dovetailing between contract and tort law on the one hand, and between contract and property law on the other. The study examines the legal orders of almost all the Member States of the EU, illustrates the differences between contractual and non-contractual liability and evaluates the different systems of the transfer of property, of movable and immovable securities as well as trust law. The study comes to the conclusion that the intensive considerations on the creation of a model-law in the area of European private law do not allow these thoughts to be limited to contract law. Such a limitation to the scope of the regarding of this area would probably cause more problems than it would solve, or at any rate not do justice to the needs of the Common Market.
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Divergences of Property Law

An Obstacle to the Internal Market?

Author: Ulrich Drobnig,Henricus Joseph Snijders,Eric-Jan Zippro

Publisher: sellier. european law publ.

ISBN: 3935808968

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 8864

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This work is inspired by the comparative study published in The Interaction of Contract Law and Tort and Property Law in Europe (ISBN 3 935808 20 8-Cloth-$79.00-2004). Out of a transnational (comparative and EU-oriented) perspective, the essays included discuss whether divergences of property law on contractual security rights in movables constitute an obstacle to the internal market and, if so, what solutions could be offered. Unification or harmonization of private international law cannot offer an adequate solution, while unification of domestic security laws could. However, the latter will take a very long time, partly due to the specific nature of property law. The contributing authors advocate the development of a European Security Right in Movables (ESRM) in addition to the respective contemporary national security rights. A real ESRM would clearly support free competition within the European Union. However, the development of an ESRM will take much time, in particular when dealing with the relation between that ESRM and domestic security rights in the member states. The reader will also find considerations on the contents of an ESRM and on the outlines of the required additional provisions.
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The Politics of a European Civil Code

Author: Martijn Willem Hesselink

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041124101

Category: Law

Page: 195

View: 4576

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With a significant number of claims having been brought under NAFTA Chapter 11 in the last 3 years, public and professional interest in this topic has been growing significantly. Quite simply, anyone doing business under NAFTA, or anyone representing a company doing business under NAFTA, must be completely familiar with the provisions of Chapter 11. Combining expert commentary with complete primary source materials and case law, Kluwer Law International's "Investment Disputes Under NAFTA" is the must-have resource for anyone planning - or already involved in - a Chapter 11 claim. NAFTA's Chapter 11, like many treaties, sets forth rules for arbitration. Current procedures have been developed, in part, as cases have arisen and been resolved. This book enables anyone interested in these procedures to know exactly the current state of the law. Only "Investment Disputes Under NAFTA" delivers: Article-by-Article explanations of the ins and outs of Chapter 11; a valuable collection of key case law that has been affected by Chapter 11; accurate and thorough cross-referencing to help you quickly and easily find all relevant material; and logical organization of all materials as well as a complete index and table of cases. This one-of-a-kind resource is practice based and user-friendly. It is the only product to collect the body of NAFTA jurisprudence. It also incorporates substantial references to decisions in other investment treaty cases, decisions by mixed claims commissions and other arbitral bodies, Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal jurisprudence, and International Court of Justice decisions. Kluwer Law International's "Investment Disputes Under NAFTA" also contains charts presenting valuable information such as the arbitrators in each case, the rules under which the arbitrations have been conducted, and the remedies granted in each particular case
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The Future of European Property Law

Author: Sjef Erp van,Arthur Salomons,Bram Akkermans

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3866539312

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 2691

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European integration has a growing impact on the property law systems of the EU Member States. The tensions which can be seen are considerably greater than in other areas of private law, given the technically complex and mandatory nature of property law. In this book current developments in European property law (particularly the Draft Common Frame of Reference) are analysed and evaluated, focussing on secured transactions and mortgage law. With contributions by academic and practicing lawyers, containing: Transfer of ownership and good faith acquisition: the rules in the Member States and in Book VIII of the DCFR Secured transactions and the DCFR Registration of intellectual property rights Trusts - from a Common and a Civil lawyer’s perspective The border area between property law and contract law: securities
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Rules for the Transfer of Movables

A Candidate for European Harmonisation or National Reforms?

Author: Wolfgang Faber,Brigitta Lurger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 386653700X

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 4138

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Comparative research in the area of property law is gaining importance. Against the background of the current discussion of developing model rules, aimed at facilitating European private law harmonisation, and of ongoing law reform projects in a number of EU Member States, this volume addresses key issues in the field of the transfer of corporeal movable property.
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Non-contractual Liability Arising Out of Damage Caused to Another

(PEL Liab. Dam.)

Author: Christian von Bar

Publisher: sellier. european law publ.

ISBN: 3935808631

Category: Law

Page: 1384

View: 2574

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In European law, "non-contractual liability arising out of damage caused to another" is one of the three main non-contractual obligations dealt with in the Draft of a Common Frame of Reference. The law of non-contractual liability arising out of damage caused to another â?? in the common law known as tort law or the law of torts, but in most other jurisdictions referred to as the law of delict â?? is the area of law which determines whether one who has suffered a damage, can on that account demand reparation â?? in money or in kind â?? from another with whom there may be no other legal connection than the causation of damage itself. Besides determining the scope and extent of responsibility for dangers of one's own or another's creation, this field of law serves to protect fundamental rights in the private law domain, that is to say horizontally between citizens inter se. Based on pan-European comparative research which annotates the work, this book presents model rules on liability. Explanatory comments and illustrations amplify the policy decisions involved. During the drafting process, comparative material from over 25 different EU jurisdictions has been taken into account. The work therefore is not only a presentation of a future model for European rules to come, but also provides a fairly detailed indication of the present legal situation in the Member States.
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Cross-border Security Over Tangibles

Author: Harry C. Sigman,Eva-Maria Kieninger

Publisher: sellier. european law publ.

ISBN: 3866530374

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 6227

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As cross-border trade and cross-border financing continue to increase, and while security rights over tangible property are governed by the law of the place where the moveable is situated, comparative knowledge of national secured transactions law is crucial for everyone using security rights over tangibles in a cross-border context. This book provides an in-depth examination of the key issues that arise when security rights are created, perfected, and enforced in different European countries. Authored by experts on German, English, Dutch, French, Belgian, Italian, and Spanish law, the national reports use practical cases and highlight differences and similarities. A special focus is placed on the way in which national courts deal with security interests created elsewhere. A comprehensive introductory chapter analyzes significant secured transactions issues, summarizes the comparative data and compares them with Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code (U.S.) and suggests guiding principles for a European harmonization measure or national reform efforts. The book will assist market participants and their counsel to better understand secured transactions law and relevant private international law rules of their own and other countries, and will assist those involved in national, EU, and global law reform efforts.ò
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Human Rights and Private Law

Privacy as Autonomy

Author: Katja S Ziegler

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847317022

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 8539

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Privacy today is much debated as an individual's right against real or feared intrusions by the state, as exemplified by proposed identity cards and surveillance measures in the United Kingdom. In contrast, invasions of privacy by private individuals or bodies tend to arouse less concern. This book attempts to fill the gap by looking at the horizontal application of human rights after Douglas v Hello, Campbell v MGN and Caroline von Hannover v Germany. It provides a conceptual and theoretical framework and also considers specific particularly sensitive areas of law relating to privacy protection, such as intellectual property, employment and media law. It provides comparative perspectives by relating Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which serves as a focal point, to UK, Dutch, German and European Communities law. Several common threads are revealed running across jurisdictions and different areas of law and aspects of privacy. The most notable is the definition of privacy in terms of the autonomy of the individual, a notion associated with the liberal state in the classic sense but now acquiring more content as a human right also linked to ideas of social justice.
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A Common Law for Europe

Author: Gian Antonio Benacchio,Barbara Pasa

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9637326367

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 8401

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The "Europeanization" of European private law has recently received much scrutiny and attention. Harmonizing European systems of law represents one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. In effect, it is the adaptation of national laws into a new supra-national law, a process that signifies the beginning of a new age in Europe. This volume seeks to frame the creation of a new European Common Law in the context of recent events in European integration. The work is envisioned as a guide and written in a research friendly style that includes text inserts and an extensive bibliography. The detailed analysis and research this volume accomplishes is invaluable to those scholars and lawmakers who are the next generation of European leaders.
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